Sunday 14 June 2020

Transactions. Fourth Series. Vol. 9 (2018)

The latest volume of the Society's Transactions has just been published. 

Essex Society for Archaeology and History
Transactions. Fourth Series. Volume 9 (2018)
(176 pages)

William H Liddell M.A. F.R.Hist.S. 1937-2019: Vic Gray …  1
Updating the Mesolithic In Essex: Maria Medlycott … 2
Late Bronze Age and Medieval Remains at Boars Tye Road, Silver End: Trevor Ennis & Charlotte Howsam … 12
Sampford Road, Thaxted: Mark Atkinson … 24
A Roman Building in West Essex: Peter Sharp … 65
The waste of Ceasaromagus. Romano-British refuse pits and later features at Moulsham Street, Chelmsford: Andrew A. S. Newton, Samuel Thornelius, Andrew Peachey, Peter Thompson, John Summers, & Julie Curl … 74
Monasteries of Ely and Barking Considered: James Kemble … 82
Medieval Boundaries, Quarry Pits and Other Activity at Dunmow Road, Great Hallingbury, Essex: Andrew Newton … 93
The Rose and Crown, 109 High Street, Maldon: Timothy Howson & John Smith … 103
The West Ham Marshes and post-medieval flood defences at Rawalpindi House, Newham: I. Grosso, G. Thompson, F. Meddens, D.S. Young & R. Batchelor … 111
Daniel Defoe’s knowledge of Essex: the evidence of A Whole Tour thru’ the Whole Island of Great Britain: Pat Rogers … 127
Fieldwork Summaries: Paul Gilman … 142
Part of the main, archaeology in its European context: a review of four recent books: Nigel Brown … 159
Shorter Notes
Middle to Late Bronze Age Settlement and Saltworking at Burnham West, Burnham-on-Crouch: Tom Collie, with Rachel Clarke … 164
Late Iron Age Ceramic Spouted Strainer Bowls from Heybridge, Elms Farm: Paul Sealey … 168
Book Reviews
‘Kingdom, Civilas, and County: the evolution of territorial identity in the English landscape’: Richard Havis … 171
‘The Hundred Parishes: an introduction’: Dr. Jane Pearson … 171
Essex Bibliography: Andrew Phillips & Paul Sealey … 173

Sunday 24 May 2020

Essex Society for Archaeology and History - latest news during 'lockdown'

Members will have received the Summer 2020 edition of the Newsletter (NL191) over the past few days. It gives information regarding the proposed restart of activities, effective from September 2020.  The Annual General Meeting has been moved to Saturday 17 October to be held at the Albert Sloman Library at the University of Essex.

The Newsletter is now being compiled and edited by Adrian Corder-Birch.  The Society has plans to phase out the Newsletter as it takes on the Essex Journal for 2021.  Members will, in future, be contacted by email.   There is also notice of a change in management of the Society's website.

Items in this edition of the Newsletter include
- Essex Journal
- British Association of Local History Award for ESAH Newsletter
- Welcome to New Members
- Hugh Peskett (1932-2020)
- Back to the Future. The impact of science across Essex
- The Essex Place-Names Project
- Early Falconry
- Audley End seen by a Yorkshire Antiquary
- Little Leighs Estate Map of 1735
- Eastern Counties Coal Boring & Development Association Ltd
- Harwich Harbour
- Duels: the responsibilities of attending medical men
- Gestingthorpe Choir
- Essex's Palenque or Stonehenge?
- Essex seen from elsewhere
- A brownfield nature reserve at Canvey Wick 

Tuesday 24 March 2020

United Kingdom "Lockdown"

All should by now be aware of the unprecedented measures taken by the Government to prevent the spread of coronavirus among its citizens.  People are required to stay at home and only leave their homes in certain circumstances.

Thursday 19 March 2020

Colchester Museums Closed during Coronavirus Outbreak

The Essex Society for Archaeology and History has received public notice of the closure of Colchester Castle Museum of Hollytrees "for the duration" of the Covid-19 outbreak.  This means that access to our Storeroom will not be possible in the usual way.

Closure of Colchester Borough Council Buildings and delivery of council services.
Following the Government’s advice on helping to stop the spread of COVID-19 we have taken the decision to close our buildings to the public from the end of today (Wednesday 18 March).
However, while our buildings are closed to the public, all other services, including the Community Hub and Waste and Recycling Service, are operating as usual. Our parks, public spaces and public toilets are also open.
  The buildings that will close to the public include:
  • All Leisure World sites (including Aqua Springs)
  • Charter Hall
  • Town Hall
  • Colchester Castle Museum
  • Hollytrees Museum (including the Visitor Information Centre)
  • The Natural History Museum
  • High Woods Country Park Visitor Centre
  • Colchester Borough Homes Greenstead Housing Office
It is anticipated that these buildings will be closed for the foreseeable future. However this will be reviewed on at least a weekly basis.
We would like to reassure the public that anyone who has purchased a ticket or place for any of our classes, events or shows at any of these venues will be contacted over the next few days and offered a refund or the opportunity to attend any events or shows being rescheduled.
Leisure World - Membership charges for Leisure World will be frozen during this period.
Colchester Museums - While Colchester Castle and the museums will be closed to the general public, they will still accommodate any planned educational visits behind closed doors while the schools remain open.
The Visitor Information Centre - (based in Hollytrees Museum) will continue to operate through its website visitcolchester.com and its social media channels providing advice for locals and visitors alike, with updates on venues and attractions during this time.
Colchester Borough Homes - Tenants will continue to be able to contact Colchester Borough Homes by telephone on 01206 282514 or email info@cbhomes.org.uk for advice and assistance. cbhomes.org.uk/
Residents needing to contact the council during this period can access the council’s service’s digitally through our website and details of how to contact services can be found at 
colchester.gov.uk/contact/ or by calling 01206 282222.
The Community Hub at Colchester Library remains open as usual, with opening hours of 9am-5pm. 
Waste and recycling collections remain in place and are being maintained.  

Wednesday 18 March 2020

Essex Society for Archaeology and History: Latest News on Covid-19. Closure of Albert Sloman Library

This is to let you know that, sadly, the Albert Sloman Library at the University of Essex which houses the Society's collection of books will be closed to users from today, Tuesday 17 March, until further notice. This decision has been taken as a consequence of the seriousness of current coronavirus/Covid-19 pandemic.

I would be obliged if you could let ESAH members know that access to the Society’s library will not be possible until the Covid-19 crisis has abated. I will let you know just as soon as I can of the proposed reopening date for the Library.

Please note that during the closure period I will be visiting the Library occasionally, working from home, and generally keeping up-to-date with my emails. So, if an ESAH member has a particularly pressing need to access a book or journal from the Library, I will do my best to facilitate this.

Apologies for having to be the bearer of this unfortunate news.


Nigel Cochrane

Sunday 15 March 2020

Essex Society for Archaeology and History: Latest News on events and meetings in light of Covid-19

17 March 2020
Subject: ESAH and pandemic
Hope you are all well. Unfortunately the wording of our notice to members has been overtaken by events. With government advice now to avoid unnecessary travel and social interaction tomorrow's visit to Miss Wilmotts garden should not go ahead. Howard/Jane do you have email adresses or phone numbers for those who have booked (I imagine there aren't that many) if so could you contact them at let them know not to attend. If not we'll just have to hope they have heard and heed the government advice. Perhaps also let the host of the event know. Thanks and sorry to bother you with this.

14 March 2020
The following is being sent to all registered members

Dear Member,
Re: Corona virus and ESAH events and meetings

In view of the ongoing Corona virus pandemic it has been necessary to make some changes to
the ESAH programme of events. In accordance with government advice, this week’s visit
to Miss Wilmott’s garden will proceed as planned. It is an open air event, numbers will be small and
if simple precautions such as not shaking hands and maintaining a greater distance than usual from
each other risk will be minimal.

However, it has been decided to postpone both the Morant Lecture (25th April) and visit to
the Warner Textile archive (22nd May). Whilst current government advice does not require the
postponement of such events the Society has decided to take a precautionary approach. Revised dates
will be advertised in due course, for those of you who have booked but are unable to attend on the
revised dates refunds will be offered. Committee and Council meetings planned for late March and
April have also been postponed.

It is hoped that the AGM will proceed as planned on 27th June, if it has to be postponed notification
will be given, and the revised date will be 17th October.

I apologise for any inconvenience caused but hope you will understand the circumstance which have
led to these decisions. If you would like any further information or clarification please contact me or Howard Brooks (our Secretary) at essexarchaeology@hotmail.com.

Yours sincerely
Nigel Brown

Sunday 12 January 2020

Essex Society for Archaeology and History. Programme for 2020

The Programme for 2020 has been published on the website and can be found by clicking on this link: http://esah1852.org.uk/events

Saturday 1 June 2019

Blackmore Area Local History: Henry Fitzroy. Born Blackmore. June 1519

Blackmore Area Local History: Henry Fitzroy. Born Blackmore. June 1519: To commemorate the five hundredth anniversary of the birth of Henry Fitzroy, the illegitimate son of Henry VIII, a small exhibition has been placed around the Font. If you cannot make it follow the link to view the eight panels.

Sunday 26 May 2019

Essex Society for Archaeology and History. Annual General Meeting. Saturday 8 June 2019

Papers in readiness for the Essex Society for Archaeology and History Annual General Meeting have been sent to members.

The meeting will be held at Little Maplestead Church, Church Street, Little Maplestead on Saturday 8 June 2019 at 2.00pm.

