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Monday, 21 December 2015

Essex Archaeology and History. Third Series. Vols. 21-30. Index (Ax - Bou)


Published here online for the first time, this is the Index of the Transactions of the Essex Society for Archaeology and History (until 1985, the Essex Archaeological Society).  Contact us for more information.

axes, flint, Palaeolithic  (cont.)
Chadwell St Mary, County Primary School 29: 48 Harlow, Potter Street, Old House 23: 106 Leytonstone 'floor' 28: 267, 268, 269
Plaistow, West Ham, Balaam St Pit 28: 267 Rivenhall, Coleman's Farm 24: 185
Upton Park, West Ham 28: 269
Klondyke Avenue  (Churston Avenue)  28: 267 Mesolithic
Orsett Causewayed Enclosure 25: 226, 227
Sampford, Great 27: 247-8, 247
Neolithic
Burstead, Little, Broomhills Chase 22: 138
Donyland Hall, East 21: 118
Helions Bumpstead 24: 185
Orsett Causewayed Enclosure 25: 226, 227
Southend-on-Sea/Southchurch 21: 140
Neolithic/early  Bronze Age, Earls Colne, Nightingale Hall Farm 30: 196
iron
Roman, Boreham, Bull's Lodge Farm 24: 14, 15
'Viking type', Asheldham Camp 22: 14
stone, Neolithic, Woodham Waiter 21: 118
see also adzes; adzes/axes
Aylesford Friary (Kent) 30: 45, 134
Aylmer, Thomas (Coggeshale family steward) 22: 62 Aylmer, Thomas (mason, d 1407) 29:91-2

Babshole Farm (north ofSudbury), 'Potters Field' 23: 92
Bachelor, BishopWilliam (d 1515) 30: 134
Back, River, Barking 27: 263
Bacon family, and Dengie manor 21: 49, 50
Bacons in Dengie, Domesday background 21:49-50 Baddow, medieval manor 26: 164
Baddow, Great
middle/late Bronze Age features 30: 6, 7, 22
medieval vineyard 21: 48
Maldon Road, jettied house 29: 226 Manor Farm
late Bronze Age enclosure 22: 148, 153-4; 25: 3-12 (inc.
illustr.); 26: 22
medieval connections with Bruce family 26: 171 mill (R Chancellor as architect) 26: 214
Pondlands (now Pontlands Park) 26: 214-15 Baddow,   Little
Bronze Age, ring ditch/poss. round barrow 25: 237 late Bronze Age sword fragment 28: 182
Culverts Farm, late Bronze Age metalwork 30: 19 Phillows Farm, late Bronze Age metalwork 30: 19 'Water Hall', Roman pottery 24: 218-19, 219
Badelesmere, Bartholomew de (d 1322) 22: 62, 63 Baker, Abraham, Temple Mills lease (17th Cent.) 22: 117,
118
Baker, John (Abraham's son) 22: 117
Baker, Richard B. Wingfield, lord of Stifford manor 26: 195
Baker, Robert, land valuer ofWrittle 25: 220, 223-4
Baker, Samuel, of Hawkswell Hall 25: 220  Baker, Thomas  Henry  (architect)  24:  169, 171
Baker family ofWrittle 25: 223-4, 225
bakeries  see Cressing  (Hawbush  Green); Purleigh; Waltham Abbey/Waltham  Holy Cross  (Church Street)
Baldock (Herts) 28:90
Roman structures 27: 34; 28: 62, 63


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


Baldwin de St Martin, Alfriston medieval manor 27: 194, 197, 198
Baldwin ofFlanders, Count 27: 195
Bale, John 'Bilous' (d 1563), of Maldon (later Bishop of Ossory) 30: 44-5, 136, 138
Bale, Major John Edward, RE (architect) 24: 168, 171 Baltrip, William (FitzWalter's steward ofLexden) 22:
69,72
Bamford, A. Bennett, historian and illustrator 26: 199,
202
bangles, late Bronze Age/early Iron Age (poss.), Fox Hall, Southend 26: 36, 38
Banner, John, Temple Mills lease 22: 119 Bapchild Church (Kent), wall painting 29: 141
Baptist chapels,Waltham Abbey, Church Street 22: 160; 24:
69,73-4,87,93
Baptists 25: 178
Barcroft, John, Temple Mills lease 22: 117 Bardfield,   Great
Iron Age enclosure 23: 95, 96 medieval period
Elizabeth de Burgh's estate 24: 243
manor 29: 118
post-medieval windmill23: 95, 96
19th cent. tithe commutation maps 25: 222 St Mary's Church
Elizabeth de Burgh and rebuilding 25: 269; 28: 130-1 Norman church beneath 14th-cent. embellishment 25:
265-70 (inc. illustr.)
sarsen stones 23: 93 Bardfield,  Little
pebble head (nrThaxted) 23: 125
ring ditch 21: 123
St Katherine's Church 29: 97,200 Bardfield   Sating
Anglian Water mains replacement schemes 23: 137, 139
Church of St Peter and St Paul25: 230; 26: 224--6, 225
medieval floor tiles 25: 230, 231; 26: 225-6; 30: 60 Barenton, Humphrey de, and the 12th-13th cent. forest of
Essex 26: 126-32
Barenton family 26: 126-7
Barfield, Arthur, surveyor of Great Dunmow 25: 223 Barfreston Church  (Kent) 29: 143
Bargeroosterveld,  Drenthe  (Netherlands), Bronze Age structures 30: 11, 21
Barker, John (Colchester will, 1507) 21: 110, 113, 116 Barking
19th cent. tithe map 25: 223
Abbey 22: 68, 150; 23: 110
7th cent. foundation as minster 24: 157; 27: 93
C. of E. School on site 24: 208; 26:241
Amberley House, Saxon and medieval features 22: 149, 150
BARDAG  Sports  Ground, River  Road  30:212 Barking Retail Park, mise. metalworking and medieval
pottery 27: 263
East Street, watching brief 23: 110
Eastbury Square, Eastbury House, watching brief 26: 253 London Road/Hertford Road, Wey Estate 30: 222
Power Station, gas pipeline from Horndon see Horndon
St Margaret's Church 22: 150; 23: 110-11
West Bank/Highbridge Road, Formula 1 Hotel 27: 263
history of 26: 200, 201 barley   remains
Asheldham  Camp 22:25,31





