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Monday, 7 December 2015

Essex Archaeology and History. Third Series. Vols. 1-20. Index (Bu -Cogg )


Published here online for the first time, this is the Index of the Transactions of the Essex Society for Archaeology and History (until 1985, the Essex Archaeological Society).  Contact us for more information.

BURES ST MARY (SUFFOLK), prehistoric crop-marks 14: 114, 115
BURES  (SUFFOLK)
medieval cloth trades 20: 57
pass. medieval flax cultivation 20: 48
St Stephens' chapel, de Vere family tombs 6: 90-8 (inc. illustr.); 16: 53, 54, 55-64(inc. illustr.)
BURGESH, BISHOP (d 1349), tomb 16: 60
BURGESS, WILLIAM, Thorpe vicar 2: 123, 125, 129 BURGH CASTLE (SUFFOLK)
late Roman glassware  17: 28
Roman pottery 8: 274; 14:57
BURGHESS, BISHOP (d 1343), tomb 16: 58
BURHS
Maldon 10: 14; 13: 59; 14: 140-1, 144; 17:61,62,63, 162;
19:261,266;20:  108
Wigingamere (?Newport) 20:84
BURIALS see BARROWS; CEMETERIES; CREMATION BURIALS; INHUMATIONS; TOMBStrOMBSTONES
BURINS, flint, Mesolithic, Waltham Abbey monastic site 2:
227
BURNA (DOMESDAY PLACENAME), TENDRING HUNDRED  16:44
see also CHICH (MANOR)
BURNETT, MONTGOMERY, 'The FitzRalph Brass at Pebmarsh' 6: 99-10 1
BURNHAM-ON-CROUCH
prehistoric pass. ritual site 14: 119
prehistoric pottery and fired clay 9: 75, 76
Iron Age ceramic loomweight 14: 119, 120, 121
11th cent. landholding 4: 129
13th cent. market licensed 13: 16, 17
14th cent. reeve's account of (14-15 Richard IT) 2: 147-58 1801 agricultural survey 5: 188, 195
Ostend, Littlejohn's Farm 2: 149
Redward Farm, Roman pottery 8: 163
see also ALTHORNE (Cliff Reach) BURSTEAD,   GREAT
?Mesolithic axe/adze 13: 32, 33, 46
13th cent. market licensed 13: 17, 18
medieval clergy 1: 250
Well Farm (Wella in Domesday) 16: 43
see also BILLERICAY BURSTEAD,    LITTLE
High View, The Chase, human bone fmd  16: 130 medieval cloth trades 20: 59
Whitehall Manor (Dunton) 9: 99; 10: 243
BURY LODGE LANE, STANSTED see STANSTED AIRPORT
BURY ST EDMUNDS (SUFFOLK)
Bodleian MSS pass. from Ramsey 2: 300 Bury Bible 11: 2-J(Figs 7-8), 3-4
and pilgrim route to Walsingham 2: 40
St Edmundsbury Abbey
and Essex churches and religious houses 2: 37
J. Doreward as Steward 8: 209-10, 213, 214
medieval markets 13: 15
BUSH, NICHOLAS, PRIEST, ST PETER'S,
COLCHESTER 15: 84
BUTCHER, SARNIA A., 'A Roman Stud from Colchester Decorated with Millefiori Enamel' 14: 146-9
BUTLER FAMILY, EARLS OF ORMOND 19: 155
BUTLIN'S HOLIDAY CAMP (former), Clacton-on-Sea, Lower Palaeolithic evidence 19:260,264


CAMBRIDGE


BUTTRESSES/PILASTERS
Roman
Colchester
Gosbecks Theatre 3: 95
Queen Street 3: 88
?Saxon/medieval, Leighs, Great, St Mary's Church 12: 69 medieval
Holland, Little, church 20: 79
Waltham Abbey, monastic church 'tower' buttresses 19:
121, 123,124- 127
not precisely  dated
Liston parish church 19: 253
Peldon, Church of St Mary (pass.) 19: 253
see also PIERS
BUTTS HILL, CANEWDON see CANEWDON
BUTTSBURY
Fristling (Frizland) Hall (Festinges in Domesday) 16: 42 Imphey Hall (Limpwella pass. Domesday placename) 16:
45
BUXSTON, WILLIAM, mercer in Colchester 15: 90 BYRDE, JOHN, CHAMBERLAIN,  COLCHESTER  15: 88,
89,91
BYRES, ANIMAL, medieval, Waltham Abbey (Bldg XXI) 4: 35, 36, 80, 90, 91, 93
BYRHTNOTH OF ESSEX, EALDORMAN 12: 96, 97

CADE, HUGH 2: 267, 269
CADENHOU  (DOMESDAY  PLACENAME)  see
HADSTOCK CAENSTONE
Chelmsford Dominican Priory 6: 46, 48, 49, 75, 79
de Vere tomb 16: 58
Holland, Little, church 20: 79
Waltham Abbey monastic site 2: 263; 10: 169; 19: 125, 127,
140
CAESAR, GAIUS JULIUS, and Gaul14: 4, 5, 8-9, 11
CAESAROMAGOS  1: 166; 2: 333; 4: 3-29 (inc. illustr.); 6:
78;8: 124;15: 138, 165;19:40,41,45,85
book reviews 18: 125-6; 20: 180-1
temple site 4: 4-5, 8, 9, 13-28, 17-18, 28-9(Pls I-ll); 8:
125;16:126
prehistoric 'earthwork' 4: 14-15, 16, 19-20,28
?Iron Age enclosure ditch 4: 15, 16, 21, 24,26-7, 28,
28-9(Pl. 11)
medieval features 4: 25-6
sub-Roman/Germanic features 4: 25
CAISTOR, WEST (NORFOLK), prehistoric metalwork hoard 18: 11
CAISTOR-BY-NORWICH (NORFOLK), Roman pottery 14:49,50,51,54,57
CALAIS (FRANCE), Richard Coke's travels to 9: 131-2 CALAMY, EDMUND, Puritan 2: 143
CALIXTUS 11, POPE 2: 304
CALWEDUN see KELVEDON HATCH, MANOR OF CAM, RIVER 10: 24; 17: 121, 123, 124; 20:54
CAM VALLEY 17:122
CAMBOLDS,  STEBBING  see  STEBBING CAMBRIDGE
Corpus Christi College, Doreward as surety in Chancery 8:212
and English Civil War 2: 71, 72,74
Great St Mary's Church 2: 45
Market Place (Market Hill), tokens 20: 133 Trinity College 2: 44
Marianus Scotus MS compotus 11: 113-14





