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Thursday, 17 December 2015

Essex Archaeology and History. Third Series. Vols. 1-20. Index (Sco - Tho)

Published here online for the first time, this is the Index of the Transactions of the Essex Society for Archaeology and History (until 1985, the Essex Archaeological Society).  Contact us for more information.

SCOTT, DOUGLAS  and McCANN,JOHN,  'Tollesbury Hall, a thirteenth-century manor house' 18: 53-62
SCOVELL, JAMES, Colchester bricklayer 2: 129
SCOWEN, WILLIAM, ofThorpe 2: 131
SCRAPERS, FLINT
prehistoric (general)
Stanford-le-Hope Bypass 5: 119, 120
Tilbury, West, Gun Hill 5: 95
Palaeolithic, Purfleet, North Road 7: 5, 7, 9, 10
Mesolithic, Epping Forest, Hill Wood, High Beach 10: 210,
211,212
Mesolithic/Neolithic, Kelvedon 11: 34,35
Neolithic/Bronze Age, Dunmow, Great, Stagg's Farm 11:
35,36
Bronze Age
Colchester 16: 87
prob., Danbury Camp 10:5, 18,19
not precisely dated,Thurrock, Rainbow Wood 6: 10, 11
SCRATTON, DANIEL, 'Lieut. of Division', early 19th cent.
15: 113
SCREENS, in churches
oak 5: 214-15
Writtle, church chancel screen 5: 223
SCROPHAM see SHROPHAM (NORFOLK) SCULPTURE AND INCISED  STONE
Anglo-Saxon traditions 1: 264
Chelmsford Dominican Priory 6: 78
Colchester, Lewis's Gardens, Roman decorated marble 1: 11, 26,27
Old Copped Hall, loggia 17: 102, 103
Waltham Abbey, Madonna statue 19: 123, 130, 132, 136,
142, 143
Wix Abbey, medieval stone coffin  1: 107, 263-4
Writtle, All Saints' Church 8: 173
see also ARCHITECTURAL STONEWORK; CROSSES; INSCRIPTIONS;   TOMBS{rOMBSTONES
SEA MILLS (AVON), Roman port 14: 56
SEAFORD (SUSSEX), church and churchyard 5: 236 SEALEY, PAUL R., 'A Late Bronze Age Hoard from
Fingringhoe' 18: 7-15
SEALS, brass/latten, Radwinter Rectory garden 5: 239 SEAXES, IRON, Anglo-Saxon, Prittlewell19: 94, 98 SEBBI, 'MONK-KING'  OF EAST SAXONS 14: 86
SEDDON,JAMES E., Rector ofPeldon 7:68 SEDGEFORD (NORFOLK), Anglo-Saxon pottery 8: 84
SEDILIA, St Nicholas' Chapel, Coggeshall14:  128-9(Pl. II), 129
SELLERS, ELIZABETH 6: 42; 7: 52, 57
et al.
'Fieldwork and Excavation at Pyrgo Park 1971 and 1972'18:45-52
'Maidens Tye: a moated site at High Easter' 19: 176- 95
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS, EMPEROR, coins 17: 22, 23; 20:
11
SERGEAUX, ALICE 6: 93
SERVICE, ALASTAIR, 'John Belcher's Colchester Town
Hall' 5: 225-33 SETTLEMENT PATTERNS
prehistoric, Tilbury, West, Gun Hill 5: 95-9
Romano-British, Tilbury, West, Gun Hill 5: 99-100 Anglo-Saxon, Tilbury, West, Gun Hill 5: 10Q-1
medieval, Roding, Beauchamp, deserted settlement 13: 42, 46


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


not precisely dated, Purleigh, deserted settlement 17: 107-19 (inc. illustr.)
SEWARDSTONE
Cobfield, Upper 10: 186-7; 19: 209
Cobfields 10: 174, 175, 176
Northfield nurseries 17: 164
late Roman site 10: 174-88(inc. illustr.) Roman finds 9: 104; 10: 177-87(inc. illustr.)
prehistoric? dug-out boat 10: 176
SEZINCOTE (GLOS) 2: 1 SHAFTHOLES, IMPLEMENTS WITH
Neolithic?
Ash (Kent) 12: 106
Henham, Lovecotes (Lovecott) Farm 12: 103-7, 104, 105
SHAKENOAK (OXON)
Roman pottery 8: 45
Roman villa 8: 104
SHAKERLEY, EDWARD, ofWitham 20: 136, 137 SHALE
Roman
bangles, Colchester, LeWis's Gardens 1: 11, 26, 27
bracelets, Braintree, Rayne Road 8: 22, 23
not precisely dated, bracelet, Rawreth 9: 33
SHARRINGTON, SIR WILLIAM, ofLacockAbbey  10: 155
SHAW, NORMAN (ARCHITECTS) 5: 226-7, 229-30,
232,233
SHEAD, GEORGE, Thorpe brazier 2: 128
SHEARS, IRON, medieval/post-medieval,  Waltham Abbey bloomery  forge 5: 169, 170
SHEEP BONES/REMAINS
Roman, Rayne/Braintree bypass 20: 22, 23, 25
Anglo-Saxon, Linford, Mucking 1: 101
medieval, Waltham Abbey 19: 133, 136, 149-50, 149 not precisely dated, Canvey Island 2: 19
SHEEP-FARMING/REARING
Iron Age, Tilbury, West, Gun Hill 5: 98
Belgic, Mucking 5: 10 Roman
NW Essex 17: 124
Rayne/Braintree bypass 20: 26 medieval
Colchester 19: 162
Tolleshunta manors 1: 241-2,244
post-medieval, Waltham Grange 4: 95 SHEEP/GOAT BONES
Belgic, Nazeingbury 10: 110, 111, 112
Roman
Colchester 3: 36,77
Nazeingbury  10: 110, 111, 112
Ockendon, South 2: 86
not precisely dated,Thaxted, Weaverhead Lane 20: 116 SHEEPEN  14: 3-4
Bronze Age/Iron Age 14: 9, 10, 11-12
Iron Age ceramic loomweights 14: 120, 121
native site 3: 2, 3, 17, 18, 19, 20; 11: 102
Roman pottery kilns 14: 45, 50
Roman Temple 2 site 19: 264
SHEEPEN DYKE, Camulodunum 8: 123
SHEERING, see  also MOOR  HALL
SHEERING/MATCHING, ring ditches 15: 152 SHELFORD, LITTLE,  FOULNESS
Roman site 10: 245; 11: 105; 12: 44; 14: 139
cremation cemetery 9: 100-1; 10: 227-30,227, 229-30
medieval buried wooden structure 9: 101; 10: 245-6; 11:
105; 13: 69-71, 69, 70