10


IndexforVolumes 21-30


barley remains (cont.)
Chadwell St Mary County Primary School 28: 208; 29: 54,
55,56
Chipping Ongar, Pleasance car park 30: 159 Waltharn Abbey, Sun Street 26: 122
Barling
Barling Quarry 30: 212
Windmill (Smock Mill) 23: 161-5,162-4 Barling  Magna
Barling Marsh
prehistoric features (general) 25: 241; 26: 222
Bronze Age features 26: 222
Iron Age features 26: 222
late Iron Age/Roman red hill 25: 241 Roman features 25: 241; 26: 222
Anglo-Saxon features 26: 222
medieval and post-medieval features 26: 222
watching brief 28: 221
Barlow, DrThomas, of Queen's College, Oxford 25: 175 Barnack stone
Bardfield, Great, St Mary's Church 25: 267,269
Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall, Holy Trinity Church 29: 66, 74,
89, 91, 95, 97
Willingale, Church of St Andrew and All Saints, grave slab 21: 122
Woodharn Waiter grave cover 22: 171, 172
Barnard, Edward George, and Gosfield Hall25: 190 Barnard,J., land surveyor ofDunmow 25:223 Barnard, Thomas, vicar of Earls Colne 28: 176, 178 barns
Roman, Boreharn, Great Holts Farm (prob.) 25:247
medieval  (general)
Coggeshall, Grange Barn 26: 272, 275; 27: 186-7
in Essex 28: 163
Stansted Airport, Roundwood site 27: 175, 176
13th cent., Fryerning 26: 273-6, 274-5
14th cent., Cholsey (Berks) 27: 187 15th cent.
Bocking Hall, Bocking 23: 157-9, 158
Harmondworth (W. London) 27: 186
Writtle, Lordship Barn 24: 124; 28: 228, 245-6, 246
Wymondley, Little (Herts) 27: 187
15th/16th cent., Netteswellbury, Monks' Barn 28: 228, 234-7,235-6
post-medieval (general), Leez Priory 25: 125, 126, 128 17th cent.
Cressing, Hawbush Green, Bakery Cottage (poss. orig. barn) 30: 237-41, 237, 239
Good Easter, Faulkner's Hall29: 228-9, 229
Pleshey, Folly Farm 21: 123
17th/18th cent., Horkesley, Great, The Old House 29: 184-5
19th cent., Copped Hall24: 231-3,232, 233
19th/20th cent., Boreham, Buxted Chicken Factory (poss.)
25:246
not precisely  dated
Cressing, New House Farm, barn 28: 159-60,159 HarlowWharf, The Old Barn 27:257,258 Ingatestone Hall, brick 25: 125, 131
Kelvedon, Church Hill Farm barn 26: 275
Kirby-le-Soken, Norton's Farm Barn 25: 231-2
Leez Priory Farm 28: 222
see also Cressing Temple Barnston
19th cent. tithe map 25: 223