19


CAMBRIDGESHIRE


CAMBRIDGESHIRE
development of settlement 17: 120, 121
see also individual places by name
CAMES,LEAD
Barking, Abbey Road 20: 159
Chelmsford Dominican Priory 6: 59, 62
Waltham Abbey monastic grange 4: 117, 119
CAMP, J. P., 'Excavations at Aldersbrook Manor, Essex, 1972-73'8:200-8
CAMPSEA ASH PRIORY (SUFFOLK), medieval tiles 10: 155
CAMULODUNUM 14: 3-4, 10
Iron Age mint (prob.) 13: 37; 14: 11
Iron Age structures 10: 46
late Iron Age trade links 14: 12 'Belgic' features 4: 24
Romano-British pottery forms 2: 86; 17: 59
South Ockendon 2: 86, 88-94 passim
dyke system 14: 137; 15: 51, 52, 134
Sheepen Dyke 8: 123 work of M. R. Hull14: 1, 3
CAN, RIVER 4: 10, 11; 6: 79
CANDLESTICKS, IRON, Roman, Braintree, Rayne Road
8:27,28
CANEFELDA  (DOMESDAY  PLACENAME)  see
CANFIELD, UTILE CANEWDON
Belgic burial? 8: 244
11th cent. landholding 4: 129
Butts HillS: 151, 152, 153
East Lambourne Hall Pit, bronze axe 12: 56,57 Lambourne Hall, medieval hall 12: 87
CANFIELD, GREAT 8: 145, 146
Iron Age, bronze coin 13: 35, 37 Roman period
bronze objects 8: 156, 157
pottery 12: 63
Domesday Survey 1: 179, 185, 186
post-medieval pottery and glass 12: 63
brass-rubbing 11: 121
Marsh Farm 11: 81
Old Fitzjohns, medieval artefacts 8: 165 Turnberry Cottage, Bacon End 11:81
Udecheshale (Domesday placename) poss. near 16: 46 CANFIELD, UTILE
Romano-British pottery 8: 245
Canefelda in Domesday (poss.) 16: 44
1801 agricultural survey 5: 189, 197
Stone Hall16: 120
windmill mound, ?Roman to medieval origin 15: 144, 145,
146
CANNING TOWN (London), church dedicated to St Cedd 2:36
CANONIUM  (ROMAN  SMALL TOWN)  see KELVEDON
CANTERBURY, ARCHBISHOPS OF see ARUNDEL,
THOMAS; CHICHELE, HENRY CANTERBURY (KENT)
Roman Colchester pottery products 14: 50, 51, 54
Christchurch (HolyTrinity) 8: 214, 215; 11: 6, 9, 10
and Latchingdon manors 11: 6
and Mersea Island 12: 96, 97; 15: 173
pilgrim route to Bury St Edmunds and Walsingham 2: 40 CANTERBURY CATHEDRAL (KENT), as ecclesiastical
landowner 2: 37
CANTLEY, DONCASTER, Roman pottery industry 5: 14


Essex Society for Archaeology  and History


CANVEY ISLAND
Iron Age pottery 2: 158
Iron Age/Roman period, salt industry 2: 14, 17, 21; 11:
110;12:40;15:34,165,171
Roman pottery 2: 158; 8: 265, 274; 15: 134-5
early Anglo-Saxon pottery 8: 265-7,266
Canvey Point, 'oven' structures (not precisely dated) 12: 61,
62; 15: 164, 165
chapel (later parish church) of St Catherine 2: 39-40 Dutch workmen employed on dykes 2: 40
Leigh Beck, Roman pottery 2: 95
May Avenue, late Iron Age salt-making 12: 40 old Dutch house restoration 1: 167
'Red Hills' 1: 265; 2: 14-33(inc. illustr.); 5: 118; 11: 110;
15:34
Iron Age pottery 2: 14
Belgic features 2: 15, 17, 19, 21
Roman features 1:265; 2: 14, 16, 17, 19, 21, 158,329
medieval features 2: 15, 17, 21
CAPEL-LE-FERNE (KENT), biconical urn 7: 17
CARDINAL, CLARKSON, ofTendring 2: 127, 130
CAREW, ROSSE, and military company 10: 121, 123-4
CAREY,ALBERT EDWARD (Engineer) 18: 77, 80, 83, 85,86
CARLETON, SIR DUDLEY, Essex alarum of 1625 15: 100,
102,103
CARUSLE, 2ND EARL OF see HAY,JAMES
CARPENTER, JOHN, Rector ofPeldon 7: 68
CARP'S TONGUE METALWORKING COMPLEX 18: 7
CARR, A. D., 'The Turbulent Vicar ofWrittle' 1: 210-11 CARSEWCARESEIA  (DOMESDAY PLACENAME),
poss. Northey Island 16:44
CARTER, H. MALCOLM, 'The Manors ofTolleshunta' 1: 239-46
CARTER, HENRY, 17th cent. token issuer 17: 178
CARTERS PASTURE, PURLEIGH 17: 108,109, 110, 112,
116-17
CASSIVELLAUNUS, KINGDOM OF 14: 8, 9, 11
Wallbury Camp 15:51
CASTLE ACRE (NORFOLK), 15th cent. Priory and Convent 2: 295-6
CASTLE HEDINGHAM
Roman fmds 8: 245
medieval honour of 1: 184, 187, 188
post-medieval Nuremberg jetton 20: 152
Pottery Lane 17: 151
St Nicholas' Church churchyard, cross shaft 5: 216; 11: 1-
5, 2-3(Figs 1-6)
Smalton (Smaltuna in Domesday) 16: 43
and Vere family 16: 53, 54, 60
Wheatsheaf Public House 20: 97
CATHERINE OF ARAGON, QUEEN 9: 133, 134
CATHERINE OF BRAGANZA 2: 40
CATHERINE, SAINT, church/religious house dedications 2: 37,39,45
CATMEREEND,LITTLEBURY   17:122,124,126
CATTERICK (YORKS), medieval knight's fee 1: 181 CATILE   BONES/REMAINS
Belgic, Kelvedon, Doucecroft 19: 21,27
Iron Age/Roman period, Gun Hill,WestTilbury 5: 54, 92, 97 Roman
bos
Braintree, Rayne Road 8: 21, 22,60
Coggeshall, St Peter's School19: 55, 66, 85
Rawreth 9: 43
Braintree, Rayne Road 8: 60-2




