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Monday, 28 December 2015

Essex Archaeology and History. Third Series. Vols. 21-30. Index (Man - Pla)


Published here online for the first time, this is the Index of the Transactions of the Essex Society for Archaeology and History (until 1985, the Essex Archaeological Society).  Contact us for more information.

manors (cont.)
Littlebury 26: 279
Maldon 26: 163; 27: 224; 28: 144
Maplestead, Great 29: 229                           preceptory of Knights Hospitaller, site of Maplestead Hall 25:253
Mapletoft, Robert, apothecary at Audley End 23: 72
Maplin Sands, 'The Broomway' 27: 250, 255
Caxtons 29: 233                                                                                   Mar Dyke
Dynes 29: 233                                                                                      prehistoric woodland clearance 22: 52, 53
Hosdens 29: 233                                                                                  medieval to post-medieval period 22: 58
Margaretting                                                                                         A13 survey and road improvement 23: 100; 24: 197; 26:
Cold-hall25: 160                                                                                   240;27:262
Newland 25: 160, 171                                                                         Horndon to Barking gas pipeline 26: 286, 287
Marks, Roding Margaret 27: 194                                                        Marcus Aurelius, Emperor see coins (Roman)
Melksham (Wilts) 27: 198                                                                   Margaret of France (wife ofEdward I) 24: 122
Mount Bures 27: 339                                                                           Margaret Roding see Roding, Margaret
Netteswellbury 28: 234, 237                                                                 Margaretting
Ongar, High 24: 160                                                                            medieval manors
Ongar Park 25: 245                                                                              Cold-hall25: 160
Panfield 24: 160                                                                                   Newland 25: 160
Pitsea 28: 216                                                                                       Mark (Merk) family ofWhite Roding 27: 193
Pleshey 25: 113                                                                                    Mark Hall see Latton
Rainham, Dovers 26: 254                                                                     Markaunt, John, Colchester will (1583) 22: 98
Ridgewell27: 300                                                                                 Markaunt, William, Colchester will (1582) 22: 97
Roding,White,Mascallsbury27:             193,194,195,196,197,            markets and fairs
198-9                                                                                                    medieval expansion 29: 117Ruckholts, Leytonstone 26: 240; 28: 298
Shortgrove, near Newport 27: 340
Southall (later Clapton Hall), Great Dunmow 27: 193-4, 195, 196, 197, 198
Stanford Rivers 26: 279
Stanway 22: 68; 24: 127 Stebbing see under Stebbing
Steeple Bumpstead see Waltons (below)
Thaxted 27: 331; 29: 118
Tillingham 27: 93
Tiptofts, Sewards End 28: 206, 223
Vange (Phenge) (alias Fobbing) 21: 50, 51, 52 WalthamAbbey/Waltham  Holy Cross 24:69-71,73 Waltham,Great21:48;25:      113,115,119
Walthambury 25: 113
Walthamstow, Low Hall Depot 26: 246
Waltons (Steeple Bumpstead) 29: 240
Woodham Ferrers 30: 148, 149, 151
Writtle 26: 130, 171; 27: 1, 3; 28: 245
see also Cressing Temple; Woodham Waiter
mansiones
Chelmsford, Grove Road 24: 197; 29: 197
Coggeshall, 'The Lawns' 26: 100 Heybridge, Elms Farm (poss.) 26:250 Inchtuthil (Perths) 23: 122, 123
Mantel family, as sheriffs of Essex 26: 163
Maplestead, Great
medieval manors 29: 229
Caxtons 29: 233
Dynes 29: 233
Hosdens 29: 233
Church Street 28: 222
Limewood/Rafters, medieval features 28: 220 Hosdens29:229-33,230-2;30:247
Hull Mill House, late medieval house 25: 171
Lucking Street, Lucking House Farmhouse 30: 240,241
St Giles' C. of E. Primary School, prehistoric fmds 28: 209
St Giles' Church 30: 251
water pipeline 28: 222
Maplestead, Little
Church font 29: 97


medieval Epping 30: 262-3, 265
medieval Harlow 22: 101, 113
medieval Romford 30: 225
Markham, Gervase, Cheap and Good Husbandry (1614)
30: 193
MarksTey
14th cent. manor of22: 68 Church 29: 94
Coggeshall Road, medieval features 25: 251
Markshall, Mary Honeywood of 24: 160
Marney, Sir Robert, and Lionel de Bradenham 22: 68, 72,
73
Martel, Geoffrey, medieval manors of27: 195
Martello towers 28: 188
Harwich 25: 196, 198
Martin, Geoffrey H. (historian) 24: 157
Marvin family of Great Bentley 26: 290
MaryTudor, Queen 25: 156; 26: 198; 30: 178-9, 187
and Catholicism in Colchester 22: 93, 96, 97; 30: 278 Mascallsbury  Farm/manor  see Roding, White Mashams see Laver, High
Mashbury, Anglo-Saxon metalwork 27: 320, 321
Maskerel family, medieval manors of 27: 195
Mason, A. Stuart
Essex on the Map (book review) 22: 188
'Tithe commutation maps of Essex' 25: 219-25 Mason, Ben  (post-Civil War sequestrator)  25:  174 Mason, Francis, Temple Mills lease 22: 117
Mason, Richard, 16th cent. Colchester will-writer 22: 87 Massey, Col (later Maj.-Gen. Sir) Edward 25: 174 Matching
early medieval settlement 29: 116, 119
and 'Manewode' (Manwood) 27: 193
MatchingTye to Hatfield Heath, Rising Main 29:
199-200
Matson, Charles (valuer) 25: 224
Matthews, Nathaniel, lease ofTottenham Mills 23: 60 Maud, Empress (wife ofKing Stephen) 28: 142 Mauduit, Gilbert, and Vange/Fobbing manors 21: 50 Mauleon, Savary de, and the 13th cent. royal forests 26:
129-30
Mauncell, William, 16th cent. Colchester will-writer 22: 87