beads


and the Berners family 24: 160
Bernestuna in Domesday 24: 160
Baron, John, Colchester bailiff (15th cent.) 21: 106
barrels, wood
(poss.), middle Iron Age, Asheldham Camp 22: 24, 34
medieval, Colchester, Osborne Street 25: 51 Barrett Ringstead  (Norfolk), Downs Farm,
cartlodge/granary 29: 242
Barrington family 29: 216 Barrington's Farm see  Orsett barrows
?Neolithic long barrows Alphamstone 21: 124, 125
Rivenhall21: 125 Bronze Age
Baddow, Little (prob. ring ditch) 25: 237 Boreharn, Great Holts Farm 25: 247
Harlow, Princess Alexandra Hospital 30: 225
HarlowTemple 21: 126, 133 Heybridge
Elms Farm 25: 250
Langford Road 26: 250
Stour valley 29: 187; 30: 201
Sturmer 27: 265, 269; 29: 293-7, 294, 295
mid-to-late Iron Age, Ashdon (ploughed out) 23: 95, 96
not precisely  dated
Bentley, Little, Hall Farm, ploughed-out 26: 245 Heybridge, Langford Road (poss.) 28: 27
Kelvedon Lodge 28: 195
Lawford Park 29: 187
Lawford (poss.) 29: 188
Leighs, Great, ploughed-out 25: 235, 237
Tey, Great, ploughed-out (poss.) 23: 95, 96
Barstable, medieval (and later) hundred 21: 49, 52; 26:
49,127,164,195;29:119,238
Basildon, see also Pitsea; Wasketts, Great Basildon  New Town
geology 22: 48, 52
see also Vange bath-houses
Roman
Coggeshall, 'The Lawns' (poss.) 26: 82, 100
Colchester
East Stockwell Street 23: 33; 27: 33 Kirkee McMunn barracks (poss.) 29:266 LongWyre Street 23: 120-3, 121
(poss.) Bull's Lodge Quarry, Boreharn 22: 151
see also under Boreham (Great Holts Farm) Bathside  Battery, Harwich  see  Harwich
Battle Abbey (Sussex) 25: 271, 278
Battlesbridge, WW2 GHQ Line 30: 206
Beadel, James (architect)  30: 252
Beadel, Son & Chancellor, architects 26: 205,213 Beadle, James, tithe commutation maps 25: 222
beads
glass
late Iron Age
Stanway Hall Farm 24: 207
Upminster, Hunts Hill Farm (poss.) 29: 207
late Iron Age/Roman, Kelvedon, High Street, Lawson Villas 28: 211
Roman
Braintree, George Yard 24: 49
Colchester, Lexden Road, Sovereign Crescent 30: 218




11


beads


beads (cont.)
glass/copper alloy, not precisely dated, Dunmow, Great,
Buildings Farm 28: 84, 85
rock-crystal,Anglo-Saxon,  Chesterford area 29: 270,272,
273
Bear, Henry, Colchester will (1512) 22: 90
Beauchamp, Margaret, Countess of Derby and Richmond 27:300
Beaufort, Roger de, 14th cent. French wars 26: 148, 149, 150, 151
Beaumont-cum-Moze Beaumont Hall
Guys Hospital estate 28: 223
mise. pottery finds 25: 227
Beaumont Quay 28: 200, 206, 223, 224
barge 'Rose' 28: 223
duck decoy pond 29: 186
The Dardanelles, duck decoy pond 28: 193
see also Oakley, Great (Bramble Island)   Beche,John,  Colchester  attorney   (son  ofRobert)  24:
128-9,131
Beche,John, Colchesterbailiff(d 1457) 21: 103, 104 Beche, Robert, 14th cent. Colchester town clerk 24: 127,
128-9, 130, 131
Beckenham (Kent), cottages 26: 211
Beckett, George, Colchester will (1545) 22: 95 Beckett, J.V., 'Gosfield Hall: a country estate and its
owners, 1715-1825' 25: 185-92
Beckton, Stansfield Road, poss. prehistoric features 29: 195
Becontree, medieval hundred of 26: 127; 29: 118, 119
Bede, The Venerable (Saint) 24: 157, 163; 25: 60 Bedemans Berg (hermit cell), Mill Green, Ingatestone
28:311
Bedford, Prince John, Duke of (d 1435) 30: 150, 152
Bedwell Common, Roman features 25: 243 Bedwin, Owen
'Early Iron Age settlement at Maldon and the Maldon 'burh': excavations at Beacon Green 1987' 23: 10-24
(ed.) TheArchaeology of Essex Proceedings of the Writtle Conference (book review) 28:314-15
et al.
'Asheldham Camp - an early Iron Age hill fort' 22:
13-37
'South Weald Camp - a probable late Iron Age hill fort: excavations 1990'26:53-64
Beeleigh Abbey, Maldon 30: 181,245
foundation 26: 163; 30: 151, 152
Richard I's charter 26: 162
dissolution of21: 52; 30: 191 beer
dealers in,Yeldham, Great 26: 174, 188
and malting 25: 99
beetle remains see insect remains Belchamp St Paul
cropmarks, poss. hengiform monument 28: 196; 29: 188
ring ditches 21: 123, 124; 29: 188
Roman pottery 25: 227-8
medieval landholding 29: 119
Anglian Water mains replacement schemes 23: 137, 141,
142
Church Street 28: 228, 232
later medieval pottery 22: 154
Turners, medieval aisled hall28: 228-32, 229-30