Chelmsford Industrial Trail. Originally devised and written by Stanley Wood in 1987. Revised and up-dated by Tony Crosby and Dave Buckley in 2018

Members of the Essex Society for Archaeology and History will have receive a 54-page book, in colour, produced by Messrs Crosby and Buckley to mark 30 years since the production of the original work 'Chelmsford Industrial Trail'.  It has been produced on behalf of the Essex Industrial Heritage Group.

Much has changed since 1987.  Many Chelmsford residents once worked in important local industries such as Christy, Crompton, Hoffmann and Marconi.  Chelmsford City hails itself as the 'Birthplace of Radio': 2020 sees the centenary of experimental broadcasts from the Marconi site.

"This new edition includes the industrial sites from Stanley Wood's original guide which survive, albeit in altered state, and describes what changes have taken place. It also highlights those sites which have been totally lost and redeveloped"

Newsletter (Spring 2019)

Newsletter No. 188, Spring 2019, has been sent to members of the Essex Society for Archaeology and History. Contents in this edition include:
- From The President
- Morant Lecture 2019
- EIAG Delivers an Updated Chelmsford Industrial Trail
- Princely Tomb Artifacts Return to Southend
- Turkish Pirate Ship off Leigh-on-Sea
- All in a Days Duty
- Setting Up Libraries in the Seventeenth Century
- SPAB, the National Trust and Eastbury Manor, Barking
- Another Troublesome Essex Rector
- Evangelical Religion in Chelmsford in 1538
- Latitude and Longitude Coordinates versus Ordnance Survey Grid References
- A Late Erroneous Inscription
- An Antiquarian's Nightmare
- William Ayloff of Hornchurch and Iron Firebacks made in Kent
- Goshams Farm, East Tilbury
- V2 Rocket Archaeology
- Ig Nobel Awards for 2018
- Wallasea Island Update
- News about the Victoria County History of Essex
- Essex Seen From Elsewhere
- Book Reviews
- Readers Letters
- Events in Essex
- We Welcome New Members  

Transactions. Fourth Series. Vol. 8 (2017)

Members of the Essex Society for Archaeology and History will have received the latest volume of Transactions - published May 2019.  It will be available for sale through our online Bookshop soon.

Essex Society for Archaeology and History
Transactions. Fourth Series. Volume 8 (2017)
(167 pages)

Further investigation of the prehistoric settlement and Early Saxon cemetery at Springfield Lyons, Chelmsford: Trevor Ennis … 1
Archaeological Fieldwork at Site R, Bradwell Quarry, near Braintree, 2001-2011: Mark Germany … 43
Medieval occupation at Robinson Road, Brightlingsea: Kieron Heard … 64
A tale of two head-stops: the military and marital careers of Sir Edmund de Duresme of Ashdon: Nigel Saul … 85
Crisis and change in Thaxted Manor, 1350-1500: Richard Till … 96
Maldon’s Old Moot Hall and Market Place: a reinterpretation:  J R Smith … 104
A history of the oil, gas and petrochemical industries on Canvey Island: Stephen Murray … 114
Fieldwork Summaries: Paul Gilman (ed) … 128
Shorter Notes
Late Upper Palaeolithic material from two Essex sites: Hazel Martingell & David R Bain … 147
Time Team’s evaluation of Colne Priory, Earls Colne, near Colchester, Essex: Steve Thompson … 150
Local Heritage Lists and Industrial Heritage in Essex: Adrian Corder-Birch & Tony Crosby … 155
Book Reviews
Archaeological landscapes of East London: six multi-period sites excavated in advance of gravel quarrying in the London Borough of Havering: I Howell, D Swift, B Watson, J F Cotton & P A Greenwood (Paul R Sealey) … 160
Fields of Britannia: Stephen Rippon, Chris Smart & Ben Pears (Maria Medlycott & Richard Havis) … 161
Archaeology in Hertfordshire: recent research, a Festschrift for Tony Rook: K Lockyer (Paul R Sealey) … 162
Colchester in the Great War: Andrew Phillips (Jane Pearson) … 162
Essex Bibliography: Andrew Phillips & Paul Sealey … 165
Revised Notes for Contributors … 165

Thursday 9 May 2019

Saturday 27 April 2019

The Essex Review to be Digitised and Published Online

The Essex Review: An Illustrated Quarterly Record Of Everything Of Permanent Interest In The County ran for 258 issues, 66 volumes from 1892 to 1957.  The title is now owned by the Essex Society for Archaeology and History as is its successor, currently in publication, called ‘Essex Journal’.

Andrew Smith, Honorary Archivist, writes, “The Essex Review has never before been published online but will appear for the first time on the ESAH website.  The aim is to provide in searchable pdf format as many issues as possible.  Also published online will be the original indexes, the text of which can be found from Internet search engines.”

Adrian Corder-Birch adds:

“There are three general indices to the Essex Review as follows:

1.    Vol. 1 (1892) to the end of Vol. XXXVI (1927), edited and published by Benham in 1930 – original copies are very scarce, but there was one in the Local Studies Section of Colchester Central Library.
2.    Vol. XXXVII (1928) to Vol. LXI (1952) – compiled by Kenneth Walker and published by Benham in 1953. 
3.    Vol. LXII (1953) to Vol. LXV (1957) – compiled by Kenneth Walker and printed in April 1967.

Andrew adds: “In sorting copies for digitisation I came across an advertisement regarding the pending publication of the ‘New General Index 1928-1950’. In June 1950 it was indicated that work would proceed subject to there being sufficient subscribers.  The cost of each copy would be ten guineas (£10.50)”.

Saturday 6 April 2019

Essex Church Photographs deposited at Essex Record Office: ERO A14969

Two volumes of Essex Church photographs, postcards and drawings dating from c1870 to c1910 have been deposited from the Society's archives on permanent loan for viewing by the public in the Essex Record Office searchroom.  Many of the items within these volumes pre-date Victorian restorations.  The volumes have been the subject of two talks given by Honorary Archivist, Andrew Smith, with a third awaiting compilation.

Details of the Contents is given below.

Essex Society for Archaeology and History
Items deposited on permanent loan at Essex Record Office, January 2019
ERO A14969

This class contains the independent research of members which is unrelated to the Society.
Essex Churches Volume I.  Photographs, and some postcards and prints, of Essex churches taken between c.1870 to c.1910, many pre Victorian restoration plus some of 1884 earthquake damage.

Essex Churches Volume II.  As above.

Essex Society for Archaeology and History

Research Papers
Collection of Essex Churches

This class of books and papers do not relate directly to the history of the Society but have been deposited by members or their beneficiaries.  The index is being made publicly available for the first time.  We welcome enquiries from members of the Society.

S/LIB/9/48-49, two volumes of church photographs, now deposited at the Essex Record Office (ERO A14969).

Essex Churches Volume I
Essex Churches Volume II


Two volumes of Essex church photographs and postcards dating from c1870 to c1910, are important because many of the earlier photographs pre-date respective church restorations, and could be a unique record.

Initially the collection was thought to have been compiled latterly by John Edward Knight Cutts[1] (1847-1938) (see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._E._K._Cutts ), member of the Essex Archaeological Society from 1883, and church architect (see http://archiseek.com/tag/j-e-k-cutts/ ) whose name is and date is credited to later photographs in the collection.  According to The Buildings of England: Essex by Pevsner / Bettley (2007) J.E.K. Cutts was architect of the now demolished (1997) St Augustine’s Church, Lower Dovercourt, 1883-84, and the Arts Centre, formerly the Great Burstead Board School, in Billericay, 1877-78.  All Saints, Dovercourt, restored 1897-98; St Paul Church, Elmstead Market, now a house, built 1908; and, St Mary, Little Oakley, now a house, restored 1895-1902 are all the work of J.E.K. & J.P. Cutts.

It was tempting to think that the work was begun by Edward Cutts.  Having compared the pencil labelling to the handwriting in the EAS Minute Book during the time Cutts served as Secretary, it is clear that the labelling is not his work.  Equally there are errors in labelling: South Benfleet should be North Benfleet, Coopersale should read Theydon Garnon, Stock should read Laindon, Blackmore End should read Stisted, the omissions of East Mersea, Stondon Massey and Chigwell.  Warley is, in fact, Great Warley not Little Warley, a church demolished in the 1950s.  The photograph labelled “Litt. Oakley ?” is clearly not Little Oakley but Ugley[2], and is compelling because Cutts was its restorer.  On the same page a corrected entry from Great to Little Oakley is in fact, from Internet images research, Great Oakley.  There is therefore sufficient evidence to determine that the volumes did not belong to the Cutts family.

The various sizes of photographs, as well as the revelation that copies appear elsewhere, suggest that the mystery compiler was not the photographer but acquired copies probably from perhaps other gentlemen members of the Society, sharing the same taste and concern to record changes in church buildings.  The contents list below gives sizes for some of the photographs, which may indicate the same photographer or equipment employed.

“THERE is no need to stress the importance to the ecclesiologist of photographs and reliable drawings of churches before they were subjected to nineteenth-century reparation.” (Benton, TEAS n.s. xxiv).  Benton makes reference to the Chancellor collection of photographs in the Society’s collection, now at the Essex Record Office.

A further important collection of Essex prints, exquisite sketches, photographs and newspaper cuttings in the name of Probert (ERO A13366) was deposited by the Society at the Essex Record Office in 2012.

The collections of photographs may be supported by contemporary narrative: Suckling (1846), Buckler (1856), Chancellor (as published in the Transactions of the Society, and Essex Review), and manuscript notes by King (1856-93) and C. F. D. Sperling.

