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Monday, 14 December 2015

Essex Archaeology and History. Third Series. Vols 1-20. Index (Nen - Pot)

Published here online for the first time, this is the Index of the Transactions of the Essex Society for Archaeology and History (until 1985, the Essex Archaeological Society).  Contact us for more information.

NENE VAllEY
Roman pottery industry 5: 14
see also pottery (Roman)
NEOLITHIC  PERIOD  see POTTERY  and  under individual places by name
NEPSTEDA (DOMESDAY PLACENAME) see
MAPLESTEAD,  LITTLE  (NAPSTED) NESTUDA (DOMESDAY PLACENAME) see
EASTWOOD
NETHERHALL, ROYDON (NASINGA IN DOMESDAY) 16:41,42
NETHERLANDS
Gouda, Institute of, clay pipe manufacture 1: 49 post-medieval glassware 19: 276, 277
see  also POTTERY
NETHERSTREET, ANDREW, ofThaxted  8: 227 NETTESWELL
Netteswellbury Monks' Barn
prehistoric features 18: 108
?medieval features 19: 266
NEVENDEN, medieval clergy 1: 251
NEVIL, ALICE DE 7: 62
NEVILL, HENRY, Royalist 2: 144, 145, 146
NEVILL, RALPH, EARL OFWESTMORLAND 6: 97 NEW GRANGE (CO. MEATH, IRELAND), poss. Roman
votive offerings 9: 147
NEW HALL FARM, LITTLE WIGBOROUGH see
WIGBOROUGH, LITTLE
NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE, medieval pottery 8: 193
NEWDIGATE, SIR ROGER, Old Copped Hall17: 96 NEWHOUSE FARM, GREAT BROMLEY, Bronze Age
barrows 7: 14, 18, 24, 28
NEWLAND see ST LAWRENCE
NEWMAN, RONALD R, 'Monuments of Essex Interest in Kent and Sussex Churches' 5: 235-6
NEWPORT 20: 46
medieval clergy 1: 251
Carnation Nurseries 17: 162; 20: 87
development of settlement 17: 120
Hospital of St Mary and St Leonard 17: 162; 20: 84- 91(inc. illustr.)
Hospital Farm 17: 162; 20: 84, 85, 86
Leper Stone 20: 84
manor of 2: 294-5; 20: 86
parish church of St Mary 20: 84-5 Thdor House 15: 159
NEWPORT REPERTORIUM  6: 83
NEWPORT, ROBERT, OF HERTFORDSHIRE 8: 213
NEWSTEAD (ROX), Roman stud 14: 147, 148 NEWTON,  KENNETH  C.
'Some Original Documents in the Morant MSS' 2: 289-
98
and Emmison, R G., 'Colchester Gaol Delivery, 1392 and
1457' 2: 280-8
and Mclntosh, Marjorie K., 'Leet Jurisdiction in Essex Manor Courts during the Elizabethan Period'
13:3-14
obit. 13: 1-2
NEWTON  (SUFFOLK), Nivetuna  (poss. Domesday
placename) 16: 46
NICHOLAS, SAINT, parish church dedications 2:35,37, 43
NIGER, RALPH, Chronicon II 20: 30, 31, 32, 33
NIPSELL'S  RAYMENTS   ('GYPESHO')  see MAYLAND


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


NISSEN HUTS, WW2: Mucking 5: 12
NIVETUNA  (DOMESDAY PLACENAME), NEWTON (SUFFOLK)  16: 46
NOAK HILL, THE DAGENHAMS, ?post-medieval structure 16: 132
NONCONFORMITY
Colchester, Anabaptists in 15: 91, 92
Harwich, Church Street Methodist chapel (nr Mayflower Ho.) 18: 107
Moulsham, Chelmsford, London Road Nonconformist cemetery 12: 115-16
Stansted Mountfitchet, Presbyterians, and Myddleton family in 17th cent. 8: 283
see also QUAKERS; REFORMATION
NORDEN'S MAP (1594) 5: 234 NORFOLK
17th cent. Protectorate 1: 199, 202-3
see also individual locations NORFOLK   CARSTONE  2: 341 NORFOLK,  JOHN  DUKE   OF
16th cent. document in Morant MSS 2: 296-7
see also BIGOD FAMILY NORMAN,JOHN    4:139-40
NORMAN  PERIOD see POTTERY and under individual
places by name
NORNOUR (ISLES OF SCILLY), Roman stud 14: 146, 148
NORSEYWOOD   see  BILLERICAY
NORTHWEALD BASSETT MANOR (WALDA/WALLA (DOMESDAY PLACENAME))  16: 43
NORTHEY ISLAND, Carseia/Careseia (poss. Domesday placename) 16: 44
NORTHFIELD   NURSERIES   see  SEWARDSTONE NORTON   (NORTUNA  IN DOMESDAY)  see
FINCHINGFIELD; ONGAR, HIGH; RIDGEWELL NORTON
NORWEB, THE HON. R. HENRY see TOKENS
(NORWEB  COLLECTION) NORWICH  (NORFOLK)
medieval period
earthen banks replaced by stone walls 1: 155 Jewry in 16: 48, 51
pottery 8: 185, 192
17th cent. plague 4: 139-40
17th cent. Protectorate 1: 199-200
StJulian's Church, medieval tiles 10: 155-6 NOTLEY, BLACK
Notley Place 8: 113, 130
Nuthlea/Nutlea (poss. Domesday placename) 16: 46 NOTLEY, WHITE
Nuthlea/Nutlea (poss. Domesday placename) 16: 46 White Notley Hall12: 49
NOTTINGHAM, medieval town extension 1: 155
NURSE, BERNARD, and Andrews, David, 'The hospital of St Leonard's at Newport' 20: 84-91
NUTHAKE, THOMAS, COLCHESTER PHYSICIAN 15:
86
NUTHLEA/NUTLEA  (DOMESDAY PLACENAME),
poss. White or Black Notley 16: 46 NUTRITION  see FOOD AND FOOD PREPARATION
NUTTALL, W. L. R
'Hezekiah Haynes: Oliver Cromwell's Major-General for
the Eastern Counties' 1: 196-209
'Sir Thomas Barrington and the Puritan Revolution' 2: 60-
82