65



Maxey


Maxey family monument, Holy Trinity Church, Bradwell- juxta-Coggeshall 29: 66, 100
Mayland, 19th cent. tithe map 25: 223
Mayland Creek, Steeple, oyster pits 26: 228,229
Maylandsea
prehistoric (general) 25: 227
Roman artefacts 25: 227
pottery 26: 223
The Maynard Lieutenancy Book 1608-1639 ed. B.W. Quintrell (book review) 25: 290
Maynard, Sir Henry, Abrahams Ferry 23: 63
Medlycott,Maria
'A medieval farm and its landscape: excavations at Stebbingford,Felsted   1993'27: 102-81
and Germany, Mark, 'Archaeological fieldwalking in Essex, 1985-1993: interim results' 25: 14-27
'Iron Age and Roman material from Birchanger, near Bishop's Stortford; excavations at Woodside Industrial  Park,  1992'25:28-45
'The Othona Community site, Bradwell-on-Sea, Essex: the extra-mural settlement' 25: 60-71
et al., 'South Weald Camp - a probable late Iron Age hill
fort: excavations 1990' 26: 53-64
Meeks, N. D. and Varndell, G. L., 'Three Bronze Age tore fragments from Woodham Waiter' 25: 1-2
Melksham (Wilts), Crown manor of27: 198
Mellitus, bishopric of (604-616 AD) 25: 246
memorials
Birdbrook Church, war memorial22: 134
Chancellor, Frederic, on Sepulchral Monuments 26: 205, 207
Deane family, St Giles' Church, Great Maplestead 30: 251
Earls Colne, St Andrew's Church see tombs/tombstones Suckling, Alfred, Memorials of Essex (1845) 26: 196 Terling Church, Rochester family brasses 27: 302-3
see  also tombs/tombstones
Meopham (Kent), Nurstead Court 25: 111
Mere (Wilts), school29: 147, 148
Merivale (Warwicks) 30: 146, 151, 152
Mersea Island
general
and the Vikings 27: 95
Domesday survey 29: 281
and 14th cent. Colne fisheries 22: 70 and Langenhoe 26: 75
the Strood 26: 76
post-medieval sheep-farming 26: 77
WW2 sites 29: 191
decoy bunker 25: 256
not precisely  dated
fish traps (kiddles) 24: 193, 194
mise. posts 25: 233 Mersea, East
Fen Farm, prehistoric features 25: 242
Mersea Flats, fish weir 28: 194, 195; 29:276,277,281
tithe map 25: 223
WW2 artillery site 25: 256 Mersea, West
Church of SS Peter and Paul, tower restoration 28: 255-6,255
Coast Road (No. 79) 30: 226
fish weirs/traps (kiddles) 25: 233; 29: 276, 277, 281
oyster pits 28: 190
Waldegraves Farm, duck decoy pond 28: 193


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


Messing
Anglian Water pipeline to Stanway 24: 209 Chibborne family 24: 152-3
church plate of24: 152-3
No. 1,The Street, medieval kitchen 28: 113, 114, 116
Yew Tree Farmhouse, medieval kitchen 28: 115, 116
metalwork see Acton Park Phase; Carp's Tongue Phase; copper alloy objects; Ewart Park Phase; gold objects; iron objects; lead alloy; lead and lead working; pewter; silver objects; Taunton Phase; Wilburton Phase
metalworking
Bronze Age, Harlow, Potter Street, Old House 23: 106 Roman
Colchester, Gosbecks 26: 262
Harlow, Old, Priory Avenue 22: 155
Heybridge, Elms Farm 26: 250
Anglo-Saxon, Ongar sewerage scheme pipeline 23: 134, 136 medieval, Horndon-on-the-Hill, High Road/Mill Lane 28:
211
17th cent., Temple Mills 22: 119
not precisely  dated
Barking, Retail Park 27: 263
Chelmsford, Moulsham Street 21: 128 Colchester
Angel Yard 27: 38
Hythe Hill 26: 249; 27: 267
Danebury (Hants) 27: 155
Stebbingford, (pass. evidence of) 27: 155 Thorrington, Elmstead Market to Clacton water main
23:93
see also bronze-working; copper manufacture; iron slag; ironworking; lead and lead working
Methodism  see religious  nonconformity
Meyrick, Rev. E. G., Ramsbury (Wilts) 29: 147
Michaelson, John, Chelmsford rector 26: 292
Middlesex, Earl of see Cranfield, Lionel
Mildmay family, of Moulsham Hall, Chelmsford 26: 291, 292,293;28:317;29:216;30:   180
Mile End
and 'Liberties' of Colchester 25:72-7 medieval pottery kiln 28: 137
Rev. Thomas Bland as vicar (late 18th cent.) 24: 242
military defence see defensive works
military  equipment/weapons
late Iron Age/early Roman? British chariotry 21: 142-3
Gosbecks 30: 216
HarlowTemple 21: 133
see also arrowheads; artillery; chapes; crossbow boltheads/bolts; scabbards; shield fittings; spearheads; swords
military units
Essex Regiment, 2nd Volunteer Battalion, Chelmsford 26: 206
Essex Yeomanry, Waltham Abbey 24: 74
Home Guard 26: 256; 27: 274
Lord Admiral's Regiment (the Royal Marines) 25: 178 Royal Artillery, Shoeburyness 29: 202
Royal Flying Corps 29: 300
Royal Garrison Artillery, Harwich 29: 212
Westminster militia 25: 174
Mill Green, Ingatestone 21: 92; 27: 3, 174
Bedemans Berg (hermit cell) 28: 311
medieval pottery kilns 23: 51-5, 55; 26: 63; 27: 3