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


Belchamp Waiter
Anglian Water mains replacement schemes 23: 137, 141,
142
Hopkins Farm, later medieval features 22: 154 medieval manor and vineyard 21: 48
St Mary's Church, wall painting 29: 137 belfries
bellframes survey 27: 289-91,290
Benfleet North, Church of All Saints 27: 296 Bergholt, East, bell-cage 29: 98
Blackmore, Church of St Lawrence 26: 218; 29: 98-9, 98,
285,286
Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall, Holy Trinity Church 29: 59, 61,
65,69,83-4,83,86,88,98-9
Hanningfield, West, Church of St Mary and St Edward 29: 98,259
Hawkwell, St Mary's Church 27: 271; 29: 257 Lambourne, Church of St Mary and All Saints 28: 252,
254
Navestock 29: 98
Stock, Church of All Saints 29: 98, 285, 286
Stondon Massey, Church of SS Peter and Paul28: 252
Belhous, Thomas de, and Lionel de Bradenham (14th cent.) 22: 68
Belhus, Aveley, demolished  1957 25: 289
Belhus Park, Aveley 28: 101
early planned landscape 22: 54
BelhusWoods  Park,  18th-cent. stench pipe  26:235-6 Bell, Edward, lease ofTottenham Mills 23: 60
Bellamy family vault, Walthamstow, St Mary's Church 28:259,260,262,263
bellframes, church see belfries bells
Maldon
All Saints' Church 24: 136
Carmelite Friary 30: 117, 121, 122 belt fittings see buckles/belt fittings Benedictine     Order
Colchester, StJohn's Abbey 22: 96; 30: 277
Hatfield Peverel21: 132; 26: 277
Ramsey Abbey (Hunts) 26: 164
Benfield, Stephen, and Garrod, Simon, 'Two recently­ discovered Roman buildings in Colchester' 23:25-38
Bentleet
and the Vikings 27: 94, 95
A130 by-pass 25: 241 Bentleet,  North
A130 By-pass
prehistoric site 26: 240
Saxon site 26: 240
Church of All Saints 27: 296-7
church plate 24: 152
medieval estate of Coggeshale family 22: 61, 62, 65 North Benfleet Hall27: 296
WW2 defence line 29: 191; 30: 206 Bentleet,    South
Alfred's victory over Haesten (893) 24: 157; 27: 95
Badger Hall, Mesolithic flintwork 21: 126, 135; 23: 1-9,
3-9
High Street
Anchor public house 23: 101-2; 25: 131
Danish camp (presumed) 23: 101
Hoy and Helmet public house, post-medieval features 26: 246




12


Index for HJlumes 21-30


Benham, Hervey et al., Essex Gold: the Fortunes of the Essex Oysterman (book review)  26: 293-4
Bennet and Johnson, Temple Mills 22: 119
Bennett,A.
(ed.)
Archaeology in Essex
1994 (with P. J. Gilman) 26: 238-58
1995 (with P.J. Gilman) 27: 261-76
1996 28: 205-27
1997 29: 194-215
1998 30:210-31
Work of the Essex County Council Archaeology  Section 1989 (with P.J. Gilman) 21: 118-25
1990 (with P.J. Gilman) 22: 138-47
1991 23: 91-7
1992 24: 185-94
1993 25: 226-38
1994 26: 222-37
1995 27: 247-60
1996 28: 181-204
1997 29: 183-93
1998 30: 196-209
Bennett family vault, Walthamstow, St Mary's Church 28: 259,262
Bentall, W., Goldhanger Iron Foundry 29: 189
Bentley, Moorside, Mosslane (the Mores Plantation), earthworks, poss. motte and bailey 24: 188-9
Bentley, Great
cropmarks 28: 195, 196
Marvin family 26: 290
Sturrick Farm, medieval windmill site (poss.) 28: 195, 196;
29: 188
see also Prating Green Business Park
Bentley, Little
cropmarks 28: 195, 196
poss. windmill site 29: 188 Hall Farm
crop mark site, ring ditch and prehistoric features 26: 245
Iron Age features 26: 251
hengiform monument (poss.) 28: 196
Berdfield, John, ofNewland Hall, Roxwell (d 1514) 25: 160, 171
Berdfield family, and Newland Hall25: 160, 171
Berechurch
and 'Liberties' of Colchester 25: 72-7
manor 25: 288
Berechurch Hall, dovecote 25: 285-8 (inc. illustr.)
Bergholt, East (Suffolk)
bell-cage 29: 98
St Mary's Abbey 26: 215
Bergholt, West
medieval manor 23: 86-8; 25: 72; 27: 339
19th cent., prostitution 27: 232-3
High Trees, Lexden Road, medieval kitchen 28: 113, 114
and}. H. Round 23: 86-8; 25: 72, 76, 77; 29: 158
St Mary's Church 27: 301, 303; 29: 98, 99
Virginia Cottages, Lexden Road, medieval kitchen 28: 113,
114
Beriff,John, Colchester will (1566) 22: 97 Berisford, John, Temple Mills lease 22: 117 Berisford, Rowland  Gohn's heir) 22: 117 Berners, Hugh de, Barnston  (Bernestuna) manor in
Domesday 24: 160
Berners, William, and Fryerning manor 26: 274