94



Index for HJlumes 1-20


SHELLEY, poss. Bronze Age barrows 14: 117, 118, 130
SHELLEY, SIR THOMAS 2: 267, 269, 270, 274 SHELLOW BOWELLS
11th cent. landholding 4: 131
and Ely Abbey 1: 190, 195 SHELLS
Saxon, Linford, Mucking 1: 101
early medieval, Saffron Walden Battle Ditches 1: 150 medieval, Pleshey Castle 19: 174
Waltham Abbey monastic grange 4: 126
see  also  OYSTER   SHELLS/REMAINS SHENFIELD
Roman pottery, brick and tile 13: 38,46
St Mary's Church 5: 218, 221; 13: 38
churchyard, Roman and medieval pottery 13: 38 tower 5:209
SHIELDS, IRON
Saxon
Braxted, Little 9: 84, 86
Prittlewell19: 93, 94, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 104, 105, 106,
110
SHIP-MONEY 2: 62
in 17th cent. Essex 1: 16Q-3; 2: 143 SHOEBURY, NORTH
general, fired clay fmds 17: 33
middle Bronze Age stamped pottery 16: 100, 101
late Bronze Age pottery 16: 96, 97, 100, 101, 102, 107; 17:
31
Iron Age features, ceramic loomweights 14: 120, 121
late Iron Age settlement 14: 141, 143
St Mary's Church, multi-period rural settlement around 14: 141, 144
see also MILTON HALL BRICKFIELD
SHOEBURY, SOUTH
Roman coinage 8: 247
Shoebury Camp, Iron Age hillfort 10: 23, 25
Suttons, Roman pottery kiln 11: 50
see also KILNS, pottery   (Roman)
SHOEBURY, SOUTH SHOEBURY HALL FARMHOUSE 12:90
SHOEBURYNESS
Neolithic pottery 20: 147
firing station (north of), Roman pottery kiln 11: 50 SHOES
Roman
Braintree, Panfleld Lane 8: 114
Chelmsford, Moulsham/Queen Street 19: 42
Harlow, River Way 13: 52 medieval, leather
Chipping Ongar (prob.) 13: 136
Waltham Abbey bloomery forge 5: 178, 179
post-medieval, Woodham Waiter, Ashmans 20: 128, 129,
130
not precisely  dated
Harlow, Holbrooks 14: 140
Southchurch Hall18: 37
SHOPFIELD, LITTLE WALTHAM, 'The Limes': Roman
occupation 2: 47-59(inc. illustr.) SHOPLAND
?medieval boundary embankment 13:71 13th cent. medieval market 13: 17, 18
SHORTGROVE, MANOR OF, NR NEWPORT 20: 85
SHREWSBURY ABBEY 2: 321
Cartulary 2: 309


SMITH, WALTERASBURY


SHROPHAM  (NORFOLK), 'Scropham' medieval knight's fee and 'Anstey case' 15: 70, 80
SIBLE HEDINGHAM
Alderford Hall, Mill (Alreforda) 16:41 medieval clergy 1: 250
1801 agricultural survey 5: 188, 191, 192, 198
Baker's Farm pottery kiln see KILNS, pottery (Roman)
Hole Farm medieval pottery kilns see KILNS, pottery (medieval)
Starling's Hill pottery kiln see KILNS, pottery  (medieval)
SIBLEY'S FARM, CHICKNEY see CHICKNEY SIGEWEARD OF MALDON  (LANDOWNER)  12: 20-1
SIGHERE, KING OF EAST SAXONS 2: 39, 300
SILVER END, Church of St Francis 2: 41 SILVER OBJECTS
Ardleigh 7: 27
Braintree, Rayne Road 8: 19, 20
Chelmsford Dominican Priory 6: 55, 57
Chesterford, Great, Roman temple 11: 104
Chocolate Pot (Richard Hutchinson) 1: 165
Prittlewell19: 101, 103
Saffron Walden Battle Ditches 1: 153
Southchurch Hall18: 37
see also BELT SETS; COINS
SIMPSON, GRACE, 'A Revised Dating for the Colchester Samian Kiln' 14: 149-53, 152
SINCLAIR, SIR JOHN, enquiries into late 18th cent. agriculture 5: 186-7
SINCLAIR WILLIAMS, C. L., 'A valiant constable of
Colchester Castle, AD 1155' 20: 3Q-3
SINZIG (RHINELAND), samian pottery 14: 149-50, 151,
152
SKUDDER, J. M., 'The Seaside Resort as a Business Venture (Clacton-on-Sea   1864-1901)'  16:65-81
SKYNNER, T., map ofCoggeshall  (1731)  19:87 SLAG see IRON SLAG
SLANEY,JOHN, merchant 1: 163 SLATE
medieval
Latchingdon, St Michael's Church 11: 26, 27 Waltham Abbey
bloomery forge 5: 168
monastic grange 4:48,51, 114-15
post-medieval, Waltham Abbey monastic site 19: 140 SLOUGH HOUSE  FARM, GREATTOTHAM,  prehistoric
enclosures and features 20: 157, 158, 163
SMALLPOX, in Colchester 17th cent. 4: 134, 137 SMALLWOOD,J. P., 'A Roman Settlement at Pebmarsh' 1:
171-8
SMALTUNA (DOMESDAY PLACENAME) see CASTLE HEDINGHAM  (SMALTON)
SMITH, BRIAN S., 'Little Waltham Church Goods c. 1400'
1:111-13
SMITH, CHARLES, 'Lieut. of Division', early 19th cent. 15: 114
SMITH, DR. E. BERTRAM, brass-rubbing collection 11: 120
SMITH,}. A. CLARENCE, 'Hastings of Little Easton' 2: 1- 13,101-22
SMITH, ROBERT (SHERIFF OF ESSEX) 2: 66
SMITH, SIR THOMAS, Hill Hall, Theydon Mount 15: 169; 16:134,  135;17:96,163
SMITH, THOMAS  (MANAGER, GARDEN PLOTS AT MAYLAND) 18: 83
SMITH,WALTER ASBURY, Rector of Peldon 7: 68





95


SMITHS AND SMITHING


SMITHS AND SMITHING
Roman
Braintree
Brands 16: 125
Letch's Yard 16: 125
Rayne Road 8: 14, 26
Colchester, Balkerne Gardens (poss.) 3: 51
Wickford, Beauchamps Farm 11: 43
medieval20: 37
Thaxted 20: 118
post-medieval, Barking, Waterfront 19: 262
see also bloomery forge underWALTHAM ABBEY (AUGUSTINIAN PRIORY); IRON FOUNDRIES
SMOKE HOODS/BAYS  see  CHIMNEY  STACKS
SMOOTHY, MARTYN D., 'A Roman rural site at Rayne, Essex; excavations 1987' 20: 1-29
SMYTH, SIR ROBERT, radical Whig MP of Colchester 19: 225,226
SMYTH FAMILY OF CRESSINGTEMPLE 10: 123
Henry Neville 10: 121
Sir John, judge 10: 121
William  10: 121, 124
SMYTHIES FAMILY OF COLCHESTER  19: 224, 227
Smythies, Francis (d 1798), attorney and Town Clerk of Colchester 18: 72; 19: 223-30
SNETTISHAM (NORFOLK), Norfolk carstone 2: 341 SNOREHAM (LITTLE LATCHINGDON), medieval
manor 11: 8, 9, 31 SOCIETY OF FRIENDS see QUAKERS SOILS
and agriculture, 18th-19th cent. 5: 187-8, 189-90
Braintree 8: 3 NEssex
chalk 17: 121, 122,123, 124
heavy boulder clay plateau 17: 120, 121, 122, 125
Pyrgo Park, Havering-atte-Bower 18: 45 Tilbury, East, Ferris Aggregates Pit 8: 155 Tolleshunt parishes 1: 241
see also LONDON CLAY
SOKENS, THE, St Paul's manor 4: 131
SOMERTON (SUFFOLK), 'Sumerton' medieval knight's fee and 'Anstey case' 15: 70, 80
SOUTH SHOEBURY HALL FARMHOUSE see
SHOEBURY, SOUTH SOUTHWEALD CAMP seeWEALD PARK CAMP
SOUTHALL, MANOR OF (GREAT DUNMOW) 8: 210 SOUTHAMPTON (HANTS)
medieval enclosure oftown 1: 155
medieval pottery 8: 186, 188, 190
post-medieval  mercury jar  17: 52
see also HAMWIH
SOUTHCHURCH, early Iron Age pottery 8: 241, 247
SOUTHCHURCH HALL 9: 104; 11: 108; 12: 47; 13:54, 59;
14: 142;15: 168, 171;16: 133,138;17: 162-3;
18: 34-8(inc. illustr.)
SOUTHEND-ON-SEA
Museum 20: 96, 99
1977 activities 9: 157
Victoria Avenue (formerly North Street) (Nos 269-271),
medieval/post-medieval house 20: 165
see  also  PRITTLEWELL; TEMPLE  FARM,
PRITTLEWELL/SUTTON SOUTHMINSTER
Bovill's Marsh 9: 84