68


IndexforVolumes 1-20


OAK
Bocking Church Street roof timbers 19: 218 in church structures  5: 208,209,214-15
Latchingdon, St Michael's Church 11: 22
Maldon, High Street, 'Wealden' houses 20: 104-5
Mersea Island, the Strood, Anglo-Saxon causeway timbers 14: 77, 79, 80, 81-2, 83, 84, 85
Woodham Waiter, Ashmans 20: 124 OAK CHARCOAL
Neolithic, Bradwell-on-Sea 16: 130
Bronze Age
Braintree, Marlborough Road 9: 74
Clacton, Rush Green 15: 123, 126-7, 128 Colchester, Chitts Hill9: 14
Iron Age, Linford, Mucking 1: 100, 101
Iron Age/Roman pottery kilns 14: 16
Anglo-Saxon, Linford, Mucking 1: 101
medieval, Chelmsford Dominican Priory 6: 77
not precisely dated
Danbury Camp 10: 5, 20
Nazeingbury 10: 114 OAK REMAINS
Romano-British
Eastwood, Marshall's Farm 14: 138
Ockendon, South 2: 95 medieval
Blackwater river, nr Coggeshall9: 71 Chelmsford Dominican Priory 6: 77
Shelford, Little, Foulness 9: 101
Waltham Abbey bloomery forge 5: 179-80, 182 Waltham Abbey monastic grange, plough 4: 116-17,
117, 126-7(Pl. Ill)
not precisely  dated
Heybridge, Blackwater Sailing Club 19: 247, 249
Rook Hall16: 93, 96, 97, 99
Tolleshunt d'Arcy, Hill Farm gravel pit 11: 36 OAKLEY, GREAT
1801 agricultural survey 5: 190, 196
Kiln House, kiln, brick and tile, ?post-medieval16: 129 OAKLEY, LITTLE
pottery fmds 8: 155-6
Roman villa 9: 100; 11: 105
St Mary's Church 10: 245
Seaview Avenue 9: 100
OATS, cultivation, 14th cent. at Finchingfield 9: 107, 108,
110
OCKENDON, medieval clergy 1:251 OCKENDON, NORTH
brass-rubbing 11: 121
Wochenduna (poss. Domesday placename) 16: 46 OCKENDON,   SOUTH
Romano-British site, Little Belhus Farm 2: 83-95(inc.
illustr.) medieval clergy 1: 251
1801 agricultural survey 5: 190, 199
brass-rubbing 11: 121
church: Saltonstall monument 5: 213-14,217
South Ockendon Hall Moat, and gatehouse 18: 97-9 ODELL (BEDS), Saxon well remains 14: 83
ODO OF BAYEUX, BISHOP 1: 195
Berewic manor (Barricks, High Easter) 16:41 and Ingrave manor 9: 48
religious houses held by 2: 37
Tolleshunta manors 1: 244
O'HAGAN, LADY, and Pyrgo 18: 48