Birchanger


Berners family, and Barnston parish 24: 160
Berners Roding see Roding, Berners
Bertram le Gros, Southall manor (later Clapton Hall) 27: 193-4, 198
Bettley, James, 'A checklist of Essex architects 1834-1914'
24: 168-84
Betts, Israel (Harwich shipwright) 25: 180
Bicknacre Priory 29: 216-20, 217
(former) St Nicholas' chapel26: 166, 168
surviving arch 29: 216-20,218-19
Biddulph (Bidolph) family, St Andrew's, Earls Colne
monuments 28: 5, 173, 174
Bigbury (Devon), hillfort 21: 6, 7
Biggins, Abraham, Abrahams Ferry 23: 62, 63 Biggs, Edward, Temple Mills (16th cent.) 22: 115 Bigod family
and the earls of Norfolk 21: 50; 26: 129
medieval manors of 27: 194, 197-8 Bigods medieval manor see Alfriston Billericay
Middle Bronze Age palstave 25: 258; 27: 306, 307
medieval town of 24: 197
19th cent. map-makers 25: 224
Buckenham's (Buckenhams) Field 21: 20, 45
Roman pottery kiln 21: 19, 45,46
chapel consecrated (1693) 24: 161 Chapel Street
Barnsley Cottage 21: 128
No. 40: Roman and later pottery 23: 111
Crays Hill, Church Lane, medieval gold finger ring 27:
325,326
Gas Works 21: 45 High Street
No. 51 23: 100
No. 108 24: 197
Mill Cottages 21: 45
NorseyWood 21: 19
St Andrew's Hospital (formerly Union Workhouse) 30: 212,227
porter's lodge 30: 227
Secondary School briquetage 26: 78
late Iron Age/Roman features 21: 19-47 (inc. illustr.)
Tye Common Road, New Lodge 21: 128
Western Road, No. 71, medieval/post-medieval structure and features 26: 253
see also Burstead, Little
Billericay Hills, and medieval woodland 22: 53
Birch
prehistoric burial enclosure 26: 231,233
19th cent. mapping of 25: 224
farm cottages (for C. G. Round) 26: 208 Maldon Road, Roman features 24: 197 survey site
ARC site, east of airfield, Roman features 29: 195-6 land NE of Palmer's Farm, Roman features 30: 212
Birch, Little, Church 28: 174
Birchanger
M11 proposed widening scheme 25: 243-5, 244
Woodside Industrial Park 25: 28-45 (inc. illustr.) early Iron Age 24: 202; 25: 28, 32
middle Iron Age 24: 202; 25: 28, 31, 32
late Iron Age/Roman 24: 202; 25: 31, 33, 34
Roman 25: 28, 33, 34
cremation burial 24: 202; 25: 28, 34, 40-4





13


Birchanger


Birchanger, Woodside Industrial Park, Roman (cont.)
pottery from 25: 34-41,38-9, 44
mise. fmds 25: 41-4
bird bones, Roman, Braintree, George Yard 24: 61 Birdbrook
medieval manor 21:49
Church of St Augustine of Canterbury
20th cent. woodwork (Mabbitt) 22: 132-7, 133-6
burials 24: 189
rectangular enclosure 24: 193
Birkenhead  School,Wirral  (Cheshire)  28: 267 Bishop, John, Colchester bailiff (15th cent.) 21: 106 Bishops Hall, Lambourne see Lambourne
Bishop's   Stortford  (Herts) shafthole adze 21: 141
see also Birchanger
Black, E.W., 'Caesar's Second Invasion of Britain,
Cassivellaunus, and theTrinobantes' 21: 6-10
Black Death (1348-9) 22: 63, 65; 24: 114; 30: 41
and Bourchier family 26: 146, 148
and Colchester 22: 70
and Essex rural society (book review) 23: 166 Stebbingford 27: 171, 173, 177
BlackNodey
Cuckoo Wood 25: 241
Great Notley Garden Village 24: 197; 25: 241; 29: 196
prehistoric features 25: 241
landscape history 26: 133-7 (inc. illustr.)
Panners Farm 25:241
as part ofNottidge estate (19th cent.) 25: 225
St Peter and St Paul's Church, chancel roof 30: 250
Samuel Watkinson's farm (19th cent. French wars) 27: 228
Black Patch (Sussex), Bronze Age features 30: 21 Blackburn (Lanes), Museum and Art Gallery 29: 141 Blackheath, Outer London, All Saints Vicarage, work of E
Chancellor 26: 217
Blackmore
shafthole adze 21: 14Q-2, 141
Church of St Lawrence, timber belfry 26: 218; 29: 98-9,
98,285,286
Fithlers Hall Farm, Highwood, late Bronze Age hammer 28: 277-81, 279
Priory of St Laurence 25: 160
Romano-British pottery and building debris 27: 3 Blackwater estuary 25: 233, 234; 26: 228,229, 231; 28: 12,
188, 190, 195-6
Bronze Age settlement 28: 182
Iron Age pottery 25: 12
duck decoy ponds 29: 186
fish-traps (kiddles) 24: 193-4, 209; 25: 233, 234; 27: 251;
28: 196;29: 185,274,275,276
fishing weirs 27: 255; 28: 193, 194, 195, 196; 29: 185,
274-82 (inc. illustr.)
and identity ofWallfleet 26: 168
oyster cultivation remains 28: 196
red hills 26: 228
late Roman pottery 26: 76
sonar survey 30: 198
see also Collins Creek; Goldhanger; Hullbridge Survey; Mayland Creek; Mersea Island; Nass, The; Osea Island; Pewet Island; St Lawrence Bay; Sales Point
Blackwater, River 26: 234; 28: 12, 182, 318; 29: 233; 30:
236
late 19th cent. oystermen affray 26: 294