Footnotes are provided giving additional information relating to the image.  Endnotes are given where there has been correspondence with individual members or members of the public or local history groups.

Essex Churches Volume I

The size of photographs recorded are approximate.

1.       Aldham[3]: exterior from SE (8”x6”), interior looking E (8”x6”).
2.       Althorne: exterior from S. (3¾“x 2¼“).  Alphamstone: exterior shored up, exterior from S.E (printed matter)[4], font, three archaeological photographs. Four page pamphlet inserted ‘Pre-historic remains at Alphamstone’ (1907)
3.       Layer Marney: exterior from S.W. (3½“x2¼“).  Arkesden: village green and church[5] (3½“x2¼“).  Ashdon: exterior from N.[6] (4¼“x2½“).  Ardleigh: exterior from S (8”x6”) [7].
4.       Ashingdon, exterior from S (6”x4½“).
5.       Ballingdon: exterior from S. (5”x4”), interior looking E. (5”x4”).  Great Baddow: exterior from S (7¾“x7½“[8]).  Little Baddow: exterior from S.E. (6½“x4½“).
6.       Great Bardfield: exterior from S.E. (5½“x4”[9]), interior three views of stone rood screen from three periods: without cross (5¾“x4¼“), with cross (4¾“x4¼“), with rood figures[10] (4”x6”).  Great Baddow: exterior from N.E. (8”x6½“)[11]
7.       Barking, exterior from W (3½”x4½“).  Barking, Curfew Tower (postcard). Barking (print[12]). Barking (print, loose).  Bartlow (print Gent Mag. Oct 1822).
8.       Barnston: exterior from S.E. (4½“x3¼“).  Barling: exterior from S.W. (5¾“x4¼“), tower and north chapel (4”x3”).  Beaumont [Beaumont-cum-Moze], exterior from S.W. (7”x6”).
9.       Belchamp St Paul: exterior from S.E. (3½“x2½“), exterior from N.E. (3½“x2½“), interior “W end”. (3½“x2½“)
10.   North Benfleet: exterior from N.E. showing belfry (6½”x5¼“)[13].  South Benfleet: south porch (4½“x6”).
11.   Berden: church and vicarage (7¼“x6”[14]).  Little Bentley: exterior from S.E. (5¾“x4”).
12.   East Bergholt [Suffolk]: exterior from S.E. (6”x4½“).  Berechurch: exterior from S. prior to restoration[15] (5½“x4¼“), exterior from S.E. (9”x7½“).  Billericay (print, J Hugh Perry, S Collins).
13.   Birdbrook: exterior from W. pre-restoration (3½“x2¼“), exterior from S.E. post restoration[16] (5”x4”), exterior E window (3”x 4”, dated 4.11.10 J.E.K.C.).  Birchanger: exterior from S.E. (3½”x2¼“).  [Great] Birch: exterior from W. (6”x7¾“), interior looking E[17] (7¾“x6”).
14.   Birdbrook: exterior (postcard[18] dated 18.10.1907), exterior from S (5¼“x3¼“, 4.11.1910 J.E.K.C.), exterior from S.W. (5¼“x3¼“, 4.11.1910 J.E.K.C.).   Blackmore: interior ‘the tower arch’ west door (4½“x6”).  Bobbingworth[19]: exterior from W & tower (8¼“x6¼“).  Blackmore End[20]: interior looking E (6½“x5¾“).  Boreham: interior looking E. (4”x6”).  Stisted[21]: exterior from W. (6”x4”).  Bocking: exterior from S.W. (postcard).
15.   Boxted: exterior from S.E. (5½“x4”).  Boreham: tower from road (4”x 5½“[22]).  Bobbingworth interior looking W. (3”x4”, J.E.K. Cutts 1909).  Bradwell-on-Sea: mounting steps (3¾“x3”, J.E.C.).  Bocking: exterior for N.W. (print).
16.   Bradwell-on-Sea: exterior from S.W. (5”x3½“), exterior from S. (postcard).  Bradfield: exterior from S. (6½“x6”), interior looking E. (8”x6”).  St Peters on the Wall, Bradwell: two postcards, exterior from S.E. “Bradwell St Peters Chapel J.E.C. (4”x3”).
17.   Great Bromley: (all, 10.11.1900 Mr Cutts) exterior from S.E., porch facing and facing close-up, porch side, doorway, interior looking E.
18.   Great Braxted: exterior from S pre-restoration (5½“x4”)[23].  Little Braxted: exterior from S (5½“x4”), exterior from S. (colour postcard), exterior from S.E. (3½“x2½“)[24], interior looking E (3½“x2½“)[25].
19.   Brightlingsea, Old: exterior from S. without pinnacles on tower, exterior from S.E. with tower in restoration[26], interior looking E.  Brightlingsea, New: exterior (7½“x6¼“).  Little Bromley: exterior from S.E. (6”x4”).  Great Bromley: exterior from S.E. (7½“x6”).
20.   Great Bromley: interior looking E. (5¾“x8”).  Broomfield: exterior from S.E. during restoration (8”x5½“)[27], exterior from N.E. (small print), exterior from S.E. post-restoration (8”x6”).
21.   Broomfield: exterior from S. pre-restoration (6”x4½“).
22.   Broxted: exterior from S.W. (4½“x3½“), interior looking E. (4¾“x3¾“).  Bulmer: exterior from N.E. (4”x3”).  Buckhurst Hill: exterior (8”x6”), interior looking E (8”x6”).
23.   Bulphan: exterior from S. (print 1870)
24.   Burnham-on-Crouch: exterior from S. (4”x2½“).  Great Burstead: (all J.E.K. Cutts, 31.8.09) exterior from S.E., N porch, S porch.  Little Burstead: (all J.E.K. Cutts, 31.8.09) exterior from S., exterior from N.E.
25.   Buttsbury exterior from E (6¾“x5¾”), exterior from S.E. (postcard[28]).  Little Burstead: exterior from S. (print Gent. Mag. Aug 1827), exterior from S. (7½“ x 5½“[29]).  Great Burstead: exterior from N.E. (5½“x6¾“[30])
26.   Great Canfield: exterior from S. (8¼“x6”), exterior from S.W. (3½“x2¼“), wall painting (6”x8”).  Canewdon: exterior from S.E. (6¾“x6”)
27.   Chadwell St Mary (print). Chadwell Heath (loose photo[31])
28.   Chelmsford exterior from E pre restoration (5”x4¼“)[32].
29.   Chelmsford: “west view of Chelmsford Church that fell on 17 January 1800” (sketch), exterior from S (print).
30.   Chelmsford: interior pulpit[33] (5¾“x7½“), interior E window and High Altar (5½“x8”), interior looking W. (8¾“x5½“), chantry chapel (8¼“x6”).
31.   Chelmsford: porch from S.W. pre- with exterior staircase (?)(4“x6“) and post-restoration (4½“x6½“), porch from W pre-restoration[34] (4”x6”[35]), porch from S.E. (6½“x8¾“).
32.   Chelmsford: Ann Baker window (colour drawing), exterior from S.E. (print, European magazine), interior pulpit (8½“x6½“).
33.   Chelmsford: interior (postcard[36])
34.   [blank]
35.   [blank]
36.   [blank]
37.   [blank]
38.   [blank]
39.   [blank]
40.   [blank]
41.   Chelmsford: exterior from S, post restoration with clerestory (9¼“x7¼”)[37], pre-restoration (8¾“x7¼“).
42.   Great Chesterford: exterior from N.W. (5½“x4”)[38], interior looking E. (5½“x4”).  Little Chesterford: exterior from E (5½“x4”)[39].
43.   Chigwell[40]: exterior from N.W. before enlargement (8”x5½“), exterior from E. before enlargement (8”x6”)[41], interior looking E (8”x6”), interior looking W. with gallery (8”x6”).
44.   Chingford Old Church: exterior from S (8”x5½“), exterior from S.E. (8”x6”), exterior from N.E. (print, Gent. Mag. Dec. 1794).  Chingford New Church: exterior from S.W. (8”x6”)[42].
45.   Clacton-on-Sea, St Paul: exterior (5½“x4”)[43].  Great Clacton: exterior from S.E. (8¼“x6¼“)[44], interior looking E.(8”x5½“).  Clavering: exterior from S.E. (4½“x3½“), interior looking E. (4¼“x3½“), exterior from S before extension (print)
46.   Coggeshall, exterior from S.W. (8¼“x5¾“)[45].  Chrishall, exterior from S.W. with spire (9½“x7½“)[46].
47.   Colchester. St Mary[47]: exterior from S.E. (8”x 5½“), exterior from N.E.(8”x5¾“).  Colchester. St Nicholas cum St Runwald[48]: exterior from E. (5½“x7¾“), exterior from N.W. (5¾“x7¾“).
48.   Colchester. St Runwald: exterior from the N.E.[49].  Colchester. Holy Trinity: tower (print F.E. Norris 1871).  Colchester. St Nicholas (old): exterior from S. (7½“x6”)[50].  Colchester. St Peter: exterior from S.W. (4”x 5¾”).  Colchester. St Giles: exterior from N.W. (3½“x2¼“).  Colchester. St Paul: exterior from S.E. (3½“x2¼“)[51].  Colchester. St James: exterior from N. following addition of spire (5¾“x4“)[52].
49.   Colchester. Holy Trinity: exterior from the N.W. (4”x5¾“), porch (colour postcard).  Colchester. St Leonards: exterior from the W. tower with cupula (4”x5¾“)[53].  Colchester. St Giles: exterior from the N.W. (9¼“x7½“).
