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Tuesday, 22 December 2015

Essex Archaeology and History. Third Series. Vols. 21-30. Index (Bou - Cha)


Published here online for the first time, this is the Index of the Transactions of the Essex Society for Archaeology and History (until 1985, the Essex Archaeological Society).  Contact us for more information.

Bourchier family (cont.)
John, second lord (d 1400), military career 26: 145-61,
152-3
Margaret, Lady Bourchier (nee Prayers), wife of Sir Robert 26: 145, 146
Maud, Lady Bourchier (wife ofJohn, second lord) 26: 148, 149,151,152-3,154
Sir Robert (later first lord d 1349) chancellor (1340-1) 22: 64; 26: 145, 146
and Coggeshale family 22: 64, 65
Bovingdon Hall, Bocking 26: 143
hedgerow-dating survey 24: 114-17, 115-16
Bow Beck, River 26: 246
Bower, Stephen Dykes, architect, Chelmsford Cathedral22: 133-4
Bowers Gifford, anti-tank ditch 29: 191 boxes
Roman
bronze (pyxis), Elsenham 23: 99, 112 copper alloy
Boreham, Bull's Lodge Farm 24: 13, 14
Laver, High (seal box base) 30: 197 Boxted
cropmarks & ring-ditch 25: 233, 235
Boxted Church 'hostage' windows 28: 318
Boxted Cross Public House, 16th/17th cent. structural timber 22: 144-5
Enclosure Acts 26: 138
parish of 25: 73
Parsonage Hill, watching brief 24: 208 bracelets
Roman
copper alloy
Boreham, Bull's Lodge Farm 24: 13,14
Colchester, Butt Road 30: 217
Dunmow, Great, Buildings Farm 28: 83, 85
Henham 21: 143
Wakes Colne, Lane Farm 28: 182
not precisely dated, gold, Hanningfield, West 25: 12 Bracks Farm  (Cambs}, tore find 25: 2
Bradcar (Norfolk) see Shropham Bradenham,  Lionel  de
royal fme levied on 24: 127
and siege of Colchester (1350) 22: 67-75 Bradenham,  Simon de (d pre-1303)  22: 67 Bradfield
cropmarks 28: 195
St Lawrence's Church 22: 173-4, 173, 174; 27: 291; 28:
207
Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall
HolyTrinity Church architectural survey 29: 59-114 (inc. illustr.)
Anglo-Saxon influences 29: 94, 95,96
belfry 29: 59, 61, 65, 69,83-4, 83, 86, 88, 98-9
brickwork 29: 59, 72,74, 76-8, 78,84, 97, 100-5, 101,
102
church furniture 29: 65, 66,92-3,94, 97, 100
dating 29: 97-100
doorways 29: 78-9, 79-80, 91,93
floor tiles 29: 65-6, 85, 99, 103, 110-13, 111
porch 29: 59, 65, 90, 92, 93, 100
quoins 29: 78
rood screen and loft 29: 93-4
roofs 29: 82-3,85-8, 88, 89,96-7,99
spire 29: 285


Braintree


wall paintings 29: 65, 89, 105-10, 106-7
walls and constructional features 29: 66-78 (inc. illustr.), 82,95-7,98
windows 29: 79-82, 81, 83,84-7,88-92, 89-91, 93,99-
100
Bradwell-juxta-Mare   see Bradwell-on-Sea Bradwell-on-Sea
Saxon period
and St Cedd 24: 157; 25: 60; 27: 93
St Peter-on-the-Wall chapel see below
settlement Ythancestir 24: 157, 158; 29: 280 medieval period
Domesday survey 29:281
and the Hanningfield family 26: 166, 168
19th cent., tithe mapping 25: 220
WW2 defences 25: 64, 65, 70; 28: 200, 203
Bradwell Brook, duck decoy pond 28: 193
Bradwell Hall, medieval roof 27: 325-9, 326-8
Bradwell Power Station 29: 185
Bradwell Waterside, Blackwater estuary, fish-traps 25: 233,
234
Othona Community site 25: 60-71 (inc. illustr.) prehistoric features 25: 63, 65, 69
Roman features 25:63-7,69-70
Saxonfeatures23:99, 100;24:203;25:70
medieval features 25: 63,65
20th cent. features, tank traps 25: 64, 65, 70
Othona Roman Saxon Shore fort 23: 99, 100; 24: 158, 195,
203;25:60,61,62,69-70;29:280
St Peter's ad Murum (St Peter-on-the-Wall chapel) 25:60, 61;27:291-2;29:279,280
timber stakes (poss. former wharves) 28: 181
see also Blackwater  estuary
Bragg, G. J., Chelmsford architect 22: 132, 134  Braham, Sir John de, of Little Bromley (14th cent.) 22: 67,
69,72
Brain, River 28:318
Brain river valley 26: 231 Braintree
late Bronze Age 30: 261
loomweights 23: 118, 119
Iron Age, oppidum (poss.) 22: 3; 24: 22, 61
Iron Age/early Roman period 24: 29, 61 Roman period
Grenville Road
cremation burials 24: 66
No. 7
LIA/Roman features 29: 196
poss. aisled structure 29: 196
Gypsy Corner 24: 22, 31
Mount House 24: 22, 31
road network 21: 120, 126, 128; 24: 22, 31, 61, 63-6,
64-5
Stane Street 21: 126, 128; 24: 25, 28, 31,63
see also George Yard (below)
Anglo-Saxon period, poss. sunken-featured buildings 24: 63
medieval period 27: 174
post-medieval period 19th cent.
landscape history 26: 133-7 (inc. illustr.)
and Nottidge estate 25: 225
straw plaiting 27: 230
Surridge's map of 25: 224
Essex Mapping Project and north district 30: 200-1