20


IndexforVolumes 1-20


CATTLE BONES/REMAINS, Roman (cont.)
Rayne/Braintree bypass 20: 22-3, 25
South Ockendon 2: 86
Anglo-Saxon, Broomfield Borrow Pit 17: 147
not precisely  dated
Heybridge, Blackwater Sailing Club 19: 247
llford, Richmond Road, bos 16: 130
Thaxted, Weaverhead  Lane, bos 20: 114, 116
see also OX BONES CATTLE-RAISING
Iron Age, Tilbury, West, Gun Hill 5: 98 Roman
Coggeshall, St Peter's School19: 67 NW Essex 17: 125
Rayne/Braintree bypass 20: 26, 27
CATUVELLAUNI 9: 83; 10: 27; 13: 37; 14: 9 CAUSEWAYS
Anglo-Saxon, Mersea Island, the Strood 14: 77-86 (inc. illustr.)
post-medieval, Southchurch Hall15: 168; 18: 37
'CAVE SITES', PREHISTORIC  10: 234
CAVENDISH  (SUFFOLK), medieval  cloth trades  20: 45 CAWARDINE, HENRY, de Vere family tombs 16: 54 CAWMOND,  RICHARD, VICAR   OF  ST PETER'S,
COLCHESTER 15: 84, 85
CECIL FAMILY 9: 129, 139; 10: 130
CEDD, SAINT 8: 236
bishop of the East Saxons 10: 53 early church building 10: 71
parish church dedications 2: 36, 38 CELLARS
post-medieval
Braintree, Bank Street 8: 65, 79
Saffron Walden, King Street 19: 253
not precisely dated, Harwich, George Street 11: 55; 12: 43;
16:23
CELVESTUNA  (DOMESDAY PLACENAME)  see
CHELVESTON CEMETERIES
Beaker
Mucking, flat grave 5: 10
Orsett Cock 16: 87-91(inc. illustr.); 18: 17 Bronze Age
Alphamstone, Collared Urn 18: 88
Ardleigh, Deverel-Rimbury urnfield/cremation burials 7: 14-31 (inc. illustr.); 14: 9; 15: 1-2, 4, 5-7, 5,
6; 16:96
Chitts Hill, Colchester, 'flat' cemetery 9: 14, 15
Colchester, Chitts Hill9: 1-16(inc. illustr.), 17, 18, 74
Springfield Lyons 16: 134
Totham, Great, Lofts Farm, bucket urn burial16: 128 late Bronze Age (prob.), Barking, Abbey Road 17: 156 early Iron Age, Totham, Great, Lofts Farm 16: 129
Iron Age, Cressing churchyard 9: 98-9
late Iron Age Ardleigh 15: 7
Welwyn-type 14: 11; 15: 52; 17: 62
Mount Bures 13: 53; 14: 141
poss. Marks Tey 8: 251 Belgic
Ardleigh 7: 14, 15
Braintree, Mill Cottages 16: 36
Belgic/Roman 8: 251
Braintree 8: 138-9(map)
Mount Bures, Fen Farm 13: 53


CEMETERIES


St Osyth Priory Park 1: 261 Roman
Bartlow Hills 9: 83
Billericay, Buckenham's Field 9: 96
Braintree 8: 126
Bank Street 8: 99
Hunnable's gravel pit 8: 92
London Road, east of 8: 114
Rayne Road, Mrs. Tabor's garden 8: 100 Rosemary Avenue 8: 101; 11: 41
Canvey Island 2: 21
Chelmsford 1: 214
Chigborough Farm 20: 162
Colchester, Butt Road 9: 97; 10: 241-2; 11: 102; 12: 40;
19:260-1,264
Cressing churchyard 9: 98-9
Dunmow, Great 20: 179, 180
Kelvedon 10: 245; 20: 6, 178
Laver, Little (poss.) 8: 239
Mucking 5: 9, 10, 11
Rawreth 9: 23
Shelford, Little, Foulness 9: 100
Stanford-le-Hope (prob.) 5: 125
Stebbing 8: 247; 10: 247; 12: 47
Stisted, Braintree Road (poss.) 8: 162 Waltham, Little, ?urn cemeteries 2:47
late Roman
Braintree, Albert Road 8: 112, 123
Colchester, Butt Road 9: 97
Romano-British/late Saxon (poss.), Saffron Walden Battle Ditches 1: 153
Celtic animal burial ritual 5: 97
Anglo-Saxon
Braintree 8: 91, 92, 127
poss. The Maizes 8: 113
Braxted, Little (poss.) 9: 84; 12: 83
Broomfield  Borrow Pit  17: 144-7, 145, 146
Broomfield Plantation Quarry ring ditch site (poss.) 17: 73-4,   75-8,80
Chesterford, Great (poss.) 9: 85
Mucking 5: 10, 11, 12; 8: 127
women's graves with jewellery 5: 11
Polhill (Kent) 8: 127
Prittlewell, grave-goods analysis 19: 91-116(inc. illustr.) Shoebury, North 14: 141
Springfield Lyons 14: 142, 144; 15: 168; 17: 163, 164;
19:268
Stanford-le-Hope (prob.) 5: 126
Stifford, North 13: 54
Waltham Abbey 9: 106; 19: 123, 134-5, 150-2,206
see also NAZEINGBURY medieval
Braintree, Chapel HillS: 109, 135
Colchester, Crouch Street 20: 161 Oakley, Little, St Mary's Church 10: 245 Waltham Abbey Chapter House 10: 247
late medieval, Yeldham, Great, Old Rectory 20: 150 medieval/post-medieval
Newport, St Leonard's Hospital17: 162; 20:87,90
Waltham Abbey monastic site 2: 230, 264 post-medieval
City of London Cemetery 8: 200, 201
Maldon, St Mary's Church 20: 151
Manningtree  Church 8: 277,278
Moulsham, Nonconformist cemetery 12: 115-16