50.   Colchester. St Leonards: west front of tower without cupula (7½“x9¼“)[54].  Colchester. St Botolphs: Interior (7¼“x9¼“[55]).
51.   Colchester. All Saints: exterior from N.E.[56].  Colchester. Holy Trinity: Saxon door
52.   Colchester. St Nicholas interior, looking E. (7¼“x9¼“[57])
53.   [blank]
54.   Colchester. Mile End exterior from S.W. (7¾“x5¾“), interior looking E. (4”x5¾“)
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56.   Earls Colne: exterior from S.E. (2¼“x3½“)[58].  White Colne: exterior from S. (3¾“x2¾“)[59]. Colne Engaine: exterior from W. (2¼“x3½“).
57.   Copford: interior (6¾“x8½“).  Theydon Garnon[60], exterior from the E. (8”x6”).
58.   Cricksea / Creeksea[61]: exterior from S. (4¼“x2¾”)[62], exterior from S.E. (postcard), exterior from S. (postcard), interior facing E (postcard), new organ (postcard).  Cressing: exterior from the S. (5½“x4¾“)
59.   Danbury Old: exterior from S. pre restoration (3½“x2¼“), exterior from S. pre-restoration (6”x7”)[63], exterior from S post-restoration (5½“x 4”).   Debden: exterior from the N. (4½“x3½”), interior looking E. (4¾“x3¾“).  Dedham: exterior from the N.E. (5¾”x4”).
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61.   Little Dunmow: exterior from S.W. (3½“x2½“), exterior from S.W. (print, Excursions through Essex), interior facing E., Bacon chair[64].  Great Dunmow: exterior from N.E. (4¾“x3½“), exterior from E. (3½“x2¼”).
62.   Good Easter: exterior from S. (8¼“x6”), exterior from S.W. (Fred Spalding photograph), interior looking E. (undated) (6¾“x8¾“)[65].  Little Easton: view (5½”x4”), interior looking E. (5¼“x4¼”).
63.   Eastwood: exterior from S.E. (5¾”x4”).  Elsenham: exterior from S.E. (5½“x4”[66]).  Epping [Upland]: exterior from S.W. (8”x6”).  Epping [St John]: exterior looking up High Street (8”x6”)[67].
64.   Elmstead: exterior from S.  Elmdon: exterior from W., interior looking E.  Epping [Upland]: N & S view (print - Gent. Mag. 1806).
65.   Farnham[68] exterior from W. (7¼“x5¾“), exterior from S.E. (7¼“x5½“), interior looking E. (6”x7”), exterior from S.W. (print) “before pulled down”.
66.   Felsted: exterior from E.  Faulkbourne: exterior from S.  Felsted [School] Chapel: exterior from S.E.[69], exterior from S.W.  Feering: exterior from S.
67.   Finchingfield: exterior from S., interior looking E. (5½“x4”), interior looking E. (4¼“x6”)[70].  Felsted: exterior from N.E. (8”x6”), exterior looking E. (8”x6”).  Debden: exterior from S.W. (postcard)
68.   Foxearth[71] exterior from E. (2¼“x3½“), interior looking E. (3¼“x2¼“).  Fobbing: exterior from S.E. (print, 1870)
69.   Fryerning: exterior from S.E. (8”x5¾“[72]), exterior from S.E. (8”x5¾“), exterior from E. (Fred Spalding postcard), interior looking E. (5¾“x8”), font (dated 1896).  Fyfield: exterior from S.W. (Fred Spalding postcard).
70.   Galleywood[73]: exterior from S.E. (6”x7¾“).  Goldhanger: exterior from S.E. (5½“x4”[74]).  Gosfield: exterior from S.E.[75], exterior from N.E., interior looking E (newspaper cutting[76]), exterior from N.E. (newspaper cutting), window exterior (newspaper cutting).
71.   Greensted-juxta-Ongar: exterior from S. (8”x6”), exterior from S.E. (print).  Galleywood: exterior from S.E. (Fred Spalding postcard). Goldhanger: exterior from S.E. (postcard).  Finchingfield: Norman doorway exterior (newspaper cutting, photograph by Lawson).
72.   Hadleigh: exterior from E. (6”x5½“[77]).  Great Hallingbury: exterior from E. (5½“x4”), interior looking W. (3¾“x 4½“), interior looking E. (3¾“x 4½“).  Little Hallingbury: exterior from S.W. (3½“x2¼“).
73.   Halstead, St Andrew: exterior from N.E. (9¾”x8”), interior looking E (mounted, loose).  Halstead, Holy Trinity: exterior from S. (10½“x8½“).
74.   Mountnessing: exterior from S.W. pre-restoration[78] (5½“x7½“[79]).  South Hanningfield: exterior from S (Fred Spalding postcard).  West Hanningfield: exterior from S. (postcard)
75.   Harlow [Old Harlow]: St John the Baptist exterior from N.W. (4¾“x3¾“).  Harlow [Churchgate Street] St Mary: exterior from S. (3½”x2¼“).  Harlow, St Hugh: exterior from N.W. (print drawn by Thomas Glasscock).  Harwich Chapel: exterior from N.E. (print)
76.   Hatfield Broad Oak: exterior from S.E. (7”x5¾“), exterior from S.W. (3½”x2¼“), exterior from S.E. (print).  Hatfield Broad Oak, Bush End: exterior from E. (4¾“x3½“).
77.   Hatfield Peverel: exterior from N. without towers[80] (5½“x4”[81]), exterior from N with towers (3½”x2¼“).  Havering (old): exterior from S.E.  Hawkwell: exterior from S.E.  Havering (new)[82]: exterior from E.  Henham: exterior from S.E. (5½“x4¼“), interior looking E. (5“x4¼“), exterior from W. (print). 
78.   Castle Hedingham: exterior from S.E., exterior from N.W., interior looking E.  Sible Hedingham: exterior from S.W., exterior from S.  Hazeleigh: exterior (print).  Havering (old): exterior from S.E. (3½“x2½“).
79.   Henham: exterior from S.E. without clock (5½“x4”[83]).  Castle Hedingham: interior looking E. in chancel, interior looking E from Nave, looking W., tower exterior from S.E. (print).  Hempstead: exterior from S.E. (4.11.1910. J W Cutts)
80.   Henham: exterior from W (Gent Mag. January 1807 print).  Highwood, Writtle: exterior from W. (6”x3¾“).  High Beach: exterior from S. (4½“x3¾“), exterior from W. (8”x6”), interior looking E. (8”x6”)  Heybridge: exterior from S.W., exterior from W (postcard[84])
81.   Hockley: exterior from S.W. (6”x4½“). Hornchurch: interior looking E (postcard).  Great Horkesley: exterior from S.W. (8”x6”).
82.   Little Horkesley[85]: exterior from S.E. (9½“x7½“[86]), interior looking E. (9½“x7½“[87]). Hornchurch: exterior from E (print)
83.   Hutton: exterior from N before restoration[88] (7¾“x5¾“), exterior from S. before restoration (8“x5¾“[89]), exterior from N after restoration, exterior from S.E.
84.   East Horndon: exterior tower from N (J E K Cutts, 31/8/09), exterior from S.E. (J E K Cutts, 31/8/09), exterior from S (print).  Ingrave: exterior from S.E., exterior from N.E. (J E K Cutts 31/08/09).
85.   Ingatestone: exterior from S. (8¼“x6½“[90]), tower exterior from S.W. (5½“x7½“[91]), tower exterior from N.E.
86.   Kelvedon: exterior from E, exterior from S.E.  Laindon St Nicholas: exterior from W with Priest House (print[92]), interior Priest House (print).
87.   Langenhoe[93]: exterior from S.E. after the earthquake 22.4.1884 (9½“x7¾“), interior looking W. after the earthquake 22.4.1884 (9½“x7¾“).
88.   Langham: exterior from S. (7¾“x6”), interior looking E. (7¾“x6”).  Langford: exterior from N. (5¼“x4”).  Lambourne: exterior from N. (8”x5”[94]).
89.   Langley: exterior from S. (4¾“x3¾”).  Latton: exterior from S. (6”x4”).  Lawford: exterior from the N.E. (print, 1849[95]).
90.   Lawford: exterior from S.W. (5”x4¼“).  Little Laver: exterior from S.W. with bellcote (4”x2¼“), font (taken by J E K Cutts, 1909).  High Laver: exterior from N.E. (taken by J E K Cutts, 1909)[96].  Layer Marney: exterior from S.E. (print[97]).
91.   St Lawrence[98]: exterior from N. (4”x2½“).  Layer Marney: exterior from S.W. (6”x4”), interior looking E. (7¼“x9¼“[99]).  Layer Breton[100]: exterior from S.W. (10¼“x7”)
92.   Liston: exterior from S.E. (5”x4”).  Leigh[101]: exterior from S.E. (6½“x6”).  Lexden: exterior from N. (3½“x2¼“).
93.   Leytonstone: exterior from S..  Leyton: exterior from S.
94.   Littlebury: exterior from S.[102] (5½“x4”), interior looking E. (4”x5½“).  Loughton, St Mary: exterior from N.E. (7”x6”), interior looking E. (8”x6”).