17


Braintree


Braintree, (cont.)
A120TrunkRoad
Braintree to M11 22: 148, 149
by-pass 25: 241
Boar's Head, late Iron Age features 24: 61,66
Coggeshall Road, Braintree Secondary School (now Social Services Dept.) 26: 210
College House, late Iron Age features 24: 22, 61, 66
College Road, Roman and later features 28: 207; 30: 222 Embassy Cinema (replaced Palace Cinema) 30: 204-5,
205
Fountain, the 24: 61, 63,66 GeorgeYard
Roman period 24: 22-68 (inc. illustr.)
medieval features 24: 25, 27,28
post-medieval features 24: 28
animal bones 24: 52-61 (inc. illustr.)
artefacts (general) 24: 44-52, 45-6, 48-9, 51
pottery from 24: 25, 27, 29,31-44 (inc. illustr.)
Bank Site 24: 25-7, 27, 39,41
Braintree Methodist Church 24: 22, 31
Braintree Youth Club 24: 27-8, 28,31-66 passim
Sandpit Road 24: 25,28-31, 30,31-66 passim
see also Rayne Road  (above)
Great Bradford County Primary School 28: 207 High Street 21: 119-20
No. 106 (rear), extended intruded cross-passage 22: 181-3,182
London Road 24: 22, 61
Marlborough Road, Roman tegula find 30: 196
Pierrefitte Way 24: 22, 61,63
Rayne Road 21: 128; 24: 22, 25, 31, 43, 61, 63, 66; 28:
207
Rifle Hill, brick-built well 30: 222
St Michael's Road, Coronation Avenue 25: 241-2 Tofts Garage 24: 63
Bramble Island see Oakley, Great
Brampton Bryan (Heref) 25: 174
Brancaster (Norfolk), Roman Saxon Shore fort 25: 66
Brandon, Charles, Duke of Suffolk 25: 114 brasses, monumental seeTerling (Church) Bratton (Wilts), school at 29: 148
Braughing (Herts), cremation burials 28: 27
Braxted, Great
Church 29: 104
see also Tiptree Heath
Braxted, Little
Anglo-Saxon metalwork 23: 126-31, 127, 129, 130
Church 29: 97
Ernest Geldart (architect) as Rector 24: 168 Braxted Hall, timber-framed kitchen 26: 188 Braybrooke, first Lord see Griffin Griffin, Sir John Brentwood
general
Essex Mapping Project 30: 199, 202 medieval period
and Chafford Hundred 26: 45, 127
St Osyth's Priory, planting of town 22: 81, 82; 28: 111 Brook Street
The Golden Fleece Inn (South Weald) 21: 154; 22:
76-86  (inc. illustr.) medieval hospital site
(Sideburbrok/Sedeburghbrok/Southbournebr oke) 21: 151-4, 152-3
'The Place' (now the Moat House) 22: 81


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


Halfway House to Herongate Reservoir Pipeline, Romano­ British fmds 23: 92
High Street, Nos 60, 62 and 64, 14th cent. hall with cross­
wings 24: 119, 120-1
Ingrave Road, Brentwood Grammar School26: 210 London Road
late Victorian brick 'silt trap' (prob.) 23: 94
St Faith's Hospital industrial school29: 190, 191, 196;
30:212,227-8
Mortimer Sawmills, 'Kirchner' horizontal saw 26: 235, 236
Ongar Road/North Road (adjacent to North Service Road) 29: 196
Shenfield, St Mary's Church, burial ground extension, Roman  features 26:241-2
Spital Lane 21: 151, 152
Thorndon Country Park 24: 203-4, 203; 29: 213
Old Hall site 27: 272; 28: 317; 30: 191, 193
The Pigeon Mount (dovecote/gazebo?) 27: 263,272 Thorndon Hall Farm site 27:272
White Hart Inn 25: 158, 242
Bressey,JohnThomas  (surveyor) 24: 168,171 Breton, Thomas, and Lionel de Bradenham 22: 69 Bretton, Joan, Colchester will (1500) 22: 97 breweries
Coggeshall, Bridge Street, Gardner's Brewery 28: 206, 223-5
Colchester, Osborne Street 25: 51-2
Saffron Walden, High Street 30: 229
brewhouses
Audley End, yard 26: 228
Rivenhall, Woodhouse Farm 29: 226
brickearth
Fox Hall, Southend-on-Sea 26: 24
Hatfield Peverel, Sandford Quarry 27: 13, 19
Wakering, Great 28: 1, 5
bricks
Roman
Alresford, St Peter's Church 29: 246, 248, 251
Bardfield, Great, St Mary's Church 25: 265, 267 Boreham
Bull's Lodge Farm 24: 1, 9, 11; 25: 19
StAndrew's Church 29:251,252
Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall, Holy Trinity Church 29: 74
Braintree, George Yard 24: 50, 52 Brentwood
Halfway House to Herongate Reservoir Pipeline 23:
92
Waltham Holy Cross/WalthamAbbey 23: 109
Brightlingsea, Springmead, Ladysmith Avenue 26: 242 Castle Hedingham, Maiden Ley Farm 27: 32 Coggeshall, 'The Lawns' 26: 99, 100
Colchester Zoo (Stanway) 28: 222
Felsted, Church of the Holy Cross 29: 253 Hallingbury, Little, Church 27: 296
Harlow, Old, Market Street 22: 101, 107
Ingatestone, Church of St Edmund and St Mary 25: 229
Mersea, West, Church of SS Peter and Paul28: 255 Rochford, Westbarrow Hall Farm 28: 213
Sampford, Great, Shillingstone Field 29: 47
Southend, Fox Hall 26: 36
Stanway, Abbotstone Phase 1 29: 203
Stondon Massey, Church of SS Peter and Paul24: 229, 231
Tey, Great, Church of St Barnabas 30: 252