21


CEMETERIES


CEMETERIES (cont.)
16th-17th cent., Colchester parishes 4: 134-8, 141
17th cent., Cambell tomb, St Margaret's Church, Barking 17: 158
18th/19th cent., Waltham Holy Cross, Abbey Church 16: 136
not precisely dated
Alphamstone, Church 20: 150
Asheldham, St Lawrence's Church 9: 95
Chesterford, Great, Sandpits 10: 244
Chipping Ongar, White House 13: 40
Downham, St Margaret's Church 15: 149
Dunmow, Great 12: 79
Holland, Little, Church 20: 76
lngrave, St Nicholas' Old Church 9: 54-5
Stratford Langthorne Abbey, monks' cemetery 16: 137, 139
see also BARROWS; CREMATION BURIALS; INHUMATIONS; TOMBS(fOMBSTONES
CEREAL CULTIVATION
Roman period, Springfield Cursus 15: 138
14th cent., Finchingfield Park 9: 107-12
16th cent.,Waltham Grange 4: 93-5
late 18th cent. in Essex 5: 185-7, 189-90, 191-2, 193-4 CEREAL REMAINS see PLANT REMAINS
'CERNEL' (DORSET), medieval landholding 2: 112, 115 CESSPITS
late medieval, Braintree, George Yard 17: 158 18th cent., Braintree, George Yard 17: 158
not precisely  dated
Colchester, Culver Street 15: 165
Waltham Abbey monastic site 19: 134
CESTERWALD, reconsidered 11: 111-12
CHADWELL ST MARY 2: 37, 40
Iron Age and Roman site 1:99, 127-40,128, 130; 5:31,48
boundary ditches 1: 129, 132
iron objects 1: 128, 136
pottery 1: 131, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137-8, 139-40
Roman coins 1: 135, 136, 139
see also KILNS, pottery (Roman) Palmer's School see under GRAYS Sandy Lane  1: 136
CHALONERS seeTEXTILE-WORKING  (Essex
occupations)
CHALTON (RANTS), Saxon timber building 10: 65, 68
CHAMBERLAIN, STEPHEN, Colchester pipe-maker 3: 40
CHANCELLOR, FREDERIC  (ARCHITECT)  1: 264; 5:
202-15,218,219,220,223-4
Ancient Sepulchral Monuments of Essex 5: 211; 16: 55
as archaeologist 5: 211-12; 10: 231
CHANCELLOR, WYKEHAM  (ARCHITECT)  5: 202, 204,
209,211,213-17,218,219-20;6:40
CHANCELLOR COLLECTION OF ARCHITECTURAL
DRAWINGS 5: 202-24 (inc. illustr.)
CHANTRIES
Colchester 19: 160
dissolution 15: 86-9
Elmstead Market: Church of St Anne and St Lawrence 14: 138;15: 166
John Doreward as founder of 8: 210,214-15, 221
Tilbury, East 19: 155, 157
CHAPLIN, R. E. and BROOKS, R.T., 'Excavation of a Romano-British site at South Ockendon' 2: 83-95


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


CHAPMAN, P. and ANDRE, J.
MAP OF ESSEX (1777)
Blackmore brick kiln 9: 92
Epping Forest area 10: 191
Latchingdon 11: 10
Purleigh 17: 110, 116, 117, 118
Tolleshunts 1: 242, 243
Widford 11: 61
CHAPMAN, S. see BAZETT, R. & CHAPMAN, S. CHAPPEL (PONTISBRIGHT), White Chapel2: 46 CHARCOAL
Bronze Age
Braintree, Marlborough Road 9: 74
Clacton, Rush Green 15: 123, 126-7, 128 Colchester, Chitts Hill9: 14
Iron Age
Linford, Mucking 1: 100-1
Rawreth 9: 23
Iron Age/Roman pottery kilns 14: 16 Roman
Braintree, Rayne Road 8: 14, 36,64 Colchester
Balkerne Gardens 3: 50
Queen Street 3: 87,89
St Mary's Rectory 3: 64, 68
Telephone Exchange site 3: 9, 12
Mucking pottery kilns 5: 17
Rawreth 9: 26
Tilbury, West, Gun Hill pottery kilns 5: 62,63 Anglo-Saxon
Linford, Mucking 1: 101
Tilbury, West, Gun Hill 5: 68
Saxo-Norman, WalthamAbbey manorial enclosure 5: 151,
154
early medieval, Saffron Walden Battle Ditches 1: 150
medieval
Braintree, Bank Street 8: 66
Chelmsford Dominican Priory 6: 77
Rawreth 9: 31
Waltham Abbey bloomery forge 5: 154
post-medieval, Chelmsford Dominican Priory 6: 50-1
not precisely dated, Danbury Camp 10: 5, 10,20
see also BIRCH CHARCOAL; ELM CHARCOAL; HAWTHORN  CHARCOAL; HAZEL CHARCOAL; HORNBEAM CHARCOAL; MAPLE CHARCOAL; OAK CHARCOAL; POPLAR CHARCOAL
CHARDWELL  see ARKESDEN
CHARITY ORGANISATION  SOCIETY 18: 75 CHARLES  I, KING
Buckingham, Duke of 10: 120
and Civil War 2:67,70,76, 218; 9: 142, 143
Colchester Borough Charter 18: 66
entertained atWalthamAbbey 10: 130
Essex alarum of 1625 15: 96, 99, 100
King's Rule 2: 61-2, 210
and Parliament 2: 60-1,63, 64-5, 66, 67, 143-4
and Ship-money payment in Essex 1: 160-3; 2: 143
and Sir Hercules Francis Cooke 9: 141
see also COINS CHARLES   II,KING
and Colchester Borough Charter 18: 66, 72
restoration of 1: 206, 208
and 'Wallwood', Leyton 1: 118, 119
see also COINS