ORSETT


OLD COPPED HALL, EPPING see COPPED HALL O'LEARY,J. G.
'A Recent Roman Find at Rainham' 1: 166
'Fanshawe Manuscripts' 1: 166 OLMIUS, JOHN
as Baron Waltham 18: 71
as Whig MP for Colchester 18: 68-71 OLYVER,JOHN  17:137
ONGAR, medieval Hundred of 1: 179
ONGAR,HIGH
brass-rubbing 11: 122
Norton (later Forest Hall) (Nortuna in Domesday)  16:41, 42
ONGAR, LITTLE, Angra (poss. Domesday placename)  16:
41
ONGAR HALL, ORSETT (ANGRA? IN DOMESDAY) 16:44
ONGE, FRANCIS, Rector ofPeldon 7: 65
ONSLOW, SIR RICHARD 8: 285
OPEN FIELD SYSTEM 5: 189, 190
NW Essex 17: 120, 121, 124, 127, 128, 129
OPEN HALLS see HALLS
OPPIDA, BELGIC IRON AGE 10: 46; 15: 5Q-2
Billericay, NorseyWood 10: 21; 15: 51
Braintree 9: 96; 10: 21; 15: 36, 37, 38, 45, 50, 51, 52; 16:
28,36;17:91
Colchester 18: 93
Hallingbury, Great,Wallbury Camp 15: 51, 52
llford, Uphall Camp (poss.) 15: 51
Saffron Walden, Grimsditch Wood (putative) 10: 22; 15:
51; 17: 123-4
Stanway 20: 168
Wheathampstead  (Herts) 10: 46; 15: 36, 45
OPUS SIGN/NUM
Braintree, Marlborough Road 10: 240
Chelmsford 8: 125
Dominican Priory 6: 54
Chignal StJames 8: 158 Colchester
Lewis's Gardens 1: 8, 9, 12, 13, 15, 17
North Hill3: 45
Queen Street 3: 88, 89
Roman Town Wall 20: 161
Telephone Exchange site 3: 13, 14
Cressing, All Saints' Church 6: 84, 88
Heybridge  17: 15, 21,64
Verulamium 1:9
ORDGOR FAMILY, medieval Walden 1: 153
ORDGOR, ROGER, medieval Walden 1: 150, 152
ORFORDNESS, lighthouses 9: 119; 11: 96 ORGANIC  REMAINS
prehistoric (general), Braintree, Skitt's HillS: 110
Bronze Age, Clacton, Rush Green 15: 123
Romano-British, Ockendon, South, latrine remains 2: 85, 86,95
not precisely  dated
Colchester, Osborne Street 20: 161
Nazeingbury, waterlogged remains 10: 114 Tolleshunt d'Arcy, Hill Farm gravel pit 11: 36
see also PLANT REMAINS; WOOD REMAINS ORSETT
Neolithic flintwork 11: 34, 35, 37
Baker Street, Bronze Age cremation 12: 48 causewayed enclosure
Neolithic features 9: 74; 11: 34, 37





69


ORSETI


ORSETT, causewayed enclosure (cont.)
Iron Age ceramic loomweights 14: 120, 121 post-medieval clay pipe fmd 1S: 151
Cock Inn, Roman pottery kiln 11: 51 Grey Goose Farm 9: 103
Saxon settlement 6: 36
Ongar Hall (?Angra in Domesday) 16: 44
Rectory Road, early Iron Age features 13: 54; 18: 24
Saxon ring ditches 17: 80
see also KILNS, pottery (Roman) ORSETTCOCK
general, cropmark site 6: 13-39 (inc. illustr.); 9: 102; 16:
135
prehistoric features 6: 32; 14: 119; 18: 31
Beaker burial16: 87-91(inc. illustr.); 18: 17
pottery 16: 9Q-1, 90
Bronze Age features 16: 135
ring ditch 18: 17-19, 19,24,25-7
early Iron Age artefacts 16: 135
early to Middle Iron Age features 18: 19, 20, 24, 27-8
Iron Age ceramic loomweights 14: 120, 121; 16: 135; 18: 19
late Iron Age structures 10: 246
late Iron Age/Roman triple-ditched enclosure 9: 102 Roman double-ditched defensive enclosure 2: 338-9; 18:
16,21
Enclosure A 6: 13-38, 15-16, 18-19,20-1(Pls I-11), 39n
Roman features (general) 10: 246; 18: 21, 24,28
Saxon Grubenhauser 6: 17, 22, 36, 38; 9: 102; 10: 246; 12:
44;13:53;16: 135;18:22-3,22,24,25,28-
31
medieval features 18: 23, 25
Barrington's Farm 18: 16-33(inc. illustr.) ORTON LONGUEVILLE  (CAMBS)
Belgic features 10: 45
late Iron Age enclosure 9: 45
Romano-British metalwork 18: 116, 119
OSBERN, medieval fee held by 1: 179, 181, 187 OSEAISLAND
bronze palstave 14: 116, 117, 130
rural colony system 18: 75,77
OSEA ROAD (RED HILL), MALDON 17: 52, 62, 64
OSTEND, BURNHAM-ON-CROUCH,  Littlejohn's Farm 2: 149
OSTEO-ARTHRITIS  EVIDENCE, Saxon burials,
Nazeingbury 10: 57
OSTORIUS SCAPULA 4: 5
OSTRACODS, Purfleet Palaeolithic site 7: 10 OSYTH,  SAINT
Lives of and foundation of St Osyth Abbey 2: 299-328 and parish church dedications 2: 39
OTHONA (SAXON SHORE FORT, BRADWELL-ON­
SEA) see BRADWELL-ON-SEA
OUNDLE (NORTHANTS), Whitwell/Griffin family 9: 113,
114
OVENS
late Iron Age, Temple Farm, Sutton 20: 168 Belgic kiln-type 14: 22-3, 24, 25-6
Belgic/Belgo-Roman  'ovens'/kilns, Mucking S: 9, 18, 19;
14:20,23,24,25,26
Roman
Chadwell St Mary (poss.) 1: 136
Chelmsford, Moulsham Street 14: 135; 20: 160 Colchester
Balkerne Gardens 3: 51-2
Telephone Exchange site 3: 14