66


Index for Vblumes 21-30


MillHill (Kent), late Bronze Age site 25: 10 Millington, John, and Gosfield Hall 25: 185 mills
designed byE Chancellor 26: 214
Bocking, Bradford Street Mill 30: 233-7, 233-6
Sewardstone Mills 22: 117; 23: 61
Stratford area 22: 115, 116
Temple Mills, Leyton 22: 115-21, 116; 23: 61
Tottenham Mills 23: 57-61, 62
Waltham Abbey, Cornmill Stream 30: 221
Waltham Holy Cross, Royal Ordnance Works, horse mill 26:246
Walthamstow Mills 23: 61-2
see also corn mills; oil mills; paper mills; tide mills; water mills; windmills
millstones
18th cent., Temple Mills 22: 119
not precisely dated,Waltham Abbey, Powdermill Lane 27: 249
Mllton, Brian, et al., 'Harwich; its archaeological potential as revealed in excavations at George Street and Church Street' 21: 57-91
Minchinhampton  Common (Glos), mounds on Iron Age earthwork 25: 254
Minnis Bay, Birchington (Kent), late Bronze Age hoard
28:280;29: 15
Minster (Kent), Bronze Age metalwork 28: 280 Mistley
Maltings No. 1 27:256-7, 257; 29: 190,212
Maltings Nos 3, 4 & 7 30: 212,229
and medieval foundation of Manningtree 24: 238 School Lane, 'The Elms' 28: 200
moated sites 29: 200; 30: 193
Barling Magna, Barling Marsh 26: 222 Benfleet, North, North Benfleet Hall27: 296 BorehamAirfield (poss.) 27: 271; 28:216
Brentwood, Old Thorndon Hall 30: 193 Chignall, Beaumond Moates 27:251,252 Chingford, St Pauls 21: 127, 129
Chrishall, Chiswick Hall 30: 213
Clavering, Moat Farm (Coldhams Double-Moated site) 24:  197-8;25:253
Coggeshall, Houchins Farm 28: 292, 293
CressingTemple 23: 103; 25: 249
Epping, Copped Hall29: 226,227
Fairlop 30: 202
Glottenham (E Sussex) 26: 189
Gutteridge Hall near Weeley Heath 22: 152; 25: 248
Hatfield Broad Oak, Lancasters 24: 191
Horndon, East, Heron Hall 30: 193
Littlebury Hall 26: 279
Ockendon, North 29:210
Orsett, Old Hall Farm 27: 278
Pentlow 30: 201
Pentlow Hall22: 176, 177, 179-80
Rainham, Dovers 26: 254
Roydon, Nether Hall22: 156; 30: 193 Southend-on-Sea, Southchurch Hall24: 122 Stansted Hall 30: 190, 193
Stebbing Mount 30: 146
Thaxted, Horham Hall 30: 193
Thornwood 30: 202
Tiptofts Farm, Seward's End 27: 270; 28: 206, 223
Waltham Abbey monastic gardens 30: 202
Walthamstow, Low Hall Depot 26: 239, 246


mortars and cements


Wimbish, Parsonage Farm 27: 266
Witham, Houchins Farm 28: 206
WoodhamWalter   30:  181,188,189-90,193
Writtle, King John's Hunting Lodge 23: 110; 24: 122-4,
123,224-8,225
Molehill  Green,  Stansted medieval period 29: 115; 30: 41
pottery 22: 109, 110
structure 27: 175, 176, 177; 28: 110
Molesey, East (Surrey), gunpowder manufacturing 23: 61 Mollett, I. et al.,A village in time. The history of Newport,
Essex (book review) 27: 340 molluscs
Pleistocene deposits, Aveley 29: 204
not precisely  dated
Barling Magna, Barling Marsh 26: 222
Bradwell-on-Sea, Othona Community site 25: 68
Enfield Lock 22: 162
Harwich 21: 89
Maldon, Carmelite Friary 30: 81, 86, 127 Southend, Fox Hall26: 37
Stebbingford 27: 108, 115, 116, 156, 158-9, 160, 162,
168-9, 173
Thaxted, Town Street/Weaverhead Lane 29: 291
Tilbury, East, Coalhouse Fort 21: 131 monasteries,  dissolution  of see under religion  and
ritual
Monks Wood, hedgerow dating 24: 114 Monmouth, Duke of25: 176
Monox, George, St Mary's Church, Walthamstow 28: 258 Montagu, Maud de, Abbess of Barking (14th cent.) 22:
67
Montchensi (Munchensy/Montchesny), Dionysia de
(d 1313, wife ofHugh de Vere) 27: 300; 28:
131
Montchensi (Munchensy/Montchesny) family 26: 165-6
and Stansted Hall, Halstead 26: 146
Montfichet (Muntfichet), Gilbert, lord of the barony of Stansted Mountfitchet 26: 273
Montfichet (Muntfichet) family, and the 12th-13th cent. forest of Essex 26: 126-7
Montfort, Henry de 27: 197
Montfort, Simon de 27: 197
Montier, M. Pierre, and Walthamstow Mills 23: 61
Moor Hall, Sheering/Harlow, Neolithic, Bronze Age/early Iron Age settlement 21: 119;23: 116, 117
Moor Hall Farm, Rainham see under Rainham Moore, George, 17th cent. dyeing patent 22: 119 Morant, Rev. Philip 25: 73-4
and the Bourchier family 26: 145-6
on Chelmer valley parks 25: 113, 116, 119, 120 and early historians of Essex 24: 157-63
History and Antiquities of the County of Essex ( 1768) 24: 157;26:200,292
Maldon's history 26: 162-3
on siege of Colchester (1350) 22: 67, 70
More, Sir Thomas 25: 113; 30: 277
Moreton
Black Hall, crown post roof25: 130
Hancocks, medieval kitchen 28: 115, 116
Morse, Gen. R., Insp. Gen. ofFortifications 25: 198 mortars and cements
Roman
Boreham, Bull's Lodge Farm 24: 12-13, 18
Braintree, George Yard 24: 50




67



mortars and cements


mortars and cements (cont.)
medieval
Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall, Holy Trinity Church 29: 76,
82
Waltham Abbey
Church Street 24: 89, 107, 108
Sun Street 27: 324-5, 325
mortars (grinders)
Colchester, Angel Yard 27: 77-8, 77
Stebbingford 27: 126
Uttlesford, north-west 29: 183, 184
Waltham Abbey 23: 109   mortuary enclosures see enclosures mosaic  floors, Roman
Colchester
Balkerne Passage/Gate, Mercury Theatre 28: 205, 209;
29: 197
Long Wyre Street, Co-operative Stores 29: 198
Victoria Chase 30: 224
mosaics, Roman, Coggeshall, 'The Lawns' 26: 100 motorways see roads
Moull, William Arnold (architect) 24: 169, 179 Moulsham Hall see under Chelmsford Moulsham see under Chelmsford MountBures
prehistoric
Bronze Age(?) cremation burials 29: 187
ring ditches 29: 187
16th cent. 'Old House' (poss. court hall) 22: 82 17th cent., curate's scandal at 24: 161
Long Gardens, (poss.) long mortuary enclosure 29: 188,
189
Mount Bures- its lands and its people. A brief history from prehistoric to Victorian times (McMaster and Evans) (book review) 27: 339-40
Mount Carmel, Monastery of St Mary of Carmel 30: 44,
131, 134, 135, 139
Mountnessing
Drury's Farm, Ingatestone (former) lock-up cell28: 293-4,
293
medieval placename (poss.) Ginga? 21:49 Thoby priory 24: 157
mounts
copper alloy
Bronze Age, Fingringhoe 22: 4, 7
Roman, Stapleford Tawney/Stanford Rivers 26: 269, 270
Saxon, Arkesden 28: 182, 183 Moverons Pit see Brightlingsea Moyns Park see Steeple Bumpstead Mucking
general
early planned landscapes 22: 52, 53, 58
Excavations at Mucking vols 1-2 (book review) (A. Clark and H. Hamerow) 25: 292-4
North Ring 25: 9, 10, 12; 26: 22
book review (D. Bond) 21: 156
Severn Trent Water (STW) Water Pipeline 26: 255 middle Bronze Age features 25: 10
late Bronze Age loomweights 23: 118, 119
late Iron Age enclosure 27: 11
Roman structure 27: 20
'mini-hillfort' 22: 25
Saxon period brooch 29: 184
cemetery 23: 131