22


IndexforVolumes 1-20


CHARLES V, EMPEROR 9: 132 CHARLES VI, KING OF FRANCE 2: 267
CHASE HOUSE, KELVEDON see KELVEDON CHATHAM, 2ND EARL OF GOHN PITT)  (d 1835),
GENERAL OFFICER COMMANDING 15:115,116
CHAUNDLER,EDMUND  17:138
CHEDDAR (SOMERSET), Saxon timber building 10: 65, 74
CHELMER (CHELMER-BLACKWATER) VALLEY 15:
138;17: 144,151
CHELMER, RIVER 17: 7; 20: 45
Chelmsford 4: 7; 11: 101
Little Waltham 2: 47; 9: 43
Woodham Waiter 9: 106
CHELMER AND BLACKWATER NAVIGATION 17: 7,
17
CHELMER VILLAGE, post-war development 19: 232
CHELMSFORD
by period
Roman 2: 334; 8: 127; 11: 101; 17: 64
Boudiccan destruction evidence 1: 165; 2: 333
burial group 1: 214
Hall Street, Roman town excavations 17: 144; 20: 160 inhumation cemetery, ?Roman 17:64
mansio 4: 5, 6, 7, 9-10, 13,26-7, 29; 8: 125; 10: 231,
24Q-1;17:35,64,  159;19:41,263;20: 158,
160
book review 20: 180-1
pottery kilns see KILNS, pottery (Roman)
Roman road 17: 63, 82
see also CAESAROMAGOS
medieval2: 334; 11: 101; 20: 43
12th cent. market 13: 15, 17, 19
12th/13th cent. textile occupations 20: 39, 43,45-6,
56,57,60
14th cent. crisis 2: 268
and Peasants' Revolt 8: 212
road2: 333
water-pipe find 8: 278-9,279
medieval/post-medieval,  book review (Grieve) 20: 181-4 17th cent.
1620s election 10: 123
English Civil War 2: 72
18th-19th cent., French wars: Napoleonic defences 20: 159, 161
see also POTTERY and individual locations below
Anchor ironworks 19: 42
Anchor Street, Crompton's electricity supply works (later in Writtle Road)  12: 116-17, 116-17( Pl.I);
19:42
Baddow Road, Roman and medieval features 11: 101; 19:
272
Cherry Garden Lane (now Elm Road) 4: 11-12 Duke Street, (No. 85) 9: 92
Elm Road 11:51
Godfrey's Yard, Roman features and structures 19: 263; 20:
160
Goldlay Road 11: 51
Grove Road (No. 23) 17: 159
Hall Street 17: 144, 159
puddingstone quem 14: 119, 123
High Street, Marks and Spencer site 6: 74; 7: 52, 57
High Street/Springfield Road, Grays Brewery, Roman and
medieval features 15: 164, 165


CHESTERFORD,GREAT


Melbourne estate 11: 51
Mildmay Road 1: 165; 4:26,28
mansio excavation 19: 263; 20: iss, 160
Roman ?activity (nearby 4th-cent. temple site) 16: 126
Woolpack Public House 19: 252 Moulsham
Roman-British archaeology 1: 165-6
London Road Nonconformist cemetery 12: 115-16
medieval/post-medieval  history  (book review)  20: 182-3
Moulsham Street 2: 333; 4: 10, 11, 29
Roman structures 13: 49; 14: 133, 135; 19: 263; 20: 160
medieval and later structures 13: 50; 14: 135
medieval period, brooch fmd 18: 96
Moulsham Street/Queen Street, corner of, Lasts Garage 19:40-6(inc. illustr.)
New London Road
Dominican Priory remains 6:40,42,51-3, 52; 10: 241
No. 108, rear of 16: 115-16, 115
North Melbourne, late Iron Age/Roman pottery 12: 61, 62
Orchard Street (No. 30) 10: 240-1
Rochford Road 4: 28
StJohn's Church 5: 218
see also ESSEX RECORD  OFFICE; SPRINGFIELD;
SPRINGFIELD LYONS CHELMSFORD AND ESSEX MUSEUM
1977 activities 9: 156-7
brass-rubbings 11: 122
Chancellor Collection 10: 23Q-2, 259
Dominican Priory stonework 6: 51,53 Roman pipeclay statuettes 10: 23Q-2
CHELMSFORD ARCHAEOLOGICAL  GROUP 6: 40
CHELMSFORD  CATHEDRAL 5: 212
pre-15th cent. church revealed 16: 125-6, 139 CHELMSFORD  DISTRICT  COUNCIL, and planning  19:
232
CHELMSFORD  DOMINICAN  PRIORY
Dissolution 6: 50-1
reredorter excavation 6: 4Q-81 (inc. illustr.); 8: 78; 10: 241
culvert 6: 40, 43,46-7,47, 48-9(P1. I), 49, 50, 53,79
fmds 6: 53-80
kitchen area 6: 78
New London Road remains 6:40,42,51-3, 52; 10:241
CHELMSFORD ELECTRIC  SUPPLY CO. 12: 116
CHELMSFORD EXCAVATION COMMITTEE 4: 3; 5: 4
Chelmsford Priory 6: 42
CHELVESTON (later COUPALS FARM, STURMER) 16: 41
CHENEBOLTUNA  (DOMESDAY PLACENAME),
?Kymbolds (later Cambolds, Stebbing) 16: 44
CHEPSTOW (MONMOUTH), Roman stud 14: 146-7, 148
CHESS-PIECES, bone, medieval, Southchurch Hall12: 47 CHESTERFORD, GREAT 8: 238-9; 14: 139; 17: 120
Roman features
fort 10: 244; 12: 42-3
Roman wall 5: 4
Sandpits 10: 244
Romano-CelticTemple  11: 103-4
precinct 16: 127-8; 17: 160; 19: 264-5; 20: 162
Roman to Saxon period 17: 128
Churchyard 18: 106 Crown Orchard
late Iron Age and Roman features 13: 51-2
medieval features 13: 52
Mll motorway works 8: 156, 158, 159; 9: 85; 10: 244
Mill House, skeleton and Roman finds 18: 106