18


Index for vvlumes 21-30


bricks, Roman (cont.)
Waltham Abbey
Church Street 24: 106, 107
Sun Street 26: 115, 116
Woodham Waiter Hall 30: 191
Writtle, Parish Church of All Saints 26: 227 medieval
Asheldham, St Lawrence's Church 21: 149, 151
Bicknacre Priory (Coggeshall-type) 29: 218
Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall   Church  (Coggeshall-type) 29: 59,  72,74,76-8,  78,84, 97, 100-5, 101,
102
Coggeshall Abbey, Saint Nicholas Chapel27: 292-5, 292-4;29:84,97
CressingTemple, Granary (Coggeshall-type) 25: 99,
292
Elmstead, Church of St Anne and St Lawrence (Coggeshall-type) 28: 249
Maidon
Carmelite Friary (Flemish-type) 30: 44, 55, 60, 76, 77,9Q-1
Silver Street, Blue Boar Hotel (Flemish-type) 30: 243 Pleshey, 'The Gardens', 'chimney' brick 28: 285,286,
289
Waltham Abbey
Church Street 24: 78, 80
Cornmill stream 23: 143, 145
Sun Street 26: 116, 118
Wethersfield, Great Codham Hall (Coggeshall-type) 30: 248
late medieval, Brentwood, The Golden Fleece, Brook Street (Flemish bond) 22: 81
post-medieval
general
Bradfield, St Lawrence's Church 22: 173, 174 Dovercourt, Church of All Saints 23: 93 Harwich 21: 89
Kirby-le-Soken, Norton's Farm Barn 25: 231-2 Leigh-on-Sea, St Clement's Church tomb (Flemish
bond) 27: 296
Pleshey, Moat Cottage 30: 271
Stebbingford 27: 156
Waltham Abbey, Cornmill stream 23: 145-6 Woodham Waiter Hall 30: 19Q-1
15th cent., Mersea, West, Church of SS Peter and Paul ('Tudor') 28: 255
16th/17th cent.
Benfleet, North, Church of All Saints 27: 296 CressingTemple, Granary ('Garden Wall Tudors') 25:
96-7, 99, 102
Roxwell, Newland Hall, brick nagging 25: 169-71,
170
Stebbing, Church of St Mary the Virgin 28: 123 'Tudor'
Abberton, Church of St Andrew 24: 188 Bicknacre Priory 29: 219,220
Chelmsford, Moulsham Hall 28: 208
Clavering, Moat Farm (Coldhams Double-Moated
site) 25: 253
Copped Hall, outbuilding 24: 231,232,233
CressingTemple 25: 81
'Greate House' 29: 205
Harlow, Old, Market Street 22: 105, 112
Harwich, Bathside Battery 25: 213
Hatfield Peverel, St Andrew's Church 26: 278


bricks


Hawkwell, St Mary's Church 29: 258
Heybridge Hall29: 237,238
Leyton, Leyton Green Road, Livingstone College Tower 26: 245
Maldon
Carmelite Friary 30: 86
High Street, King's Head 27: 218,221 Maplestead, Great, St Giles' Church 30: 251 Ramsey, St Michael's Church 30: 256 Roxwell, Newland Hall25: 169
Stondon Massey, Church of SS Peter and Paul 24:
230
Wethersfield, Great Codham Hall 30: 248 Woodham Waiter Hall30: 189
Yeldham, Great, Old Post Office Cottages 26: 177, 181, 186
'Tudor' (or pre-Tudor), Saffron Walden, Nos 33-35 High Street 29: 132-3
'Tudor'-type, Stebbing, Church of St Mary the Virgin 28: 123, 129
17th cent., Saffron Walden, 53 High Street 25: 232 17th/18th cent.
Chelmsford Cathedral 30: 223
Maldon High Street, King's Head 27: 222
18th cent.
Barling windrnill23: 162, 163-5, 163
Hocking, Church Lane, Hill Malting 29: 222, 223 Colchester, Hythe Hill27: 267
Thaxted, Town Street (No. 23) 27: 332, 335 Walthamstow, St Mary's Church, London Stock 28:
259,260
Yeldham, Great, Old Post Office Cottages 26: 181, 188
18th/19th cent.
Asheldham, St Lawrence's Church 21: 151
Bardfield Saling, Church of St Peter and St Paul 25: 230
Brentwood, London Road, silt trap(?) 23: 94
Canvey Island, Dutch Cottage Museum 22: 130 Chesterford, Great, Church of All Saints 26: 226 CressingTemple, Granary, London Stock-type 25:
97,102
Felsted, Church of the Holy Cross churchyard, tomb 23:93
Lambourne, Church of St Mary and All Saints, London Stock-type 28: 254
19th cent.
Berechurch Hall, Colchester, dovecote 25: 285, 286,
287
Harwich, Bathside Battery, London Stock-type 25:
213,214
Hatfield Peverel, St Andrew's Church 26: 278 Maplestead, Great, St Giles' Church 30: 251
Saffron Walden, Nos 33-35 High Street 29: 132-3
Takeley Railway Station 28: 307
Tey, Great, Church of St Barnabus 30: 251
Wethersfield, Great Codham Hall 30: 249 19th/20th cent.
Chipping Ongar, Pleasance car park 30: 174
Harwich
Bathside Battery
Soft Red Type 25:213,214 Suffolk White Type 25: 213,214
Maplestead, Great, St Giles' Church 30: 251
see also kilns, brick





