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Saturday, 26 December 2015

Essex Archaeology and History. Third Series. Vols. 21-30. Index (Ger - Iro)


Published here online for the first time, this is the Index of the Transactions of the Essex Society for Archaeology and History (until 1985, the Essex Archaeological Society).  Contact us for more information.

Gernon, Robert 27: 194
Gernon, Sir John, and Lionel de Bradenham (14th cent.) 22:68,69,73
Gervase the monk (12th cent. writer) 24: 147 Gervers, Michael (ed.), The cartulary of the Knights of St
John of Jerusalem in England (book reviews) 29:299
Gestingthorpe
19th cent. tithe map 25: 223
St Mary's Church 27: 302
see also kilns, pottery
Ghent (Flanders) 26: 151-2
Gibbons, Christopher, and Capt. Silas Taylor 25: 175, 176 Gibson,  Adrian
'Further light on the design of the Great Barns at Cressing Temple' 27: 182-7
'The constructive geometry in the design of the thirteenth­ century barns at CressingTemple' 25: 107-12
Gibson,  Edmund   (historian) later Bishop of London 24: 158
revises Camden's Britannia 24: 158; 25: 182 Gibson,  William
Audley End gamekeeper 23:72
tithe commutation attorney 25: 220, 221
Gidea Hall, Romford, pulled down 1930 25: 289
Gifford, WW2 GHQ Line 30: 206
Gilbert and Tayspill, Colchester cartographers 25: 224, 225 Gillow, Francis, and Walthamstow Mills 23: 61
Gilman, P. J.
'The Golden Fleece, Brook Street, South Weald' 22: 76-86 (ed.) Archaeology in Essex
1991 23:98-113
1992 24: 195-210
1993 25: 239-57
1994 (with A. Bennett) 26: 238-58
1995 (with A. Bennett)  27:261-76 (ed.) Excavations in Essex
1989 21: 126-39
1990 22: 148-61
and A. Bennett
(ed.), Work of the Essex County Council Archaeology Section
1989 21: 118-25
1990 22: 138-47
Gilston (Herts), Neolithic flint adze 22: 162, 164
glass  remains late Iron Age
Stanway Hall Farm 24: 206, 207
Upminster, Hunts Hill Farm (poss.) 29: 207
late Iron Age/Roman, Kelvedon, High Street, Lawson Villas 28:211
Roman
Braintree, George Yard 24: 49
Colchester, Lexden Road, Sovereign Crescent 30: 218 Elsenham 23: 112
medieval, Pitsea, St Michael's Church 28: 216 post-medieval
Colchester, Osborne Street 25: 58
Harwich, Kings Quay Street 30: 225
Waltham Abbey, Church Street 24: 106
not precisely  dated
Bradwell-on-Sea, Othona Community site 25: 68
Dunmow, Great, Buildings Farm 28: 84, 85
see also vessel glass; window glass
glass working, Saxon, Barking,Amberley House 22: 149, 150


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


Global Positioning System (GPS) 28: 187, 188; 29: 185,
275
Glottenham (E Sussex), moated site, poss. medieval detached kitchen 26: 189
Gloucester, Duke of see Buckingham, Thomas, Earl of
Glynde (Sussex), church plate 24: 151 goat bones see sheep/goat bones Godbold,  Steve
'A Napoleonic coastal gun battery; excavations at Bathside Bay, Harwich 1990-91' 25:
193-218
'A small Late Iron Age earthwork enclosure in woodland at Birch Spring, Highwood,
Writtle; excavations  1994' 27: 1-12
et al., 'South Weald Camp -a probable late Iron Age hill fort: excavations 1990' 26: 53-64
Godeston, Thomas, Colchester bailiff (15th cent.) 21:
103, 105
Godric of Colchester  (Domesday  tenant)  25:75 Godschall family, Colchester landowners 27: 240 gold objects
Bronze Age, Woodham Waiter, Oak Farm 23:99, 113; 25:
1-2, 1
Iron Age stater, Sturmer (Haverhill bypass)  27: 269; 29:
295,297
medieval
Billericay, Crays Hill, finger-ring 27: 325, 326
Maldon Carmelite Friary, finger-ring 30: 84, 117, 118,
136-7
not precisely dated, Hanningfield, West 25: 12 Goldhanger
Blackwater estuary, duck decoy ponds 27: 254, 255; 28:
193
Gardiner's Farm, duck decoy pond 28: 193
Iron Foundry 29: 189
red hills 26: 77
Mill Beach to Goldhanger tidal defences 27: 271 No. 176 26: 76
World War One airfield 29: 300
see also Chigborough  Farm
Goldsmith, Clement, 16th cent. Temple Mills 22: 115 Goldsmith Estate Map (1797),Weald, South, Camp area
26:49
Goltho (Lines), early landscape evolution 22: 49, 52 Gomme, Sir Bernard de, Harwich forts 25: 194 Good Easter, Faulkner's Hall, barn 29: 228-9, 229
Gorhambury (Hants) 21: 143 Gosbecks see under Colchester Gosfield
18th/19th cent. straw plaiting 27: 230
Anglian Water mains replacement schemes 23: 137, 139
Gosfield Hall, estate and owners 1715-1825 25: 185-92,
185
Gould, Chalkley 24: 151
Gower, Arthur Leveson (d 1922), church plate ofWakes Colne 24: 150
graffiti
Roman
on tiles
Billericay, School21: 42
Braintree, Marlborough Road 30: 196
grain prices
and French wars 27: 227, 234
see also Tithe commutation maps grain  storage  see  granaries