23


CHESTERFORD, GREAT


CHESTERFORD, GREAT (cont.)
Paddock Wood moated site 9: 99; 11: 56,57
Plumb's Yard (St}ohn's Close), Romano-British features 15: 166;16:142,  143
see  also  POTTERY
CHESTERFORD,LITTLE 1:184
Bassingbourne Wood, medieval fmds 11: 58, 59 Bordeaux Farm, urn with artefacts 12: 44 medievalmanorof2:  1, 112,115
CHEYNE, SIR JOHN, Commons Speaker 8:209,216,219 CHICH/CHICHE (CHICK)
Domesday manor (Burna as outlier) 16: 44; 20: 32
Saint Osyth founds nunnery 2: 39, 300,301
see also ST OSYTH
CHICHELE, HENRY, ARCHBISHOP  OF CANTERBURY 8:217;14:87
CHICHESTER HALL, RAWRETH 8: 178, 180; 9: 45
A129 diversion 9: 20, 21
CHICKNEY, Sibley's Farm barn 15: 157
farmhouse, late 14th cent. hall house 15: 156 gatehouse/dovecote 4: 51n; 15: 157
CHIGBOROUGH, EIA Darmsden-Linton pottery  17: 31 CHIGBOROUGH  FARM,  GOLDHANGER
Neolithic features 20: 162
Bronze Age features 20: 162
late Iron Age and Roman features 14: 140; 20: 162
Saxonfeatures 17:147-8, 147;20: 162
medieval features 20: 162 CHIGNAL  ST JAMBS
prehistoric features 11: 101; 12: 40; 13: 50
Middle Iron Age ditched enclosure 14: 135, 143
Roman features 13: 50
field system 13: 50
inhumation cemetery 13: 50; 14: 135, 144
Roman villa site 8: 158; 9: 76, 77-84, 78,80, 82; 11: 41,
101;12:40,82;13:57
ditches with poss. timber box construction 10: 241 enclosures 9: 77-9, 78,83-4; 10: 241; 11: 101; 12: 40
Chignal Hall, late Iron Age/early Roman pottery 18: 92
Chopyns Barn: 15th cent. (former) 'Wealden' house 17: 153,154
St Mary's Cottage, moated enclosure 11: 64-5 CHIGNAL SMEALEY, medieval clergy 1: 250 CHIGNALL
Cingehala (?Domesday placename) 16: 44
Crows Farmhouse 11:79 CHIGWELL
Roman road to Harlow 11:53
Cinghewella manor (Domesday placename) (later Barringtons) 16: 41
1801 agricultural survey 5: 190, 193, 195
Durolitum 13: 58; 14: 144
London, Little 4: 8n; 11: 102; 12:40
Roman caldarium and plunge bath 13: 50; 14: 135,
144
see also BROOK HOUSE FARM:  17TH CENT. FARMHOUSE;   BUCKHURST   HILL
CHIGWELL ROW, THE POST OFFICE (FORMER), LAMBOURNEROAD 17:153
CHILDERDITCH (CILTEDIC: DOMESDAY
PLACENAME) seeTILLINGHAM
CHILDERSLEY (CAMBS) 8: 228 CHIMNEY STACKS
early timber smoke hoods/bays 20: 92, 93, 102


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


brick 20: 92-102(inc. illustr.)
Maldon, High Street, 'Wealden' houses 20: 106 WoodhamWalter,Ashmans   20:127,130
chronology 20: 100
distribution 20: 95, 101
external decoration 20: 98-9
further embellishments  20: 1OQ-1
in houses with contemporary first floor 20: 97-8 in open halls 20: 95-6
panels above roof line 20: 100
superimposed fireplaces 20: 99-100 CHIMNEY-POTS, MEDIEVAL
Mile End kilns 7: 50-2,51,58
Sussex type 7: 50-1 CHINGFORD
brass-rubbing 11: 121
field names 2: 164-209, 164
medieval period 10: 176
St Pauls (Chingford Hall), manorial enclosure 5: 129n, 150
CHIPPING HILL, WITHAM
hillfort 10: 14, 23, 24, 26; 15: 51; 20: 170
medieval market 13: 16,19
Nos 51, 53 and 55 building surveys 12: 92 CHIPPING ONGAR
allotments, ?late Saxon earthwork 15: 164, 165, 171
Banson's Yard, medieval town defence ditch 14: 136, 144 Castle Street, medieval town defence ditch 14: 135 medieval market 13: 15,19
The Pleasance, mise. post-medieval features 19: 253, 254
White House, adult burials 13: 40
CHIPPING WALDEN, MANOR OF 11: 93, 94
CHIRK CASTLE (DENBIGH) 8: 282, 284 CHISELS
bronze, late Bronze Age 18: 9, 10
flint, ?late Neolithic, Elmdon, Duddenhoe End 11: 34, 35
iron, medieval/post-medieval, Waltham Abbey bloomery forge 5: 169, 170
CHISHILL FAMILY 1: 185
CHISHILL, GREAT, brass-rubbing  11: 121
CHISLET (KENT), church 5: 235 CHITTS HILL, COLCHESTER
Bronze Age cemetery 9: 1-16(inc. illustr.), 17, 18, 74
?late Iron Age enclosure 9: 17-19, 18
CHRISHALL
cropmark enclosures 19: 255
Romano-British pottery 8: 245
CHRISHALL, GREAT, St Swithin's Church 2: 38 CHRISTCHURCH, CANTERBURY see under
CANTERBURY
CHRISTIAN, EWAN  (ARCHITECT)  5: 218, 221 CHRISTIANITY see CHURCHES/CHAPELS; RELIGION
AND RITUAL
CHRISTIE, PATRICIA M. L., 'A Shafthole Implement from Henham, Essex' 12: 103-7
CHRISTMAS FAMILY, 16th cent. Colchester 15: 85, 87
CHRISTOPHER, SAINT, legend of 2: 41
CHRISTY, ROBERT MILLER, brass-rubbing collection 11: 119-21,122,   122-3(Figs)
CHURCH ISLAND (CO. KERRY), early timber church 10: 73
CHURCHES/CHAPELS
apse/apse-and-ambulatory styles 2: 237-42
Chancellor architectural drawings 5: 202-20 (inc. illustr.), 223-4