19


bridges


bridges
medieval
and the Hanningfield legacy 26: 166, 168
Southchurch Hall22: 156
Lock Bridge, River Lea 23: 62, 65
Pleshey Castle Bridge 30: 225 WalthamAbbey, 'Harold's Bridge' 29:214
Wickham Bishops, timber trestle railway viaduct 28: 186
bridle-bits
copper alloy
Iron Age, Fingringhoe 22: 6, 7-8
Anglo-Saxon, Vange 29: 283, 284
Brielle (Holland) 25: 176, 180
Briggs, Nancy, John Johnson  1732-1814: Georgian Architect and County Surveyor of Essex (book review) 23:  169-70
Brightlingsea
Roman artefacts 22: 152
Roman villa complex 26: 242
cursus (poss.) 22: 152
Kempton's farm 18th-19th cent. French wars 27:227-8 Moverons Farm
Mesolithic to Saxon features 28: 205, 207
'Noah's Ark' Roman pottery and mise. fmds 27: 311-19 (inc. illustr.)
Moverons Pit ring ditches
Neolithic 26: 238, 242; 27: 262, 266
Bronze Age 21: 126, 128; 22: 148, 152; 26: 238,242
rising main, Red Hill site No. 49 26: 223
Springmead, Ladysmith Avenue, Roman features 26: 242
Brightlingsea Creek, oyster-pit site 28: 190
Brightlingsea marshes, anti-glider ditches 28: 195
Brighton (Sussex)
and J. H. Round 23: 80, 89
and Richard Stokes 29: 152-3
Trafalgar House 29: 149
Brihtnoth see Byrhtnoth (ealdorman of Essex) Brihtwulf, ealdorman of Essex (d 893-96) 27:95 briquetage
Ardale School 26: 69
Asheldham Camp 26: 77-8
Billericay, Secondary School21: 22, 42; 26: 78
Birchanger, Woodside Industrial Park 25: 43
Braintree, George Yard 24: 50
Brightlingsea rising main 26: 223
Burnham-on-Crouch, Maple Lodge 26: 65, 66, 68-9, 68
Canvey Island, Leigh Beck Marshes 25: 247, 248
Chelmsford temple site 26: 69
Fobbing Marsh 23: 111
Goldhanger, Chigborough Farm 26: 78
Havengore Island, Foulness 21: 131
Langenhoe, red hill 26: 72
Maylandsea 25: 227
New England Island, Foulness 21: 131
Orsett Cock site 26: 78
Rainham, Moor Hall Farm 26: 78
Rushley Island, Foulness 22: 153
Tollesbury Creek 26: 246
Wakering, Great, Oxenham Farm 22: 153; 23: 112; 29:
213
Woodham Waiter 26: 78
Britnell, R. H.
'Bailiffs and burgesses in Colchester 1400-1525' 21: 103-9 on Langenhoe manor 22:67,73


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


Broads Green, Great Waltham, late Bronze Age settlement 25:   10;30:7,11,21
Broke, Henry de (d 1320) 27: 198
Bromley, George, Temple Mills lease 22: 115, 117
Bromley, Great
19th cent., tithe commutation 25: 222
Badley Hall, ring ditches 29: 188
Balls Green (formerly BromleyThickets), middle Bronze Age palstave hoard 28: 270-3, 271
Stone family 26: 290
Bromley, Little
Braham Hall (14th cent.) 22: 67
medieval manor of 21: 49
19th cent. prostitution in 27: 232
Bronze Age see Acton Park Phase; Carp's Tongue Phase; Ewart Park  Phase; pottery; Taunton  Phase; Wilburton Phase and under individual locations
bronze objects see copper alloy objects
bronze-working
Springfield Lyons 25: 10
Upminster, Hunts Hill Farm 26:251-2
brooches
late Iron Age, copper alloy, Langenhoe, red hill 26: 73-4,
73
late Iron Age/early Roman copper alloy
Billericay, School 21: 39
Boreham, Bull's Lodge Farm 24: 13, 14
Chesterford, Great,Vintners 24: 198
Dunmow, Great, Buildings Farm 28: 82, 83, 85 iron
Billericay, School 21: 25, 26, 39, 44
Dunmow, Great, Buildings Farm 28: 82, 83, 85 Roman
Braintree, George Yard 24: 44, 45
copper-alloy
Birchanger, Woodside Industrial Park 25: 28, 34,
41-2
Chesterford, Great 27: 308, 309
Colchester, Lexden Road, Sovereign Crescent 30: 218
Henham 27: 307-8, 309
Heybridge, Langford Road 28: 27,37-8,37
Laver, High 30: 197
Stapleford Tawney/Stanford Rivers 26: 269, 270
Thaxted 23: 123, 125, 126
Wakes Colne, Lane Farm 28: 182
Waltham Abbey, Sun Street 26: 105, 122
Harlow, Old, Market Street 22: 107
Magdalen Laver, 'Dorset' type 30: 198
Uttlesford, north-west 29: 183, 184
Anglo-Saxon copper alloy
Chesterford area 29: 270, 2 71-2,273; 30: 197
Henham 26: 270-1, 271; 29: 184
Laver, High 30: 197
Pishiobury, Harlow 25: 263-5, 264; 26: 271
North Weald Bassett 29: 184, 185
Springfield, copper alloy supporting arm 21: 144, 146;
29: 184
medieval
copper alloy
Chesterford, Great 27: 308,310
Stebbingford 27: 126, 151, 152