48


Index for volumes 21-30


granaries Iron Age
Asheldham Camp (poss.) 22: 13, 24, 25, 34 Stansted Airport, Car Park 'I' (poss.) 22: 159
medieval Boreham
Airfield 28: 206, 216
Great Bolts 27: 176
Roundwood, Stansted Airport 25: 19, 20; 30: 39
Springfield/Boreham A12 Interchange 30: 38-41 post-medieval
Foulness Island
Eastwick Farm 28: 225
Tree Farm 28: 225
see also cartlodges; Cressing Temple
Grand (France), Roman structure 26: 265, 266
Gratian, Emperor see coins (Roman)
gravestones  and graveslabs  see  tombs/tombstones Gray, Charles, 18th cent. owner, Colchester Castle 24:
235-6
Gray, George, buys Red Lion, Colchester (1722) 25: 155
Grays Thurrock
Bronze Age metalwork 22: 5, 7; 28: 278, 280
Roman remains 26: 196
Bloomfields Farm 29: 24, 31 Parker Road
Stifford County Primary School27: 264 prehistoric to medieval features 28: 218
Primrose Island 29: 19
Rectory Road, Clactonian deposits 23: 99, 102
William Edwards School, Stifford Clay Road 29: 19-32 (inc. illustr.)
prehistoric features 29: 21-6, 23-4, 28,29-32
middle/late Iron Age/Roman features 29: 19, 26-8,
27-8,30-2
medieval features 29: 26, 27,29
Great Eastern Railway (GER), Takeley Railway Station
28:305,309,310
Great Holts Farm see Boreham
Green, Thomas, Abrahams Ferry 23: 63
Green family of Hocking 30: 236
Greenstead-juxta-Colchester
and 'Liberties' of Colchester 25: 72-7
St Andrew's Church 30: 252-3
Greensted-juxta-Ongar,   StAndrew's  Church  24:  157; 26:
218;28:318
Greenwood's survey (1824) 25: 225; 27: 193
Gregory XI, Pope (brother of Roger de Beaufort) 26: 148, 150
Grene,John, Colchester town clerk (15th cent.) 24: 130 Grenville, George junior, (later 1st Marquess of
Buckingham, d 1812) 25: 188-9
Grenville, George (Prime Minister 1763-5) 25: 187 Grenville, George (son of 1st Marquess and later 2nd
Baron Nugent, d 1850) 25: 189-90 Grenville, Richard (1st Duke of Buckingham, d 1839)
25: 190
Grenville, Richard, Earl Temple 25: 187, 188
Grenville family ofStowe (Bucks), and Gosfield Hall25:
187, 188, 189, 190, 191
Grey, Edward see Ferrers, Edward Grey, Lord Grey, Lady Jane 25: 113
Grey family, Stebbing manors 30: 149, 152 Grey Goose Farm see Thurrock


Hadleigh Castle


Grieve, Hilda Elizabeth Poole, BEM, BA, FSA (Scot.),
FRHistS
obit. 25: 296
The Sleepers and the Shadows. Chelmsford: a town, its people and its past  (book review) 26: 291-3
Griffin Griffin, Sir John (first Lord Braybrooke and
fourth Lord Howard de Walden, d 1797) 23:67-78;24: 164-7
Grimes, William (historian) 24: 160
Grimston, Mary (d 1718, daughter of Sir Harbottle) 24: 153
Grimston, Sir Harbottle 24: 153
Grimston  (Norfolk)  see kilns, pottery
Grimwood family, and CressingTemple 25: 103-4
Grist, Jonathan, map-maker 25: 220
grubenhiiuser see sunken-featured buildings
Gryme's Dyke 21: 135, 143; 23: 108; 24: 209; 25: 72; 26:
262;28:316;30:226
Guildown, Guildford (Surrey), Anglo-Saxon brooch 25: 264 Guillemard, John, commemorated  St Peter and St Paul
Church, Dagenham 29: 253
Guillemard family of Spitalfields 29: 253 Gun Hill, WestTilbury seeTilbury, West Gunnock, John, of Stebbing 28: 131 gunpowder    manufacture
17th cent.
Temple Mills 22: 117, 118; 23: 61
Tottenham Mills 23: 57
Walthamstow Mills 23: 61
see also Waltham Abbey/Waltham Holy Cross (Royal Ordnance Works)
Gurney, Henry Palin (d 1904), on Stifford 26: 196
Gurney family 24: 244
Guthrie, John, rector of Duffus (Moray) 24: 150 Guthrum, King (d 890) 27: 92, 93, 94
Gutteridge Hall nearWeeley Heath, moated site 22: 152; 25:248
Gutteridge Wood, Weeley, prehistoric  and Roman pottery
25:248
Guys Hospital 29: 186
and Beaumont Quay 28: 223
and Chelmer valley parks 25: 113, 116, 119-20 Gyford,   Janet
Men of Bad Character (book review) 23: 170-1
Witham 1500-1700: Making a living (book review) 28: 317-18

Hackney
medieval mill at 22: 115
17th cent. gunpowder manufacturing (site unidentified) 22:  118;23:57
manors 23: 63
Hackney Ferry 23: 63
see also Jeremiah's Booth Hackney, River 23: 57
see also Lea, River
Hacton, late Bronze Age hoard 22: 6, 9-10, 9
Haddock, Sir Richard (Navy Commissioner) 25: 181 Hadleigh
Early Iron Age ditched enclosure 26: 25 19th cent. tithe commutation maps 25: 222 'cold war' anti-aircraft site 30: 207 placename (poss. Lea in Domesday) 21: 52
see also Thundersley (Pound Wood, Rayleigh Hills) Hadleigh Castle, medieval, pottery 21: 101




49


Hadleigh Ray


Hadleigh Ray, oyster pits 26: 234 Hadrian, Emperor see coins Hadrian's Wall26:  265 Hadstock
St Botolf's monastery of Icanho (poss. site) 27: 93-4 Church of St Botolph 24: 191
Enclosure Acts 25: 219; 26: 138
pipe-laying watching brief 22: 14Q-1  Hainault Farm, World War One airfield 29: 300 Hainault   Forest
history of 24: 243; 26: 201
Parochial Charity 26: 200
Haket (Haketton), Ralph, and Farnham medieval manor 27: 198
Halfdan (Viking leader) 27: 92-3
Haliwell Priory (Middx) 28: 298, 303
Halle, John, Colchester will (1559) 22: 96
Hallingbury, Great, medieval manor 30: 149 Hallingbury,   Little
Church 27:296
late Bronze Age enclosure 23: 116, 117
South House Farm, Roman structures and artefacts 22: 148,155
halls
court22: 82
with cross-wings 24: 118-21 (with illustr.)
Chelmsford, Baddow Road (poss.) 23: 103
Heybridge Hall 29: 233-8, 235-6
Laver, High, Mashams 29: 216
with  extended intruded  cross-passages  22:  180-3, 181-2 see also Belchamp St Paul (Turners); Bradwell-on-Sea
(Bradwell Hall); Brentwood (Brook Street & High Street); Colchester (East Street &The Red Lion); Nayland (Alston Court); Pitsea (Great Chalvedon Hall); Roxwell (Newland Hall); Shalford (Redfants Manor);Tilbury Juxta Clare (Tilbury Hall); Tiptofts; Tollesbury (Bourchier's Hall); Wakes Colne (Normans Farm); Wethersfield (Great Codham Hall)
Hallsford Bridge, Ongar sewerage scheme pipeline 23: 133, 134
Halstead
late Iron Age/Roman enclosure 22: 145,146
Roman villa site 22: 145
Coggeshale family properties (14th cent.) 22: 61 19th cent.
'Country Residence at' 24: 177
Poor Law Guardians and tithe maps 25: 222 straw plaiting 27: 230,231
Rosemary Lane, Co-op Yard, 19th cent. structure 28: 209-10
St Andrew's Parish Church, Bourchier tomb and arms 26:
152-4
see also Gosfield Hall; Stansted Hall
Ham, Daniel, Temple Mills, Leyton 22: 118 Ham,  East
prehistoric yew forest 26: 249
Beckton Nursery 26: 243
Beckton Sewage Works, East London Sludge Incineration Plant 26: 249
'Dutch' cottage 22: 124
see also Woolwich, North
Ham, West
Hubbard Street 21: 138