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


grubenhiiuser 21: 125; 29: 48, 57
see also Excavations at Mucking (Vol2 reviewed above)
Muilman, Peter 24: 157
Chelmsford benefactor 26: 292  Mumford, Daniel, surveyor 25:221,223 Munchensy family see Montchensi Munteni family of Mountnessing 24: 157
Munteny (Muntney) family, and Littlebury 26: 279 Munttichet family see Montfichet
Murphy, P. L. and Wilkinson, T. J., The archaeology of the
Essex Coast vol 1: the Hullbridge survey (book review)  27: 337-8
Musters, Robert de 27: 197, 198
Mustyan,John, miller at Temple Mills (16th cent.) 22: 115 Myche family, of Colchester 21: 111, 112
Myddle (Salop) 28: 176

nails
copper alloy, not precisely dated, Harwich, Bathside Battery 25:215,216
iron
Roman
Billericay School21: 41,42
Boreham, Bull's Lodge Farm 24: 16
Braintree, George Yard 24: 47, 48
Castle Hedingham, Maiden Ley Farm (poss.) 27: 32 Heybridge, Langford Road 28: 26, 27, 38
Sampford, Great, Shillingstone Field 29: 46,47 medieval
Boreham, Buxted Chicken Factory 28: 106, 109
Maldon Carmelite Friary 30: 120, 121
medieval/post-medieval, Stebbingford 27: 126, 153, 154
not precisely  dated
Dunmow, Great, Buildings Farm 28: 86
Thaxted, Town Street 29: 290
see also horseshoe nails Napoleonic  wars  see  wars
Narbrough, Sir John (17th cent.) 25: 181
Nash, William, brewer, 17th cent. Waltham Abbey 24: 71 Nass, The, Blackwater  estuary
fish-traps25:233;29: 185,276,277
fishing weirs 29: 185, 275,276, 281
timber remains 29: 279-80
National Agricultural Labourers' Union in Essex (book review) 22: 189
National Mapping Project 25: 233-7; 26: 228, 230; 29: 274
Essex Mapping Project 26: 230-4; 27: 253-5, 253, 254; 28:
190-5, 192, 196; 29: 186-8, 187; 30: 199-202,
20D-1
Naughton (Suffolk), Church font 29: 97
Navestock
medieval settlement
assarting 29: 116
landholding 29: 119
Church of StThomas the Apostle 26: 218; 29: 98
spire 29: 286,287 Navy seeTaylor, Capt. Silas
Nayland  (Suffolk) Alston Court
13th cent. hall with cross-wings 24: 118, 119, 120
cambered timbered ceiling 25: 141
'The Butts', Church Lane 25: 153, 154
Naze (promontory) see Sokens, The Nazeing
Saxon cell of Barking Abbey 27: 93




68


Index for Jtblumes 21-30


Nazeing (cont.)
medieval period, landholding 21: 49
as placename 28: 311
WW2 decoy airfield 25: 257
Neale, Kenneth (ed.), Essex 'full of profitable  thinges':Essays presented to Sir John Ruggles-Brise (book review) 28: 316-17
Neerharen-Rekem  (Germany), Roman villa 26: 264, 265 Neggemere,  Philip, Colchester bailiff  (15th cent.) 21:
105
Neile, Sir Paul, and Capt. Silas Taylor 25: 174, 175 Nenk, Beverley, 'A medieval sgraffito-decorated jug from
Mill Green' 23: 51-6
Netherlands
immigrants from 22: 122-3, 130-1
17th-cent. 'wailers' (land reclaimers) 22: 122, 123, 129,
131
Maldon Carmelites links with 30: 136
see also 'Dutch' cottages; Dutch Reformed Churches Netteswellbury
Monks'Barn28:228,234-7,235-6
geometry of construction 28: 237-8, 238
Nettlestead (Suffolk) 24: 120
Nettleton  (Wilts), Roman shrine site 26: 266,267
Nevill, Henry, and CressingTemple 25: 79, 103; 28: 164 Nevill, John de, and Coggeshale family (14th cent.) 22: 64 Nevill, Mary, of Cressing 28: 156, 164
Nevill family, and Great Codham Hall (14th cent.) 22: 64 Nevill  family  (formerly  Smyth), and  CressingTemple  25:
79,291;28: 156,164
Nevill Holt (Leics) 28: 164
Neville, Richard, FSA, fourth Baron Braybrooke 21: 11 Neville family
and the 12th-13th cent. royal forests 26: 130 Hugh de 26: 126, 127, 128, 129, 130
John de 26: 127
Roger de 26: 130
Thomas de 26: 130
New England, Mobility and Migration - East Anglian founders of, 1629-1640 (RogerThompson) (book review) 26: 290-1
New England Island, Foulness
and the identity ofWallfleet 26: 169, 170
poss. red hills 21: 131
New River Company, andTottenham Mills 23:60,61 Newcourt, Richard (d 1716), Repertorium Ecclesiasticum
Parochiale Londinense 24: 158-61, 159; 25:
182;26: 192,198
Newham
Barnwood CT, North Woolwich Road 29: 200 former Alcan Works, North Woolwich Road 29: 200
Newham Museum Service see Passmore Edwards Museum
Newland family, ofNewland, Roxwell25: 160 Newland Hall, Roxwell see Roxwell
Newman family, of Earls Colne 28: 178 Newman's  End 29: 200
Newport
A village in time. The history of Newport, Essex (Nurse et al.)
(book review) 27: 340
Church, architecture 27: 340
Church House, medieval pottery 22: 142 Grammar School
geophysical  survey 29: 213-14
'Stone House' site? 29: 213-14
Paragon Cafe, post-medieval structures 26: 254