24


lndexforVolumes 1-20


CHURCHES/CHAPELS   (cont.)
church furniture 5: 214-15
see also PISCINAE; REREDOS; SCREENS; SEDILIA
early Christian wooden churches 10: 69-74
early modern brickwork in 20: 93-4, 94
in Kent 5: 235-6
parish church dedications in Essex 2: 34-46 restorations/alterations (by architects other than
Chancellors) 5: 220-2
and Roman building materials 9: 57-8
and Roman sites 8: 134-5
Saxon building techniques 10: 64-76, 67
in Sussex 5: 236
see also ARCHITECTURE   (religious); BELFRIES; PORCHES; TOWERS  and individual churches under placenames
CHURCHYARD  CROSSES see CROSSES CHURCHYARDS   see  CEMETERIES
CILTEDIC  (DOMESDAY PLACENAME)   see
TILLINGHAM
CINGEHALA  (DOMESDAY  PLACENAME)  see
CHIGNALL
CINGHEWELLA   (DOMESDAY  PLACENAME)   see
CHIGWELL CISTERCIAN ORDER 2: 38
Coggeshall Abbey 16: 150, 152; 20: 44, 46
Coxwell, Great (Berks) 4: 93
CISTERNS, Waltham Abbey monastic site 19: 134
CIVIL WAR, ENGLISH 1: 117-18, 196-8; 2: 60, 67-77; 7:
64
Col Long, Parliament, Ld Gen. and Essex county 2: 210- 15
and Commonwealth 1:206-8
County Trained  Bands  2:65,66,68-77 James Hay and 2: 218
Militia Ordinance 2:65,66,210
Myddleton family 8: 283, 284
New Model Army 2: 73
and Protectorate 1: 197-206
Sir Hercules Francis Cooke 9: 142-3 CLACTON,GREAT
church 20:75-6
Palace Hotel site 12: 43
and William Mayhew's property 18: 66 CLACTON, LITTLE
church 5: 234
Mesolithic/Neolithic flintwork 16: 82, 83
CLACTON SPECIAL DRAINAGE DISTRICT (S.D.D.) 16:72, 74
CLACTON-ON-SEA
and Bishop Richard ofBelmeis 2: 302,303,304,309,316-
17,319
Butlin's Holiday Camp (former), Palaeolithic evidence 19: 260,264
Pier 16: 65, 67, 73,75
planning and development (1864-1901) 16: 65-81(inc. illustr.)
and St Osyth Abbey 2: 304
see also RUSH GREEN
CLACTON-ON-SEA GENERAL LAND, BUILDING AND INVESTMENT CO. LTD. 16: 71-6,
77
CLACTON-ON-SEA RAILWAY CO. 16: 75-6 CLAMTREE, THOMAS, MAYOR OF COLCHESTER 18:
72


CLERE,JOHN


CLARE, ELIZABETH OF 9: 107
CLARE, HONOUR OF 9: 107
CLARE (SUFFOLK), medieval textile trades 20: 36, 45, 47,
51
CLAREFAMILY8: 129,130
CLARE CAMP (NORFOLK) 10: 24, 27 CLARKE, C. P.
'Late Iron Age enclosures at Kelvedon: excavations at the Doucecroft site 1985-86' 19: 15-39
'Roman Coggeshall: excavations  1984-85' 19:47-90 CLARKE, D. TYRWHITT-DRAKE, Curator, Colchester and Essex Museum 1: 213
CLAUDIUS I, EMPEROR (41-54 AD) 14: 4
see also COINS (Roman)
CLAUDIUS II,EMPEROR see COINS (Roman) CLAVERING
Church of St Mary and St Clement 2: 42 medieval period
11th cent. landholding 4: 132, 133
aisled ha119: 150
clergy 1: 250
cloth trades 20: 57
CLAVERING HUNDRED 20: 46 CLAY
burnt, Braintree, Bank Street 8: 71,78
clay-lined pits see PITS fired
prehistoric (general)
Hadleigh, Chapel Lane 18: 89, 90, 91
Mucking 9: 101; 16: 140 Bronze Age
Barling Hall 9: 66
Braintree, Marlborough Road 9: 70,74
Corringham, Hall Farm 16: 140
Heybridge, Blackwater Sailing Club 19: 246, 248
Iron Age, Springfleld Cursus 15: 139
Iron Age/Belgic  14: 23, 24
Heybridge 17: 28, 29
Nazeingbury 10: 39, 98, 99, 100, 107 Roman
kiln furniture 5: 64, 88, 89-90; 17: 17
Braintree, Rayne Road 8: 14,23-4,24, 35, 36,64
Nazeingbury  10: 99, 100-1
Anglo-Saxon, Nazeingbury 10: 99, 101
not precisely  dated
Burnham-on-Crouch  9:75, 76
Grays, Palmer's School15: 32, 33-4
Heybridge, perforated slabs 17: 32, 33
Orsett 6: 32, 38
Sandon 8: 253
Woodham Waiter 8: 243, 266
see also BRICKS; KILNS; LOOMWEIGHTS; SPINDLE  WHORLS;   WEIGHTS
ovens
Romano-British site, South Ockendon 2: 84-5, 85
medieval, Easton, Great 2: 97
unbaked blocks (Roman building technique), Colchester 3:
12-13(Pl. 11), 14, 45, 65,98
vitrified
Belgic/early Roman, Kelvedon, Doucecroft 19: 35, 37
Romano-British, Heybridge  17: 15, 21,64
see also BRICKEARTH;  COUNTERS; FIGURINES; FLOORS;  PIPES,  CLAY;  STATUETTES
CLEMENT, SAINT, church dedications 2: 42
CLERE,JOHN, clothier in Colchester (16th cent.) 15: 89-90