Essex Churches Volume II

The second of two volumes. See note to S/LIB/9/48.

1.       Maldon. St Mary: exterior from S.W. before extension[103] (10½“x 8¾“).  Maldon, St Peter[104]: exterior from S.W. (5¾“x8”), exterior from S.W. (4”x5½”).
2.       Manningtree[105]: exterior from N.E. (5”x4”).  Manuden: exterior from N.  Little Maplestead: exterior from S.W.[106] (10¼“x6¾“).  Great Maplestead: exterior from N.E.[107] (6”x3¾“), exterior from S.E.[108] (4¾“x3¾“).  Unknown [House of Retreat, Great Maplestead?], exterior from S. (5¾“x4”).
3.       Margaretting: exterior from S. without porch[109] (6¾“x5¾“), exterior from S.W. (8”x6”), north porch (4¾“x6½“).  Marks Tey: exterior from S. (5½”x4”).  Markshall[110]: exterior (2¾“x3¼“).
4.       West Mersea: exterior from N. (3¾“x2¼“).  Matching[111]: exterior from S.W. and Marriage Room (4¾“x3½“).
5.       Mistley, Old [Adam Church]: exterior from N. prior to partial demolition[112] (5¼“x4”).  Mistley New[113]: exterior from S.E. (4”x5¼“).  Messing: exterior from W. (5½“x4¼“).  Moreton: exterior from S.E. (4”x2¼“), exterior from S.E. (6”x4”[114]), font, interior looking E. (5½“x7½“).
6.       Mundon: exterior from N.W. (8”x6”).  Mountnessing: exterior “W. end 1916”, exterior from S.E. (7½“x6”).  Moreton: exterior from S.E.[115], font [by J E K Cutts 1909].  Moulsham: exterior from S.W. (5¼“x3¼“), interior looking E. (5¼“x3¼“).
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8.       Navestock: exterior from N.E. [print. Gent. Mag. July 1823[116]].
9.       Newport: exterior from S.E. (5¾“x4”), exterior from S.E. [postcard, with shop present], interior looking E. (5½“x4”).  White Notley: exterior from S.E[117] (4”x4½“).  Little Oakley: exterior South Chancel door (4½“x7”).
10.   Ugley[118]: exterior from S.E. (3½“x2¼”).  Little Oakley[119]: exterior door [Mr Cutts 06], exterior tower from S.W.[120] (4¾“x7”).  Great Oakley: exterior from S.E. (6¾“x4”), interior looking E. (8”x6”).
11.   Chipping Ongar: exterior from N.E. (8”x5½“).  St Osyth: exterior from S.W. (6”x4”[121]), interior looking E. with plastered piers and box pews (9”x6¾“), interior looking E. with exposed brick piers, chairs and lighting (6”x4¼“).
12.   Ovington: exterior from S.W. with former belfry (7¾“x6”).  St Osyth: exterior from W. (4¾“x4”), exterior from S.E. (4¾“x4”), interior looking E. (4¾“x4”), interior looking W. with gallery and organ and box pews (4¾“x4”).
13.   Great Parndon: exterior from N.E. (3½“x2¼“).  Little Parndon: exterior from S. (3½“x2¼“[122]). Paglesham: exterior from S.W. (5¾“4¼“).  St Osyth: interior looking E. with plastered piers and box pews (5¾“x4¼“).
14.   Pentlow: exterior from S.E. (8”x6”), exterior from S.E. (colour postcard).  Peldon: exterior from S. following 1884 earthquake (5¾“x4¼“[123]), exterior from N.E. (3½“x2¼“).  Pebmarsh: exterior from S. (6”x4”).
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16.   Pleshey: exterior from S. (5½“x4¾“), exterior from N.W. (5½“x4¾“), porch (6”x6½“).  Prittlewell: exterior from S.E. (4¼“x5¾“), interior looking E. (postcard).  Purleigh: exterior from S.E. (5¾“x4¼“).
17.   Quendon: exterior from S.W. (3½“x2¼“).  Prittlewell: exterior from S.E. (postcard).
18.   Radwinter: exterior from E.[124] (4¼“x5¾“), porch [4.6.10. Mr Cutts], interior looking E. (4¼“x5¾“), interior looking E. (5½“x4¼“).  Rainham: exterior from S.E. (postcard), tower (print John S Corder).
19.   Ramsey: exterior from S. (8”x6”), interior looking E. (8”x6”).  Rawreth[125]: exterior from N.E. (8”x5½“).  Rochford: exterior from E. (6”x4”), exterior from S.W. (5¼“x4¾“[126]).
20.   Rochford: exterior from S.E. (11”x8¾“).  Ridgewell: exterior from S.W. (2½“x2¼“), interior looking E. (3½“x2¼“).  Rivenhall: exterior from S.W.[127] (5”x4”).  Rickling: exterior from S. (5¾“x4”), interior looking E. with rood screen (5¾“x4”).
21.   Beauchamp Roding: exterior from S.E. (print, Leon Welsted).  Abbess Roding: exterior from S.E. (print).  Rettenden: exterior from E. (postcard).  Rivenhall: exterior from S.W. (tinted postcard).
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23.   Roxwell[128]:, exterior from S.E. (5½“x7½“), reredos before painted panels added?[129] (8¼“x6½“).  Rowhedge / East Donyland[130]: exterior from E. (4”x5¾“).
24.   Roxwell: exterior from N.E. (Fred Spalding postcard), interior looking E. (Fred Spalding postcard).  Romford, St Edward: exterior from S. (postcard), exterior from N.E. (postcard). Runwell: exterior from W. (postcard).
25.   Saffron Walden: exterior from S.E. (5½“x4”), exterior from N. (print), general view (print), exterior from S. (print), interior looking E. (5½“x4”).  Little Saling: exterior from S.W. (print Gent Mag 1811), exterior from S. (5½“x4”).  Great Saling: exterior from S.E. (5½“x4”).  Old Virley [perished beyond recognition].
26.   Salcott: “before restoration” [perished beyond recognition].  Shalford: exterior from S.E. (8”x5½“), John de Northwood chantry in chancel (4¼“x6”)[131], Humphrey de Northwood chantry in S Aisle (4”x5¾“), interior E window[132] (6”x4”).  Sandon: exterior from S.E. (4½“x6¼“).
27.   Sheering: exterior from N. (3½“x2¼“), exterior from N.E. (print G E Pritchett of Bishops Stortford).  Shenfield: interior looking E. (postcard).  South Shoebury: interior chancel arch (print K F sketched 1860).  Sandon: exterior from S.E. (postcard).
28.   Silvertown: exterior from S.[133] (11¼“x9¼“[134]).  Saffron Walden: exterior from S.E. (postcard), interior looking E. (postcard).
29.   Southminster: exterior from S. (6”x4”).  Southchurch: exterior from S. (5¾“x4½“).  Southend, Roman Catholic Church: interior looking E. (6¼“x4¼“).  Southend “First Episcopal Church opened in England”: exterior from N.E. (4¼“x6”).
30.   Stambourne: exterior from S.E. (3½“x2½“), interior looking E. (3½“x2“).  Springfield: exterior from E. (7”x5¼“[135]), exterior from S. (7½“x6”), interior looking E. (8”x5¾“).  Great Stambridge: exterior from W. (4½“x6¼“).
31.   Stansted Mountfitchet (St Mary)[136]: exterior from S.W. (6”x 4½“[137]), exterior North Porch (4”x5½“[138]).  Stanford Rivers: exterior from S. (7½”x 4½“).  Stanford-le-Hope: exterior from S.E. (print “for the restoration of which funds are urgently needed”).
32.   [Little] Stanway: exterior from S.W. with former belfry (5½“x4”), exterior from N. with former belfry (5½“x4”), exterior from S.W. with current belfry[139] (7¾“x6”).
33.   Steeple: exterior before “pulled down”[140] (4”x2½“).  Steeple Bumpstead: exterior from S.E. with long E window[141] (3½“x2½“), exterior from S. (2¾“x2¼“), exterior from S. “4.6.10. Mr Cutts” (5¼“x3½“), exterior from S.E. “4.6.10. Mr Cutts” (5¼“x3½“), interior looking W. (3”x2½“), interior looking E. (3”x2½“).  Stebbing: exterior from S.E. (5“x4¼“), interior looking E.[142] (5¼“x4¼“).
34.   Stisted: exterior from E.(4”x3”).  Stondon Massey: exterior from S. (7¾“x6”), interior looking E.[143] (8”x 5½“), interior looking W. (7¼“x5½“).
35.   Sturmer: exterior from S. (3¼“x2½“).  Sutton: exterior from S. (6¼“x4½“)[144].
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37.   Takeley: exterior from S. (6”x4¼“).  Terling: exterior from S.E. (5½“x4¼“[145]).  Tendring[146]: exterior from N.E. (6¼“x5¼“).
38.   Great Tey: exterior from S.E. (5½“x4¼“).
39.   Thaxted: exterior from S.W. (5½“x 4”), exterior from S.E. (print[147]), interior from S.W. (4½“x3¾“), interior from West Gallery (4¾“x4”).  Theydon Bois: exterior from S. (7”x6”). Theydon Garnon: exterior from E (Christmas greetings print).
40.   Thaxted: exterior from N.E. (postcard[148]), exterior from S. “south view” (postcard), North Porch (postcard[149]).
41.   Thunderley: interior (print).