oak charcoal


White House, High Street, medieval worked stone 22: 141-
2,141
Newsham,James (stepson ofR. Nugent) 25: 186, 187
Newton family, Earls Colne 28: 176
Newton  Longville (Bucks), Cluniac priory 27: 193, 195 Nicholls, John, Temple Mills lease 22: 117
Niger, Randulphus (d 1199) 25:60
Noak Hill, Paternoster Row, Weald View, medieval pottery kiln 28: 206, 212; 29: 195, 206; 30: 212, 220
Noble, Augustus, Ongar Academy 29: 149
Noble, George, Woodford valuer 25: 221
Noble, Richard, Ongar builder 29: 148, 149
Nockolds, Martin, Audley End nurseryman/bailiff 23: 68; 24:165, 166;25:224
Nockolds, Martin, junior, map-maker 25: 224 Nockolds, Martin, map-maker (son of Audley End
nurseryman) (d 1840) 25: 224
Nockolds family of Saffron Walden 25: 224, 225
Nockolds family ofStansted 25: 224
nonconformity see religious nonconformity Norfolk
dukes of see Howard
earls of
founding of Harwich 21: 89; 25: 193
see also Bigod family Normans  Farm  see Wakes  Colne
North, Roger, ofRougham (Norfolk) 28:297
North Elmham (Norfolk), sgraffito-decorated pottery 23: 53 NorthWeald
airfield 25: 256; 29: 300; 30: 202
Pickett-Hamilton fort 25: 257
anti-aircraft site 30: 207 North  Weald  Bassett
New Pond Spring,Anglo-Saxon brooch 29: 184,185
see also Ongar Radio Station
Northey, George, 'common preacher' of Colchester  (16th cent.) 22: 97
Norton Mandeville, 19th cent. tithe map 25: 223 Norwich (Norfolk)
post-medieval textile industry 21: 154
Dutch Church 22: 123
Notley see Black Notley; White Notley
Notley, Great Notley Garden Village see Black Notley Nottidge, George, 1840 map of estate 25: 225
Nottidge family 30: 236 Nottingham
Ewart Park phase metalwork hoard 28: 272 medieval royal borough 30: 146, 152
Standard Hill Academy 29: 148, 149 Nugent, 2nd Baron see Grenville, George
Nugent, Anne (formerly Knight and second wife of Robert, d 1756) 25: 186-7,187, 188
Nugent, Edmund (son ofRobert) 25: 187, 188
Nugent, Elizabeth (formerly Lady Berkeley and third wife ofRobert) 25: 188
Nugent, Mary (eldest daughter ofRobert and later
Lady Buckingham) 25: 188-9, 188
Nugent, Robert (later Earl) (d 1788), and Gosfield Hall
25:186-91,186
Nugent family, of Gosfield Hall25: 191
Nurse, B. et al.,A village in time. The history of Newport,
Essex (book review) 27: 340

oak charcoal, middle Iron Age, Asheldham Camp 22: 24,
34,35




69



oak remains


oak remains
medieval, Colchester, Osborne Street 25: 48, 49, 50
18th/19th cent., Coggeshall, West Street 23: 159, 160, 161
oak timberwork
Barking, West Bank/Highbridge Road, Formula 1 Hotel27:
263
Blackwater estuary 29: 281
Nass, The 29: 276,279,280,281
Bocking
Bradford Street 28: 185
Church Lane, Hill Malting 29: 220, 222
Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall, Holy Trinity Church 29: 65, 66,
73,82,83,86,90,93,95,96,97,   100
Castle Hedingham, StJames Street, High House 28: 232, 234
CressingTemple, Granary 25: 92, 96, 102
Hedingham Castle, dovecote 28: 295, 296, 297 Maldon, All Saints' Church spire 24: 148 Maplestead, Great, Hosdens 29: 230
Mountnessing, Drury's Farm, (former) Ingatestone lock- up cell 28: 293, 294
Sandon, StAndrew's Church, doorway 25:281-4,282-3
Terling Hall Farm, cartlodge 29: 242, 243
Walthamstow, St Mary's Church 28: 259
Witham, Chipping Hill Nos 26-28 27:286 oak woodland
Cressing 25: 94; 28: 151, 154
Pound Wood, Rayleigh Hills 27: 322
Weald, South, Camp 26: 42
Writtle, Birch Spring, Highwood 27: 5, 6, 9
Oakley, placename evidence 24: 153-5 Oakley,  Great
Bramble Island
duck decoy pond 28: 193; 29: 186
explosives factory 29: 186
watching brief 24: 208
Great Oakley Dock, duck decoy pond 28: 193; 29: 186 Oakley,  Little
late Bronze Age hoard 22: 9, 10-11
WW2 anti-aircraft site 30: 207
Ockendon, early planned landscape 22: 48, 53-4 Ockendon,  North
early planned landscape 22: 55
19th cent. tithe map 25: 223
church 26: 196
Hall Farm, Church Lane, timber alignment 29: 210 Hall Farm (No. 2), watching brief 24: 208
local history of 26: 196
Manor Farm 28: 101 Ockendon,  South
Bruyn family 24: 160
early planned landscape 22: 54
gas pipeline route and archaeological deposits 26: 285 local history of 26: 196
South Ockendon Hospital, South Road, mise. prehistoric/Roman features 27: 265
Odo of Bayeux, Bishop
Dengie manor 21: 49
Hanningfield manor 26: 165
Vange (Phenge) manor 21: 50
Ogborne, Elizabeth (historian) 24: 157
Ogllby, John (historian) 25: 174
oil mills, Tottenham Mills 23: 59-60
O'Leary, John G. (Dagenham Chief Librarian) 26:
202