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


medieval Cok family 2: 149
and St Osyth Abbey foundation 2: 303, 304, 316-17, 318-
19,324
trial trenching 16: 115
SOUTRA (LOTH), medieval hospital18: 123
SPAINS HALL see FINCHINGFIELD; WILLINGALE SPAIN
SPALDING (LINCS), Fox, John, 17th cent. day-pipe maker 15: 109, 110
SPARROWHAWK FARM, LITTLE WALTHAM, Roman
features 2: 47, 59
SPATULAE, BRONZE, Great Canfield 8: 156,157 SPAYNES HALL, GREATYELDHAM seeYELDHAM,
GREAT SPEARHEADS
copper alloy, Bronze Age, Hatfield Broad Oak 19: 242
iron
Roman, Waltham, Little, Shopfield 2: 50, 53, 58
Saxon
Braxted, Little 9: 84, 86
Prittlewell19: 91, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 100, 101, 102,
104, 105, 106, 108, 109, 110
SPEKE HALL (LANCS), chimney stack 20: 101
SPENCER, GILLIAN, & RAVETZ, ALISON, 'Excavation
of the Battle Ditches, Saffron Walden, 1959' 1: 141-59
SPINDLE WHORLS
bone
Roman
Braintree (poss.), Rayne Road 8: 21, 22,62
Coggeshall, East Street  19: 79,80
medieval, Feering 8: 245, 273
not precisely dated,Waltham Abbey monastic site 10: 166,
167
ceramic
Iron Age
Heybridge 17: 28, 29
Tilbury, West, Gun Hill 5: 88, 90
Belgic, Heybridge 17: 13, 28, 29
Roman
Braintree
London Road 8: 89, 90
Rayne Road 8: 24, 25
Rawreth 9: 33, 40 Anglo-Saxon
Linford, Mucking 1: 73, 93, 97, 100
Orsett Cock 18: 22, 31; 32
Prittlewell19: 105
Saxo-Norman, Waltham Abbey manorial enclosure 5:
178
early medieval, Saffron Walden Battle Ditches 1: 150, 154
SPINOLA, AMBROGIO DE (SPANISH GENERAL) 15: 97,99
SPONG HILL (NORFOLK), sword fmd 19: 110
SPOON BITS, IRON, medieval/post-medieval, Waltham Abbey bloomery forge 5: 169, 170
SPRINGFIELD
palaeolithic knife 9: 65, 69
?Neolithic long barrow 16: 92
Bronze Age
arrowhead 12: 53, 55
beaker 18: 88
Roman artefacts 19: 251,252
All Saints' Church 20: 152
post-medieval culvert 12: 74




96



IndexforVolumes 1-20


SPRINGFIELD (cont.)
BarnesFarm
cursus excavations 16: 134
ring ditch 14: 142
Barnes Farm County Junior School, Belgic/Roman pottery
14: 119, 122
Storm's Farm, copper alloy cruciform brooch 18: 94
White Hart Lane 16: 108-10
Iron Age features 15: 169; 16: 108-10
medieval ditches 16: 108-10
SPRINGFIELD CURSUS 12: 47; 13: 54; 16: 134, 138; 17:
163,164
Iron Age and Roman features 15: 135-41, 136-7, 140
SPRINGFIELD LYONS
prehistoric features 14: 142, 143; 17: 31, 163, 164; 18: 11,
108;20: 165
Beaker pottery 18: 88; 19: 268
late Bronze Age enclosure 14: 142, 143; 15: 168; 16: 97,
107,134, 138;17: 163, 164;18: 108
Saxon cemetery 14: 142, 144; 15: 168, 171; 16: 138; 17:
163, 164;18: 108;19:261,268
SPUDS, IRON, Roman, Braintree, Rayne Road 8: 29, 30
SPURGIN, NATHANIEL, 17th cent. clay-pipe maker, Colchester 15: 107
SPURS
bronze, Old Copped Hall17: 104, 105 iron
Waltham Abbey bloomery forge 5: 171-3, 172
Waltham Abbey monastic site 10: 158, 161
STABLES/STABLE BLOCKS
19th cent., Bardfield, Great, Bluegate Hall Farm 11: 81
post-medieval, Wethersfield, Danes Vale Farm 11: 88 STAFFORD, St Bertelin's  Church  10: 73
STAFFORD  HOUSE, HARLOW  see HARLOW
STAGDEN CROSS, Romano-British pottery 1: 166 STAGG'S FARM, GREAT DUNMOW, prehistoric to
medieval features 11: 34, 35, 38,54
STAMFORDS MANOR, LATCHINGDON  11: 10, 29
STAMPS
on pottery
Bronze Age, North Shoebury 16: 100, 101
Roman
at Heybridge 17: 13, 45-6, 45, 55
at Mucking 5: 34
at Nazeingbury 10: 78
amphorae, Nazeingbury 10: 80, 105
Colchester products  14: 44,45-53,51, 55
Hadham wares 14: 56-7
mortaria 14: 44, 49-53, 55
Colchester 14: 33
Lewis's Gardens 1: 22, 25
Grays Palmers Grammar School for Girls 5: 118;
15:11,17,22,23
Nazeingbury 10: 80, 88, 91
Samian 14: 36,45-9,51
Benfleet, South 8: 260, 261
Braintree 8: 115, 126
High Street 8: 97
London Road 8: 89
Mill Cottages 8: 110
Rayne Road 8: 6, 39, 40, 41, 42,85
Burnham-on-Crouch 8: 163
Canvey Island 2: 95, 158
Chelmsford, Moulsham/Queen Street 19: 43, 44
Coggeshall19: 84


STANWAY


Colchester 3: 105; 14: 45-9,51, 152
Balkerne Gardens 3: 59, 60
East Stockwell Street 3: 40
Lewis's Gardens 1: 18-19
St Mary's Rectory 3: 112-13
Telephone Exchange site 3: 113-14
Grays, Palmer's School15: 31, 32
Heybridge, Bouchernes Farm 17: 55
LangfordJunction 17:57-9
Nazeingbury 10:79-80
Pebmarsh 1: 175, 176
Rayne/Braintree bypass 20: 15, 17
Waltham, Little 16: 143
Wickford 2: 159
Woodham Waiter 8: 243, 261
medieval
culinary, Easter, High, MaidensTye 19: 191,192
scallop shells, Aardenburg ware 8: 186, 189, 190,
194-7, 196, 199
not precisely dated, pargetting, Easter, High, Maidens Tye 19: 191, 192
on tiles 14: 44-5
Barking, Abbey Road 17: 156
Colchester 14: 44
STANE,WILLIAM, glebeland survey (1689), Ingrave 9: 48,
50, 5o-1(Pl. 11)
STANE STREET see ROADS, ROMAN
STANESBY,JOHN, Rector ofPeldon 7: 62 STANFORD-LE-HOPE
Bypass 5: 118-22, 119
see  also  CORRINGHAM  HALL Ivy Walls 20: 165
Roman and Saxon finds 5: 123-6(inc. illustr.)
STANSTED AIRPORT
aerial reconnaissance 18: 101
expansion project 15: 152-3; 18: 108-11, 109, 110, 112;
19:260,261,262;20: 157,165-8,166-7
Airport Catering site, Iron Age/Roman features 18: 109,
109, 110, 111; 19: 268, 269,279
Airport Social Club 19: 268, 270; 20: 157, 165, 167
Bassingbourn Hall, poss. moat 19: 268,270
Bury Lodge Lane 19: 270; 20: 165
Colchester Hall18: 108-9, 109, 112
Cooper's Cottage, Little 19: 268, 270
Coopers, Great 18: 109, 109, 112
Costain's Compound 19: 270
Molehill Green 18: 109, 109
medieval structure 18: 109
toft site 11: 70; 12: 83
Pantile Farm, Birchanger 18: 109, 111
Round Wood 19: 268, 270; 20: 167
Wilderness, The, medieval pottery 19: 268, 270
see also DUCKEND FARM STANSTED    MOUNTFITCHET
medieval barony of 16: 42
17th cent. Myddleton family 8: 282-7 STANTMERE (DOMESDAY PLACENAME) see
RAMSDEN BELLHOUSE  (STANMER)
STANWAY
Iron Age features 20: 168
ceramic loomweights  14: 120, 121
oppidum 20: 168 medieval period
Bertuna (Byrton): Domesday survey 16: 41
clergy 1: 252