20


Index for J.Vlumes 21-30


brooches   (cont.) not precisely dated
copper alloy
Chesterford, Great,Vintners 23: 106
Laver, High 30: 197
Waltham Holy Cross/Waltham Abbey 23: 109
see also horse brooches
Brook Street, Brentwood see Brentwood Brooklands see Coggeshall House/Brooklands Brooks,  Howard
'Two rural medieval sites in Chignall StJames' 23: 39-50 and Wallis, Steven, 'Recent Archaeological Work in Great
Chesterford' 22: 38-45 Broomfield
Chopyns, medieval kitchen 28: 115, 116
Church of St Mary 26: 218; 30: 25Q-1, 250
Hospital medical records store 27: 249 The Angel, crown post roof 25: 130 Windmill Field
late Neolithic/early  Bronze Age features 23: 102; 26: 1, 8,
9, 10-11, 22
late Bronze Age enclosure 23: 102; 25: 10; 26: 1-23 (inc.
illustr.); 30: 7, 19, 22
Woodhouse Lane 30: 212
see also burials (Saxon)
Broomfield Plantation, Alresford see Alresford Broomhills Chase see Burstead, Little 'Broomway, The' see Maplin Sands
Brouncker, Lord, and Capt. Silas Taylor 25: 174, 175, 178,
181
Brown, A. F. J., Meagre Harvest, The Essex Farm WOrkers' Struggle Against Poverty (book review) 22: 188-9
Brown, Edmund, tenant ofTottenham Mills 23: 59 Brown,James   (builder)   ofBraintree  26:218
Brown, Launcelot 'Capability', and Audley End 27: 273 Brown,N.R.
"'All's well that ends well": a Late Bronze Age hoard from Vange' 29: 1-18
and Lavender, N. J. et al., 'Later Bronze Age sites at Great Baddow and settlement in the Chelmer valley,
Essex, 1500 to 500 BC' 25: 3-13
and Wymer, J. J., Excavations at North Shoebury: settlement and economy in south-east Essex 1500 BC to AD 1500 (book review) 27: 338-9
et al., 'Excavation at 1-5 Sun Street, Waltham Abbey' 26:
105-25
Browne, John, as storekeeper, Harwich docks (later mayor?) 25: 175,182, 184n
Browne, Sir Antony (d 1567), founder of Brentwood School22:81
Browneswold, John, Colchester clerk (15th cent.) 24: 129,
130, 131, 132
Bruce (Brus) famlly, in Essex 26: 170-1; 27: 3 Bruyn famlly of South Ockendon 24: 160
Brydham, Thomas (last known rector ofEast Lee) 21: 54 bucket fittings, iron/bronze, late Iron Age, Stanway 21: 135 Buckingham, Saxon burh 27: 96, 97
Buckingham, Dukes of see Grenville; Villiers  Buckingham, Marchioness of, 18th cent. Gosfield 27:230 Buckingham, Marquess of see Grenville, George junior Buckingham, Thomas,  Earl of  (Duke of Gloucester
1385)
1380 expedition to France 26: 150-1
and Pleshey Castle 30: 266


burials


Buckingham famlly 25: 191
Buckland, Dover (Kent), Anglo-Saxon cemetery 25: 264 buckles/belt  fittings
copper alloy Anglo-Saxon
Chesterford area 29: 270, 2 72
Easter, High 27: 320, 321 medieval
Chesterford, Great 27: 310
Stapleford Tawney/Stanford Rivers 26: 269, 270
Stebbingford 27: 126, 151, 152
Vange 29: 283, 284
medieval/post-medieval, Harwich 21: 87, 88
not precisely dated, Chelmsford Cathedral27: 264 iron
medieval, Harwich, George Street 21: 87
post-medieval, Maldon Carmelite Friary 30: 117,
118
building materials
Roman, in Chelmsford and Essex Museum 24: 220, 222
see also architectural stonework; bricks; chalk ('clunch');
daub; ferricrete; flint  (as building material); mortars and cements; opus sectile; opus signinum; plaster; stake-and-wattle;  stone, building; tiles; timber, structural; wattle and daub
Buildings Farm see Dunmow, Great
Bukwell, Jeffrey, St Andrew's, Earls Colne monument 28: 172
Bullen, George, British Museum 23: 80
Hull's Lodge Farm/Quarry see under Boreham Bulmer
19th cent. tithe map 25: 223
Anglian Water mains replacement schemes 23: 140
Bulphan
early planned landscape 22: 54
Roman-British fmds 23: 92
19th cent. tithe commutation 25: 220
Bultell, Sir John (vicar of Stebbing 145o-99) 28: 131 Bures
anti-tank defence 29: 192
Ferriers Farm, cropmark with late Bronze Age pottery 23:
91
Bures (Suffolk) 28: 172
Bures Hamlet, Colchester Road, flintwork, late
Glacial-early Holocene 25: 253 Burgh, Raymond de see De Burgh, Raymond Burgh  (Suffolk)  25:44
Burghersh, Henry de (Bartholomew's brother & Bishop of Lincoln) 22:63-4,65
Burghersh, Sir Bartholomew 22: 63, 64
Burgoyne, Lt Gen. J. F., on Harwich defences 25: 198-9 Burgred, King ofMercia 27:92
burhs 27:96-7
Buckingham 27: 96, 97
Wigingamere 27: 96, 97,340
see also Maldon; Witham
burial vaults see tombs/tombstones burials
prehistoric (general), Birch 26: 231,233
Beaker
Ardleigh, Elm Park 28: 216
Bentley, Little, Hall Farm 26: 238, 245
Springfield, White Hart public house 30: 6