Essex Society for Archaeology  and History


Oliphant, Frederick, former ass. to F. Chancellor 24: 179; 26:206
Olmius, Herman, buys CressingTemple (1703) 25: 79; 28:
160
Olmstead, John, of Great Maplestead 29: 233
Olyver,John, Colchester clerk (15th cent.) 24: 129, 130,
131, 132
Ongar
general, cropmarks 28: 188 medieval period
and 13th cent. royal forest 26: 127, 129
hundredof26: 17Q-1;29: 118,119
King John's visit 26: 127, 128
19th cent. fortification, Essex Redoubt 24: 200; 25: 245
see also Chipping Ongar
Ongar Academy see Chipping Ongar Ongar,High
Chivers Hall29: 145, 147
manor of 24: 160
Parish Church of St Mary the Virgin 25: 228-9 medieval features and decoration 25: 229
Spurriers Farm Malthouse 27: 257,258
Ongar Park 25: 245 Ongar Park Hall25: 245
Ongar Radio Station (Great Park) 24: 200; 25: 15, 18,
245-6;30:214
Essex Redoubt 24: 200; 25: 245
Ongar sewerage scheme (Thames Water)
Two Brewers to Stanford Rivers Sewage Works 23: 131-7,
132-6
see also Chipping Ongar (Phase 2A)
Onley, 0. S. (Cressing landowner)  28: 151 open fields see field systems
oppida
Belgic Iron Age
and Caesar's invasion 21: 8
and British chariotry 21: 142-3
Iron Age, Braintree (presumed) 22: 3; 24: 22,61 opus sectile, Coggeshall, 'The Lawns' 26: 102 opus   signinum
Boreham, Bull's Lodge Farm 24: 6
Coggeshall, 'The Lawns' 26: 102 Colchester
East Stockwell Street 23: 29, 30, 31
Kirkee McMunn barracks 29: 266
Heybridge, Langford Road 28: 27
Maldon, St Mary's Church 30: 254
Mersea, West, Church of SS Peter and Paul, tower 28: 255 Ordnance    Survey
and National Mapping Project 25: 237
and tithe maps 25: 219, 224, 225
Orkney, Unstan, late Neolithic pottery 22: 8 Orsett
early planned landscapes 22: 48, 51, 54
Baker Street 22: 51, 54
Barrington's Farm 22: 51, 54; 26: 38
Cherry Orchard 22:51,54
High Road (Nos 25-31), garden soil and post-medieval
pottery 28: 185-6 Old Hall Farm 27:277-8
Rectory road, early Iron Age features 22: 26
Tilbury Fire Station site (proposed) 26: 245 Orsett  Causewayed  Enclosure
Mesolithic features 25: 226,227
Neolithic features 25: 226, 227; 27: 305, 307; 28: 222-3




70


Index for UJlumes 21-30


Orsett Causewayed Enclosure (cont.)
Neolithic/Bronze Age features 25: 226, 227
Iron Age features 22: 26; 23: 119; 25: 226
Saxon features 25: 226; 29: 57
medieval whetstone 26: 22 7
early planned landscape 22: 54, 58 Orsett   Cock
early field systems 22: 49, 52, 54-5
late Iron Age/Roman 26: 78; 28: 101
enclosure (book review) 30: 274-5
Roman settlement 22: 49, 52
Saxon features 29: 48, 57
Osea Island 28: 201; 29: 281
Osekyn, Thomas, Colchester bailiff  (15th cent.) 21: 104 Othona/Othona Community site see Bradwell-on-Sea Ottaway, Revd B. W., Birdbrook Church 22: 135 Ouseley,John   (historian)  24:  157,158,160,161
oven/kiln-like structures
Roman
Upminster, Hunts Hill Farm 22: 159
Wakering, Great, St Nicholas Church, land adjacent to 30:214
ovens
Roman
Colchester
Angel Yard 27: 37
Kirkee McMunn barracks 26: 253; 29: 262
medieval, Colchester, Angel Yard 27: 46, 48, 60 15th/16th cent.
Chelmsford, Moulsham Street 24: 80
Rochford, Market Place 24: 80
medieval to 17th cent. (poss.),Waltham Abbey, Church
Street 24: 69, 76-81, 77-9,89, 95, 111
post-medieval
Colchester, Angel Yard 27: 52
Cressing, Hawbush Green, Bakery Cottage 30: 240 Purleigh, The Street, The Old Bakery 30: 229
see also corn driers; hearths/ovens Owslebury    (Hants)
Roman features 28: 28
hearths 27: 33
ox bones, Maldon, Southern Relief Road 21: 134
ox goads, iron, Roman, Boreham, Bull's Lodge Farm 24: 14 Oxenham Farm, Foulness, red hill (poss.) see under
Wakering, Great Oxford
'Golden Cross' 25: 158
medieval town clerks 24: 125 Oxford, earls of see Vere family Oxford Movement 28: 165 Oxford  University
All Souls 25: 177
Bodleian Library 25: 175
music school25: 174
Queen's College 25: 175
Wadham College 25: 177; 26: 274
oyster industry, Essex Gold: the Fortunes of the Essex
Oysterman (Hervey Benham et al.) (book review) 26: 293-4
oyster-pit sites 28: 188, 190-1, 192
Blackwater estuary 28: 196
Brightlingsea  Creek 28: 190
Crouch, River 27: 253
Mersea, West 28: 190
Roach, River 27: 253-5, 254


Parliament


oysters/oyster remains
Barling Magna, Barling Marsh 26: 222
Blackwater estuary 26: 228, 229
Foulness Island, Delph Ditch 23: 112
Hadleigh Ray 26: 234 Maldon
Carmelite Friary 30: 127
High Street, King's Head 27: 220
Pitsea Island 26: 234
Rayleigh, Bellingham Lane (Castle) 28: 290, 291
Roxwell quarry, Chignall 23: 42, 48
Saffron Walden, Nos 33-35 High Street 29: 133
Stebbingford 25: 249; 27: 115, 116, 123, 168-9, 174
Wallfleet 26: 168, 170
Yeldham, Great, Old Post Office Cottages 26: 177