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


Three Mills, Miller's House 24: 207-8
Union Workhouse 28: 301
see also Plaistow; Stratford; Stratford Langthome Abbey; Upton  (Ham House  Estate); Upton Park
Hamerow, Helena and Clark, Ann, Excavations at Mucking (book reviews) 25: 292-4
HamfordWater  28: 192; 29:186
WW2 defences 29: 186 hammers,   bronze
late Bronze Age
Blackmore, Fithlers Hall Farm, Highwood 28: 277-81,
279
Swallows Cross, Rayplace Farm 28: 277-81,278,279
Vange 29: 7, 8
Hamo dapifer, Domesday manors of 24: 158
Handford, Sir Humphrey, Woodford Green household 23: 110
Hanningfield, medieval manor (Claydons) 26: 164, 165,
166, 168
Hanningfield, East
and the Hanningfield family 26: 164-8
WW2 GHQ Line 30: 206
Hanningfield, South 26: 164, 165
19th cent., tithe commutation 25: 220
Church of St Peter 26: 218
Hanningfield, West 26: 165
Church of St Mary and St Edward, belfry 29: 98, 259 Downhouse Farm
A130 proposed line 25: 17,26
Roman and post-Roman features 27: 270
gold bracelets 25: 12
Hanningfield family 26: 164-8
William (d 1388) 26: 166
William (d 1426), will of 26: 162, 166-8
William son of Sewel (d by 1320) 26: 165, 166
Hanseatic League 24: 131
Hardham Church (Sussex) 29: 143 Harlakenden  family
StAndrew's, Earls Colne 28: 168, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176
Richard (son of Roger) 28: 172, 176
Roger 28: 172, 174
Barley, Sir Edward, of Brampton Bryan 25: 174-5 Harlow
late Bronze Age site 24: 198
medieval period 21: 49; 27: 174
hundred of26: 127, 171; 27: 193; 29: 115, 119
vineyard 21: 48
post-medieval, Roman coin (copy) 26: 228
Church Langley (formerly Brenthall Park) 23: 106; 26:
249
prehistoricfeatures 21: 126, 132; 24: 198
poss. 17th cent. pottery kiln site 21: 127, 132; 23: 106;
24:198
Tesco site 25: 253
Churchgate Street, Mill Lane 28: 210
Fullers Mead 25: 253; 26: 250 GildenWay
land north of
Neolithic to Roman features 29: 199
Roman to Saxon continuity of settlement 29: 194, 199
prehistoric artefacts 22: 155
Roman building and features 22: 154-5
Hamstel Road, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Bronze Age barrow 30: 225





50


Index for HJlumes 21-30


Harlow (cont.)
Izzards Allotments, prehistoric to post-medieval features 28:210
Perry Spring Wood
late Bronze Age/early Iron Age settlement 23: 106; 26:
249-50
post-medieval features 26: 249, 250
Potter Street 24: 198
No. 48,The Laurels 26:244 Old House
mise. prehistoric and Roman features 23: 106; 26:249
poss. Roman farmstead 25: 253
Wharf, The Old Barn 27: 257, 258
see also kilns, pottery; Moor Hall; Netteswellbury; Pishiobury
Harlow, Old
Gilden Way, late Bronze Age finds 21: 119
Market Street 22: 101-14 (inc. illustr.)
Chequers public house 22: 101, 113
pottery 22: 103, 104, 105, 107, 108-12, 108
structures 22: 101-6, 112-13
Priory Avenue, Roman metalworking evidence 22: 155 StJohn's Church/Market Street, Neolithic and later
features 21: 126, 132 HarlowTemple
prehistoric features/fmds 21: 133
Iron Age/Roman features 21: 133
Iron Age coinage 26: 73
post-Roman/early Saxon structure 21: 133 Harlowbury
medieval manor 22: 101
medieval pottery and features 22: 155
post-medieval water mill22: 149, 155 Harmondworth  (W. London), Great Barn 27: 186 Harold, Earl ofWessex  (later King)
and Waltham Abbey 21: 137; 24: 69
and Writtle 27: 1
Harrington, William, Earls Colne (d 1708) 28: 176 Harris, J. G., surveyor and map-maker 25: 224
Harris, Vincent, Tudor mansion (Maldon Carmelite Friary site) 30: 44, 63, 64, 65, 66, 83, 84, 86, 88, 136,
138
Harris, William, of Mundon  (father ofVincent)  30: 44 Harrison, William  (Radwinter rector)  28: 163; 30: 241
Harsnett, Samuel, Colchester Library 23: 80; 28: 317
Hartwell House, Aylesbury (Bucks) 25: 189
Harvey, Francis, of Cressing 28: 164
Harvey, I. M. W.,Jack Cade's Rebellion of 1450 (book review) 23: 167
Harvey, James, ofWangey House, Dagenham  (d  1627) 26: 200
Harvey, John Bawtree, 19th cent. Colchester mayor 23: 80,
83
Harwich
general, fishing weirs 29: 281
Domesday survey 26: 194
16th cent., defence against Spain 25: 193 17th cent.
Capt. SilasTaylor (d 1678) 25: 174-84
on local history 25: 181-2; 26: 192-5,193
naval station 25: 175-80, 193-4; 26: 194, 195 18th/19th cent.
fish-weirs 29: 186
French wars 25: 193, 194, 196, 198
see also Bathside Battery  (below)