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


Kelvedon, The Chase 14: 140
Ockendon, South 2: 83, 84-5, 85, 86
Wickford, Beauchamps Farm 12: 49, 63-5 medieval
Chelmsford, Moulsham Street 14: 135
Easton, Great 2: 97
Waltham Abbey monastic grange 4: 47, 48, 70-2, 71, 73,
126-7(Pl.I)
medieval/post -medieval
Rochford, Market Square 16: 12, 20
WalthamAbbey monastic site 10: 132, 151
not precisely  dated
Canvey Island twin 'oven' 12: 61, 62
Colchester, Butt Road 11: 102
Waltham Abbey, Church Street 9: 105; 19: 270
see also HEARTHS; KILNS
OVESHAM (IN DOMESDAY), Matching, Housham 16: 42 OWEN GLENDOWER, rebellion of 8: 219
OWSLEY, CHARLES, ofWallwood House, Leyton 1: 120, 121
OWSLEY, NEWDIGATE, ofWallwood House, Leyton 1: 120, 121
OWSLEY FAMILY 1: 120, 121, 123 OX BONES
Belgic, Nazeingbury 10:40, 110, 111, 112
Roman,Nazeingbury10:110,111,112,114
Saxon, Linford, Mucking 1: 101-2 OX SHOES, IRON
Waltham Abbey bloomery forgeS: 171, 172
Waltham Abbey monastic grange 4: 121-4, 122
OXBURGH HALL (NORFOLK) 20: 92 OXFORD
Ashmolean Museum 16: 49
medieval earthen banks replaced by stone walls 1: 155 New College
and John Uoyd, Vicar ofWrittle 1: 210 proprietor of Havering churches 9: 134
Town HallS: 230
OXFORD, EARLS OF see SANDFORD, ALICE; VERE FAMILY
OYSTER FARMING, 14th cent. Burnham manor 2: 147,
148,150
OYSTER SHELLS/REMAINS
Roman
Braintree
Rayne Road 8: 62
Skitt's HillS: 110
Coggeshall, St Peter's School19: 52, 54, 56, 66, 68 Colchester
Balkerne Gardens 3: 50
St Mary's Rectory 3: 66, 68
Heybridge 17: 15,53
Rayne/Braintree bypass 20: 25
Saxon, Linford, Mucking 1: 102
early medieval, Saffron Walden Battle Ditches 1: 150 medieval
Braintree, Toft's Garage 17: 83, 91
Chelmsford Dominican Priory 6: 46, 53, 78
Coggeshall, East Street 19: 73, 81
Thaxted, Weaverhead Lane 20: 112
Thurrock, Little, Rookery HillS: 117, 118
not precisely dated
Aveley Manor 8: 167
Bradwell-on-Sea Roman fort 8: 236
Canvey Island 2: 19, 21





70


IndexforVolumes  1-20


OYSTER SHELLS/REMAINS, not precisely dated (cont.)
Danbury Camp 10: 21
Easter, High, Maidens Tye 19: 179, 180
Elmdon 9:87
Latchingdon, St Michael's Church 11: 17
Maldon, High Street 20: 107
Newport, St Leonard's Hospital20: 87
Rochford, East Street 16: 15
Waltham Abbey monastic grange 4: 126

PACE (PASE), WILLIAM, Stonehouse chantry, EastTilbury 19: 155
PADDOCK WOOD,  GREAT  CHESTERFORD   see
CHESTERFORD,GREAT PADLOCK KEYS see LOCKS AND KEYS
PAGE, H. J., and Clacton-on-Sea development 16: 70, 79
PAGE,JOSEPH, FARMER 14: 104-5
PAGLESHAM, Neolithic/medieval fmds and features 2: 338
PALAEOBOTANY
Purfleet North Road site 7: 1Q-12
see also POLLEN ANALYSIS PALAEOLITHIC    PERIOD
'The Palaeolithic Sites of East Anglia' Gohn Wymer)  17: 18Q-1
see also PURFLEET  and  individual sites
PALETTE, Purbeck marble, Roman, Braintree, Rayne Road 8:24,25,62,63,125
PALMER,JOHN, Rector ofPeldon 7:66
PALMER, SUSAN, 'A Palaeolithic Site at North Road,
Purfleet' 7: 1-13
PALMER'S GRAMMAR SCHOOL FOR GIRLS (NOW PALMER'S SIXTH FORM COLLEGE) see
underGRAYS
PALSTAVES,  BRONZE
Boxted 16: 102
Osea Island 14: 116, 117, 130
Rayne 18: 13
Wakes Colne 9: 74-5, 76; 16: 102 PANFIELD
Roman pottery and tile 13: 38, 46; 14: 123
medieval pottery 14: 123
PANTILE  FARM see  under STANSTED AIRPORT PARC-Y-MEIRCH  METALWORK  HOARD   (CLWYD)
18: 10
PARCHMENT MANUFACTURE, MEDIEVAL, Waltham Abbey (poss.) 19: 123, 133, 136, 150
PARKER (CLERK, ESSEX LIEUTENANCY EARLY
19TH CENT.)  15: 115, 116
PARKINS,JOSEPH, land surveyor 2: 129
PARKLAND, Old Thorndon Hall, West Horndon 8: 180,
181, 182
PARLIAMENT
14th cent.
crisis and Richard 112: 272-4; 8: 215-16
'Merciless Parliament' 8: 212,213
14th-15th cent., Doreward as Speaker 8: 209,210 17th cent.
1625 Parliament 15: 96-7
1640 election for Knights of the Shire 2: 143-6
and Charles I 2: 6Q-1, 63, 64-5, 66, 67
Col Long, Parliament, Ld Gen. and Essex county 2:
210-15
Myddleton family 8: 283, 284-5 18th cent.
and career of Sir John Griffm Griffin 13: 26, 27-8 and Colchester elections 18: 63, 66-72