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


and Maldon's prebendal estate 28: 144
WorldWarTwo  defences 28:200,201
see also Chelmer-Blackwater canal
Blackwater valley
late Bronze Age hoard 30: 26Q-2, 261
late Iron Age and Roman field system and enclosures 30: 220
Archaeology and the Landscape in the Lower Blackwater valley (S.Wallis and M. Waughman) (book review) 29:298
Blangernun, William, and Farnham medieval manor 27:
198
Blickling Hall (Norfolk) 25: 103
Bloe, J.W. S. (RCHME) 30: 45
Blois, Count of seeTheobald
Blois, Henry of see Henry of Blois Blois, Stephen of see Stephen, King
Blomfield, Arthur, Black Notley Church restoration 30:
250
Blomfield, James, on charities of Orsett 26: 196 Blount, Anne, widow  ofThomas Blount, Maldon 28:
144
Blount, Thomas, and Maldon 28: 144
Blunt, Sir Henry, ofTittenhanger 28: 156
Bobbingworth, medieval manor 21:49 Boblow see Helions Bumpstead Docking
Palaeolithic hand-axe  fmd 26: 222-3
Iron Age horse brooch 22: 1-3, 2
19th cent.
and Nottidge's estate 25: 225
straw plaiting 27: 230 Bradford Street
former Garage site, Roman features 28: 207 post-medieval pottery 28: 185
Bradford Street Mill (poss. fulling mill) 30: 233-7, 233-6
Church Lane (Polly's Hill)
Hill Malting 29: 220-4,220,221, 222; 30: 236
Resting Seat House 29: 220
St Peter's Church parsonage, work of E Chancellor 26: 217
see also Bovingdon Hall; Tabor family Docking    Hall
Hocking
late medieval barn 23: 157-9, 158
post-medieval hedgerow survey 24: 114, 117
Bocock family vault, Walthamstow, St Mary's Church 28: 259-60,262
Bohun family
and Pleshey 28: 284
and Writtle 27: 3
Bohun, Henry de, Earl of Hereford and High
Constable (d 1220) 25: 113
Bohun, Humphrey de, Earl of Hereford and Essex (d 1322) 25: 113, 119
Bohun, Humphrey de, Earl of Hereford and Essex (d
1373) 21: 54; 26: 276
Bohun,Joan de, Countess ofHereford (d 1419) 21:54 Bohun, John de, Earl of Hereford and Essex (d 1336)
29: 117
bone objects
Iron Age
Birchanger, Woodside Industrial Park 25: 42, 43
Dunmow, Great, Buildings Farm 28: 86, 8 7
Roman
Boreham, Bull's Lodge Farm 24: 16, 17




14



Index for UJlumes 21-30


bone objects, Roman (cont.)
Braintree, George Yard 24: 49
Brightlingsea, Moverons Farm 27: 317 medieval
Maldon Carmelite Friary 30: 119, 120
Stebbingford 27: 153, 154
Thaxted, Town Street/Weaverhead Lane 29: 286,291,
292-3
Waltham Abbey
Church Street 24: 109, 110
Orchard Gardens (poss. medieval) 27: 249
Sun Street 26: 119, 122 post-medieval
Chipping Ongar, Pleasance car park 30: 173, 174
Harwich, Bathside Battery 25: 217
Maldon Carmelite Friary 30: 117, 118, 119
not precisely dated, Pleshey, 'The Gardens', spoon bowl28: 285, 288, 289
bone-working  industry, Thaxted, Town Street/Weaverhead
Lane 24: 207; 27: 335, 336; 29: 286, 291,
292-3
bones, animal
prehistoric (general)
Aveley 29: 260
Stebbingford 27: 167
Pleistocene/lower Palaeolithic, Aveley 27: 263; 28: 205, 215;
29:204
Bronze Age, Springfield/Boreham A12 Interchange 30: 19, 22
late Bronze Age/early Iron Age Fox Hall, Southend 26: 37-8
Horndon to Barking gas pipeline 26: 287 late Iron Age/Roman
Birchanger, Woodside Industrial Park 24: 202; 25: 28,
34, 42, 43, 44
Boreham, Hull's Lodge Farm 24: 18
Colchester, Gosbecks 29: 206
CressingTemple, Dovehouse Field 30: 218
Dunmow, Great, Buildings Farm 28: 88
Rainham, Bridge Road 22: 156
Stratford Market Place 23: 109 Roman
Billericay, School21: 43
Braintree, George Yard 24: 52-61 (inc. illustr.) Woolwich, North, Milk Street 28: 209
Anglo-Saxon, Fox Hall, Southend 26: 28, 38 medieval
Canvey Island, Leigh Beck Marshes 25: 247-8 Chipping Ongar, Pleasance car park 30: 174, 176
Horndon-on-the-Hill, High Road/Mill Lane 28: 211 Roxwell quarry, Chignall23: 48 Springfield/Boreham A12 Interchange 30: 38
Stebbingford 27: 166-8, 173
Waltham Abbey, Church Street 24: 109-10 medieval/post -medieval
Maldon Carmelite Friary 30: 126-7, 126
Thaxted, Town Street (No. 23) 27: 332, 335 post-medieval
Harlow
Chipping Ongar, Pleasance car park 30: 174, 176
Churchgate Street, Mill Lane 28: 210
Saffron Walden, Nos 33-35 High Street 29: 133
Stebbingford 27: 168
not precisely  dated
Bradwell-on-Sea, Othona Community site 25: 69