Hatfield Peverel


Samuel Dale's History 25: 182; 26: 192-4,193 20th cent., recent histories and accounts of 26: 195 Anchor Hotel25: 199
Church Street
Methodist chapel (nr Mayflower Ho.) 21: 57-9, 58,
64- 67,68,69,71,89-90
medieval occupation 21: 64, 65, 67,69
mise. finds 21: 86, 87-8,89
pottery from 21: 72-4, 77-86, 80, 84, 90
No. 4, medieval and post-medieval pottery 26: 226
No. 50 21: 59, 69-71, 70,72
defences 25: 196; 29: 186
Angel Gate 25: 196,197, 198, 199, 212; 28:201,203
Bathside Battery 22: 149, 153; 23: 104-5, 104; 25:
193-218 (inc. illustr.)
Beacon Hill25: 179, 196, 197, 198; 26: 194; 29: 195,
211-12
Twydall Profile defence 29: 212
Martello towers 25: 196,198
Redoubt 25: 196, 197, 198
Shotley Gate 25: 198; 29: 186
Stanier Line 28: 200
World War defences 28: 200-1
see also Landguard fort (Suffolk)
George Street 21: 58, 59, 60-3, 90
mise. finds 21: 86-9
pottery from 21: 72, 73, 74-7, 75, 85-6
White Hart Hotel21: 58, 59, 63
King's Head Street (formerly East Street) 21: 90; 25: 176
Market Street corner (No. 5) 21: 58, 59,71-2, 72, 122
The King's House 25: 176, 177, 180
Kings Quay Street (Nos 46-47), post-medieval features 30:225
St Austin's Lane 21: 90
Stour Road 25: 193, 195, 199,203,212
West Street 21: 90
see also Landguard Fort; Landguard Point Harwich  Gas and Coke Co. 25:  199
Hastings  (Sussex), London & County Bank, architecture
26:213
Hatchet,John,Audley End coachmaker 23:74 Hatfield
and 13th cent. royal forest 26: 129-30
and post-medieval forest see under Hatfield Broad Oak
below
Hatfield Broad Oak
late Bronze Age hoard 23: 116, 117; 28: 278, 280
medievalmanorof26:  171;29: 118
medieval settlement 29: 117-18 19th cent. survey of25: 224
Buryfields, Cage End, post-medieval structures 28: 210 Cock Public House, architectural fragments 26: 254 Down Hall, 19th cent. garden and park 29: 200
Hatfield Forest, Warren Plantation, 17th cent. rabbit farm
25:254,255;28:  164
Lancasters, moated enclosure 24: 191
'Manwood Green' 27: 193
Priory 26: 254; 27: 253
Vicarage, F. Chancellor's work 26: 216
Hatfield Heath to Matching Tye, Rising Main 29:
199-200
Hatfield Peverel Priory
Benedictine Order at 21: 132; 26: 277
Priory House 24: 208





51


Hatfield Peverel


Hatfield Peverel, Priory (cont.)
StAndrew's Church 26:277-9,278
Tudor mansion 21: 132; 26: 277,278
Hatfield Place (book review) 23: 170
linear features (trackway and poss. ring ditches) 24: 193 Sandford Quarry
late Iron Age features 27: 17-19
Roman enclosures/structures 26: 238, 244; 27: 13-21 (inc. illustr.)
Smallands Farm, mise. features and pottery 26: 244 to Witham pumping main, watching brief 24: 208
Hatfield Peverel, medieval honour of21: 50; 26: 163; 30:
146, 147, 148, 151
Havengore Island, Foulness
and the identity ofWallfleet 26: 169, 170
poss. red hills 21: 131
Haverhill, A604 Bypass 27: 265, 269; 29: 294, 297 Havering
medieval period
early medieval manor 29: 116, 117, 119
manor and James I's lawsuit v. tenants 21: 48-9 and the royal forest 26: 128, 129, 130
manor and Liberty of (150Q-1620) (book review) 23: 167-8
see also Rainham
Havering-atte-Bower  29:  116
cropmarks 30: 202
Havers, Philip, Mount Bures scandal 24: 161 Havis, R.
and Ecclestone, J., 'Late Iron Age and Roman occupation at Hatfield Peverel: excavations at Sandford Quarry  1994' 27: 13-21
'Roman Braintree: excavations 1984-90' 24: 22-68
Hawkwell
Church of St Mary, construction of north aisle and vestry 27:271-2;29:255-8,256-8
medieval manor of22: 61,65 Hawkwell Hall25: 220
Hayward, Charles Foster (architect) 24: 176, 177
Hayward, HenryW. (architect), StAndrew's Church,
Earls Colne 28: 165, 166
hazel nutshells, Asheldham Camp 22: 31
Hazwell, Revd. Joseph (d 1733), rector of North Benfleet 24: 152
hearths/ovens
and corn driers, interpretation  of 27: 33-4 prehistoric  (general),Wakering, Great 28: 5 Bronze Age, Southend Airport  (poss.)  28: 213 early Iron Age, Southend, Fox Hall 26: 25
Iron Age
Birchanger, Woodside Industrial Park 25: 31 Canvey Island, Leigh Beck Marshes 25: 247 Dunmow, Great, Buildings Farm 28: 52
Roman
Castle Hedingham, Maiden Ley Farm 27: 28, 29, 30,
33-4
Colchester
Angel Yard 27: 37
Osbome Street 25: 47,48 medieval
Boreham, Buxted Chicken Factory 28: 106, 109-10
CressingTemple,  Granary 25:97-8
Homdon-on-the-Hill, High Road/Mill Lane 28: 211
Maldon, Carmelite Friary 30: 60, 134
Springfield Lyons 28: 109