PENDANTS


PARNDON, GREAT
Perenduna (Domesday placename) 16: 42-3
1801 agricultural survey 5: 191, 196 PARSONAGE FARM, GREAT SAMPFORD see
SAMPFORD, GREAT
PARSONS, SAMUEL, map of Coggeshall (1639) 19: 87 PARVA ANESTY (HERTS) see ANSTEY, LITTLE PASTORAL FARMING
Bronze Age, Braintree, Marlborough Road 9: 74
Roman, Rayne/Braintree bypass 20: 25, 26 medieval
11th cent. emphasis towards 4: 132
13th-14th cent., Colchester 19: 159-65
14th cent., Finchingfield Park 9: 109, 110
Thurrock, Little, Rookery Hill 5: 118
post-medieval, Waltham Grange 4: 93
1801 survey 5: 190
see also ANIMAL  HUSBANDRY;  CATTLE-RAISING;
SHEEP-FARMING/REARING;  STOCK ENCLOSURES
PATERA, BRONZE
Braintree, Black Notley 8: 113
The Towers, Heybridge  17:55,56,62 PATHOLOGY
Belgic/Roman, of animal bones, Nazeingbury 10: 114 Roman, of animal bones, Chelmsford 19: 45
Anglo-Saxon, Nazeingbury inhumations bone analysis 10: 51,53,56-63,75,253
see also DISEASE PATRICK,  SAINT 2: 41
PATTISSON FAMILY, Witham drapers 20: 137, 138
PATTISWICK, 1801 agricultural survey 5: 189, 198
PAUL, SAINT, church dedications to 2: 42, 46
PAXMAN,JAMES  5:232
PAXTON, LITTLE (CAMBS), Saxo-Norman features 5:
150
PEASANTS' REVOLT (1381) 2: 271; 8: 212, 287-8; 19: 233
PEBBLES
Purfleet Palaeolithic site 7: 10
packing with, Iron Age structures, Tilbury, West, Gun Hill
5:54
PEBENER$ FAMILY 6: 99, 100, 101
PEBMARSH
Roman settlement 1: 171-8 (inc. illustr.)
Pooley (Polheia in Domesday, later Hunts Hall) 16: 43 11th cent. landholding 4: 129
12th/13th cent. cloth trades 20: 45, 58
parish church of StJohn the Baptist: FitzRalph Brass 6: 99-101
PEKE, MATHEW (TENANT) 4: 92 PELDON
and John Ball's identity 8: 287,288
Mersea Charter ofEdward the Confessor 12: 95, 96; 14:
92; 15: 173
Rectors of7: 61-70
red hill9: 103; 15: 134
St Mary's Church 19: 253
graveyard, medieval coin hoard 9: 147-9 Sampson's Farm (Samantuna in Domesday) 16: 43
PELHAMS (HERTS), and St Osyth foundation 2: 304
'PELTINDONE' see PELDON
PEMBROKE GOSPELS 11: 3 PENDANTS
bone, Roman, Colchester, Telephone Exchange site 3: 32,
34





71


PENDANTS


PENDANTS (cont.)
copper alloy Roman
Colchester, Telephone Exchange site 3: 11, 2 7, 28
Springfield 19: 251, 252
Wickford  11: 49
gold, Anglo-Saxon, Prittlewell, 'Kentish' 19: 105, 111, 113,
114
PENN (BUCKS), tile kiln site 10: 151
PENNYSTONE, THOMAS, Griffm's estate steward 11: 91, 92,93,94,96,97,98
PENROSE,JOHN, Rector ofPeldon 7:68
PENTLOW
Church of St George 2: 40
Pannels Ash Farm, brick chimney stack 20: 95, 101 PERENDUNA (DOMESDAY PLACENAME) see
PARNDON,  GREAT PERYE, ROBERT, ofThaxted 8: 228
PESTHOUSES, 17th cent. plague in Colchester 4: 141, 142 PESTLE (SANDSTONE) WITH POTTERY,
PREHISTORIC,Ardleigh   7:  15,28-9,28 PETCHES, FINCHINGFIELD  see FINCHINGFIELD PETCHEY, M. R.
'A Prehistoric Enclosure at Chitts Hill, Colchester' 9: 17- 19
and Drury, P. J., 'Medieval Potteries at Mile End and Great
Horkesley' 7: 33-60 PETE TYE (PEET TIE)
Common 14: 90, 91,92
Hall14: 89-91, 90, 92
PETER, SAINT, church dedications 2: 35, 42, 43
PETHAM (KENT), and St Osyth Abbey 2: 303, 320, 321
PETRE ESTATES, Ingrave 9: 48 PETRE FAMILY
Old Thorndon HallS: 180
and Tudor Ingatestone 13: 6, 8-9
PETRE, LORD (8TH LORD) 9: 50