bones, human


Castle Hedingham, Maiden Ley Farm 27: 33 Chesterford, Great, Ickleton Road 21: 13, 16-17 Chipping Ongar
Bansons Lane 26: 243
Library site, Pleasance Car Park 26: 242 Colchester, Angel Yard 27: 58
Gilston, Harlow 22: 162
Harlow, Potter Street, Old House 23: 106
Horndon-on-the-Hill, High Road, Mayfield Cottage 25: 231
Maldon
Beacon Green 23: 18
High Street, Moot Hall (to north) 28: 139 landfill site 22: 169
Southern Relief Road 21: 134
Maylandsea 25: 227
Pleshey, 'The Gardens' 28: 285-6, 289 Rainham
Football Ground (former) 28: 101
Tesco site 21: 134
Saffron Walden, Friends School 25: 262
Sales Point, Blackwater  estuary 29: 279-80
Sampford, Great, Shillingstone Field 29: 46 Thaxted, Town Street 29:291-3
Waltham, Great, Dickeymoors 27:90 Waltham Holy Cross/Waltham Abbey 23: 109
Sun Street 26: 122, 124
see also molluscs, insect remains; shells
bones, human
Bronze Age
Fairlop Quarry 30: 221
Springfield/Boreham A12 Interchange 30: 12 Stansted Airport, Car Park 'I' 22: 159
Iron Age
Birchanger, Woodside Industrial Park 24: 202; 25: 28, 43
Stanway Hall Farm 24: 207 late Iron Age/Roman
Billericay, School21: 25, 26, 43
Chesterford, Great, Ickleton Road 21: 11, 13, 16
Stratford Market Place 23: 109 Roman
Chesterford, Great, Weavers Cottage, Carmen Street 27: 248
Colchester
Butt Road 30: 217
Lexden Road, Sovereign Crescent 30: 218
StJohn's Street 23: 37
Turner Rise (Asda Store) 29: 210
Heybridge, Langford Road 28: 26, 29-30
Kelvedon, High Street 30: 220 medieval
Maldon, Carmelite Friary 30: 45, 57, 126
Pleshey, Back Lane, Hill House 28: 184-5 Ridgewell, St Lawrence's Church 27: 298, 299 Stebbing, Church of St Mary the Virgin 25: 251; 28:
12Q-2
not precisely dated
Abberton, Church ofStAndrew 24: 188
Asheldham, St Lawrence's Church 21: 146 Aveley, Church of St Michael24: 188
Birdbrook, Church of St Augustine of Canterbury 24:
189
Burstead, Little, High View 22: 150
Colchester, St Mary Magdalen's Churchyard 21: 129 Dagenham, St Peter and St Paul Church 29: 253