21



burials


burials (cont.)
Bronze Age Springfield/Boreham 30: 6
Tey, Great (poss.) 22: 8
late Iron Age, Ardleigh, Elm Park 26: 223 late Iron Age/Roman
Stanway 28: 205,221
poss. 'warrior' burial24: 205-7, 206; 26: 231, 233
Roman
Billericay, High Street (near) 24: 197
Chesterford, Great 28:281
Colchester 28: 281, 282; 30: 210, 213, 217
Elsenham 23: 99, 112
Heybridge, Langford Road, 'box burials' 28: 27 Kelvedon, High Street 30: 220
Welwyn (Herts) 28: 282 Saxon
Chesterford, Great 22: 38; 30: 197
Upminster, Hunts Hill Farm 27: 270 Waltham, Great/Little (southern boundary at
Broomfield), 'princely' burial27: 91 Waltham Holy Cross, Vicarage Garden 26: 252
medieval, Halstead, St Andrew's Parish Church, Bourchier tomb 26: 152-3, 154
post-medieval
Felsted, Church of the Holy Cross 23: 93 Rayne, poss. ritual deposit 28: 185
Woodham Waiter 30: 191
not precisely  dated
Birdbrook, Church of St Augustine of Canterbury 24: 189
Chelmsford, St Mary's Cathedral graveyard 27: 264 Manningtree, 47 High Street 23: 111
Pitsea, St Michael's Church 28: 216
Sampford, Great, St Michael's Church 25: 277 Skeleton Green (Herts) 28: 27
Stratford Market Place 23: 109
Wethersfield, Great Codham Hall (poss.) 30: 249 Wormingford, St Andrew's Church 25: 232
see also barrows; cemeteries; cremation burials; enclosures (long mortuary enclosures); funerary rites/practices;  inhumations; tombs/tombstones
Burmester, G. (rector of Little Oakley) 22: 10
Burnhamn-on-Crouch
HillFarm, Roman pottery 26: 66
and identity ofWallfleet 26: 169, 170
Maple Lodge, Belgic pottery and briquetage 26: 65-9 (inc. illustr.), 71
minefield control tower 25: 256
burnt stone mounds 25: 17
Burstead, Little 21: 52
Broomhills Chase, Neolithic flint axe 22: 138
Church of St Mary, medieval and later features 23: 94 High View, mise. burials and Roman pottery and artefacts
22: 150
Burton, Robert, land surveyor of Dunmow 25: 224 Bury St Edmunds (Suffolk)
Abbey 22: 101
and St Edmund 24: 157
evidence from wills 22: 87
Westgarth Gardens 29: 273
butchery, post-medieval Saffron Walden 29: 133, 134 Butler, Rev. William, vicar ofDagenhamn (1719-36) 26:
200


Essex Society for Archaeology  and History


Buttsbury, medieval manor 30: 149
Bygrave, Thomas, London surveyor, and tithe
commutation 25: 220, 223, 224
Byrhtnoth (Brihtnoth), ealdorman of Essex (d 991) 24: 158;25:76;26:288,289

Cade, Jack, Rebellion (1450) (book review) 23: 167 Caenstone
Bicknacre Priory 29: 218
Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall Church 29: 65, 88, 90, 91, 97,
99
Lambourne Church 28: 250
Maldon, Carmelite Friary 30: 60, 75, 89
Caerleon (S Wales), legionary fortress baths 23: 33, 121 Caesar,  Gaius Julius
and British chariotry 21: 142-3
Commentaries 21:9-10
and Gaul21: 6-10
second invasion of Britain 21: 6-10 Caesaromagus see Chelmsford Calais  (France)  26:  151, 152
Edward ill's campaign in 22: 63, 65
siege (1346-47) 26: 146
Calvin, John 30: 278 Camnbridge
Emmanuel College 29: 140
St Catherine's College 27: 300
St}ohn's College 27: 300
Camnbridge Camnden Society (later Ecclesiological Society) 28: 165
Camnden, Williamn
and Bradwell-on-Sea 25: 60
Britannia 24: 158, 161, 163; 25: 182; 26: 192, 194
camnes, lead
Harlow, Old 22: 105, 112
Maldon Carmelite Friary 30: 93 Cammas Hall see Roding, White
Camnoke,John, Colchester will (1514) 22: 92
Camulodunum 25: 72; 28:315,316
and early historians 24: 157, 158, 160
dyke system 21: 142, 143
Can, River 23: 45
at Chelmsford 23: 103
candleholders,  pricket,  iron,Waltham Abbey,  Church Street 24: 76, 105
candlesticks
ceramic, Roman, Asheldham Camp 22: 14
copper alloy, medieval/post-medieval,  Harwich 21: 88
Canewdon
19th cent. tithe maps 25: 222
Gardners Farm, 16th to 17th cent. building 23: 112 St Nicholas' Church 26: 166, 167, 168
Upper Raypits Farm 21: 128 Canfield, and the de Vere family 26: 129 Canfield,  Great
Canfield Lodge 30: 190
Wiseman family 27: 108
Canfield, Little, double ditched enclosure 23: 95, 97
Canterbury (Kent)
Caesar's second invasion 21: 6
Cathedral, SE spirelet 24: 147
Christ Church, monks of23: 159 Canvey Island 29: 115
Castle Point, Pantile Farm 28: 216-17
Dutch Church 22: 122, 123,128