97


STANWAY


STANWAY, medieval period (cont.)
manor 8: 210,211,217,221
parish church 8: 215
placename 11: 115
Beaconend Farm 11: 8D-1(P1. Ila), 85
Bellhouse Quarry, enclosures 19: 261,270
Catchbells, London Road 11: 85
Olivers, post-medieval brick/tile kiln 16: 134; 17: 163, 165
St Albright's Church 2: 38, 40; 8: 215 White Hart Farm 11: 8D-1(P1. lib), 85-6
STANWICK (YORKS), Roman buckle 18:· 116, 117, 119 STAPLEFORD ABBOTS
Stapleforda (Domesday manor) 16: 43
11th cent. landholding 4: 129
17th cent. estate of Sir Thomas Edmondes 10: 120 1801 agricultural surveyS: 190, 193, 199
and Sir Brian Tuke 18: 45 STAPLEFORDTAWNEY
1801 agricultural surveyS: 190, 199
decorated medieval grave slab 1: 263 STAPLEFORDA (DOMESDAY PLACENAME) see
STAPLEFORD ABBOTS
STAR CARR (YORKS), flint assemblage 10: 214 STARLING'S HILL, SIBLE HEDINGHAM, pottery kiln
see KILNS, pottery STATUETTES,  PIPECLAY
Roman
Chancellor Collection 10: 231-2,259
Leigh-on-Sea 10: 23Q-2, 259
see also FIGURINES STEBBING
early Bronze Age beaker 19: 240, 241
Roman cemetery site 8: 247; 10: 247; 12: 47
Kymbolds (later Cambolds): Cheneboltuna in Domesday?
16:44
medieval tile-kiln 12: 74
Church of St Mary the Virgin 17: 150-1 Green Farmhouse 11: 86
Malt House, Bran End 12: 91 Porter's Hall, Roman tile kiln 11: 51
Priors Hall, medieval/post-medieval house 12: 9Q-1 Stebbing Green, Roman building (poss. mill) 20: 158, 168
Stebbingford (Horstedafort in Domesday) 16: 42 Tweed Cottage 1S: 159-60
Yew Tree Farm, pre-Roman (?) cropmark enclosure 20:
153, 154-5
STEEPLE ('ALESTEPLE')
medieval knight's fee and 'Anstey case' 1S: 70, 80 medieval textile trades 20: 56
Ulwinescherham (Domesday placename) poss. in 16: 46
STEEPLEBUMPSTEAD
11th cent. landholding 4: 129
12th/13th cent. cloth trades 20: 45
Domesday survey 1: 179, 186
prob. Bumesteda in Domesday 16: 44 16th cent. Protestants in 1S: 85
Moyns Park, moated site 16: 132
STENNING, D. R
'Early brick chimney stacks' 20: 92-102
and Andrews, David, 'Wealden houses and urban topography at the lower end of Maldon High Street' 20: 103-9
STEPHEN
as Count of Blois 1:40
as King 1:40; 1S: 71, 72; 19: 166


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


STEPHENSON, DAVID
'Colchester: A Smaller Medieval English Jewry' 16: 48-52 'The Early Career of J. H. Round: The Shaping of a
Historian' 12: 1-10(inc. illustr.) STEVINGTON (ASHDON), medieval fee 1: 179, 185,
186
STIBBINGTON (CAMBS), Roman pottery kiln 14: 35, 40
STIFFORD
Chafford Hundred Development 20: 168
mise. structures (mill: anti-aircraft battery) 20: 168 Chalk Pit Farm 20: 168
Stifort (Domesday placename)  16:46
STIFFORD, NORTH, Ardale School, Iron Age to Saxon features 13: 54
STIFFORD CLAYS
Iron Age ceramic loomweight 14: 120, 121
late Iron Age/Roman features 12: 48; 13: 54
STIFORT (DOMESDAY PLACENAME)  see STIFFORD STISTED
Braintree Road, Roman features 8: 163 The Street, 18th-19th cent. house 11: 86 undated sherds found 1: 265
STOCK
Neolithic (prob.) axehead 12: 55, 56
defended enclosure 12: 57, 58, 59,82
Romano-British pottery 12: 56, 63
medieval clergy 1: 252
post-medieval lead token 12: 75, 77
All Saints' Church S: 212; 20: 152 Garden of Remembrance S: 217-18 tower  10:73
Bishops Wood, 'British Camp site' 9: 77
Bowling Club, post-medieval kiln 12: 76,83
Broom Wood, Iron Age pots 9: 75, 76, 77 STOCK  ENCLOSURES
Iron Age
?Colchester, Chitts Hill 9: 19
Chignal StJames 14: 135 Tilbury, West, Gun HillS: 98,99
Roman period, Springfield Cursus (poss.) 1S: 138
?poss. not precisely dated
Dedham, Lamb Corner 12: 79, 80
Mucking North Ring 11: 107
STOKE PRIORY (SUFFOLK), Augustinian Order 2: 45 STOKE (SUFFOLK), 12th/13th cent. textile trades 20: 36 STOKE-BY-NAYLAND  (SUFFOLK)
Giffords Hall17: 173; 20: 101
Mersea Charter ofEdward the Confessor 12: 95, 96, 97,
98
STOKESLEY, BISHOP OF LONDON  1S: 85, 86
STONAR (KENT), medieval pottery 8: 186, 19D-1(P1. I), 191
STONDON MASSEY 16: 41,43
brass-rubbing 11: 122
STONE see ARCHITECTURAL  STONEWORK;
BARNACK STONE; BATH STONE; CAEN STONE; DRAINS; FLINT, AS BUILDING MATERIAL; GREENSAND STONE; KENTISH RAGSTONE; LIMESTONE; PORTLAND STONE; PURBECK MARBLE; REIGATE STONE; RHENISH LAVA; SCULPTURE AND INCISED STONE;WEALDEN SANDSTONE





98



IndexforUJlumes  1-20


STONE, building
general/undated
Norfolk carstone (book review) 2: 341
Colchester, Gosbecks Theatre 3: 95
Cressing, All Saints' Church 6: 83, 84, 85, 87, 88, 89
Heybridge 17: 21
Ingrave, St Nicholas' Old Church 9: 57 Roman
Bradwell-on-Sea fort 8: 234-5
Colchester
Denmark Street, poss. temple/shrine 3: 78
St Mary's Rectory 3: 67
Telephone Exchange site 3: 13
Waltham Abbey (poss.), in Saxo-Norman context 5: 166 Anglo-Saxon (pre-Conquest), Waltham Abbey Church 18:
111
medieval
Takeley, Colchester Hall18: 109
Waltham Abbey bloomery forge 4: 79; 5: 167 medieval/post -medieval
Barling, Glebe Farm 15: 141, 163
Holland, Little, church 20: 79
Ockendon Hall, South, gatehouse and bridge 18: 97, 98,
99
Waltham Abbey monastic buildings 10: 132, 134, 138,
168,169,255
Tudor, Pyrgo Park, Havering-atte-Bower 18: 51
see also SLATE
STONE HALL  (NOW PRIORS  HALL)  see
WIDDINGTON STONE OBJECTS
prehistoric (general), Ardleigh, pestle (sandstone) with
pottery 7: 15, 28-9, 28
Mesolithic, Waltham Abbey monastic site, hammerstones 2:
227,228
Neolithic, Paglesham 2: 338
Bronze Age, Danbury Camp 10: 3
pre-Roman (not precisely dated), Romano-British site, South Ockendon 2: 83, 86, 87
Belgic, Nazeingbury 10: 106
Roman
Braintree
Bank Street 8: 77
Rayne Road 8: 24, 25, 125
Colchester, sandstone mortarium 3: 35,36
Heybridge 17: 15, 28,29
Nazeingbury  10: 106-7
Saxon, Nazeingbury 10: 107 medieval
Waltham Abbey
bloomery forge 5: 179
Madonna statue 19: 123, 130, 132, 136, 142, 143
not precisely  dated
Barling Hall 9: 68
Canvey Island 2: 17
Chignal StJames 9: 83
Heybridge, Blackwater Sailing Club 19: 247
Southchurch Hall18: 37
Tilbury, West, Gun Hill 5: 88, 90
Widford 11: 61
see also ADZES; AXES; COFFINS; HONES; MACEHEADS;  MILLSTONES; MORTARS; PEBBLES; QUERNS; SHAFTHOLES,  IMPLEMENTS  WITH; TOMBS/TOMBSTONES;   WHETSTONES