PETRE, LORD (ROBERT EDWARD, 9TH LORD) 8: 180
PETRE, SIR JOHN, lord of manor ofWrittle c. 16th cent.1: 211
PETRE, SIR WILLIAM, 16th cent. Ingatestone 13: 8, 9
PETTERS SPORTS FIELD (SURREY)  18: 12
PEVENSEY (SUSSEX), medieval pottery 8: 186, 193 PEVENSEY CASTLE (SUSSEX)
medieval chimney-pot 7: 50
medieval pottery 8: 196, 197
PEVEREL, RALPH 1: 195
PEVEREL GARDENS, HATFIELD PEVEREL 9: 87, 88,
89;12:83
PEVERELL  (PEVEREL), HONOUR OF 1: 40
PEVERELLS MANOR, LATCHINGDON 11: 10; 12: 73,
74
PHILLIPS, ANDREW, 'Early Colchester Foundries' 14: 102-10
PHILLIPS, W. S., 'Brook House Farm, Chigwell: A 17th
century Essex Farmhouse.' 1: 221-38 PHINCINGEFELDA (DOMESDAY PLACENAME) see
FINCHINGFIELD  (JEKYLLS)
PIERS, masonry, Roman Colchester
of arcade (S ofTemple precinct) 3: 114-15(Pl. I), 117-
19, 120-1(Pls IIa; Ilia), 121
Balkerne Gardens 3: 54
see    also   BUTTRESSES/PILASTERS


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


PIG BONES
Belgic
Kelvedon, Doucecroft 19: 21
Nazeingbury 10: 110,111, 112-13 Roman
Colchester 3: 36,37
Nazeingbury  10: 110, 111, 112-13
Rayne/Braintree bypass 20: 22, 23, 25 PIGGOTS FARM see ABRIDGE
PIGOTT,  GEORGE,  ofThaxted   8: 227,  228 PILASTERS   see  BUTTRESSES/PILASTERS PILGRIM    ROUTES
Canterbury, Bury St Edmunds and Walsingham 2: 40 and StJames 2: 40-1
PIN-HEADS, Viking, Saffron Walden Battle Ditches 1: 153
PINS
bone
Roman
Braintree
London Road 8: 89
Rayne Road 8:21,22 Colchester
Balkerne Gardens 3: 60
Lewis's Gardens 1: 11, 26, 27
Rayne/Braintree bypass 20: 17, 21
Waltham, Little, Shopfield 2: 53
Anglo-Saxon, Nazeingbury (poss. shroud pin) 10: 51,
104,105
copper alloy Roman
Braintree, Rayne Road 8: 18, 19
Heybridge 17: 23, 24
Langford Junction 17: 59
Nazeingbury  10: 102-3, 103
not precisely dated Braintree 8: 115, 120 Chelmsford
Dominican Priory 6: 55, 57
Moulsham/Queen Street 19: 43, 44
Colchester, St Mary's Rectory 3: 70,71
Waltham Abbey monastic site 10: 162, 163
PIPES, clay 17th cent.
Braintree, Blyths Meadow 15: 49
Chelmsford Dominican Priory 6: 68
Colchester, All Saints:John Ennows (pipe-maker) 15: 106--12 Maldon  11: 66
Waltham Abbey
Market Place 19: 212
monastic site 2: 234-5; 10: 132, 134, 157 17th-18th cent.
Ambresbury Banks 10: 201,204
Braintree, Bank Street 8: 77
Mersea, East 8: 144
Waltham Abbey monastic grange 4: 86, 88, 125 17th-19th cent.
Colchester
Lewis's Gardens 1: 12, 32
Stockwell Street 1:49-51,50
Rochford 16: 19 18th-19th cent.
Chesterford, Great, Plumb's Yard 16: 143
Colchester, East Stockwell Street 3: 40
Orsett, causewayed enclosure site 15: 151
Waltham Abbey monastic site 10: 138, 157