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


Springfield/Boreham,A12 Interchange 24:211, 215; 27:
176;28:  109-10;30:5,24,26,27,39
Stansted-le-Hope, St Clere's Hall24: 209 Stebbingford 27: 112, 118, 121, 169; 28: 110
Weald, South, Camp 26: 63
Woodford Green, Harts Hospital23: 110
Yeldham, Great, Old Post Office Cottages 26: 174, 176,
187
late medieval, CressingTemple 23: 103 late medievaVpost -medieval
Colchester, Angel Yard 27: 48, 50
Waltham Abbey, Church Street 24: 80, 89, 90, 111
Yeldham, Great, Old Post Office Cottages 26: 177, 181,
187,188
post-medieval, 17th cent., Stebbing, Church of St Mary the Virgin 28: 123
not precisely  dated
Boreham, Buxted Chicken Factory 25: 246
Colchester, East Stockwell Street 23: 32 Maldon, High Street, Moot Hall (rear) 28: 135
hedgerows
Bocking, dating of 24: 114-17, 116
Cressing, and field boundaries 28: 151-5 (inc. illustr.) Fordham, Fossett's Lane 30: 224
Woodham Waiter Hall (site) 30: 181, 187 Hedingham Castle, dovecote 28: 294-8 (inc. illustr.) Hekla (Iceland), great eruption 24: 94
Helions Bumpstead prehistoric
Neolithic flint axe 24: 185
poss. 'hengiform' Neolithic/Bronze  Age enclosure 22:
145,146
medieval period, Domesday survey 24: 158
Boblow, moat, post-medieval finds 24: 191
Boblow House 28: 238-40, 239; 30: 245
Church of St Andrew 27: 295-6
The Old Post Office 24: 199
windmill  (poss.) 22: 145, 146
Heliun, Tihel de, Helions Bumpstead (Domesday) 24: 158
Hellyer, Sacheverall, and Abrahams Ferry 23: 63
Hemel Hempstead  (Herts),Wood Lane End, Roman rural sanctuary 26: 266
Hempstead
chapel granted byWilliam Rufus 25: 271 Church of St Andrew, Harvey vault 26: 226 Supply Main 29:210
Hende, Sir John, manor ofBradwell29: 91-2 Heneage, Sir Thomas, and Copped Hall29: 228 'henge' monuments (poss.) 28: 196; 29: 188
Belchamp St Paul 28: 196;29: 188
Helions Bumpstead 22: 145, 146
Rainham, Great Arnolds Field 28: 101 Henham
Neolithic flint arrowhead 24: 185
Roman brooches 27: 307-8, 309
early Anglo-Saxon brooch 26: 270-1, 271; 29: 184
medieval metalwork 27: 308,309
Reservoir, Roman site 21: 143-4, 144, 145
Hennessey,  George, Novum  Repertorium  Parochiale Londinense 24: 161
Henny, Great, Anglian Water mains replacement 23: 137,
140, 142
Henny, Little, Anglian Water mains replacement 23: 140
Henry I, King 25: 74; 26: 126; 28: 142; 30: 26, 178





52


Index for J.Vlumes 21-30


Henryll, King 25: 74;26: 163, 171; 27: 193, 194;28: 144;
30:147,150,152,266
grants charter to Maldon 26: 164; 28: 140
and the royal forest 26: 126, 128
Waltham Abbey re-foundation 22: 160; 24: 69; 25: 229
war with France 27: 195
see also coins
Henry m, King 24: 122; 27:3, 196, 197; 28: 130; 30: 147,
151
royal forest administration 26: 126, 127
Henry V, King 30: 152
Henry VI, King 21: 106
Henry VII, King 30: 149, 178
Henry VIII, King 21: 54; 22: 81; 26: 274; 30: 178, 187, 191,
193,277,278
grants estates to Lord Rich 25: 113, 119
visits Harwich 26: 194
see also coins
Henry ofBlois (brother of King Stephen) 28: 142, 144
Henshaw, Mr Colin 28: 267
Herculaneum (Italy), early Roman hall26: 264 Hereford, Earls of see Bohun
Hereford Cathedral, library 25: 174
Herle, Admiral Robert de, and 14th cent. Colchester enquiry 22: 70, 72
Hertford, and the Vikings 27: 96
Hertford Castle 25: 171
Hertford, earls of see Clare, Richard de
Hertisham  (later Hassobury), Farnham, medieval manor 27: 194
Hervy, John, Colchester town clerk (15th cent.) 24: 129 Hewet family, 16th cent. Colchester 21: 111, 112, 114 Heybridge
early Iron Age pottery 26: 72
Roman road 21: 123
Roman'smalltown'25:239,242,250;26:250;28:  12,21,
29
19th cent. iron foundry at 29: 189
Crescent Road, Anglo-Saxon structures 28: 12, 29 Elms Farm
Bronze Age to Saxon features 25: 250; 26: 250; 28: 12,
13,16, 19,33;30:230
Roman structures, poss. mansio 26: 250 Heybridge Hall
assessment 29: 233-8, 235-6
Iron Age features 23: 99, 100, 101; 29: 233
Iron Age/early Roman features 30: 220
Saxon features (poss.) 30: 210,220
medieval occupation 23: 100, 101; 30: 212,220 Holloway Road, late Iron Age/Roman features 25: 242 Langford Road 28: 12-46 (inc. illustr.)
prehistoric features (general) 25: 242; 28: 15
Mesolithic features 28: 16,30-1, 31
Neolithic features 28: 16, 26,30-1,31
Bronze Age features 26: 250; 28: 16, 19, 21
Bronze Age/Iron Age features 28: 16, 17, 29
Bldg 1 28: 16, 17, 18,21
Bldg 2 28: 16, 17, 18,21
Structure 1 28: 16, 17, 18
Structure 2 28: 16, 17, 18
early to middle Iron Age 28: 16-17
Bldg 3 (roundhouse) 28: 16, 17, 19,21
late Iron Age/early Roman features 25: 242; 26: 250-1;
28: 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 27,29
Roman features 28: 21-9,22,24