STRUCTURES, EXCAVATED, IRON AGE


STONEY, REV JOHN, ofThorpe 2: 129
STORT, RIVER 10: 24
STOUR, RIVER 20: 45, 54
STOUR ESTUARY 19: 265 STOUR VALLEY
prehistoric ring ditches 14: 114, 115
medieval cloth trade 20: 40, 41, 45, 47, 49, 55 STOURTON, WILLIAM, Speaker of the Commons 8:210,
220
STOW HALL, WEST (SUFFOLK) 20: 101 STOWMARIES
medieval landholding 2: 113
storm of 1897 18: 75
Wellinditch Farm  (Weneswic/Wesuunic  (poss. Domesday placename))    16:46
STOW, WEST  (SUFFOLK)
Saxon combs 17: 172 ·
Saxon structures 10: 68, 69, 72; 18: 24
STOWMARKET  (SUFFOLK), church and St Osyth Abbey foundation 2: 303, 315-16
STRAFFORD, EARL OF 2: 64
STRALSUND (GERMANY), architectural influences 20: 101 STRAP ENDS, COPPER ALLOY
Chelmsford Dominican Priory 6: 56,57
Colchester, St Mary's Rectory 3: 70,71 STRATFORD
medieval religious foundation 1: 114
dissolved by Henry VIII 1: 114-15
Romford Road (No. 30), early 18th-cent. house 18: 111 STRATFORD BROADWAY, late medieval village pond 15:
170
STRATFORD LANGTHORNE
1620s election 10: 122
Abbey, monks' cemetery 16: 137, 139
STRATTON (NORFOLK), medieval landholding 2: 113 STRETHALL
manor of, and Ely Abbey 1: 190, 193&n, 194, 195
Old Rectory 15: 160
settlement patterns 17: 122, 123, 127-8,129,130,131 STROOD, THE see MERSEA ISLAND STRUCTURAL FITTINGS, IRON
Braintree, Rayne Road 8: 30, 31
Chelmsford Dominican Priory 6: 59, 60
Waltham Abbey bloomery forge 5: 172, 173 STRUCTURES, EXCAVATED
PREHISTORIC (GENERAL)
Waltham Abbey monastic site 2: 228-9(P1. I), 229 NEOLITHIC
Blackwater estuary 18: 107; 20: 163
Braintree, Skitt's Hill, 'fascine dwellings' 8: 110 Goldhanger, Chigborough Farm 20: 162
BRONZE AGE
Rook Hall16: 131 late Bronze Age
Broads Green 19: 7, 9, 10, 13
Heybridge, Blackwater Sailing Club 19: 245, 247
Springfield Lyons 18: 108
late Bronze Age/early Iron Age, Coggeshall, St Peter's School19:52,66,84
IRON AGE
general
Essex building styles 10: 46
four (or six) post rectangular 6: 4-5 round houses 14: 7, 10; 17: 61
see also locations below





99


STRUCTURES, EXCAVATED, IRON AGE


STRUCTURES, EXCAVATED, IRON AGE  (cont.)
early-to-middle
four-post, Heybridge 17: 11, 61
Heybridge 17: 11
putative semi-circular 17: 11, 13, 61
Orsett (prob.) 6: 33
Springfield, White Hart Lane 15: 169
Tilbury, West, Gun Hill 5: 53-6, 95-9; 17: 11
Ardleigh, round houses 15: 4, 7
Barling, poss. round houses 14: 133, 143
Blackwater estuary 20: 163
Braintree, The Fountain 15: 163
Crickley Hill (Glos), rectangular long-houses 6: 4 Goldhanger, Rook Hall16: 131
Heybridge, two-post 17: 11 elvedon
Doucecroft, round houses 18: 107; 19: 15, 21, 31, 37,
38
hut circles 11: 104
Linford, Mucking 1: 57, 60, 61, 63
Mucking 5: 9; 17: 11
round houses 5: 10
Nazeingbury 10: 37, 39
Orsett Cock 10: 246
Rainbow Wood, Thurrock 6: 4-5
Rainham, Moor Hall Farm, hut circles 13: 53 Ramsden Bellhouse hut circles 2: 95
Rawreth, oval hut 9: 22, 23, 44
Rayne, round houses 20: 5, 26
Shoebury, North, poss. round houses 14: 141, 143 Springfield
White Hart Lane 16: 108, 109, 110
round houses 15: 169
Stansted Airport, Social Club, round houses 20: 167 Tilbury, West, Gun Hill, two-post 5: 56, 95-6
Totham, Great, Lofts Farm 12: 43
Uphall Camp, round houses 20: 164
Waltham, Little, round houses 14: 6
Woodbury, Little (Wilts) 10: 45 IRON AGE/ROMAN
Braintree, Boar's Head 18: 106
Chadwell St Mary 1: 129
HarlowTemple 18: 107
Kelvedon, The Chase 14: 140
Langford 12: 80, 81
Stansted Airport, Catering site 18: 109-11, 110; 19: 269
Uphall Camp 19:260,265 ROMAN
early Roman, Kelvedon, Doucecroft, roundhouse 19: 31,
32,38
Arkesden, Chardwell Farm (unrecorded) 8: 156
Braintree 17: 91, 158
Blyth's Meadow, poss. gateway to 'oppidum' 9: 96 Bovingdon and Fennes Estate 8: 161
Bradford's Farm Estate 8: 103
Brands 16: 125
Flock Inn 14: 133
The Fountain 15: 163
High Street 16: 125
Letch'sYard 16: 125
London Road 16: 125
Marlborough Road (Gt Bradfords Estate) 10: 240 Rayne Road
Bldg A 8: 6, 7, 8, 9, 10-11,63,64,65, 125
Bldg B 8: 11, 12-13, 14-15,64,65


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


Brightlingsea Church, poss. building beneath 8: 275-6 Canvey Island 2: 17,21
Chelmsford
Caesaromagos 2: 333, 334; 4: 11, 16-21, 27, 28-9(Pls
I-ll)
Godfrey's Yard 19: 263
Grays Brewery 15: 165
Moulsham Street 13: 49; 14: 133, 135
Moulsham Street/Queen Street, Lasts Garage 19: 40, 45
Orchard Street 10: 241
see also CHELMSFORD  (mansio)
Chesterford, Great 12: 43; 13: 52
temple 11: 103-4; 17: 160; 19: 264-5; 20: 162
Chignal StJames villa site 8: 158; 9: 76, 77-84, 78,80,
82;12:40
box rampart construction 9: 83 Chigwell
London, Little 12: 40
caldarium and plunge bath 13: 50 Coggeshall
East Street 19: 80
St Peter's School19: 54, 68, 85, 86
poss. mansio 16: 126 Colchester
1st cent. fire destruction 2: 137-40; 3: 3-4
Balkerne Gardens 3: 51, 52,53-4
Balkerne Lane 9: 97
barracks17: 159-60
Butt Road 10: 241, 242; 12: 40; 19: 264
Castle Park 16: 127 Caters site 3: 110n
Culver Street 14: 136-7, 144; 15: 165; 16: 126-7; 17:
159
Sainsbury's site 3: 98, 100
East Stockwell Street 3: 39
Firs Car Park, Denmark Street, poss. temple/shrine (with apse) 3: 78,81-2, 81
Gilberd School, barrack block 16: 127; 17: 159-60
Gosbecks Theatre 3: 95-6
High Street 16: 126
Insula 30 3: 107; 16: 126
Lewis's Gardens (Houses I-V) 1: 7-32 (inc. illustr.) Locke's site 3: 103
LongWyre Street 11: 102; 12:41
Maidenburgh  Street, 'theatre' 14: 137-8
North Hi113: 3-4
No. 44 3: 44-5
Queen Street 3: 87-9
St Helena's playing-field 9: 98
St Mary's Rectory 3: 66-8
Houses 1-2 3: 65-6
town defences 3: 68-9
St Peter's Close, prob. 3: 61
Telephone Exchange site 3: 10-14
Temple precinct, S side 3: 114-15(Pl. I), 115-24(Pls
11-III), 127, 129
Victoria Inn 3: 92-4
Cressing churchyard, timber structures 9: 98; 10: 243
HarlowTemple 19:265
Havengore Island, poss. 18: 107
Henham/Ugley 11: 104
Ilford, Uphall Camp 19: 260, 265; 20: 158, 164 Ingrave, St Nicholas' Old Church 9: 57-8 Kelvedon 10: 245