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44.   Tollesbury: exterior from S.W. (4¼“x3¼“).  Tillingham: exterior from S. (3¾“x2¼“[150]).  Tilty: exterior from E. (5½“x4”).  Tiptree: exterior from S.W. (5”x4”), interior looking E. (6”x4¼“).
45.   Tollesbury: exterior from S.W. (postcard), exterior from N. (postcard[151]).  Tolleshunt D’Arcy: exterior from S. (postcard).  Toppesfield: interior looking E. with gallery over S. aisle (5¼“x4”).
46.   Toppesfield: exterior from S.W.[152] (6½“x4½“).  Twinstead[153]: exterior from S.W. (9¾“x8”), exterior from E. (9”x7”).  Great Totham: exterior from S[154] (3½“x2¼“).
47.   Thorpe-le-Soken[155]: exterior from N. (8”x5½“), interior looking E. (8”x6“).  Easthorpe: exterior from S. (7½“x5½“).
48.   Ulting: exterior from N. with older belfry[156] (3”x 1¾“), exterior from S.W. with Canal in foreground (5½“x4”), exterior from N.E. (5½“x4”[157]).  Upminster: exterior from E. (postcard), interior looking E. (postcard).
49.   Victoria Docks[158]: exterior from S.E. (11½“x9”[159]), interior looking E. (11¼“x8¾“).
50.   Great Wakering: exterior from S.W. (6”x4½“), exterior from S.W. (3”x3¾“), exterior from W. showing W. porch to tower (3”x3¾“).  Waltham Abbey: exterior from S.W. (print[160]), exterior from S.E. (print), exterior from S.E. before restoration[161] (8”x6”).
51.   Great Waltham: exterior from S.E. showing tower with cupula[162] (7¾“x5½“), interior looking E., with Rood Screen (7¾“x5½“).  Little Waltham: exterior from S. (6¼“x5½“), interior looking E. (5¼“x3½“).
52.   Great Waltham: exterior from W.[163] (6”x8”). Great Wakering: exterior from S.E. (4”x3”).  Little Wakering: exterior view of W tower door (4”x3”).  Walthamstow, exterior from S.W. (print[164]).
53.   Walton-on-the-Naze: exterior from S.E. before restoration[165] (5¾“x4”), interior looking E. (5¼“x3¾“).  Wanstead: exterior from S.W. (print). Waltham Abbey, exterior from S.W. (postcard), exterior Abbey Gate (postcard), new church tower (postcard), exterior from W. with new tower[166], interior looking E through door (postcard).
54.   South Weald: exterior from S. (5¾“x4¼“).  [Great] Warley[167]: exterior from N. (7½“x6¼“), interior looking E. with box pews and pulpit (9½“x7½“).  Wendens Ambo: exterior from S.E. (5½“x4”), interior looking E. (5¼“x4”).
55.   Wethersfield: exterior from S. (8¾“x6¾“), exterior from S.E. (5½“x4”[168]), interior looking E. (5½“x4¼“).  Wennington: exterior tower (print, John S. Corder).  Wicken Bonhunt[169]: exterior from S. (4”x3¾“), interior looking E. (4”x6”[170]).
56.   Widdington: exterior from S.E. (5½“x4”), exterior from S. (5¼“x4”), interior looking E. (5¼“x4¼“).  Wickham Bishops (new): exterior from N.E. (4”x5¼“[171]).  Wickham St Pauls: exterior from S. (7”x4”), interior looking E. (6¼“x8”).
57.   Widford: exterior old church before demolition [colour print, ‘by Nightingale’][172].  Widford (new): exterior from E. (2¼“x3½“).  Little Wigborough, exterior from S.W. “after earthquake 22.4.[18]84” (9½“x7½“).
58.   Wimbish: exterior from S.W. showing tower[173] (5¾“x4”), interior looking E. (5¾“x4”).  Willingale Doe & Willingale Spain: exterior form S.E. (print, The Willingales).  Willingale Doe: exterior from S.E. (postcard, Fred Spalding). “Churches of Fulbourn, St Vigors, and Fulbourn, All Saints, Cambridgeshire” (print).
59.   Witham, Old church [St Nicholas]: exterior from S. (5¼“x4”[174]), exterior from S. (print).  Witham, New church [now Holy Family & All Saints R.C.]: exterior from S.W. (5½“x4“).  Woodford Bridge: exterior from N.W. (8”x6”).  Woodford, Old church: exterior from S.E. (8”x6”).  White Notley: exterior from S.E. (postcard).
60.   Woodham Ferris [Woodham Ferrers]: exterior from S.W. (5¾“x4”).  Woodham Walter: exterior from S.W. (3½“x2½“).  Woodham Mortimer: exterior from S. through trees (3½“x2½“).  Wethersfield: exterior from S. (5”x4”).
61.   Wivenhoe: tower “after earthquake” (6”x8”)[i].  Wormingford: exterior from S. (postcard Fred Spalding).
62.   Writtle: exterior from S.W. (8”x6”[175]).  Wivenhoe: exterior from N.W. (8”x6”), interior looking E. (8”x6”).
63.   Great Yeldham: exterior from W. (5¼“x4”), exterior from S.E. (5¼“x4”), exterior from S.E. before restoration[176] (6½“x5½“).  Copford: exterior from S.E. (8”x6”).
64.   Copford: exterior from N. (8”x5¾“), exterior North Door (5½“x7¾“), interior looking E. (7¾“x5¾“).  Broomfield: exterior from S.W. (print).
65.   Buckhurst Hill: exterior from S.E. (8”x6”), interior looking E. (8”x6”).  Chignal Smealey: exterior from S.E. (7”x4½“).
66.   Chrishill: exterior from E., with spirelet[177] (6”x8”).  Earls Colne: exterior from S.E. (8”x5¼”). White Colne: exterior from S.[178] (9”x6”).  Chigwell: exterior from S. (8”x5½“).
67.   Dedham: exterior from N.E. (8”x6”), interior looking E. (6”x8”).  High Easter, exterior from S.E. (7”x4½“).
68.   Good Easter: exterior “after fire [18]86” (7”x4½“), interior looking E. “after fire” (4½“x7”).  Great Easton: exterior from S.E. (5½“x4”), interior looking E. (5½“x4¼“).
69.   Felsted Chapel: exterior from S. (11”x8½“), interior looking E. (11”x8½“).
70.   Gosfield: exterior from S.E. (8”x6”).  Hazeleigh[179]: exterior from S. (7”x4½“).
71.   East Mersea: exterior from S.W.  (4¼“x2¾“).  East Horndon: exterior from S.E. (7½“x5½“[180]).
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74.   Lindsell: exterior from S.W. (5½“x4¼“), interior looking E. (5¼“x4¼“).
75.   Loughton: exterior from N.E. (8”x5¼“), interior looking E. (7¾“x6”).  Lambourne: exterior from N.E. (print. Gent mag. Oct. 1827).  Lamarsh: exterior from S. (6”x4”[181]).
76.   Lexden: exterior from N.E.[182] (9½“x7½“[183]). Laindon: exterior from S.W. (7½“x5½“[184]). Laindon Hills: exterior from W. (print. Parish Magazine. September 1835).
77.   Great Maplestead: exterior from W. (6”x4”).  Messing: exterior from S.W. (print, 1840[185])
78.   Little Oakley[186]: exterior door (4½“x7”), south chancel door (4½“x7¼”[187]).
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80.   St Osyth: exterior from S. (8”x6”).  Prittlewell: exterior tower (print).
81.   Rawreth: exterior tower (print, John S Corder), interior Rood Screen (6”x8”), interior pulpit (4½“x6”), interior font (4”x6”).  Rivenhall: exterior from S. (5¼“x4”).  Rayleigh: exterior from S.E. (print).
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83.   Stock: exterior from S. (4¾“x6¾“[188]), exterior from W. (6“x7¾“[189]).
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85.   Theydon Gernon [Theydon Garnon], exterior from S.E. (print)
86.   [blank]
87.   [blank]
88.   North Weald: exterior from S.W. (8”x6”).  Woodford, All Saints: exterior from N. (8”x6”).  Woodford Bridge: exterior from S.W. (8”x6”).
89.   Woodford Bridge: exterior from E. (8”x6”).  Waltham Abbey: interior looking E (print). Writtle: interior looking E. (8”x6”).
90.   Witham: exterior from S. (print. Gent Mag. March 1819).  Widford: exterior from E. (4½“x6¼“[190]). Wickham Bishops, Old church [St Peter]: exterior from S. (postcard).  Woodford Bridge: exterior from N.E. (print).
91.   Chigwell: exterior from N. before enlargement[191] (8”x6”), interior Harsnett Gallery (8”x6”), interior Claybury pew (8”x6”).
92.   Billericay: exterior and High Street (8”x6”[192]).  Laindon [incorrectly attributed as Stock]: exterior from S.E. (5½“x7½“[193]).  Chingford [Old]: exterior from S.E. (print, 1804[194]).
93.   Great Burstead: exterior from S. “after reroofing” (5¾“x7½“[195]), exterior from W. “before repair of steeple” (5¾“x7½“[196]), exterior “North Door” (5¾“x7½“[197]), interior “south aisle” (6”x 7¾“).
94.   Wickham Bishops: exterior from E. (colour postcard[198]).  Chigwell, St Marys: exterior from N after enlargement[199] (8¼“x5¼“), exterior from E. (8”x6”), interior looking E. (8”x6”).