Holman, Rev. William


Bldg 4 (rectangular structure) 28: 16, 21, 23, 27
burials  26: 250, 251; 28:  23,24-7,25-6,28,29-30,
35,38
Anglo-Saxon features 28: 22, 27,29
environment and economy 28: 21, 23, 29,38-44, 43
palaeochannel28:  43,44
mise. fmds/grave goods 28: 37-8,37
see also pottery
Northern Relief Road, prehistoric features 28: 210 St Andrew's Church, graveyard survey 28: 225 Saltcote Maltings 28: 199, 201; 29: 191, 195,206 see also Lofts Farm
Heygate, Rev. William E., Stifford poet 26: 196, 198
Heygate family 26: 196
Heyward, John, Colchester town clerk (15th cent.) 21: 104; 24:129,130,131
Hicks, Charles, Great Holland farmer 25: 219 Higbed, Thomas, Protestant martyr 26: 198
Higgins, Charles, Audley End house steward 23: 67, 69, 70,
72,73,74,75;24:  164,165,166
Higgs, Laquita
Godliness and Governance in Tudor Colchester (book review) 30:277-8
'Wills and Religious Mentality in Tudor Colchester' 22: 87-100
Highgate see under London
Hill, Richard, tenant ofTottenham Mills 23: 57, 59
Hill, Thomas, The Gardener's l..o,byrinth (1571) 30: 191 hillforts
and camps 26: 51
Ambresbury Banks 26: 61
Bigbury (Devon) 21: 6
Chipping Hill, Witham 22: 25, 26; 23: 22; 26: 61; 29: 204
Danbury Camp 22: 23, 26; 23: 22; 24: 205; 26: 61,62
Littlebury, Ring Hill Hillfort 21: 8; 27: 262, 272-3
Loughton Camp 26: 61
Mucking 'mini-hillfort' 22: 25
Rornford, Marks Warren Farm 25: 252
Uphall Camp, Ilford 21: 126, 133; 22: 25; 26: 61
Wallbury Camp, Great Hallingbury 21: 8; 26: 61
see also Asheldham Camp; forts; Langdon Hills (Camp); Weald, South (Camp)
Hills, John, Billericay map-maker 25: 224
Hinckford, medieval hundred 27: 108, 174; 29: 115, 116,
118, 119-20
Historic Towns Survey 28: 196-7; 29: 188; 30:202 Hockley
19th cent. tithe commutation maps 25: 222 Plumberow Mount, poss. Roman? earthwork 29: 269
Hod Hill Roman fort (Dorset) 22: 8 Holborn see under London
Holbrook, Neil and Langton, Brona et al., 'A prehistoric and Roman occupation and burial site at Heybridge: excavations at Langford Road, 1994'28: 12-46
Holbrook Bay, Stour estuary (Suffolk)
fish-traps (kiddles) 28: 196; 29: 2 78
fishing weir 29: 186,274,280,281
Holden, Anne, 'A brief description of the life and work of Frederic  Chancellor  1825-1918' 26:205-21
Holland, Great, and tithe commutation 25: 219
Holland, Henry Earl of, and Littley Park 25: 119
Holman, Rev. William (d 1730) 24: 157; 26: 192; 30: 187-8
and StAndrew's Church, Earls Colne 28: 167, 170, 172,
174,175, 176, 179n11





53


Holme


Holme (Hunts) 27: 96
Holwell, John, River Lea survey 23: 57-66, 58, 59, 60
Honeywood, Mary, of Markshall24: 160 Honorius, Emperor see coins (Roman)
Honyngton, Edmund, Colchester will (1514) 22: 93
Honyngton, John, Colchester will (1485) 22: 93 Hooker, Thomas, 17th cent. religious dissenter 26: 292 Horkesley,  Great
Enclosure Acts 26: 138
Martins, enclosure 27: 252
The Old House, barn renovation 29: 184-5 parish of 25: 73
Slough Grove (near), Roman artefacts 23: 93
see also kilns, pottery (medieval)
Horkesley, Little, late Bronze Age socketed axe 22: 9, 10 Horlocks, the see Sokens,The
horn cores
Leyton, Buckingham Road, Football Club, horn-core lined drain 28: 212
Maldon Carmelite Friary 27: 223; 30: 138 hornbeam     woodland
Pound Wood, Rayleigh Hills 27: 322
Woodham Waiter Hall 30: 187 Hornchurch
poss. late Iron Age sub-square enclosure 26: 234 medieval period 21: 48
Aerodrome 28: 101
Hornchurch Road, Bus Garage, prehistoric to Saxon pottery 26: 244
Maybank Avenue
middle Iron Age round house 28: 101 Elm Park
Iron Age features 24: 205; 25: 250
Roman evidence 25: 250 Hornchurch,South
Mardyke Farm 28: 101
Rainham Road, LESSA Sports Ground, Iron Age to Saxon features 30: 210, 215
Horndon
gas pipeline to Barking 24: 199; 26: 285-7, 286
Conway's Farm 26: 286, 287
Groves Cottages 26: 286, 287
Groves Farm 26: 286, 287
Mar Dyke 26: 286, 287
Rainham Marshes 24: 199; 26: 285, 286, 287
Stringcock Fen 26: 286, 287
Wilderness, The 26: 286, 287 Horndon,   East
Heron Hall 30: 193
medieval manor 21:49
Horndon,John, Colchester town clerk (15th cent.) 24: 129, 130, 131, 132
Horndon, West
18th cent., Enclosure Act 25: 219
see also Brentwood (Thorndon Country Park) Horndon-on-the-Hill
Roman landscape evolution 22: 48, 53-4 HighRoad
Mayfield Cottage 25: 231
Oxley House (formerly the Co-operative shop) 29:
238-40,239
The Old Market Hall 29: 238, 239
High Street/Mill Lane (site of Mount House) 21: 133 Mill Lane/High Road Corner
medieval features 28: 206, 21Q-11, 220


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


medieval and post-medieval pottery 23: 106 St Peter and St Paul's Church, spire 29: 285, 286 Thomas Higbed of (Protestant martyr) 26: 198 Village Hall 28: 220
horse   bones prehistoric,Aveley 28: 215
Roman, Braintree, George Yard 24: 53-4, 60 horse  brooches
Iron Age bronze
Bocking 22: 1-3, 2
Polden Hill (Somerset) 22: 1, 3
horse burial, late Iron Age/Roman, Stratford Market Place 23: 109
horse equipment
late Iron Age/early Roman Gosbecks 30: 216
HarlowTemple 21: 133
Uttlesford, north-west (poss.) 29: 183, 184
Roman
copper alloy, Chesterford, Great 27: 308, 309
iron, Boreham, Bull's Lodge Farm 24: 15
Anglo-Saxon
copper alloy
Ashen 27: 320, 321
Easter, High 27: 320, 321
Margaret Roding 27: 320, 321
Pleshey 27: 320, 321
Vange 29: 283, 284
medieval
Henham 27: 308, 309
Stebbingford 27: 151, 152, 153, 154
Vange 29: 284
not precisely dated
copper alloy, Dunmow, Great, Buildings Farm 28: 83, 85
iron, Chesterford, Great 27: 308, 309
see also bridle-bits; horse brooches horseshoe    nails
iron
Stebbingford 27: 126, 151, 154
WalthamAbbey, Church Street 24:76, 105
horseshoes iron
Anglo-Saxon, Braxted, Little 23: 128, 129
medieval
Maldon Carmelite Friary 30: 77, 117, 121, 135
Springfield/Boreham A12 Interchange 30: 37
Stebbingford 27: 152, 153
Horsey Island 29: 186
Horstedafort  see Stebbingford horticulture see gardens and gardening
Horton Kirby (Kent), Anglo-Saxon cemetery 25: 264
Hotoft, Robert, Orsett Old Hall Farm 27: 278 Houchins Farm see Coggeshall
Howard, James, Abrahams Ferry 23: 63
Howard, Jeremiah O"eremy), Abrahams Ferry 23: 62, 63,
65
Howard, Sir John, First Duke of Norfolk (d 1485) 25:
154
Howard, Thomas, First Earl of Suffolk (d 1626), and
Audley End 24: 158
Howard, Thomas, Second Duke of Norfolk (d 1524) 25:
154, 155, 156
Howard, Thomas, Third Duke ofNorfolk (d 1554) 25:
154,155