100


IndexforVolumes 1-20                                                          STRUCTURES, EXCAVATED, MEDIEVAUPOST-MEDIEVAL



STRUCTURES, EXCAVATED, ROMAN (cont.)
Middleborough, Colchester 11: 102
Mucking 5:9
Nazeingbury 10: 43
Oakley, Little, Seaview Avenue 9: 100
Pebmarsh 1: 171, 172, 173
Rawreth 9: 29, 44
Rayne, Rayne/Braintree bypass 19: 266; 20: 1-3, 15,
26
Rochford, East Street 16: 15
St Osyth Priory Park 1: 259,260,261
Sewardstone, Northfield Nurseries 10: 185
Shelford, Little, Foulness 12: 44
Shopfield, Little Waltham 2: 47, 51, 59
Southend-on-Sea 16: 134
Stebbing Green, poss. mill 20: 158, 168
Sutton,Temple Farm 20: 168
Wickford 2: 159,330-1,332
Witham, Ivy Chimneys, temple site 11: 109-10; 12: 49;
16: 137
see also VILLAS
LATE ROMAN/SAXON
Heybridge 17: 13, 17
Maldon, No. 42 London Road 17:60-1 ROMAN?/POST-ROMAN
Easton, Great 1: 265
ANGLO-SAXON
Asheldham, St Lawrence's Church 9: 95
Barking,AbbeyRoad  17: 156;20: 159
Barking Abbey Industrial Estate 18: 104; 20: 159
Chalton (Rants) 10: 65, 68
Cheddar (Somerset) 10: 65, 74
Goldhanger, Rook Hall 17: 160
Greensted 10: 69, 72, 73, 74
Heybridge 17: 17
Linford, Mucking oval hut 1: 67, 72
pit huts 1: 67-8, 73, 74-5
Rectangular House 1: 64, 67, 72,99, 103
weaving hut 1: 67-8, 73, 74
Maldon, High Street 11: 107
Maxey (Northants) 10: 68
Mucking 5: 11;9: 101; 10: 246; 11: 107
first post-built 'hall' 5: 9
Nazeingbury, churches 10: 47, 49, 51, 53, 54, 63, 64-76,
67,251-2
Orsett Cock 6: 17, 22, 36, 38; 9: 102; 10: 246
Springfield Lyons 14: 142; 18: 108
Stifford Clays 13: 54
Stow,West (Suffolk) 10: 68, 69, 72; 18: 24
Thirlings (Northumb) 10: 68
Widdington, Priors Hall, poss. stone church 20: 158,
169-70,170
see  also  SUNKEN-FEATURED   BUILDINGS
(GRUBENHA'USER)
SAXO-NORMAN
Waltham Abbey manorial enclosure 5: 13D-1(Pls I-11), 148-9, 150, 151-2
MEDIEVAL
Asheldham churchyard, poss. priest's house 9: 95 Barking
Abbey Road 17: 156; 20: 159
Gascoigne Estate 18: 104
Blackwater, River, nr Coggeshall: bridge or jetty 9: 71 Hocking, Bradford Street 9: 150


Braintree
Bank Street 8: 66-9, 79, 132
Chapel Hill, site of chapel 8: 109, 134-5
Rayne Road 18: 106
Canvey Island 2: 17, 19,21 Chelmsford
Baddow Road 11: 101
High Street, Marks and Spencer site, timber building 6:74
Colchester, Crouch Street (? Crouched Friary) 20: 161
CressingTemple 13: 51
Dunton/Little Burstead, Whitehall Manor 9: 99
Easton, Great 2: 97
timber building 'roasting house' 2: 159-60 Harlowbury Chapel and House, Harlow 16: 129 Harwich, King's Head Street 14: 139
Newport, Hospital of St Leonard's 20: 84-91(inc. illustr.)
Pleshey, Street, The 20: 151
Purleigh,hall  and crosswing  17:110-11,110,117 Rawreth, poss. water-mill 9: 29, 31, 45
Rochford, Market Square 11: 107; 16: 12,20-1
Saffron Walden, Castle Grounds 18: 96
Sampford, Great, Monks Cottage 12: 70-1
Shelford, Little, Foulness 10: 245-6; 13: 69-71, 69, 70
Southchurch Hall9: 104; 18: 34, 35-6,37
Stansted Airport
Duckend Farm 20: 166
RoundWood 19: 270;20: 167
Takeley, Molehill Green 18: 109
Thaxted, Weaverhead Lane, cutlery manufacturing 20: 110-19(inc. illustr.)
Thurrock, Little, Rookery Hill 5: 118
Upminster, Beredens Farm 9: 104
Waltham Abbey, Moot Hall14: 143, 144; 19: 135, 197-
9,190203,206-8,208,209
Yeldham, Great, ?kitchen 20: 163
MEDIEVAL/POST-MEDIEVAL
Barling, Glebe Farm 15: 141; 18: 104
Braintree, Bank Street 8: 82
Chelmsford, Moulsham Street 13: 50
Dagenham, Church Street 9: 99 Good Easter, Wares 11:64 Harwich
Church Street 18: 107
King's Head Street 11: 104
Holland, Little, church 5: 234-5; 20: 74-83(inc. illustr.) Ingrave, St Nicholas' Old Church 9: 48-59(inc. illustr.) Maldon, Chequers, The 19: 266
Rayleigh 18: 41
Rochford, Horner's Corner 18: 108 Saffron Walden
mansion (later Bell Inn) 16: 118
Market Row/Hill Street 16: 133
Shoebury, North 14: 141
Stratford, Romford Road (No. 30) 18: 111
Takeley, Colchester Hall18: 108-9, 109
Theydon Mount, Hill HaUlS: 169; 16: 134-5; 17:96,
163
Thorndon Hall, Old, West Horndon 8: 180-2,181 Waltham Abbey, Lawns Hotel 12: 48
Waltham Abbey monastic site see WALTHAM ABBEY:
AUGUSTINIAN PRIORY (LATER ABBEY)





