Sunday, 22 May 2016

Transactions. Series 4. Volume 5

Just published. Available £15 inc. P&P to UK address.

Essex Society for Archaeology and History
Transactions. Fourth Series. Volume 5 (2014)
(220 pages)

An Early Bronze Age Beaker domestic site: Excavations at 105-109 New Road, Rainham, London Borough of Havering:  R Bull … 1
A Prehistoric landscape at Langford Hall, near Heybridge: Excavations 1995-96:  M Roy & E M Heppell … 19
Excavations at Earls Hall Farm, St Osyth:  Nuala C Woodley … 37
Continuity and change in the mid Chelmer Valley – archaeological excavations at Old Hall and Generals Farm, Boreham, 2007:  M Germany … 45
A Late Iron Age red hill and saltern at Bradwell on Sea:  T Ennis … 103
Late Iron Age, Roman and medieval occupation at Letch’s Yard, 109 High Street, Braintree:  T Ennis … 103
The gardens at Moulsham Hall: Excavations at Princes Road, Chelmsford, 1996-97:  E M Heppell … 118
The stationary steam engine in Essex before 1840: A Phillips … 133
Historic Buildings in Essex (Essex Historic Buildings Group):  Essex Tree-Ring Dates; Aveley St Michael; Sheering Church Nave Roof; Baythorne Hall, Birdbrook. A Raised Aisle Hall Manor House built in 1341; The Stockwell Restaurant, the former Stockwell Arms Public House, Colchester; Bullocks Cross, Coggeshall; Parsonage Farm, School Lane, Broomfield, Chelmsford; The Listed Barns at Coleman’s Farm, Theydon Mount:  David Andrews … 142
Heybridge Hall and the Freshwater family:  K Bruce … 182
Ancient and modern, developing landscape of South Essex: A review of four recent monographs: (i) Landscape and Prehistory of the East London Wetlands: investigation along the A13 DBFO road scheme, Tower Hamlets, Newham and Barking & Dagenham, 2000-2003 by Elizabeth Stafford with Damian Goodburn and Martin Bates, 2012; (ii)By River, Fields and Factories: The Making of the Lower Lea Valley: archaeological and cultural heritage investigations on the site of the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games by Andrew B Powell, 2012; (iii) London Gateway, Iron Age and Roman Salt Making in the Thames Estuary: Excavation at Stanford Wharf Nature Reserve, Essex by Edward Biddulph, Stuart Foreman, Elizabeth Stafford, Dan Shanbie & Rebecca Nicholson, 2012; (iv)  Thames Holocene: A geoarchaeological approach to the investigation of the river floodplain for High Speed 1, 1994-2003 by Martin Bates and Elizabeth Stafford, 2013:  Nigel Brown … 190
Shorter Notes
A possible Roman tile kiln at Prentice Place, Carters Mead, Harlow:  S Mounce & P Bradley … 200
The misplaced masterpiece – a reassessment of the Berryfield  mosaic [Colchester}:  P J Wise … 202
‘New’ Anglo-Saxon charters of Barking Abbey:  J Kemble … 204
Collegium Chronologicum:  H Eiden … 210
Book Reviews
The Red Hills of Essex: Studying Salt in England: Anwen Cooper … 212
Elizabeth de Burgh, Lady of Clare (1295 – 1360). Household and other records:  Katherine Schofield … 214
Beeleigh Abbey: A Guide and History :  Christopher Starr … 214
The Borough of Maldon 1688-1800. A Golden Age:  Christopher Starr … 215
Bricks, Buildings and Transport. A History of Mark Gentry, the Hedingham Red Brick Industry, Buildings, Road, and Rail Transport:  David Andrews … 215
A Caring County? Social Welfare in Hertfordshire from 1600:  Herbert Eiden … 216
Essex Bibliography: Andrew Phillips & Paul Sealey … 217

Sunday, 15 May 2016

Conference at Audley End: Capability Brown and Designed Landscapes in Essex.Tuesday 24 May 2016


Date: Tuesday 24 May 2016
Time: 9:30am – 4:30pm
Venue: St Marks College, Audley End, Saffron Walden, Essex. CB11 4JD
Cost £45 (excluding VAT)

As part of the Capability Brown Tercentenary year celebrations this day conference will explore Brown’s contribution to the gardens of historic houses in Essex, and the wider issues of the understanding, management, and restoration of designed landscapes in the county, and beyond.
The conference will include a keynote session by garden historian and author Dr Twigs Way, and talks by Dr Sarah Rutherford, author of the recently published book, ‘Capability Brown: Father of Landscape Gardens’, as well as local experts.