54


Index for  UJlumes 21-30


Howard de Walden, fourth Lord see Griffin Griffm, Sir John
Howard family, and Colchester, Red Lion 25: 134, 154-5,
156,158
Howells Farm, Great Totham seeTotham, Great Huddlestone, Dorothy, Lady 22:81 Huddlestone, Sir Edmund 22: 81
Huggins, P. J., et al., 'Excavations at Church Street, Waltham
Abbey 1976-87: urban development and prehistoric evidence' 24: 69-113
Hugh 11, abbot of Bury St Edmunds 22: 101
Huguenots 23: 61; 29:253
Hull, M. R., on Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall Church 29: 60 Hullbridge, Lower Road, Willow Pond Farm, poss. red hill
30:225
Hullbridge Survey Project 26: 76; 28: 196; 30: 198-9
individual sites listed 30: 199
The archaeology of the Essex Coast vol 1: the Hullbridge survey  (Wilkinson and Murphy)  (book review)  27: 337-8
Hulne Carmelite Frairy (Northumb) 30: 132, 133, 134,
135
Hundred Court Rolls, Colchester 25: 155
Hundred Years'War 22: 64, 65 Hundreds, medieval and later
and the early 'Liberties' 25: 74-5
Barstable 21:49, 52; 26:49,127, 164, 195; 29: 119,238
Becontree 26: 127; 29: 118, 119
Chafford 26: 45, 127, 195, 199; 29: 118, 119
Chelmsford 26: 127, 164; 29: 119
Clavering 24: 153, 240; 29: 115, 119
Colchester 25: 75, 76
Dengie 25: 75; 26: 127, 164, 168; 29: 118, 119
Dunmow26: 127;27: 108, 193;29: 115,116,119
Freshwell25: 277; 29: 115, 118, 119, 120
Harlow 26: 127, 171; 27: 193; 29: 115,119
Hinckford27: 108, 174;29: 115,116,118,119-20
Lexden 25: 75, 76; 29: 119
Ongar26: 17Q-1;29: 118,119
Rochford 24: 240; 26: 198, 199; 29: 118, 119
Tendring 29: 115, 118, 119
Thurstable 29: 118, 119
Uttlesford 25: 277; 27: 340; 29: 115, 116, 118, 119, 120
Waltham 29: 118, 119
Winstree 24: 240; 29: 115, 118, 119
Witham 29: 115, 119
Hunt, Reuban, Goldhanger Iron Foundry 29: 189 Hunter, J. M.
'King John's hunting-lodge at Writtle' 24: 122-4 'Littley Park, Great Waltham -historical survey' 25:
119-24
'Medieval and Tudor parks of the Middle Chelmer valley' 25:113-18
'Settlement and farming patterns on the mid-Essex boulder clays' 26: 133-44
'The age of Cressing field boundaries' 28: 151-5
'The age of hedgerows on a Bocking estate' 24: 114-17 Huntingdon, and the Vikings 27: 97
Hurrell, Naomi, Dutch cottage, Rayleigh 22: 124-5 Hurrell, William, Dutch cottage, Rayleigh 22: 124-5 Hussey, Frank, on Dutch attack and Landguard Fort 26:
195
Hutchinson family, Earls Colne 28: 176 Hutton, silversmiths of24: 152
Hutton, Dr Matthew (antiquarian, d 1711) 24: 160


inhumations


Hyam Hyam clothing manufacturing, Colchester 27: 229
hypocausts
Alresford Lodge 29: 246 Boreham
Bull's Lodge Farm 24: 6, 11, 12, 19
St Andrew's Church (poss.) 29: 252
Castle Hedingham, Maiden Ley Farm 27: 32, 34 Colchester
East Stockwell Street 23: 33
Kirkee McMunn Barracks 26: 253; 29: 262, 265, 266,
268
LongWyre Street23: 120-3,121

ice-houses, Epping, Copped Hall (prob.) 29: 226,227
Iceni21: 8 Ilford
Aldborough Hatch Chapel, Newbury Park 30: 225 Beehive Lane, Beehive public house, post-medieval
farming 26: 244
Goodmayes, Kinfauns Road, ring ditches and post­ medieval farming 23: 106
see also Fairlop; Fairlop Quarry; Uphall Camp Inchtuthillegionary    fortress    (Perths)
mansio 23: 122, 123
officers' compound 23: 33
Industrial Archaeology Survey 26: 234-6, 236; 27:
255-60,256- 28: 197-200,198-202,315;
29:  189-91,19  191;30:202-5,203-5
industries  and trades  see  armaments  manufacture; bone­ working; breweries; cutlery industry; employment; gelatine/isinglass;  gunpowder manufacture; ironworking; kilns; metalworking; quarrying; salt industry; shoemaking; straw plaiting; textile-working; wheelwrights; woodworking and carpentry
Inga (Domesday placename), manor in Barstable hundred 21:49
Ingatestone
Church of St Edmund and St Mary 25: 229 Henry Clayton of 25: 220, 222, 224
High Street, Roman road (London to Colchester), evidence for 25: 263
lock-up cell see Mountnessing  (Drury's Farm)
Stock Road, Mesolithic flint axe/adze 27: 304
see also Fryerning; kilns, pottery  (medieval, Mill Green)
Ingatestone Hall22: 144; 26: 274; 30: 191
brick barn 25: 125, 131
Ingrave Hall, St Nicholas  Old Church, site of, Roman­ British finds 23: 92
Ingrebourne, River 21: 134
Rainham flood defence works 26: 254
Upminster 30: 216 inhumations
late Iron Age/Roman(?), Stratford Market Place 23: 109; 24:202
Roman
Chesterford, Great, Ickleton Road 21: 11, 16-17
Chignall30: 276 Colchester
Balkerne Hill, St Mary's Hospital 29: 197, 198
Beverley Road 29: 205
Butt Road (No. 47) 29: 198; 30: 210,217
Gosbecks 28: 205, 217
Lexden Road, Sovereign Crescent (poss.) 30:210,218