101


STRUCTURES, EXCAVATED, POST-MEDffiVAL


STRUCTURES, EXCAVATED   (cont.)
POST-MEDIEVAL
Bardfield Saling, Church of SS Peter and Paul19: 253 Barking, Waterfront 19: 262
Chipping Ongar, The Pleasance 19: 153,254
Coggeshall, East Street 19: 81
Colchester, St Botolph's Priory 18: 106; 19: 261,264
CressingTemple 11: 103
Homdon, West, St Nicholas' Church 8: 180, 181, 182
Ingrave, St Nicholas Grove 12: 76
Kelvedon, St Mary's vicarage 9: 85
Pyrgo Park, Havering-atte-Bower, Tudor period to 19th cent.18:45-52,46-7
Rochford 16: 7
Romford Market 16: 132
Takeley, Coopers, Great 18: 109 Waltham Abbey
Church Street 9: 105
Market House 19: 197, 199-201, 200,203,208-9
Sun Street
Nos 37-39 15: 169-70
No. 41 19: 271
Widford parsonage 9: 106
Yeldham, Great 20: 163
15th/16th cent., Saffron Walden, King Street 19: 253 16th cent.
Cressing Temple
Templars' chapel13: 51
Tudor 'great house' 13: 51
Mersea, East, Cudmore Grove, Tudor blockhouse 15: 145-9, 147-8
Rochford Golf Course 11: 108; 13: 38
Rochford Hall 17: 162
Woodham Waiter Hall 20: 170 16th-17th cent.
Horkesley, Great, The Rookery, timber 7: 54 Purleigh    17:109,110,111-12,117
17th cent.
Manningtree, Church of St Michael and All Saints 8: 276-8
Ockendon Hall, South 18: 99
Rayleigh 18: 41 18th cent.
Foulness, brick 14: 139
Rayleigh, Holly Cottage, timber-framed 17: 142
Rochford, East Street 16: 7, 15 19th cent.
Braintree, Rayne Road, laundry and cottages 8: 85-6 Dagenham, Wangey House 20: 162
Leyton, Church Road 11: 105
Mistley quay 9: 91 19th/20th cent.
Mucking, Nissen huts 5: 12
Stifford 20: 168
not precisely dated
Ardwall Isle (Kirkcudbright) 10: 73 Braintree
Cressing Road 15: 43
Rayne Road 16: 125
Chignal StJames, St Mary's Cottage 11: 65 CressingTemple  12:42
Eastwood, aisled building 12: 42
Harwich, George Street,White Hart Hotel16: 23, 24-6
Liston, parish church 19: 253
Nazeing, Nazeingbury 9: 102


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


Noak Hill, The Dagenhams 16: 132
Peldon, St Mary's Church 19: 253
Pleshey Castle, northern bailey (toilet block) 19: 175 Southchurch Hall11: 108; 12: 47; 13: 54; 14: 142; 15:
168
Stifford, North 13: 54
see also ARCHITECTURE; BAKEHOUSES; BARNS; BREWHOUSES; BRIDGES; CELLARS; COPPED  HALL; CORN-DRIERS; DRAINS; FENCES AND PALISADES; FORTS; GARDEROBES; GATEHOUSES; GRANARIES; HALLS; HILL HALL; KILNS; KITCHENS;  LATRINE-HOUSES; MANSIONES; OVENS; PIERS; PLOWHOUSES   (PLOUGH-HOUSES); RELIGIOUS  HOUSES; STRUCTURAL FITTINGS;   SUNKEN-FEATURED BUILDINGS; TIMBER,  STRUCTURAL; WALTHAM  ABBEY; WATERFRONTS; WELLS
STRUTT, BENJAMIN, History of Colchester 18: 72
STRUTT,J. W, LORD RAYLEIGH, Fambridge breaches 18:75,76,77,83,85
STUBBER'S FARM see KILNS, POTTERY, ROMAN (INWORTH)
STUBBS, BISHOP WILLIAM (HISTORIAN) 12: 2-4, 7 STUDLYWOOD seeWOODHAM FERRERS
STUDS
Roman, Colchester 14: 146-9, 147
copper alloy Roman
Braintree, Rayne Road 8: 19, 20
Chelmsford, Moulsham/Queen Street 19: 43,44
Colchester
Lexden Road 16: 145, 148
North Hill 3: 49, 80
Telephone Exchange site 3: 11, 25, 26
Fingringhoe 18: 7, 9, 11, 12
(or brooch?), Colchester, Queen Street 3: 80,90
Anglo-Saxon, Prittlewell19: 101, 103, 110
not precisely  dated
Sutton 8: 180, 182
Waltham Abbey monastic site 10: 162, 164
STUKELEY, WILLIAM, Chelmsford Priory (1751) 6: 40,
53
STUMBLE, THE see  under BLACKWATER  ESTUARY
STURGEON'S FARM, WRITTLE, mise. finds 8: 244 STURGIS, PHILIP, ofThaxted 8: 225
STURMER
Chelveston (later Coupals Farm) 16: 41
Popesmill Farm, ring-ditches 16: 134 STYLI
bronze, Roman, Benfleet, South 2: 328
iron, Rayne/Braintree bypass 20: 13
SUDBURY (SUFFOLK)
12th/13th cent. textile occupations 20: 34-61 passim
16th cent. incorporation 8: 225
SUEBRED (SWAEFRED),KING 19:197
SUFFOLK, EARLS OF see HOWARD; UFFORD
SUFFOLK see individual places  by name
SUMERTON see SOMERTON (SUFFOLK) SUNKEN-FEATURED  BUILDINGS
(GRUBENHAUSER) 5:12
Alresford (poss.) 16: 110
Barling Hall9: 62-3(Pl. 1), 69; 12: 83




102



IndexforVolumes 1-20


SUNKEN-FEATURED BUILDINGS (cont.)
Braintree, Flock Inn 14: 133
Colchester, Culver Street 14: 137, 144
Goldhanger, Rook Hall 17: 160
Heybridge 17: 7, 17, 47, 52,65
Mucking 9: 101; 10: 246; 11: 107; 18: 24
Orsett Cock 6: 17, 22, 36, 38; 9: 102; 10: 246; 12: 44; 13:
53;16: 135;18:22-3,22,24,25,28-31
Stifford, North 13: 54
Stow,West 10: 69
Sutton,Temple Farm 17: 163, 164
Tilbury, West, Gun HillS: 50, 66-8, 69, 100
Tolleshunt D'Arcy 16: 135 SUSSEX
churches in 5:236
see also individual places by name
SUSSEX, EARLS OF
Robert Radcliffe, 5th Earl, Lord Lieut. of Essex (from 1603) 10: 119, 120, 123, 124; 15: 97, 98, 99,
100, 102, 103
lOth Earl (d 1745) 11: 90
SUTTON 8:180,182
see also TEMPLE FARM SWANSCOMBE    (KENT)
lord of2: 42
Paleolithic? site 7: 12
SWAYNE, CATHERINE, in 16th cent. Colchester 15:85 SWILLAND (SUFFOLK), medieval manor of 2: 1, 112-13,
115-18
SWINBOURNE, THOMAS, keeper of Roxburgh Castle 8: 213
SWINDON (WILTS) see RUSHEY PLATT
SWITHIN, SAINT, parish church dedications 2: 38 SWORD CHAPES, BRONZE, GreatTotham, Lofts Farm
15: 166
SWORDS
Bronze Age
Ewart Park type Mersea, West 16: 104
Springfield 18: 11
iron
La Tene period 14: 8 Saxon
Braxted, Little 9: 84, 86
Prittlewell19: 97, 98, 99, 101, 103, 105, 109, 110,
113,115
medieval ?pommel, Danbury, Runsell Green 11: 65 SYDENHAM FAMILY, and the Cookes 9: 143 SYMEON,ABBOT (OF ELY?)  1: 191, 193, 194
SYMONDS,RICHARD,ANTIQUARY   (1617-92)  16:
55

TABOR, MRS.]., Rayne Road, Braintree, Roman coin hoard 8:99-100
TACITUS, Annals 4: 5-6
TAILORS  see TEXTILE-WORKING   (Essex  occupations) TAINDENA  (DOMESDAY  PLACENAME)   see
THEYDON GARNON TAKELEY
Church, Roman quemstone 18: 114-15, 115
Lower Bamber's Green (hamlet) 11: 70
see also STANSTED AIRPORT
TALLINGTON  (LINCS), pre-Roman Iron Age ditches enclosure 9: 44
TAMWORTH (STAFFS), Saxon water-mill 8: 292; 10: 72