For more information on the conference please contact us in the following ways:
w: www.placeservices.co.uk
e: traditional.buildingskills@essex.gov.uk
t: 0333 013 2738

9:30am: Registration
10:00am: Adrian Gascoyne & Dr Liz Lake. Welcome
10:10am – 10:40am: Dr Twigs Way, Garden Historian and Writer. Keynote speaker
An overview of Brown’s life and career, highlighting aspects which may set him in perspective and encourage consideration of the man within the landscapes: aspects to be covered include the fortunate timing of his birth, his seemingly meteoric rise to genius, his relationship with art and nature not to mention his clients, the ‘rarity’ of the plans and the vagueness of the contracts that bedevil an analysis of his landscapes.
10:45am – 11:15am: Michael Leach, Essex Gardens Trust and co-author of book on Brown
in Essex
“Brown Sites in Essex”
An overview of the evidence for, and the extent of, Brown’s involvement in nine (or possibly ten) sites in Essex, varying from short visits and advice to extensive contract work. Also a closer look at his substantial improvements at Navestock which, though abandoned in 1811, remains largely intact and is the only Essex site not modified by later landscape designers.
11:15am – 11:30am: Break
11:30am – 12:00pm: Magnus Alexander, Historic England
Capability in Context: Recent English Heritage Research at Audley End
Since 2009 several English Heritage (now Historic England) teams have been working at Audley End looking at the surrounding landscape in order to place the house into context. The results of most of this work were published last year (http://research.historicengland.org.uk/Report.aspx?i=14998&ru=%2fResults.aspx%3fp%3d1%26n%3d10%26a%3d4579%26ns%3d1).
This paper will summarise these results and use them to outline the extent (or otherwise) of Lancelot ‘Capability’ Browns contribution to the grounds of Audley End House.
12:05pm – 12:35pm: Dr Sarah Rutherford, Freelance Author specialising in Historic Gardens and Designed Landscapes
“Browning Hatfield Forest”
The talk will discuss Brown’s proposals to transform a 1740s detached pleasure ground at the heart of the medieval Hatfield Forest from its formal lines into the English Landscape style, how much he really contributed, and what survives. Brown’s 1757 proposal plan is a key document. This will be set in the wider context of other relevant commissions countrywide. The talk is based on research carried out for Sarah’s recently completed Conservation Plan commissioned by the National Trust for the designed landscape within the Forest, as well as research for her new book on Brown. As Horace Walpole distilled Brown’s genius ‘So clearly did he copy nature that his works will be mistaken for it’.
12:35pm – 12:50pm: Discussion
12:50pm – 1:50pm: Lunch
1:50pm – 2:20pm: Simon Cranmer, National Trust
“Managing Visitor Capacity in a Medieval and Brownian Landscape”
Visitor numbers to Hatfield Forest have doubled in the last ten years to the point where footfall is damaging the landscape and endangering statutory compliance. Simon Cranmer, the Operations Manager for the National Trust property, talks about the causes behind and challenges of increased visitor numbers and how they are managing the problems.
2:25pm – 2:55pm: Kate Harwood, Hertfordshire Gardens Trust
Restored to Glory? Restoration of historic parks and gardens from a Hertfordshire perspective
A look at how a gardens trust can help in the restoration of historic parks and gardens; from research and recording through lobbying and awareness-raising to practical help. Herts GT has been involved in various ways in restoring Repton, Jekyll, Mawson, Jellicoe and Lutyens gardens as well as a Bridgeman park. We are currently working towards the restoration of the Capability Brown and Humphry Repton site at Cole Green/Panshanger and the considerable challenges that poses in highlighting some of the heritage aspects post gravel-extraction.
3:00pm – 3:30pm: Fiona Wells, Freelance Consultant
Bats, Beetles and Brown – the conservation importance of designed landscapes
Many designed landscapes have undergone relatively little change over long periods compared to the countryside surrounding them. Historic parks thus often support a wide diversity of specialist habitats and associated species. Thorndon Park is a Grade II* registered park, parts of which are also a Site of Special Scientific Interest. Since 1992, the Woodland Trust has been working on restoring elements of the landscape that Brown retained in the Old Park. This talk is based on recent research and work by Dr Twigs Way and Fiona Wells for a plan that incorporates the key wildlife and historic elements of the Thorndon landscape to provide a framework for further work.
3:45pm: Discussion
3:45pm: Walk to Audley End
4:00pm: Tour of Audley End
4:45pm: Walk back to St Marks College
5:00pm: Finish

Saturday, 14 May 2016

Braintree Museum Event: The Bardfield Artists. Wednesday 18 May 2016

International Museum Day is on Wednesday 18 May, and to mark the occasion Gordon Cummings will be talking about the artists who came to Great Bardfield after the Second World War.