72


IndexforVolumes 1-20


PIPES, clay (cont.)
18th-20th cent., Braintree, Mount House 16: 39 19th cent., Thaxted, Weaverhead Lane 20: 117 19th-20th cent.
Braintree, Sandpit Road 17: 91, 93
Pleshey Castle 19: 174
post-medieval/not precisely dated
Aldersbrook Manor 8: 202, 208
Old Copped Hall17: 104, 105 PIPES, lead,
Waltham Abbey monastic site 2: 232, 263-4 PISCINAE
St Nicholas' Chapel, Coggeshall14: 128-9(Pl. II), 129 Sandon church 5: 216
PITCHBURY RAMPARTS, GREAT HORKESLEY 10: 21,
23, 24,26
late Iron Age enclosure 15: 51
PITE,ARTHUR  BERESFORD  (ARCHITECT)  5: 227,
228, 230-1, 232-3(Pl. VI)
PITS
prehistoric, Colchester, Chitts Hill 9: 7-9, 8
Iron Age
early Iron Age, Orsett, Rectory Road 13: 54
early-to-middle Iron Age, Tilbury, West, Gun Hill 5: 54, 56
Linford, Mucking 1: 59, 60, 63, 65, 73, 77
Nazeingbury 10:41
Thurrock, Rainbow Wood 6: 1-4, 3
Roman
Colchester, Telephone Exchange site 3: 9-10
Nazeingbury 10: 42, 43
Rayne, 'grave-shaped' 19: 266; 20: 6-8, 15,26 Anglo-Saxon
Linford, Mucking 1: 62, 76
pit huts 1: 67-8, 72,73, 74-6
Nazeingbury  10: 41,42
Saxo-Norman, Waltham Abbey manorial enclosure 5: 146, 148
medieval
Broxted, Brick End 8: 165
Waltham Abbey bloomery forge 5: 136-7, 139
clay-lined  5: 135-6, 138, 141
not precisely dated
Canewdon, Butts HillS: 152 Tilbury, West, Gun Hill 5: 65
see also CESS PITS; HEARTHS; LATRINE PITS; RUBBISH PITS
PITSEA, St Michael's Church 2: 43; 17: 151, 158 PITT,JOHN  (LATER 2ND EARL OF CHATHAM)  see
CHATHAM
PITT, WILLIAM (THEYOUNGER), administration of 19: 225, 226, 227,228
PITT-RIVERS, GEN. 10: 191, 196
PLACENAME EVIDENCE
general
church dedications and parish placenames 2: 36
J. H. Round's interests 12: 31
Caesaromagos 4: 7
Chelmsford 20: 183
Chingford field names 2: 164-209, 164
Cressing 6: 82-3
Easter, High 2: 98
Fingringhoe 18: 13
Inquisitio Eliensis 1: 192-5
Leytonstone, Wallwood 1: 114, 121


PLASTER, WALL


Saffron Walden Battle Ditches 1: 153
Waltham 19: 118, 197-8
Roman, Chignal St James 9: 83
Saxon 5: 100
Waltham 19: 197
Wigingamere (?Newport) 20: 84
Saxon/medieval, Danbury 10: 1, 14 medieval
and 'Anstey case' 15: 76-80
and Domesday Survey 12: 18; 16: 40-7
hemp cultivation 20: 48
Braintree 8: 128-30
Burnham manor 2: 149
Cesterwald, reconsidered 11: 111-12
Colchester 'wicks' 19: 162
Eadulf's Naze (Eadwulfesness) 2: 299, 309; 4: 146-7
Easter, Good 11: 62, 63, 64
Essex fees 1: 181, 183, 184
Mersea Island 12: 94-5; 14: 87-92
Pleshey 19: 168
St Osyth foundation (Chich) 2: 299
Sewardstone 10: 176
Stanway 11: 115
Tilbury 16: 42; 19: 157
Tolleshunta manors 1: 243
16th cent., Pyrgo Park 18: 48
17th cent. farms 17: 107, 113 PLANT REMAINS
Bronze Age
Braintree, Marlborough Road, carbonised cereals 9: 74 Clacton, Rush Green, charred 15: 127, 128
Iron Age, Broom Wood, Stock, cereal remains 9: 77 Roman
Chignal StJames, carbonised cereal remains 11: 101
Coggeshall, carbonised cereal remains 19: 68
Colchester, carbonised cereal remains 3: 8
Marshall's Farm, Eastwood, carbonised cereal remains 12:42;14:  138
Ockendon, South 2: 95
Rainham, Moor Hall Farm, carbonised cereal remains
12:46
Springfield Cursus, cereal assemblage 15: 141 medieval (in medication), hemlock and black henbane,
Waltham Abbey 13: 55; 18: 121-4
not precisely  dated
Chesterford, Great, Plumb's Yard, cereal remains 16: 143 Orsett, Rectory Road, carbonised grain 13: 54
Orsett Cock 18: 31,32
Rochford, Market Square, poss. carbonised bread 16: 12 Rook Hall (poss. wells) 16: 97-9
see also ORGANIC REMAINS; VEGETABLE CROPS PLASTER, WALL
Roman
Colchester
Culver Street, Sainsbury's site 3: 98, 121
Lewis's Gardens 1: 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 15, 18, 30, 35
Queen Street 3: 87
St Mary's Rectory 3: 65, 68
Victoria Inn 3: 92
Oakley, Little 9: 100
medieval, Waltham Abbey bloomery forge 5: 168
Tudor, Layer Marney Church and Tower 17: 172-3, 174-5
post-medieval
Waltham Abbey monastic site 19: 143
Woodham Waiter, Ashmans 20: 124