padlocks see locks and keys
Page, William (General Editor, Victoria County History) 30: 144
Paglesham
duck decoy pond 28: 193
manor of, medieval estate of Coggeshale family 22: 61, 62
River Roach oyster pit-sites 27: 254,255
shafthole implements, stone 23: 114-15
Palin, William (d 1882), on Stifford's history 26: 195-9,
197
palstaves see axes Panfield
Great Priory 26: 143
Farm24: 114
manor of24: 160; 26: 143
pannage, Weald, South, Camp 26: 45
Pant, River 24: 114; 26: 234; 30: 248, 249
Pant river valley 26: 231 paper mills
Tottenham Mills 23: 57,59
Walthamstow Mills 23: 61 parchmarks
Chelmsford, Moulsham Hall28: 208 Clacton-on-Sea 28: 188
Tilty Abbey 28: 188, 189 see also cropmarks
Pardon Brook, Wakes Colne 28: 182
Park, Dr David, and Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall Church 29: 61
Parker, C. C., estate agent & tithe commutation 25: 220,
221,224
Parker, John (Ongar and Brighton schoolmaster) 29: 149,152
Parker, John Oxley, of Chelmsford 26: 292 parks
Audley End House 27: 273
Down Hall 29: 200
lodges and manor houses in 30: 190 medieval growth of 29: 118-19
see also Absol Park; Brentwood (Thorndon Country Park); deer parks; Leighs, Little (Hall); Littley Park; Ongar; Pleshey Great Park; Pleshey Little Park; Pond Park;Woodham Waiter (Hall)
Parliament
Acts of Enclosure 25: 219; 26: 136-8; 27: 239-40,242
Colchester, Old Heath (Old Hythe) 27: 237-46, 238,
245
Colchester, town clerks as parliamentary burgesses 24: 126, 127, 128





71



Parliament


Parliament (cont.)
Reform Act (1832) 29: 147
see also Civil War
Parmenter family, of Stebbing 30: 148
Parndon,   Great medieval period 21: 49
St Mary's Church 27: 295
Passmore Edwards Museum (now Newham Museum
Service) 28: 267, 270, 298
and Horndon to Barking gas pipeline 26: 285, 287 pastoral   farming
prehistoric (general), Asheldham Camp (poss.) 22: 25, 36 late Bronze Age (poss.), Broomfield, Windmill Field 26:
22-3
late Bronze Age/Iron Age, sheep farming 26: 71, 76-7 late Iron Age/Roman
Aveley, Ship Lane 27: 263
and briquetage salt-licks 26: 68-9
Roman, Braintree, George Yard 24: 61 medieval
Chelmer valley 25: 113
North Benfleet Coggeshale estate 22: 62
Sokens, The 27: 207
Weald, South, Camp 26: 45
post-medieval, 19th cent., Chingford, Hospital25: 242
see also animal husbandry; rabbit farming; sheep farming; stock enclosures
pathology
and parasitic worms 27: 116, 166
see also Black Death
Pattiswick, 19th cent. tithe map 25: 223 Paxton, Joseph, of Stisted Hall 29: 212 Pearson,J.  L. (architect)   26:213
peasants in Essex c. 13th-14th cent., landscape and lordship 29: 115-21
Peasants' Revolt (1381) 26: 150; 27: 177
and Cade's Rebellion (book review) 23: 167 and Colchester 24: 127, 128
and Flemings 22: 122
Peck vault, Christ Church, Spitalfields 29: 253 Peel, Robert (Home Secretary 1820s) 23: 171 Peldon
Brick House Farm, R Chancellor's work 26: 217 as part of 14th cent. Langenhoe manor 22: 67 red hill sites 27: 252, 253; 28: 192
St Mary's Church 27: 297, 298
Pembroke (Dyfed), Henry II's visit to 26: 164 Penard phase, Bronze Age metalwork 28: 280 pendant cross, lead, Vange 29: 284
Penn, SirWilliam 25: 178
Pennock, John, Sonningwells, Earls Colne 29: 224 Pennoyer, William, Temple Mills lease 22: 117 Pennystone, Thomas, Audley End estate steward 23: 69,
71
Pentlow
church plate 24: 150
moated site 30: 201
Pentlow Hall
house and medieval structures 22: 176-80, 176--7
medieval pottery 22: 178-9, 179
Pepys,Samuel25: 174,175,176,182
Pertwee, Charles (architect, d 1905) 24: 169, 180; 26: 206
Petre, Lord, and tithe commutation (1837) 25: 220 Petre, SirWilliam (d 1572), oflngatestone Hall26: 274;
27:3


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


Petre family ofThorndon, Brentwood 27: 272; 28: 317;
30: 193
Petters Sports Field (Surrey), Bronze Age artefacts 26:
259
Petworth, William, Colchester bailiff  (15th cent.) 21:
106
Peverel, honour of see Hatfield Peverel, honour of
Peverel, Ranulf
and Maldon manors 26: 163
manor ofVange (Fobbing) 21: 50
and Stebbing manors 30: 146, 151, 152
see also Hatfield Peverel, honour of Peverel, William  (son ofRanulf) 30: 146
Pewet Island, Blackwater estuary, fish-traps/weirs 25: 233,234;29:276,278,279
pewter
chalice, Pleshey, Back Lane, Hill House 28: 185 disc, Maldon Carmelite Friary 30: 117, 118
spoons,Vange 29: 284
see also lead alloy
Peyton, Richard, on tithe commutation 25: 224 PhilipAugustus, King ofFrance  (1180-1223)  27: 195 Philippa, Queen, 'Domesday  of' 21:48-9
Phillips, Henry (London auctioneer) 25: 190
Pickett-Hamilton fort, North Weald 25: 257 pig bones
Iron Age, Stansted Airport 24: 202
late Iron Age/Roman, Birchanger, Woodside Industrial Park 24:202;25:28,34,44
Roman, Braintree, George Yard 24: 53-4, 56, 57
19th cent., Harlow, Churchgate Street, Mill Lane 28: 210
not precisely dated, Colchester, Angel Yard 27: 58 pigeon-keeping  25: 288; 28: 297
see also dovecotes
Piggesle,John (butcher of Colchester, 15th cent.) 21: 106
Piggisley, Alice, Colchester will (1506) 22: 92
pilgrim badges, lead alloy (pewter?), Chesterford, Great 27: 308,310
pill-boxes26:256;27:274,275
Bradwell 28: 203
Frinton 27: 275
Hornchurch, Maybank Avenue 24: 205 Thurrock, Stone Ness 26:257
Tilty 27: 274
Waltham, Great, Littley Park 25: 124
Waltham Holy Cross, Royal Ordnance Works 25: 257 Walton-on-the-Naze 27: 275
Pilon family vault, Dagenham, SS Peter and Paul Church 29: 253
Pincey Brook 29: 199
late Bronze Age evidence 23: 116-17, 116
pins
copper alloy
Chesterford, Great 21: 17; 27: 310
Harwich 21: 88
lock pin, Laver, High 30: 197
silver-gilt, Waltham Abbey, Church Street 24: 76, 105, 106 pipeclay figurines, Roman, Colchester, Angel Yard 27: 74,
75
pipes
clay
16th-18th cent., Chingford, Drysdale Avenue 23: 100 16th/17th cent.,Waltham Abbey, Church Street 24: 82,
89