Friday, 13 May 2016

Braintree Museum Event: Americans in WWII. Saturday 4 June 2016.

An event at Braintree Museum, Saturday 4 June: Do you remember when the Americans were in the Braintree District during Second World War?

Tuesday, 10 May 2016

What's On

Information kindly supplied by the West Essex Archaeological Group.

What’s On
To 22nd May: Hoards – the Hidden History of Ancient Britain. Free.
From 14th April: Drawn to Sicily - early British exploration of the classical world. Free.
MUSEUM OF LONDON (Book on-line at www.museumoflondon.org.uk)
From 23rd July: Fire! Fire! - Discover London before, during and after the Great Fire of 1666 in an interactive exhibition marking the 350th anniversary of this infamous disaster. Fee £8.
To 3rd July: Under London - Ten objects found at archaeological digs across the capital since the late 20th century have been photographed on the streets of modern day London, close to the places they were. Free.
MUSEUM OF LONDON DOCKLANDS (Book on-line at www.museumoflondon.org.uk/docklands)
To 2nd May: The Caribbean’s Great War – Thousands of diverse young men from throughout the Caribbean volunteered to join the British West Indies Regiment in the First World War. Free.
COLAS – St Olave’s Hall, Mark Lane, EC3
Friday 20th May, 7:00 p.m.: Religious and Ritual Imagery on Roman Pottery from London, Fiona Seeley
COLCHESTER ROMAN CIRCUS Roman Circus Walk, Colchester CO2 7GZ
Visitor centre now open: interpretation centre devoted to the Roman Circus, includes the reconstructed bases of the starting gates outside the centre, a model of the circus and a computer 3D model featuring the Roman town in the background. Open Tuesdays to Saturdays 10:00 - 16:30, free admission.
REDBRIDGE MUSEUM – Clements Road, Ilford
To 4th June: Ice Age Ilford, An Exhibition 180,000 Years in the Making – bringing to life the lost world of the mammoths. Tue – Fri 10:00 to 17:00, Sat 10:00 to 16:00, Free.
HERTS & ESSEX ARCHITECTURAL SOCIETY – St Michaels & All Angels Church, Roding Rd, Loughton
Friday 27th May, 8:00 p.m. – ‘Life on the Edge’, David Stevenson. HEARS members free, visitors £2.50.
ENFIELD ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY – Jubilee Hall, 2 Parsonage Lane, Enfield
Friday 13th May, 8:00 p.m. – ‘The Cutting Edge: Stone Tools from Recent EAS Sites’, Neil Pinchbeck.

Thursday, 5 May 2016

London & Middlesex Archaeological Society. Crossrail Lecture. Tuesday 10 May 2016


Tuesday 10th May 2016 6.30 pm

Archaeological Investigations and Crossrail

Jay Carver, Project Archaeologist, Crossrail

Museum of London, London Wall, EC2
Clore Learning Centre

Refreshments from 6.00 pm

Free admission - non-members welcome – donations welcome!

Enquiries concerning this meeting to Karen Thomas at MOLA

(020 7410 2228; kthomas@mola.org.uk)

Monday, 2 May 2016

Essex Wildlife Trust. Abbots Hall Farm History Walks. Saturday 2 July 2016

Discover the fascinating history of the house, farm and nature reserve. Led by experienced EWT staff with local wildlife expertise and knowledge of the farm and its history, the route will take in our own Great Wigborough Henge, which is a scheduled ancient monument dating back to approximately AD920. You will also learn about the coastal realignment project and experience the wonderful array of wildlife as the farm will be bustling with life at this time of year.
Walks will start from 10am onward leaving at regular intervals.
Please arrive any time between 10am and 12.30pm

At Abbotts Hall Farm
Maldon Road, Great Wigborough, Colchester, CO5 7RZ Saturday 2 July, 10am – 2pm
Tickets: £6 Adults, £3 Children
Box Office: 01621 862 960

Registered Charity No. 210065
Protecting Wildlife for the Future and for the People of Essex