[1] On the Membership List in 1915, Cutts was living in Ontario, Canada having retired there in 1912.  His parents were Edward Lewes Cutts (1824-1901), clergyman and founder of E.A.S., and Mariann Elizabeth Knight (see http://www.vangoozen.ca/bios.html ).
[2] Identified by Martin Stuchfield who sent an identical modern photograph following the Society’s AGM on 25 June 2016.
[3] Aldham: New church built in 1855 (Sperling, S/LIB/9/17)
[4] Alphamstone: later insertion into collection
[5] Arkesden: Almost entirely rebuilt 1855 (Sperling)
[6] Ashdon. Similar photograph, dated 1871, appears in Probert (ERO A13366)
[7] Ardleigh: Pre-restoration photograph. “The chancel, nave and aisles rebuilt in 1883” (Sperling). “… Little left of antiquarian interest beyond a portion of the old rood-screen and the fine porch” (Worley, 1915, 110)
[8] Great Baddow: the photograph has man scything churchyard.  Pre restoration of 1892.
[9] Great Bardfield: photograph has rounded top
[10] Great Bardfield: The rood figures are a reconstruction of 1896-7 and due to Bodley (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 389). This explains why the photograph overlaps the Great Baddow example on the same page of the album.
[11] Great Baddow: pre-restoration. The chancel’s large dormer windows were rebuilt during repairs and alterations by C. & W.H. Pertwee, 1892-1903, which included rebuilding N vestry (Pevsner/Bettley, 2007, 386)
[12] Barking: engraving by J. Storer after S. Prout. Published by J & J Cundee, Albion Press, London in 1814.
[13] North Benfleet. Wrongly attributed in volume as South Benfleet. Church rebuilt 1871 (Sperling). “The brick tower of 1903 does not betray the timber construction of the C15 belfry inside” (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 614)
[14] Berden: Includes man, two women and dog outside vicarage - photograph has rounded top.
[15] Berechurch.  Nave and chancel all but rebuilt by Charles Pertwee, 1872. (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 133).
[16] Birdbrook. Restoration by Chancellor, 1880-9, when S wall of chancel and S porch rebuilt (Pevsner/Bettley, 2007, 139). Different belfry.
[17] Birch. Rebuilt in 1850 (Sperling). Teulon church now derelict and facing possible demolition.
[18] Birdbrook: postcard J H Godden, photographer, Haverhill
[19] Bobbingworth. Tower rebuilt 1840. Chancel rebuilt 1841 (Sperling)
[20] Blackmore End. Now Diocesan furniture store (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 142)
[21] Stisted: wrongly attributed as Blackmore End. Thanks to James Bettley, e mail 22.7.16.
[22] Boreham: man and woman standing outside
[23] Great Braxted. Prior to being partially rebuilt in 1883-4 by E. Geldart with W buttresses and gabled bellcote (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 392)
[24] Little Braxted. The same photograph appears in James Bettley’s essay on Geldart in Essex Archaeology and History Third Series Volume 31 p172, which was reproduced by permission of the British Library (4705.CC.14(3)). It shows north aisle and vestry added by Geldart in 1884.
[25] Little Braxted: as note above. It shows fittings and decorations introduced in 1884-85.
[26] Brightlingsea: crocketed pinnacles partly complete. Perhaps dated 1886: “restored 1886, following the 1884 earthquake” (Pevsner/Bettley, 2007, 179)
[27] Broomfield. Restoration by Chancellor, 1869-70 (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 182). Workmen seated and lying on ground.
[28] Buttsbury: Fred Spalding, Chelmsford, postcard
[29] Little Burstead: Photograph had rounded top
[30] Great Burstead: Photograph has rounded top
[31] Chadwell Heath: on back of mounted board “R J Aldous. Ford’s School, Chadwell Heath, Essex”
[32] Chelmsford. Chancel clerestory by A. W. Blomfield, 1877-78 (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 204). Photograph has rounded top.
[33] Chelmsford. Lost in re-ordering 1983-84, Pulpit by F Chancellor, 1873 (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 204)
[34] Chelmsford: oval photograph
[35] Chelmsford: oval photograph
[36] Chelmsford: Fred Spalding, Chelmsford, postcard No 1781
[37] Chelmsford. Restoration by A.W. Blomfield, 1877-8 (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 204)
[38] Great Chesterford. Prior to incomplete restoration by Blomfield & Sons, 1891 (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 399)
[39] Little Chesterford: similar photograph, dated 1871, appears in Probert (ERO A13366)
[40] Chigwell. See also S/LIB/9/49/66,91,94
[41] Chigwell. The church was enlarged to more than twice its size in 1886-87, when A.W. Blomfield replaced the C15 N aisle with a new Nave and chancel, the old nave becoming the S aisle and S chapel. (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 226)
[42] Chingford New Church. Built in 1845 (Sperling)
[43] Clacton-on-Sea, St Paul. 1875 church replaced 1965-66. (Pevsner/Bettley, 2007, 240)
[44] Great Clacton: post 1865-6 restoration when three Norman style windows were inserted in the chancel.
[45] Coggeshall: Badly damaged in Second World War. See also ‘The Rebuilding of Coggeshall Church after Damage by Bombing’ (TEAS n.s. xxv 244-256)
[46] Chrishill. Restored 1914 when the spirelet was taken down (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 235)
[47] Colchester, St Mary. Closed 1978 (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 268). Now Colchester Arts Centre.
[48] Colchester, St Nicholas. See note below.
[49] Colchester, St Runwald. Bears inscription “Demolished 1878”.
[50] Colchester, St Nicholas. In 1875 the church was generally restored, the chancel largely rebuilt, the S. aisle and Transept Chapel destroyed and a new church of much larger size added to the S. of the old building; the north tower was refaced and partly rebuilt and a spire added'. (TEAS, n.s. XXV p.301)
[51] Colchester, St Paul. 1869 church demolished 1998.
[52] Previously St James The Great, now St James & St Paul. Spire added by S. S. Teulon, 1870-71 (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 265).
[53] Colchester, St Leonard. Following the 1884 earthquake the upper part of the C14 tower was rebuilt by Walter Scargill, 1888 (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 267)
[54] Colchester, St Leonard. See above. This is also a pre-restoration photograph.
[55] Colchester. St Botolph: in corner of photograph “Cooper and Oldham. Colchester. 6”
[56] Colchester, All Saints. Now the Natural History Museum.
[57] Colchester St Nicholas: in corner of photograph “Cooper and Oldham, Colchester. 13”
[58] Earls Colne. See also S/LIB/9/49/66
[59] White Colne. The same small photograph, dated 1871, appears in Probert (ERO A13366). Post 1870 restoration. See also S/LIB/9/49/66
[60] Theydon Garnon. Wrongly attributed as Coopersale.
[61] Cricksea. Rebuilt in 1878 (Sperling)
[62] Cricksea: post rebuild of 1878.  Man sitting by gate.
[63] Danbury. Major changes were left to G. G. Scott, 1866-7. He rebuilt the S aisle, and extended it eastwards to form a S chancel aisle (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 315).  “The south aisle was rebuilt in 1866-67; previous to that the aisle then pulled down was of brick with three semicircular-headed windows and built about 1776” (Chancellor, Essex Review II, 24, 1893)
[64] Little Dunmow: Bacon chair, oval photograph
[65] Good Easter chancel restored 1879-81 by E. Geldart. Nave badly damaged by fire 1885 (See S/LIB/9/49/68), restored F. Chancellor (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 379)
[66] Elsenham: Photograph has man by south door
[67] Epping, St Johns. Before addition of tower in 1908.
[68] Farnham. Rebuilt 1859 (Sperling)
[69] Felsted Chapel. Chancellor, 1873 (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 356)
[70] Finchingfield: Photograph in later insertion in album and has lamps suspended from ceiling.
[71] Foxearth. Tower rebuilt 1862 (Sperling)
[72] Fryerning. Photograph includes three men wearing top hats and two women.
[73] Galleywood: Church built 1872/73
[74] Goldhanger. Photograph has rounded top
[75] Gosfield. Same photograph, dated 1871, appears in Probert (ERO A13366)
[76] Gosfield: three newspaper cuttings attributed originally to Gosfield, but then crossed through
[77] Hadleigh. Photograph includes standing man.
[78] Mountnessing: thorough restoration by Bodley and Garner, 1889-90 (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 604). Belfry is painted white.
[79] Mountnessing: photograph has three children by gate
[80] Hatfield Peverel. Restoration 1873 by G.E. Street, removed two small W towers (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 481)
[81] Hatfield Peverel: Man and woman standing in churchyard
[82] Havering-atte-Bower. Rebuilt 1877. Consecrated 13 April 1878 (Sperling)
[83] Henham: photograph has group of people in pose.
[84] Heybridge: postcard, A H Judd, Southend
[85] Little Horkesley: destroyed by bomb in 1940. See also Benton, ‘The Destruction of Little Horkesley Church, and the Discovery of a Palimpsest Brass’ (TEAS xxiii, p116-124)
[86] Little Horkesley: exterior. In corner of photograph: “Cooper and Oldham. Colchester”
[87] Little Horlesley: interior. In corner of photograph: “Cooper and Oldham. Colchester”
[88] Hutton: restoration by G E Street, 1873
[89] Hutton: photograph has two women in churchyard
[90] Ingatestone: photograph has three men in field
[91] Ingatestone: photograph has one man looking toward church
[92] Laindon: both prints “from a drawing by A B Bamford”
[93] Langenhoe. Demolished by the earthquake in 1884 and rebuilt in 1886 (Sperling)
[94] Lambourne: photograph has woman with dog looking toward church
[95] Lawford. Print “R Wondle. 1849. Antiq.Etchery Club”
[96] High Laver. The photograph appears in TEAS IX opp. 178
[97] Layer Marney: print from Excursions Through Essex.
[98] St Lawrence. Rebuilt in 1879 (Sperling)
[99] Layer Marney; Interior. In corner of photograph: “Cooper & Oldham. Colchester. 37”
[100] Layer Breton. Demolished 1915 (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 525)
[101] Leigh. Chancel rebuilt 1872 (Sperling)
[102] Littlebury. Post 1873 chancel.  For pre-restoration photographs see Probert (ERO A13366)