73


PLASTER, WALL


PLASTER, WALL (cont.)
17th cent., Chigwell, Brook House Farm, lath and plaster 1:221,223,231
not precisely  dated
Ingrave, St Nicholas' Old Church 9: 56 Old Copped Hall, loggia (lime) 17: 102 Waltham Abbey monastic grange 4: 116
Writtle,All Saints' Church 8: 169
PLATES, LATE-VIKING RINGERIKE-STYLE, Waltham Abbey 19: 123, 135, 141, 145-7, 145
PLEDGDON  ('PLOKENDUN')  MEDIEVAL MANOR see
HENHAM
PLEISTOCENE STAGE, Purfleet North Road site 7: 2, 3, 5,
12
PLESHEY
late Bronze Age axe 8: 249, 272
Compton Fold 8: 164, 174, 176
Ladystiles 8: 173, 174
mise. coins 8: 242
Moat Cottage 20: 164
Mount Bridge 8: 164, 174, 176
Old Mission Hall, limestone mortar 14: 128, 129 Street, The, Butlers, medieval structure(s) 20: 151 Woolmers Mead 17: 148
PLESHEY CASTLE 1:4; 8: 174, 175, 176,211
general
'Excavations at Pleshey Castle' (Williams)  (book review) 9:  158-9
late 14th cent. crisis 2: 268, 269, 270, 273
northern bailey excavations (village hall site) 19: 166- 75(inc. illustr.)
bricks, late medieval10: 235 chimney-pots 7: 52
floor tiles, medieval8: 78; 10: 152; 11: 24
pottery from 19: 170-4, 173, 174
PLESHEYBURY
Romano-British archaeology 1: 166
medieval to post-medieval house 11: 84-5 PLESINCHOU (DOMESDAY PLACENAME) see
WILUNGALE DOE (PLESINGHO) PLOKENDUN (PLEDGDON) MEDIEVAL MANOR see
HENHAM
PLOUGH REMAINS, QAK, Waltham Abbey monastic
grange 4: i16-17, 117, 126-7(Pl. Ill)
PLOWHOUSES  (PLOUGH-HOUSES), Waltham Abbey
monastic grange 4: 33, 64, 90
PLUCKLEY (KENT), church 5: 235-6
PLUMPTON PLAIN (SUSSEX), poss. Bronze Age/Early Iron Age transition 7: 24
PLUMTUNA  (DOMESDAY PLACENAME),
Doddinghurst (Plunkers Green) 16: 43 POLHEIA (DOMESDAY PLACENAME) see PEBMARSH
(POOLEY)
POLHILL (KENT), Saxon cemetery 8: 127
POLL TAX, and Peasant's Revolt (1381) 2: 271
POLLARD HOUSE/POLLARD COTTAGE, LINGFIELD
(SURREY), fireplace 20: 101
POLLEN ANALYSIS
medieval flax and hemp cultivation 20: 48 Danbury Camp 10: 20
Purfleet, North Road Palaeolithic  site 7: 11-12
Archaeology and Environment in S. Essex (book review) 20:
177
POLSTEAD (SUFFOLK), plague victims from Colchester
4: 140-1


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


PONTISBRIGHT (CHAPPEL), White Chapel2: 46 POOLEY see PEBMARSH
POOR, rising number of, Tudor period 13: 5-8, 10-11 POOR RELIEF
17th cent. plague in Colchester 4: 141-4 in 19th cent. Thorpe-le-Soken 2: 131
POPLAR CHARCOAL, Iron Age/Roman pottery kilns 14: 16
POPULATION
prehistoric period
'Ardleigh' people and migration 7: 16
'Hilversum' people 7: 16
11th cent. population changes in Essex 4: 128-33 medieval increase 17: 129
16th cent. increase 17: 107, 117
and Elizabethan manors 13: 5-7
16th-17th cent. plague in Colchester 4: 134-45 18th-19th cent. increase 5: 185
PORCHES, church
early modern 20: 93
lngrave, St Nicholas' Old Church 9: 58
Latchingdon, St Michael's Church 11: 6, 11, 14, 22, 23, 29
Little Waltham restoration 5: 213
Meesden (Herts) 20: 101
PORTCHESTER  (RANTS), Saxon timbers  14: 83 PORTEOUS, WILLIAM WADE, brass-rubbing collection
11: 120
PORTER'S HALL, STEBBING see STEBBING PORTGORE 18: 48
see also PYRGO PARK, HAVERING-ATTE-BOWER PORTINGBURY HILLS (RINGS), HATFIELD BROAD
OAK
poss. box rampart construction 10: 226 poss. Iron Age earthworks  10:221-6,222-3 and theorem of Pappus 10:225-6
PORTLAND STONE
medieval, Chelmsford Dominican Priory 6: 75
Tudor, Pyrgo Park 18: 51
PORTSMOUTH, ELIZABETH, COUNTESS OF 9: 114-
15, 118; 11: 90
POSIDONIUS (GREEK ETHNOGRAPHER) 14: 8 POT-QUERNS see QUERNS
POTATO CULTIVATION, 1801 SURVEY 5:193,194
POTTER, JOHN, 18th cent. Colchester Tory 18:66 POTTER, STEVEN et al., 'Deserted Settlement Earthworks
atPurleigh' 17:107-19
POTTER, T.W., 'An Iron Age Site at Rainbow Wood,
Thurrock' 6: 1-12 POTTERY
see also BRIQUETAGE; CHIMNEY-POTS; CLAY; COUNTERS; FIGURINES;  GAMING PIECES; GRAFFITI; 'LAMP CHIMNEYS'; LOOMWEIGHTS;  LOUVERS;  SPINDLE WHORLS; STAMPS; TILES; WATER­ PIPES
PREHISTORIC (GENERAL)
by site
Barking, Abbey Road 17: 156
Barling 14: 133
Broomfield  Plantation  Quarry  17:76,78,80,81 Clacton, Rush Green 15: 123
Coggeshall, East Street 19: 69, 72,76
Heybridge, Crescent Road 17: 59
Heybridge Marina 17: 161
Latchingdon, St Michael's Church 11: 24



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