TESSELATED  SURFACES


TANNERIES
Barking, Tanner Street (poss.) 20: 159
Romford 16: 132
Stebbing Green (poss.) 20: 168
TAPS, bronze, medieval, Waltham Abbey monastic site 10: 132, 141, 162, 164, 165, 169
TASBURGH CAMP (NORFOLK) 10: 24
TASCIOVANUS, coins 10: 106; 13: 35, 37; 14: 11
TATWEDYR FAMILY 9: 130
TAVERNER, BARRINGTON, Colchester Town Clerk 18: 68
TAXATION see SHIP-MONEY TAYDEN seeTHEYDON   GARNON TEMPLARS see KNIGHTS TEMPLAR TEMPLE,  FREDERICK
'An Account of"Wallwood", Leytonstone, from 1200-
1960'1: 114-26
'John Hunton, Quaker: Executed in 1828 for Forgery' 1: 164
TEMPLE FARM, PRITTLEWELL/SUTTON 18: 111
late Iron Age/Roman/Saxon occupation 16: 133-4; 17: 163;
19: 91,249, 250; 20: 168
TEMPLES
Iron Age/Roman (poss.), Langford 12: 80, 81
Romano-Celtic 4: 21-4, 28
see also CHELMSFORD; CHESTERFORD, GREAT; COLCHESTER; HARLOW; SHEEPEN; WITHAM (IVY CHIMNEYS)
TENDRING
Church of St Edmund, king and martyr 2: 38
medieval Hundred of 1: 179; 2: 291; 4: 133; 12: 19;20:41
medieval manor 8: 215
TENDRING HUNDRED RAILWAY, and Clacton-on-Sea 16:66,75
TENURE see LANDHOLDING TER, RIVER 20: 154
TERLING
aerial reconnaissance 15: 152
and Ely Abbey 1: 190
Ringers Farmhouse 20: 96
TERRA COTTA,ARCHITECTURAL
Layer Marney Towers 20: 101
Theydon Mount, Hill Hall15: 169; 16: 135; 17: 163 TERRET RINGS, COPPER ALLOY, Roman,
Rayne/Braintree bypass 20: 12-13, 13
TESSELATED SURFACES
floors
Colchester
Lewis's Gardens 1: 17-18
North Hill 3: 45, 48 Roman
Colchester
Castle Park 16: 127
Insula 30 3: 107
Lewis's Gardens 1: 17-18
LongWyre Street 12: 41
North Hill 3: 45
St Mary's Rectory 3: 63, 67, 68, 74-5, 76
Victoria Inn 3: 93 pavements
Chadwell St Mary 1: 128, 136 Roman
Colchester
Balkeme Gardens 3:50
Queen Street 3: 86
St Osyth Priory Park 1: 261




103


TESSERAE


TESSERAE
Arkesden, Chardwell Farm 8: 156
Boreham 8: 264
Braintree
Hatches Farm 8: 104
Letch's Yard 16: 125
Braxted, Great 14: 44
Chelmsford 8: 125
mansio 4: 13
Chignal StJames 8: 158 Coggeshall
Farm Hill19: 87
St Peter's School19: 56, 64, 65, 68,86
Colchester, Lewis's Gardens 1: 9, 11, 12
Henham, Great Hall Field 13: 37
Heybridge 17: 15, 21,64
Mill Green, Ingatestone 2: 336
Oakley, Little 11: 105
Pebmarsh 1: 171
Shenfield 13: 38
Wanstead Park 16: 132
TEXTILE IMPRESSIONS, Roman, on tile, Heybridge (Crescent Road)  17:57,59
TEXTILE REMAINS
silk (prob.), Waltham Abbey monastic grange 4: 126
see also FLAX
TEXTILE-WORKING
Saxon, Linford, Mucking 1: 73 medieval
Bocking Church Street 19: 220-1
Braintree 8: 132-3
Chelmsford temple site, dyer's establishment 4: 25
Essex occupations (12th-13th centuries) 20: 34-73,42
appendices 20: 59-67
chronology 20: 37-41
craftsmen 20: 57-8
economic standing 20: 49-54
fabrics produced 20: 46-8
fulling mills 20: 48-9
location 20: 41-6
merchants 20: 54-7, 72n
occupational profiles 20: 54-7
sources 20: 35-7 post-medieval
16th cent. Colchester 15: 89
Tudor, Wethersfield 13: 6
see also LINEN; WOOL TRADE TEY,GREAT
13th cent. charter (Morant MSS) 2: 292 Church of St Barnabas 2: 46
medieval clergy 1: 252
medieval manor of 2: 148-9
medieval period 8: 215
TEY, LITTLE, 'Germains' land 2: 41
TEY, MARKS 1:40
poss. Welwyn-type burial 8: 251
TEY,WILLIAM, Rector ofPeldon 7: 63-4
TEY FAMILY 7: 62
TEYE,WILLIAM 17:139
THATCH WEIGHTS
ceramic
poss.14: 119,122
poss. Nazeingbury 10: 98, 99, 10Q-1, 108
THAXTED 16: 118; 20: 46
aerial reconnaissance 15: 152


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


Church of StJohn the Baptist 2: 45 'Guildhall' 20: 155, 156
Horham Hall 8: 228
houses, 'low beams' in 20: 92 manor of
medieval period 13: 1
16th cent. 8: 224-5
medieval market 13: 16, 19
Millend, well shaft 12: 75
Park Farmhouse, Park Street 20: 97
Proud's Farmhouse  11:86-7
Roman pottery 8: 241, 250-1
Tudor incorporation of 8: 224-33 Water Lane, Abbs family house 20: 118
Weaverhead Lane, late medieval cutlery manufacturing 20: 11Q-19(inc. illustr.)
Weaverhead Street 12: 75
THEOBALD,ARCHBISHOP 2: 108-9; 15:68
THEODOSIUS, HOUSE OF 17: 22
see also COINS, ROMAN THETFORD      (NORFOLK)
Ancient House Museum, fireplace 20: 100
early Saxon building 10: 73, 74,75
Saxo-Norman structures 5: 150
THEYDON (VILLAGES), 1801 agricultural survey 5: 190,
199
THEYDON BOIS 10: 190
THEYDON GARNON
Roman pottery  (M25 motorway  watching-brief)   14: 142 Roman tile kiln see KILNS, TILE  (ROMAN)
medieval cloth trade 20: 55 medieval manors
Taindena (prob.) 16: 43
Tayden, and 'Anstey case' 15: 68, 77 THEYDON MOUNT
St Michael's Church 2: 43
see also HILL HALL
THIRLINGS (NORTHUMB), Saxon building 10: 68
THIRSK (YORKS), 17th-cent. tokens 20: 133
THOMAS (BECKET) OF CANTERBURY, SAINT 2: 40, 44,45;20:32
THOMAS, HENRY, and 'Wallwood',Leyton 1: 119 THOMAS OFWOODSTOCK, DUKE OF
GLOUCESTER  2: 269,271,272,273,274-
5,276;8:211,213-14
THOMAS THE APOSTLE, SAINT, churches dedicated to 2:44-5,46
THOMPSON, ISOBEL, 'A "Belgic" Cremation Burial Found at West Mersea' 13: 63-5, 64
THOMPSON, MARK GREYSTONE, Dedham architect 2: 129
THOMPSON, R. H., and Gyford, Janet, 'The Witham hoard
of 17th-century tokens and George Robinson the issuer' 20: 133-42
THORNDON  see HORNDON, WEST
THORNTON, ROBERT, Colchester evangelical Tory 19: 226 THORPE HALL, 19th cent. rebuilding 2: 123, 124, 125-9,
126, 130, 132-3
THORPE-LE-SOKEN 2: 123, 125, 127-8, 131-2; 4: 146,
147
Beldams manor and farm 8:289-91,291 New Hall estate 8: 289,290,291
vicarage, 19th cent. rebuilding 2: 123, 125, 128-9(Pl. 1),
129-32,134-5
see   also   LANDERMERE



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