[103] Maldon, St Mary. Before S aisle of 1885-87 by Chancellor (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 580)
[104] Maldon, St Peter. Plume Library
[105] Manningtree. St Michael and All Angels dated from 1616 with addition of chancel with round-arched windows in 1839. (Pevsner, 1954, 267). Demolished 1967 (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 587)
[106] Little Maplestead. The same photograph appears in Probert (ERO A13366)
[107] Great Maplestead. The same photograph appears in Probert (ERO A13366)
[108] Great Maplestead. The same photograph appears in Probert (ERO A13366)
[109] Margaretting. Restoration by Chancellor, 1868-70, who rebuilt the E wall and S porch (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 591)
[110] Marks Hall. Demolished 1933 (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 592)
[111] Matching. Largely rebuilt in 1875 (Sperling)
[112] Mistley, “Adam Church”. The Nave was pulled down 1870 (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 600)
[113] Mistley, New. Was built on a new site in 1871, St Mary’s (Sperling)
[114] Moreton: photograph has figure of man looking towards church
[115] Moreton. The photograph appears in TEAS XI opp. p178. “Moreton Church 1909. From a photograph by Mr J E K Cutts FRIBA”
[116] Navestock. The same print appears in Probert (ERO A13366)
[117] White Notley. Pre-restoration. The Chancel … lancets were renewed during restoration in 1874-5. (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 829). See also S/LIB/9/49/59.
[118] Ugley, labelled erroneously as ‘Litt. Oakley?’
[119] Little Oakley. Converted to a house in 1976 (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 559). The five-bedroom detached property was offered for sale for £550,000 in 2016. Accessed 24 April 2016: http://www.rightmove.co.uk/property-for-sale/property-27950825.html
[120] Little Oakley. “The W tower, begun c.1500 was once a landmark: gradual restoration of the church by J.E.K. & J.P. Cutts, 1895-1902, including rebuilding of it, but they did not get higher than the nave roof”. (Pevsner/Bettley, 2007, 559).
[121] St Osyth: photograph is oval.
[122] Little Parndon: Photograph is oval.
[123] Peldon. Photograph shows group of school-children in front of damaged church.
[124] Radwinter. The same photograph appears in Probert dated 1871 (ERO A13366). Other examples of interior are in Probert, probably by the same photographer.
[125] Rawreth. Rebuilt except the tower in 1883
[126] Rochford: photograpg has two children sitting on wall
[127] Rivenhall. Same photograph, dated 1871, in Probert (ERO A13366)
[128] Roxwell. Largely rebuilt in 1854 (Sperling)
[129] Roxwell. Reredos, Chancellor, 1872. Painted panels added 1881 (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 649)
[130] Rowhedge. Church built of white brick in 1838, is octagonal, in imitation of the chapter house of York Minster (Sperling)
[131] Shalford. The same image appears in ‘A Guide to St Andrew’s Church Shalford, Essex. and as it was’ stating that the photo was taken in 1898. It is described as a recessed tomb.  John de Northwood died 1362.
[132] Shalford. Glass many C14 fragments including Arms of Northwood family and its alliances (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 680)
[133] Silvertown. Now Brick Lane Music Hall. Built 1861-62 by S. S. Teulon. Fire damaged 1981 and restored.
[134] Silvertown: large photograph has men and women in street.
[135] Springfield: photograph has two men by gate
[136] Stansted Mountfitchet (St Mary): redundant since 1990 now in care of Churches Conservation Trust)
[137] Stansted Mountfitchet (St Mary): Nave and chancel … given a very Victorian appearance by F T Dollman, 1887-8.  (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 736). The photo predates restoration.
[138] Stansted Mountfitchet (St Mary): N doorway c1120 (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 736). The photo predates restoration.
[139] Little Stanway. Belfry raised and restored by J. O. Scott, 1889 (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 742)
[140] Steeple. Rebuilt by Chancellor, 1881-83 (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 747)
[141] Steeple Bumpstead. Restoration of 1877-80 … including E window (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 748)
[142] Stebbing: after 1884 restoration. “Rood screen … Woodyer restored details of ogee arches …” (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 745).  The interior is virtually unchanged.
[143] Stondon Massey. After construction of N Chapel, 1873
[144] Sutton: now redundant and facing conversion to a house.
[145] Terling: photograph has rounded top
[146] Tendring. Tower built 1876 (Sperling)
[147] Thaxted. Print. Drawn by J. R. Neale. Engraved by W. Wallis.
[148] Thaxted: postcard. H Parker, Fancy Stores, Thaxted
[149] Thaxted: postcard. H Parker, Fancy Stores, Thaxted
[150] Tillingham: photograph has blurred images of men and women on green.
[151] Tollesbury: postcard. Gowers Ltd Maldon 221
[152] Toppesfield. Same photograph appears in Probert (ERO A13366) dated 1871.
[153] Twinstead. Church St John the Evangelist, built about 1860, dedicated 20 Oct 1860 (Sperling)
[154] Great Totham: before restoration, 1878. “Thorough restoration and enlargement in 1878 … south porch [added], and south transept, erected in 1884” (Worley, 1915, 188)
[155] Thorpe-le-Soken. Nave rebuilt 1876.
[156] Ulting. Restoration by Chancellor, 1871-73 (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 796)
[157] Ulting: photograph has rounded top
[158] Victoria Docks. Consecrated 1875. Old St Luke’s Church closed and relocated 1997, the building is now a community centre.
[159] Victoria Docks: photograph has rounded top
[160] Waltham Abbey: print. J Asperncat, The Bible, Crown and Constitution, Cornhill. 1 Nov. 1804.
[161] Waltham Abbey. Lady Chapel, restored as such by Burges in 1874-75 … S windows .. conjectural tracery (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 807)
[162] Great Waltham. See below
[163] Great Waltham. W tower … upper half rebuilt with battlements and new stair turret by A. Y. Nutt, 1892 (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 424)
[164] Walthamstow: print. Drawn by Ellis and engraved by Haydon. For Dr Hughson’s Description of London.
[165] Walton-on-The-Naze, All Saints. By Henry Stone, 1873-82, W tower 1895-6, replacing a building of 1804.  (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 816). Internet search shows Chancel and part of the Nave probably to be that shown in the photograph. A Francis Frith photograph, 1891, suggests building happened from the East to the West, http://www.francisfrith.com/walton-on-the-naze/walton-on-the-naze-the-church-1891_28240
[166] Waltham Abbey. See above
[167] Great Warley: The old parish church was in Church Lane to the south of the A127. Not to be confused with St Peter, Little Warley, which is still standing. “Old Parish Church (Christ Church). Nothing survives but the W. tower. It looks like an ancient monument at first, but is in fact the remains of a yellow and red brick church of 1855, by Teulon. The gracelessly fanciful W window betrays him. It is an ‘Art Nouveau’ without any of the sophistication of 1900” (Pevsner, The Buildings of England. Essex, 1954, 196). The tower was demolished c.1966 (Pevsner/Bettley, 2007, 429). The modern Christ Church, built 1853-55, is situated in Warley Hill.
[168] Wethersfield: photograph has rounded top
[169] Wicken Bonhunt. John Hanson Sperling was rector here, 1856-62, long enough to restore the church … thought he knew what he was doing (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 830)
[170] Wicken Bonhunt: photograph marked “F T Day. Photographic Artist. Saffron Walden”.
[171] Wickham Bishops: photograph has rounded top
[172] Widford. Rebuilt 1862 (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 837)
[173] Wimbish. W tower destroyed by lightning in 1740, its replacement completed by 1755; a scheme of 1883 by Nelson Jones … got no further than taking down the C18 one (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 839). Probert volume contains photograph of church and a plan for the proposed new tower (ERO A13366)
[174] Witham, old: photograph has rounded top
[175] Writtle: photograph has rounded top
[176] Great Yeldham. Pre restoration by Chancellor, 1884 (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 433)
[177] Chrishill. Spirelet removed 1914 (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 235)
[178] White Colne. Post 1870 restoration. White Colne Church, see TEAS n.s. xxiv pp128-131
[179] Hazeleigh: church demolished
[180] East Horndon: photograph has woman in churchyard, also rounded top
[181] Lamarsh: photograph has two women, and a man with horse.
[182] Lexden. 1892-4 a deeper chancel was added by J.C. Traylen (Pevsner / Bettley, 2007, 533)
[183] Lexden: photograph has man looking towards church
[184] Laindon: photograph has rounded top
[185] Messing: print carries following text: “to the Right Honble James Walter Earl of Verulame (Patron of the Living) this South West Perspective View of Messing Church Essex shewing the alterations now in progress is, by permission, most respectfully dedicated by John Burges Watson Architect”.
[186] Little Oakley. See also S/LIB/9/49/10
[187] Little Oakley: photograph has man posing by door
[188] Stock: photograph includes man standing with umbrella, photograph has rounded top
[189] Stock: photograph includes man on horse and cart, photograph has rounded top
[190] Widford: photograph has child standing by gate
[191] Chigwell. See above. This photograph includes in the foreground a new grave to John Willcock, died April 1880?
[192] Billericay: photograph has numerous people in street, also rounded top
[193] Laindon: photograph includes man ascending steps with dog
[194] Chingford (old): print “engrav’d by J Storer from a drawing by G Sheppard”.
[195] Great Burstead: photograph has man by door, and has rounded top
[196] Great Burstead: photograph has man and woman, dog and chicken, and has rounded top
[197] Great Burstead: photograph has rounded top
[198] Wickham Bishops: postcard “Hall photo, Witham”
[199] Chigwell. See S/LIB/9/49/91