22


Index for U>lumes 21-30


Canvey Island (cont.)
Dutch Cottage Museum 22: 122, 123-4, 124, 128-30, 131
Dutch Village 26: 255
Landscape Survey, farmsteads 29: 212
Leigh Beck Marshes, red hill site 25: 247-8; 26: 76, 77 Northwick Road, The Retail Park, Occidental Oil Refinery
29:190,207-8
Russell Head, red hill site 26: 255 post-medieval sheep-farming 26: 77
anti-aircraft command post 30: 207
WW2 GHQ Line 27: 274
Capell family, of Stebbing 30: 146, 149, 150, 151, 152 Capra (Chevre), Michael, and Thoby priory,
Mountnessing 24: 157 Carausius, Emperor  see  coins  (Roman)
Carmelite Friary, Maldon 22: 149; 23: 106-7, 107; 27:
223; 28: 212; 30: 44-143 (inc. illustr.), 191
Friary buildings 30: 13Q-5, 131
gatehouse (poss.) 30: 130
historical background 30:44-5, 135-9
Site MD9 (outbuilding poss. stable) 22: 155-6; 30: 44, 45,
46, 47, 66-88 (inc. illustr.), 127-40 (inc. illustr.)
building extension 22: 155; 30: 74-7
later use 30: 77-81
post-medieval demolition and clearance 30: 81-3, 137,
138
Site MD10 (cloister and north and east ranges) 30: 45, 46,
47,49-66 (inc. illustr.), 127-40 (inc. illustr.)
burials 23: 106; 30: 44, 49, 53, 54, 56-7,57, 60, 133, 135
post-medieval
cold frame (19th cent.) 30: 65-6
demolition and clearance 30: 61-5
drains 30: 64-5 post-medieval
Dissolution 30: 44-5, 63-4,81,83, 130, 134, 136, 137-9
Friary East 30: 44, 45, 66, 88, 138
Friary West 30: 44, 45, 66, 88, 138
garden deposits 30:44,45,64,65, 66, 84, 86, 88, 117, 139
Vincent Harris'Tudor mansion 30: 44, 63, 64, 65, 66,
83, 84, 86, 88, 136, 138
building materials 30: 88-93
mise. finds 30: 116-26
osteological/environmental  evidence 30: 126-7
water supply and drainage 30: 139, 140
see also pottery  (medieval & post-medieval)  and Carmelite Order below
Carmelite Order
Coventry (Warwicks) 30: 133
Denbigh (north Wales) 30: 133
Hulne (Northumb) 30: 132, 133, 134, 135
Ipswich (Suffolk) 30: 133
Linlithgow (Loth) 30: 131, 133, 135
London 30: 134
Luffness (E Loth) 30: 134
Carneddau Hengwym (Gwynedd), Iron Age bridle-bit 22: 7-8
carpentry see woodworking and carpentry
Carp's Tongue Phase metalwork 22: 5, 6; 29: 9, 12, 15 Carr, James, miller, Waltham Abbey 24: 73
Cars (France), Roman rural sanctuary site 26: 265,266
Carshalton  (Surrey), Queen Mary's Hospital, late Bronze Age site 25: 9, 10
Carter, Alexander (W. Donyland tenant farmer) 27:
239,244


cemeteries


Carter, G. A.
Excavations at the Orsett 'Cock'Enclosure  (book review) 30: 274-5
and Shimmin, D., 'Excavations at Angel Yard, High Street, Colchester, 1986 and 1989' 27: 35-83
Carter, John, Colchester tailor 19th cent. 27: 226 cartlodges
Barren Ringstead (Norfolk), Downs Farm (with granary) 29:242
Terling Hall Farm (with granary) 29: 242-5, 242, 243 Carwardine, Henry Holgate, and Earls Colne 28: 175 Cassiobridge Farm (Herts), Bronze Age hoard 22: 7 Cassivellaunus,  kingdom  of
and Caesar's second invasion 21: 6-9
and chariotry 21: 142, 143
Castle   Hedingham Crouch Green (near)
Roman pottery and tile 23: 92
Roman(?) three-nozzled lamp 23: 92, 93; 25: 228
and de Vere family 21: 48; 26: 129
Falcon Inn (former) 30: 247
Maiden Ley Farm, Roman features 24: 195, 205; 25: 248;
27: 22-34 (inc. illustr.)
medieval manor and vineyard 21: 48
StJames Street, High House 28: 232-4,233
Sheepcote Road, Trinity Cottage, ?outer defences 28: 184 Sudbury Road, Maplecroft, medieval pottery 22: 174-6,
175
see also Hedingham Castle; Sible Hedingham
castor boxes, ceramic, Roman, Brightlingsea, Moverons Farm 27: 312,313, 317
cat remains (jungle), Aveley 29: 204 cattle bones
late Bronze Age/early Iron Age, Homdon/Barking gas pipeline 26: 287
Roman, Braintree, George Yard 24: 53-7,55,58,59
not precisely  dated
Bradwell-on-Sea, Othona Community site 25: 69
Pleshey, 'The Gardens' 28: 285-6
Thaxted, Town Street 29: 292
Cattlin, Fred, land surveyor 25: 224
Catuvellauni 21: 9; 22:3
Caus, de, engineering brothers 30: 193 causewayed  enclosures
Neolithic
Sawbridgeworth (Herts) 29: 199
Springfield Lyons 22: 148, 157; 23: 108;25: 226; 27:
305; 30: 1, 6, 7
see also Orsett Causewayed Enclosure causeways
Asheldham Camp 22: 14
(or dam), Tudor, Boreham, Bull's Lodge Farm 22: 144
Ceadda, Saint see Chad, Saint Cedd, Saint (Cedda)
bishop of the East Saxons 26: 20 1
and Saxon chapel at Bradwell-on-Sea (Ythancestir) 24:
157;25:60;27:93;29:280
cemeteries Bronze Age
Ardleigh 29: 187 Brightlingsea
Moverons Farm 28: 207
Moverons Pit, ring ditches 21: 126, 128; 22: 152
late Iron Age/early Roman, Verulamium, King Harry Lane
21:14, 17;22:41;26:270