25



CLERKENWELL, ST MARY'S PRIORY


CLERK.ENWELL, ST MARY'S PRIORY 1: 183(&n) CLEVELAND, JOHN  (POET)  1:203
CLIFF  REACH,  BURNHAM-ON-CROUCH/ALTHORNE
see ALTHORNE
CLIFTON,JOHN DE, Little Waltham 1: 112
CLIVA  (DOMESDAY  PLACENAME)  see MISTLEY (CLIFF  FARM)
CLODMORE HILL,ARK.ESDEN  17: 123, 125, 127
CLONBRONEY  (CO. LONGFORD), early church building 10:70
CLOTH, ASSIZE OF (1196/97) 20: 34, 38, 57
see also TEXTILE-WORKING CLOTWORTHY,  SIR JOHN 2:212
CLOUGH'S COTTAGE, LONDON ROAD, BOREHAM
12:87
CLUBBE,JOHN, rector ofWhatfield (Suffolk) 20: 143
CLUNIAC RELIGIOUS ORDER 2: 42; 11: 3; 19:91
CLUTTERBUCKFAMILY,Purleigh  17:115,116,118
CNUT, KING 10: 54; 15: 173; 19: 118, 135 COAL REMAINS
Dagenham, Church Street 9: 99
Waltham Abbey bloomery forge 5: 137, 142, 154
COALHOUSE FORT, EASTTILBURY  16: 127; 17: 160,
165;19: 157,264
COAST DEVELOPMENT CO. LTD., and Clacton-on-Sea 16:76,78
COASTAL EROSION see LANDSCAPE HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY
COATES,J G., Collection 5: 123
COB (AS BUILDING MATERIAL), Saffron Walden,
Abbey Lane 9: 104
COB COTTAGE, WEST HANNINGFIELD  see
HANNINGFIELD,  WEST COBBINS BROOK, WALTHAM ABBEY 12: 48
COBBLED FLOORS, Roman, Shopfield, Little Waltham 2:
49-50,51,59
COBBLED TRACKWAY seeTRACKWAYS
COBFIELD,  UPPER  see  SEWARDSTONE
COCKE, RICHARD, token issuer 17: 178 COFFIN NAILS
Iron Age/Roman, Chadwell St Mary 1: 128, 136
not precisely  dated
Writtle, All Saints; Church 8: 169 COFFINS
lead
The Towers inhumation  cemetery  17:55,57,65 Waltham Abbey 2: 219
stone
Roman
Braintree, Albert Road 8: 112
Chelmsford, Godfrey's Yard 19: 263
Dagenham 20: 162 medieval
Belchamp Otten church 20: 150
Chelmsford Priory (re-used) 6: 40, 51-3, 52
Wix Abbey 1: 105-10, 107-9,263-4
not precisely  dated
Mucking 11: 107
The Towers inhumation cemetery 17: 55, 57, 65 wood
Roman
Chadwell St Mary 1: 127, 129
Chignal StJames 14: 135
Colchester, Butt Road cemetery 9: 97
not precisely dated,Writtle, All Saints' Church 8: 169


Essex Society for Archaeology and History


COGGESHALL
general
brass-rubbing 11: 121
by-pass route 15: 151
gazetteer of sites 19: 82
sewage disposal scheme 9: 61, 71; 11: 34
topography and geology 19: 81, 83
Roman period 8: 245; 19: 47-90(inc. illustr.), 88
poss. villa site 19: 84, 87,88
see also ENCLOSURES  (Roman)  and specific sites below
Saxon period, quern 19: 251
medieval period 19: 87,88
12th/13th cent. textile trades 20: 34, 40, 41, 43, 44, 45,
46,47,49,58
13th cent. market licensed 13: 16, 17, 20addendum; 19:
87
14th cent. fulling mill20: 49 post-medieval period 19: 87,251
fafon de Umise glass 19: 275-7
Abbey 1: 242, 243; 16: 150, 152; 19: 87, 88; 20: 46, 174
see also St Nicholas Chapel below
and English Civil War 2: 68
Bridge Street, medieval/post-medieval  water pipe  12: 75-6 Church of St Peter-ad-Vincula  19: 47, 84, 87, 275
Church Street 19: 84, 85, 87
East Street site 17: 159; 19: 69-81(inc. illustr.)
prehistoric features 19: 69, 80, 84
Roman features 19: 69-72,80,84-5,88
medieval features 19: 72-4, 81, 88
15th cent. timber-framed  structure 19: 257, 258-9,
258
moulded stone (Walpole House) 20: 174
post-medieval features 19: 74-5,81,87
building materials from 19: 79
environmental evidence from 19: 79-80
lithics from 19: 75-6, 75
metalwork from 19: 75
pottery from 19: 76-9, 76, 78,84
Farm Hill, poss. Roman villa site 19: 82,87
Grange Barn 16: 150-3, 151
Highfields House 19: 82,87
Old Fire Station 18: 94-5, 95; 19: 87
Paycockes House, West Street 17: 153
Queen Street excavation 17: 148, 149, 150; 19: 81, 85, 87 St Nicholas Chapel
architectural features 14: 128-9 (PI. II), 129, 130
medieval mosaic pavement 6: 72
piscina 14: 128-9 (PI. II), 129
sedilia 14: 128-9 (PI. II), 129
St Peter's School19: 47-68(inc. illustr.) prehistoric features 19: 52, 66, 81, 84,87-8
Roman features 19: 52-7, 67-8,84-6
large building (mansio?,Woolpack Inn area) 16: 126; 19:85,86,88
post-medieval and modern features 19: 57
environmental evidence from 19: 65-6
finds from 19: 57-8
pottery from 19: 58-65
quarry area 19: 56-7
St Peter's School (old site), Roman features 19: 272-5,
273,274
Scrip's Farm, poss. Roman villa 19: 82, 87
Vicarage Field, Neolithic axeheads 19: 81
COGGESHALL FAMILY 6: 95, 96
COGGESHALL, RALPH DE, chronicle 20: 32

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