15


bones, human


bones, human, not precisely  dated (cont.) Harlow, Potter Street, Old House 23: 106 Hempstead, Church of St Andrew 26: 226 Manningtree, 47 High Street 23: 111 Saffron Walden, Friends School25: 259 Walthamstow, St Mary's Church 28: 258 Weald, South, St Peter's Church 28: 265 Wormingford, St Andrew's Church 25: 232
book clasp (mount), copper alloy, Maldon Carmelite Friary 30:86,119,120, 137
Book of Fees, Essex inquisition (1212) 26: 163 Boosey, William  (malster  ofBocking)  29:220,224
Booth, Sir George, rebellion of (17th cent.) 25: 174, 178 Boreham
late Bronze Age spearhead 22: 139; 25: 12; 30: 19
medieval manors 30: 22-3
Cuton Hall (Keuentuna) 30: 22
Walkfares (Waiter Hall) (Wfzlcfara) 28: 103
A12 Interchange site, medieval structures see Springfield Airfield 25: 237; 27:263, 27Q-1; 28: 197-8, 198; 30:23
Control Tower 28: 198
Iron Age features 30: 222
Roman features 25: 239, 241; 30: 222
Saxon features 30: 210, 222
medieval features 28: 206, 216; 30: 222
see also Bull's Lodge Farm/Quarry (below)
Bull's Lodge Farm, Tudor (poss.) causeway/dam 22: 144 Bull's Lodge Quarry (The Grove) 25: 15, 16,25
late Iron Age features 24: 1-3, 4; 25: 19 Roman features
brick and tile 22: 151, 152; 24: 1, 3, 6, 9-13, 10, 12,
18, 19;25: 19,21;27:263
structures 22: 149; 24: 1-21, 2-7, 19; 25: 19, 21
Building A
principia  (poss.) 22: 151-2, 151; 24: 5-8, 7,
18-20
re-interpretation 26: 264-9, 266
medieval features 27: 263
mise. fmds 24: 13-18, 14-16
pottery 24: 1, 5, 6, 7, 8-9, 8
Buxted Chicken Factory (former)
general24:  197;25:246
late Saxon/early medieval features 28: 103; 30: 23
medieval features 28: 103-12 (inc. illustr.)
early medieval rectilinear enclosures (tofts) 25: 246; 28:103,105,106-8,109-11
pottery 28: 108-9
Church Road 28: 103, 111
Main Street 28: 103, 110, 111
Dukes Wood 30: 222
enclosure, poss.late Bronze Age 23: 95, 97; 24: 195
Great Holts Farm 25: 25; 28: 88
prehistoric ring-ditch/barrow 26: 247
late Bronze Age features 25: 10,247
Roman period 24: 202; 26: 247; 27: 33
bath house 26: 238,247, 248
cremation cemetery 23: 100; 24: 1, 202; 25: 247; 26:
247
Roman villa/farmstead 23: 99, 100;25: 241, 247; 26:
247
structures 26: 238, 247, 248
medieval period structure 27: 175, 176, 177
NewHall25: 119;30: 179,180,187,191,193
Old Hall, manor of 28: 103
StAndrew's parish church 24: 1, 18,20


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


and churchyard, Roman pottery and tiles 28: 103, 109,
111
west wall29: 251-3,252
see also Springfield (A12 Interchange) Boreham, Hugh de (d c. 1265) 29: 233
Boreham,John de 28: 103
Boreman, George, Temple Mills lease 22: 117
Boroughbridge, Battle of (1322) 22: 62
Bosworth, Battle of25: 154, 156
Boteler, John, Colchester bailiff  (15th cent.) 21: 106 Botolf (Botolph), Saint 27: 93
bottle glass see vessel glass
Boudiccan Revolt, Colchester 23: 122; 27: 38; 28: 217, 315;
29:197,198,205,209
Boulogne, Count Eustace of see Eustace of Boulogne, Count
Boulogne, Count William of see William of Boulogne,
Count boundaries
medieval
Horndon-on-the-Hill, High Road/Mill Lane 28: 206,
210-11
Ongar High, Parish Church of St Mary the Virgin 25: 229
Saffron Walden, Gibson Close 27: 269
civil/parish 28: 198
Leigh-on-Sea, Crow Stone 28: 199
field boundaries
middle Bronze Age, Wakering, Great, Alexandra  Road 26:244
late Iron Age/Roman
Ardleigh, Elm Park 28: 216
Aveley, Ship Lane 27: 263
Broomfield, Windmill Field 23: 102
Chigborough Farm, Goldhanger 21: 131
Heybridge, Langford Road 28: 29
Wakering, Great, Alexandra Road 26: 244 Roman
Braintree, Sandpit Road 24: 29
Broomfield, Windmill Field 26: 8
Harlow, Old House 26: 249
Springfield 29: 203
Roman and later, Springfield Lyons 23: 108 medieval
Harlow, Izzards Allotments 28: 210
Sturmer, barrow (poss.) 29: 293, 295, 296 post-medieval
Cressing 26: 133, 136, 137; 28: 151-5 (inc. illustr.)
Prating, Colchester Road 25: 242
Harlow, Izzards Allotments 28: 210
Ockendon, South, South Ockendon Hospital (prob.) 27:265
Stambridge, Great (prob.) 25: 252
Stunner barrow  (Haverhill bypass)  29: 296
not precisely dated, Chigwell, Epping Forest Country Club
25:230
Bourchier family 26: 145-6, 152-4; 30: 149
and Maldon developments 27:214 Bartholomew (third lord) 26: 145
Elizabeth, Lady Bourchier (d 1483) 30: 149 Elizabeth, Lady Bourchier (grand-daughter of}ohn,
second lord) 26: 154
Henry, 1st Earl of Essex (d 1483) 21: 54; 26: 145; 27: 224
John (d 1329) 26: 146
John, Lord Berners (d 1474) 21: 54





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