72


Index for Volumes 21-30


pipes, clay (cont.)
17th cent.
Colchester, Osborne Street 25: 58
Colchester Castle 24: 235
Harwich, George Street 21: 87
Maldon Carmelite Friary 30: 125
Tilbury Fort, WestTilbury 22: 160 Woodham Waiter Hall30: 189
17th to 19th cent.
Billericay, School21: 38, 46
Harwich, Bathside Battery 25: 217 17th/18th cent.
Colchester, Angel Yard 27: 80-1, 80
Maldon, High Street, Moot Hall (to north) 28: 139 18th cent.
Chipping Ongar, Pleasance car park 30: 162, 174
Colchester, Osborne Street 25: 58 Maldon
Carmelite Friary 30:88, 125
High Street, King's Head 27: 222, 224
Saffron Walden, Nos 33-35 High Street 29: 131,
133
Yeldham, Great, Old Post Office Cottages 26: 184, 186-7, 188
19th cent.
Harlow, Old, Market Street 22: 112
Leytonstone, Thorne Close Avenue Estate 28: 301 Maldon, Carmelite Friary 30: 125, 126
Rayleigh, Bellingham  Lane  (Castle)  28: 290,291-2
Waltham Abbey, Sun Street 26: 119, 123
Yeldham, Great, Old Post Office Cottages 26: 184 post-medieval/not precisely dated
Brentwood, Brook Street 21: 153
Coggeshall, Houchins Farm 28: 292
Stebbingford 27: 121
pipkin handles, medieval, Cornmill stream,Waltham Abbey 23:145
Pishiobury, Harlow, Anglo-Saxon brooches 25: 263-5, 264;
26:271
pits see cess-pits; rubbish-pits Pitsea
19th cent. tithe map 25: 224
Great Chalvedon Hall, 14th cent. hall24: 119, 121
St Michael's Church, multi-period site 28: 216; 29: 246 Pitsea  Island  (formerlyWatTyler)   Country  Park
19th cent. explosives factory 26: 234
oyster pits 26: 234 placename   evidence
general
Adulfesness (The Sokens) 27: 202,203-4,206-7,209
Bradwell 29: 59
Chadwell Heath 26: 200-1
Cressing 26: 133, 136
Dagenham 26: 202-3
Essex placenames project 28: 311-13; 29: 297; 30: 272
Langdon Hills, Camp 26: 46, 49
Mount Bures 27: 339
Oakley 24: 153-5
Rayleigh Hills 27: 322, 324
Stifford 26: 199
and studies of J. H. Round 29: 158
Ugley 24: 153-5
Wallfleet, identity of 26: 168-70, 169
late Roman/Saxon period, and early field systems 22: 54, 55,58


plant remains


Saxon/medieval period 28: 311
Alfriston ('Alferestuna') 27: 194
Bradwell-on-Sea (Ythancestir/Effecestra) 24: 157, 158;
25:60;29:280
Colchester, Old Hythe 27: 237
Leytonstone 28: 298
'Manewode' (Manwood) 27: 193
Ongar, Great Park 25: 245
Stebbingford (Horstedafort) 27: 106
and Viking settlement 27: 93
Waltham, Great (Wialdham) 27: 91
Weald, South, Camp 26: 45
Woodham Waiter 30: 190 medieval period
and Domesday Survey 21: 48, 49-56; 22: 53
settlement names 29: 116
vineyards 21: 48
Heybridge 29: 233
Littley Park 25: 119
old Wulvesford  (Wulversford)  (Witham) 27: 223; 28:
111,317
post-medieval period
Cressing, Hungry Hall28: 160, 163
Leytonstone 28: 298
Pleshey and Waltham parks 25: 113-14
Stebbingford 27: 173
Plaistow, Richard, Colchester will (1571) 22: 98 Plaistow, West Ham
Palaeolithic flintwork 28: 267, 269
Balaam St Pit (Plaistow Park Pit?), Palaeolithic flintwork 28: 267, 268, 270
Cumberland School, medieval and post-medieval features 23:102
Greengate Street, bus garage, 18th cent. house and market
garden 26: 252-3
Plane Hall Farm, Fingringhoe see Fingringhoe
Planning and Policy Guidance see Environment, Dept. of plant   remains
prehistoric (general), Stebbingford 27: 156, 158, 159, 160,
161
Neolithic/Bronze Age, Broomfield, Windmill Field 26: 21 late Bronze Age, Baddow, Great, Manor Farm 25: 8-9 Iron Age, Asheldham Camp 22: 20, 24, 25, 26, 31-4, 32,
35
late Iron Age/Roman
Billericay School21: 26, 43-4, 45
Ilford, Fairlop Quarry, Hainault Road 26: 251 Roman, Heybridge, Langford  Road 28: 23,38-41,42-4
Anglo-Saxon, Chadwell St Mary, County Primary School 28:208;29:50,52,54-8
medieval
Boreham, Great Holts 27: 176
Chipping Ongar, Pleasance car park 30: 159, 174-5, 176 Roxwell quarry, Chignall23: 49
Stansted, Roundwood 27: 176
Stebbingford 27: 116, 118, 160, 161, 162-6, 173
cereals 27:116,160,166,173
Waltham Abbey
Church Street 24: 81, 110-11
Sun Street 26: 120-2, 123 post-medieval
Leytonstone, Thorne Close 28: 300 Woodham Waiter Hall30: 189-90
not precisely  dated
Bradwell-on-Sea, Othona Community site 25: 67-8



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