23



cemeteries


cemeteries (cont.)
late IronAge/Roman,Asheldham Camp (putative) 22:24,26
Roman
Colchester
Abbey Fields 28: 282
Butt Road 28: 316; 30: 210, 217
Kirkee McMunn barracks (poss.) 29: 266
Lexden Road 29: 198 Anglo-Saxon
Braxted, Little (poss.) 23: 126, 131
Buckland, Dover (Kent) 25: 264
Chesterford, Great 22: 38; 29: 273 Horton Kirby (Kent) 25:264 Mucking 23: 131
Prittlewell 23: 131
Saffron Walden, Abbey Lane/Gibson Close 29: 133
Shoebury, North 22: 164-5; 27: 339
Springfield Lyons 21: 146; 25: 264; 29: 273; 30: 23
Wicken Bonhunt 25: 239, 245
Witham, Maltings Lane 28: 214 medieval/post -medieval
Colchester, St Mary Magdalen's Churchyard 21: 129
Pleshey, Back Lane, Hill House (former St Mary's
Churchyard) 28: 184-5 post-medieval
Felsted, Church of the Holy Cross 23: 93 Rayleigh, Holy Trinity Church 26: 254
not precisely  dated
Asheldham, St Lawrence's Church 21: 146, 149 Colchester, St Helen's Lane, former Quaker burial
ground 30: 224
Manningtree, High Street (north of) 24: 236-8,237
St Osyth, Clay Lane 28: 222
see also barrows; cremation burials; inhumations Ceolwulfll, King 27: 92, 93, 94, 96
cereal crops
and agricultural improvements from 18th cent. 26: 136-8 and grain prices, and French wars 27: 227,234
Boreham, Great Holts 27: 176
Chipping Ongar, Pleasance car park 30: 159, 175
CressingTemple, for malting 25: 99, 100, 102, 104
Foulness and Napoleonic wars 28: 225
Stansted, Roundwood site evidence 27: 176
Stebbingford medieval farmstead 27: 173
see also corn driers; crop growing cereal remains see plant remains
cereal storage, poss., late Bronze Age, Broomfield, Windmill Field 26:6
cess-pits
medieval
Braintree, Bank Site 24: 25
Harwich, Church Street 21: 67
Maldon, High Street (Post Office), ?well23: 147-52,
147-8, 150-2
Saffron Walden, Nos 33-35 High Street 29: 128, 134
Stebbingford 27: 116, 118, 123, 166 Waltham Abbey
Church Street 24: 81
Sun Street 27: 324, 325
medieval/post-medieval, Thaxted, Town Street (No. 23) 27:
331,336
post-medieval
Leytonstone, Thome Close 28: 300-2, 303-4 Maldon High Street, King's Head (poss.) 27: 222 Waltham Abbey


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


Church Street 24: 80
? well24: 84
not precisely  dated
Braintree, George Yard 24: 28
WalthamAbbey, Sun Street 26: 107, 124
see also latrines
Chad, Saint (alias Ceadda), bishop 26:201
Chadwell Heath 26: 199, 200-1
Parochial Charity 26: 200
St Chad's Church 26: 199,201
Whalebone House 26: 200 Chadwell  St Mary
Neolithic remains 30: 258-60, 259, 260
County Primary School Palaeolithic features 29: 48
Roman features, poss. villa site 29: 48
Saxon sunken-featured building 28: 206, 207-8; 29:
48-58 (inc. illustr.)
as placename 26: 201
Rose Cottage (north of), poss.long mortuary enclosure 27:
305,306
Sabina Road (east of), mise. prehistoric features 29: 196-7 Chafford, medieval  (and later) hundred of26: 45,  127,
195,199;2 118,119
chalk   ('clunch')   structures Maldon, Carmelite Friary 30: 89
Waltham Abbey, Church Street 24: 87-9, 93, 95
Walthamstow, St Mary's Church 28: 258
chalk extraction (poss.), Saffron Walden, Church Street 29:202
chalk objects see spindle whorls
Challoner, Nicholas, 'common preacher' of Colchester 22: 97
Chalvedon, Great (hall) see Pitsea
Chancellor, Frederic (architect, d 1918) 24: 168, 169,
172;25:279;28:   174;29:259;30:250,254,
255,256
Ancient  Sepulchral Monuments of Essex 26: 205, 207 life and work 26: 205-21 (inc. illustr.)
Chancellor, Wykeham (son ofFrederic) 26: 205, 206,
207,208,210,217,219
Channelsea, River, at Stratford 22: 115; 23: 109; 24: 202 chapes
dagger(?), medieval, Vange 29: 283, 284
sword, copper alloy/iron, medieval, Maldon, High Street (Post Office) 23: 149, 150
Chapman, John, Audley End gamekeeper 23: 73; 24:
165-6
Chapman, John, Great Yeldham wheelwright 26: 174 Chapman and Andre's map (1777)
Bardfield, Great 23: 95
Bocking, fulling mill 30: 236
Chipping Ongar 30: 176
Colchester, Old Heath 27: 238, 239
Cressing 26: 133, 136, 138
Domesday woodland 24: 241
Felsted 26: 142
Hatfield Broad Oak 27: 253
Langenhoe 24: 199
Littlebury Hall 26: 284
Littley Park 25: 120
Maldon, Harris' mansion (Carmelite Friary site) 30: 84,
136, 138
Manwood Green/'Manners Green' 27: 193
Sokens, The 27: 203



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