55


inhumations


inhumations, Roman, Colchester (cont.)
StJohn's Street 23: 37
Heybridge, Langford Road (poss.) 28: 24, 27, 29, 35,
38
Anglo-Saxon
Chesterford area 29: 273
Wicken Bonhunt 25: 239, 245 medieval
Cressing Temple 24: 204
Langham, St Mary's Church 30: 253
Maldon, Carmelite Friary 23: 106; 30: 44, 49, 53, 54,
56-7,57,60, 133, 135
Pleshey, Back Lane, Hill House (former St Mary's
churchyard) 28: 184-5
Ridgewell, St Lawrence's Church 27: 298, 299 Stebbing, Church of St Mary the Virgin 25: 251; 28:
119,120-2,121, 13Q-1
post-medieval
Broomfield, St Mary's Church 30: 250, 251
Earls Colne, St Andrew's Church 28: 172-6, 177
Stebbing, Church of St Mary the Virgin 25: 251; 28: 122-3
Steeple Bumpstead, St Mary's Church 28: 256 Walthamstow, St Mary's Church 28: 256, 257, 258-63 Weald, South, St Peter's Church 28: 265
not precisely  dated
Abridge, London, Little 22: 150
Barking, St Margaret's Church 22: 150
Stratford Langthome Abbey 26: 252
Thaxted, Church of StJohn the Baptist 21: 137 Innocent IV, Pope 30: 136
inscriptions
general
on church plate 24: 151
Terling Church, Rochester family 27: 302-3 medieval
Alresford, St Peter's Church 29: 246
Bradwell-juxta-Coggeshall, Holy Trinity Church 29: 66 16th/17th cent., Dagenham, St Peter and St Paul Church
26:200
17th cent., Bardfield Saling, Church of St Peter and St Paul25: 230
18th cent.
Cressing, Hungry Hall 28: 163
Dagenham, St Peter and St Paul Church 29: 253 Earls Colne, St Andrew's Church 28: 170, 172, 174
Walthamstow, St Mary's Church 28: 259, 262
19th cent.
Brentwood, St Faiths Hospital industrial school 29:
191
Tey, Great, Church of St Bamabas 30: 252
20th cent.,Walthamstow, St Mary's Church 28: 259 insect    remains
CressingTemple, Granary, beetle infestation 25: 81
Enfield Lock 22: 162
Heybridge, Langford Road 28: 23, 39-40,41-3
Stebbingford 27: 108, 159-60, 164
Ipswich   (Suffolk) Carmelite Friary 30: 133
Railway Station 28: 310 iron  objects
late Bronze Age to Iron Age, Southend, Fox Hall26: 36 Iron Age
Dunmow, Great, Buildings Farm 28: 84, 85
Stanway 21: 135


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


Iron Age/Roman
Billericay, School21: 25.21.26, 39,41-2, 41, 44
Dunmow, Great, Buildings Farm 28: 82, 83, 84, 85-6 Kelvedon, High Street, Lawson Villas 28: 211
Roman26: 77
Birchanger, Woodside Industrial Park 25: 42-3
Boreham
Bull's Lodge Farm 24: 13, 14-16, 15
Felsted, Sugar Beet Factory 27: 264
Braintree, George Yard 24: 47, 48
Colchester
Angel Yard 27: 75
Gosbecks 26: 261
Elsenham 23: 112
Heybridge, Langford Road 28: 26, 27, 37,38
Sampford, Great, Shillingstone Field 29: 46, 47 Anglo-Saxon
Braxted, Little 23: 126-31,127,129,130
Chesterford area 29: 270, 271-3
medieval
Boreham, Buxted Chicken Factory 28: 106, 109 Maldon
Carmelite Friary 30:75,77, 119,120, 121, 122,135
High Street (Post Office) 23: 149, 150
Sandon, St Andrew's Church 25: 282-3, 284
Springfield/Boreham A12 Interchange 30: 37
Stebbingford 27: 116, 151-4, 152-3
medieval/post -medieval
Colchester, Angel Yard 27: 76, 77, 78, 79
Harwich, George Street 21: 87
Ongar sewerage scheme pipeline 23: 134, 136
Thaxted, Town Street/Weaverhead Lane 29:286, 29D-1,
290
Waltham Abbey, Church Street 24: 76, 104-6, 105
post-medieval
Chipping Ongar, Pleasance car park 30: 173, 174
Colne Engaine 23: 142
Maldon Carmelite Friary 30: 117,118, 119, 120, 121,122
Rochford, South Street 28: 186
Stebbingford 27: 126
Walthamstow,  St Mary's  Church 28: 262 Weald, South, St Peter's  Church 28: 265
Yeldham, Great, Old Post Office Cottages 26: 184
not precisely  dated
Bradwell-on-Sea, Othona Community site 25: 68
Broomfield, St Mary's Church 30: 250,251 Castle Hedingham, Maiden Ley Farm 27: 31,32 Chesterford, Great 27: 308,309
Chipping Ongar, Pleasance car park 30: 173 Coggeshall, 'The Lawns' 26: 99
Dunmow, Great, Buildings Farm 28: 86
Harwich, Church Street 26: 226 Maldon
Carmelite Friary 30: 81,84
landfill site 22: 170
Stanway Hall Farm 23: 108
Writtle, Birch Spring, Highwood 27: 9, 10 iron  slag
Roman, Braintree, George Yard 24: 50, 66
not precisely  dated
Billericay, School21: 42
Chesterford, Great, Vintners 23: 106
Harwich, Bathside Battery 25: 214,215
Waltham Abbey, Sun Street 26: 122
see also slag



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